Ridge augmentation is a common procedure performed to help recreate the natural contour of the gums. Often, after a tooth is removed, your jawbone no longer needs to support it and will naturally begin to deteriorate and recede.  The height and width of the socket, which was supported by the tooth, will begin to shrink after the tooth is removed. This can lead to a gum indentation developing where the tooth used to be. Best Affordable Dental Implants at Synergy Dental Clinic in Blackpool UK

Internal staining of dentine can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized teeth that have undergone endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) but are discolored due to internal staining of the tooth structure by blood and other fluids that leaked in. Unlike external bleaching, which brightens teeth from the outside in, internal bleaching brightens teeth from the inside out. Bleaching the tooth internally involves drilling a hole to the pulp chamber no more than 2mm below the gingival margin, cleaning any infected or discoloured dentine, sealing, and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside of the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel or sodium perborate tetrahydrate into the pulp chamber so they can work directly inside the tooth on the dentine layer.[citation needed] In this variation of whitening the whitening agent is sealed within the tooth over a period of some days and replaced as needed, the so-called "walking bleach" technique.[citation needed]. A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption. Half Of Dentists Don't Accept New NHS Patients
According to a European Council regulation, only a qualified dental professional can legally provide tooth whitening products using 0.1 - 6% hydrogen peroxide, and that the patient must be at least 18 years old.[61] Over recent years, there have been rising concerns over unlicensed staff providing poor quality tooth whitening treatment. Significant evidence has been gathered that tooth whitening procedures have been offered by beauty salons and health clinics under unskilled staff without dental qualifications.[62] A group of recognised dental boards and organisations called The Tooth Whitening Information Group (TWIG) was established to promote safe and productive tooth whitening information and guidance for the benefit of the public. Reports can be made by the public to TWIG through their website regarding any individual providing illegal tooth whitening services, or if they personally undergone treatment done by an incompetent staff who is not a dental professional.

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There are a few other discolorations that whitening procedures cannot change. If you took tetracycline as a kid, say for an ear infection, you might have antibiotic staining of the teeth. Or if your teeth suffered trauma when you were young and your enamel was still forming, whitening won't work. Dentists refer to these discolorations as intrinsic stains.
The first step in the dental implant process is the development of an individualized treatment plan. The plan addresses your specific needs and is prepared by a team of professionals who are specially trained and experienced in oral surgery and restorative dentistry. This team approach provides coordinated care based on the implant option that is best for you. She-Wolf of London Episode 13: Voodoo Child Randi's Dentist Transformation
One way to address staining is by using at-home teeth-whitening treatment kits. These products are milder versions of the bleaching kits that are used by dentists to whiten teeth in the office. Teeth-whitening treatments typically use either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide as an active ingredient. When the whitening gel or liquid is applied to the teeth, the key ingredient creates a chemical reaction, helping to break down the stain. Typically, teeth-whitening treatment products must be left in place for a set number of minutes daily for a certain period of time, such as one or two weeks. Part 1-Dental Implant Placement with Bone Grafting and Membrane

The more dangerous bacteria are able to thrive and multiply, producing some harmful by-products which stimulate the body’s defensive inflammatory response in the gums. As the disease progresses, chronic inflammation causes the bone of the jaw to be destroyed and the teeth to be lost. In many people, this is a gradual process that takes place over many years and, if detected and treated, can be halted. However, some young adults have a very active form of the disease which causes early loosening and loss of the teeth. Cost of Dental Implants HIDDEN DANGERS


In the situation where an implant is to be placed in the maxilla (upper jaw) in the back or posterior region, sometimes the available amount of bone may be limited by the presence of the maxillary sinus (air-filled space found in the bones of the face). "Sinus augmentation" or "sinus lift" is performed to raise the sinus floor and graft more bone into the sinus. This will make more bone available to support a dental implant.

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There are a number of risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant. Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include diabetes; hormonal changes in girls and women; diabetes; medications that lessen the flow of saliva; certain illnesses, such as AIDS, and their medications; and genetic susceptibility.
You might also notice some discoloration on your teeth. This is called plaque. Plaque is a buildup of bacteria and food debris on your teeth. Although bacteria are always present in your mouth, they only become harmful when conditions allow them to increase dramatically. This might happen if you don’t brush or floss, or get dental cleanings on a regular basis.

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This teeth whitening light works best when whitening gel or strips are applied to the teeth first, then shined on (both are sold separate). The light can be tucked just behind the lips so it rests comfortably and shines on the front of your teeth. The light can be used for short whitening sessions of just 10 minutes or up to 45+ minutes, depending on the instructions provided by the teeth whitening gel or strips you use. 
It often happens that the presence of periodontitis is not recognized by an individual until they are 40 or 50 years of age, by which time a great deal of damage may have occurred. However, a dentist is able to detect signs of the disease at a much earlier stage during a routine examination and can monitor your periodontal status using a special assessment known as the Periodontal Screening Index.

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Oglf.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. Certain content that appears on oglf.org comes from Amazon Services LLC. This content is provide 'As Is' and is subject to change or removal at any time. Dental Implant five unit bridge.

The dentist or oral health professional will examine your gums with a probe to measure the spaces between the tooth and gum. This will determine the health of your gums and supporting structures. If necessary, the dentist or oral health professional will instruct you in tooth cleaning techniques or may clean your teeth professionally to remove any plaque and calculus (hardened plaque). Introduction to Museum Dental Suites in Holborn London


We are an Emergency Dental Service that has been relieving toothaches all over the 50 United States for many years. Our extensive network of independently owned dental offices have agreed to see patients on short notice, usually within 24 hours of a telephone call. Most offices are open 6 days a week many offices will see an emergency patient after normal business hours, weekends and holidays. Payment is expected at the time of treatment, no deferred billing arrangements are available. We do not accept State Insurance.

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The outer layer of a tooth is called the enamel. The color of natural teeth is created by the reflection and scattering of light off the enamel, combined with the color of the dentin under it. Your genes affect the thickness and smoothness of the enamel. Thinner enamel allows more of the color of the dentin to show through. Having smoother or rougher enamel also affects the reflection of light and therefore the color. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
Soft tissue grafts. When you lose gum tissue, your gumline recedes. You may need to have some of the damaged soft tissue reinforced. This is usually done by removing a small amount of tissue from the roof of your mouth (palate) or another donor source and attaching it to the affected site. This can help reduce further gum recession, cover exposed roots and give your teeth a more pleasing appearance. Cosmetic Dentistry prices Uk -TRACEYBELL CLINIC
Eating habits: The habitual consumption of red wine, coffee, tea, cola, carrots, oranges and other deeply-colored beverages and foods causes considerable staining over the years. In addition, acidic foods such as citrus fruits and vinegar contribute to enamel erosion. As a result, the surface becomes more transparent and more of the yellow-colored dentin shows through. Harley Street Dental Clinic - Harley Street Dentist - 020 7486 1059
Criteria for the success of the implant supported dental prosthetic varies from study to study, but can be broadly classified into failures due to the implant, soft tissues or prosthetic components or a lack of satisfaction on the part of the patient. The most commonly cited criteria for success are function of at least five years in the absence of pain, mobility, radiographic lucency and peri-implant bone loss of greater than 1.5 mm on the implant, the lack of suppuration or bleeding in the soft tissues and occurrence of technical complications/prosthetic maintenance, adequate function, and esthetics in the prosthetic. In addition, the patient should ideally be free of pain, paraesthesia, able to chew and taste and be pleased with the esthetics.[45] My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
Serving the Anderson, Edgewood, Muncie, New Castle, Chesterfield, Daleville, Alliance and River Forest communities – there are no judgments here. From dental cleanings and fillings to same day root canals and crowns, we take care of everything in-house. Our team of dentists and hygienists is here to help you with your oral health and our goal is to help you maintain it with regular dental checkups.

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Not all teeth are capable of being whitened by over-the-counter products; this is especially true for patients with many fillings, crowns, or very dark stains. Color matters too. Patients with yellow teeth (a natural result of aging) generally respond better to teeth whitening products than those with gray teeth (most often caused by smoking and taking certain medications, such as tetracycline). As for veneers, these generally can’t be whitened and have to be replaced. Go Smile does claim its products are safe for artificial tooth surfaces and braces — but the product won’t make these veneers whiter than their original color.
If you need prompt and affordable emergency dental care, search for a local dentist with our “Dentist Near Me” ZIP search tool, and request an appointment today online or by phone at 1-844-400-7645. The dental problems described above require prompt care if you do not want to suffer more serious consequences down the road. The measures you take at home to temporarily relieve pain are only short-term fixes until you're able to receive professional care. London Dentists Resist New NHS Contracts | Thames News
When it comes to whitening, higher peroxide contents and greater contact time with your teeth deliver better results. Unsurprisingly, the low contact time of pens mean they aren’t the most powerful whiteners, which is why we recommend the Go Smile pen as a supplement to your whitening regimen. In other words, the Go Smile pen isn’t the best bet for deeper whitening, but is a handy sidekick to any of our other picks.
If you are suffering from any of the symptoms listed above, it is important that you visit and consult with your dentist to determine the severity of infection and the proper course of action to take to combat the issue.Gum Infection TreatmentsAs soon as you notice a gum infection, you should consult with a dentist. Once gum infection is diagnosed, you will have numerous treatment options that will vary based on the severity of the gum infection. Here are some common methods of treatment for gum infection: The Coolest Dentist in London
A healthy mouth is colonized by more than 700 different species of bacteria, most of which are completely harmless and live in harmony with their host. However, when tooth cleaning is not thorough enough, the bacterial deposits build up next to the gums, forming a plaque, and the conditions become suitable for more dangerous bacteria to flourish. The natural defences of the body are also compromised. Welcome To Dental Smiles London
Smoking can also make gum disease worse. People who smoke are more likely to produce bacterial plaque, which leads to gum disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so the infected gums don't heal. Smoking causes people to have more plaque and the gum disease to get worse more quickly than in non-smokers. Gum disease is still a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Why dental implants hurt! - Dentist explains.....
If you have mild tooth sensitivity, bad breath, sore gums, or other relatively minor dental ailments, make an appointment with your regular dentist for a checkup. While it is important to treat these conditions promptly, they are not dental emergencies. On the other hand, the conditions below do require emergency care. Here is some guidance for handling each one.

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Ask the Dentist is supported by readers. If you use one of the links below and buy something, Ask the Dentist makes a little bit of money at no additional cost to you. I rigorously research, test, and use thousands of products every year, but recommend only a small fraction of these. I only promote products that I truly feel will be valuable to you in improving your oral health. Best Cosmetic Dentist In London | Book A Free Consultation
Guided tissue regeneration. Performed when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed, this procedure stimulates bone and gum tissue growth. Done in combination with flap surgery, a small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow to better support the teeth. The Coolest Dentist in London
When bleaching is abused and an individual develops an unhealthy obsession with whitening, the term bleachorexia or whitening junky has been used.[26] The condition is characterized by repeated bleaching even though the teeth are already white and will not get any whiter.[45] This condition is somewhat similar to body dismorphic disorder. The individual perceives their teeth never to be white enough, despite repeated bleaching. A person with bleachorexia will typically continually request more bleaching services or products from the dental professional.[45] It has been recommended that a target shade be agreed before starting bleaching treatment to help with this problem.[45]

There is no big secret to what makes the best teeth whitening treatment. According to the American Dental Association (ADA) and the dentists we interviewed, hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide are the only things that work. We rounded up the teeth whitening products that cap their peroxide at ADA-recommended levels, then had 39 testers weigh in on their results. Finally, we compared the method of delivery: trays, strips, or a paint-it-on gel to find four whiteners that outperformed the rest. Straumann-Dental Implant Surgery-Step by Step- Part 1.

Success or failure of implants depends on the health of the person receiving the treatment, drugs which affect the chances of osseointegration, and the health of the tissues in the mouth. The amount of stress that will be put on the implant and fixture during normal function is also evaluated. Planning the position and number of implants is key to the long-term health of the prosthetic since biomechanical forces created during chewing can be significant. The position of implants is determined by the position and angle of adjacent teeth, by lab simulations or by using computed tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents. The prerequisites for long-term success of osseointegrated dental implants are healthy bone and gingiva. Since both can atrophy after tooth extraction, pre-prosthetic procedures such as sinus lifts or gingival grafts are sometimes required to recreate ideal bone and gingiva.

Dental implant surgery is a procedure that replaces tooth roots with metal, screwlike posts and replaces damaged or missing teeth with artificial teeth that look and function much like real ones. Dental implant surgery can offer a welcome alternative to dentures or bridgework that doesn't fit well and can offer an option when a lack of natural teeth roots don't allow building denture or bridgework tooth replacements.

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To cut down on sensitivity during the whitening process, you can try brushing with Sensodyne Pronamel toothpaste (recommended by a few dentists we spoke to). Dr. Lawlor also recommends “putting a little toothpaste in a mouthguard and wearing it for about an hour after whitening — it seals off sensitive canals that teeth whiteners open to remove stains.” However, if you’re in real pain, give your teeth a break! You can always come back to whitening later or consult a dentist to see what other options are available. Dental Implant Clinic Camden

The information in this 14-module syllabus is intended (1) to meet initial educational/training requirements for Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students, and Dental Assistant Students as mandated by OSHA and other federal, state, local and professional organizations, (2) to provide a framework for an in-service training program in oral healthcare settings to meet annual educational/training requirements as mandated by OSHA and other federal, state, local and professional organizations, and (3) to serve as a resource for oral healthcare personnel wishing to review evidence-based information on specific topics related to infection prevention, hazardous waste management, and hazard communication compliance. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 2
Changes in the thickness of the dental hard tissues would result in intrinsic discolouration. There are a few causal factors that may act locally or systematically, affecting only a single tooth or all teeth and cause discolouration as a result. Several diseases that are known to affect the developing dentition especially during enamel and dentine formation can lead to discolouration.[9] Causes of intrinsic staining include: Choose the Best Implant Dentist in London | Hungary Dental Implant
Crest Glamorous White replaces our previous strips pick, Crest Professional Effects, with a better overall design. The Glamorous strip for the bottom teeth has a contoured shape that makes it easier to apply and more comfortable for the required 30 minutes — Professional Effects uses a rectangular bar that doesn’t fit as easily. Teeth whitening strips are technique-sensitive, and our tester appreciated the curved design, which molded more naturally to their teeth. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.

Our primary service is a toll-free helpline which you can call at 1 (888) 420-6826. This number is available at any hour of the day or night and can be called on any day of the week, including nights and holidays. Our referral specialists are polite, professional, and extremely well-trained. They will work with you to find an emergency dentist who is close to your home, qualified to help with your specific dental problem, and willing to work with your level of income. Our specialists have been working to connect patients with dentists for years now and can even set up the appointment for you if you so desire!

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Brushing and flossing are everyday ways to keep your teeth bright, white and healthy. Still, if you might feel like your smile is lacking some sparkle or is more yellow than it used to be, you’re not alone. When the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry asked people what they’d most like to improve about their smile, the most common response was whiter teeth. The American Association of Orthodontists also found that nearly 90% of patients requested tooth whitening. Clapham Dental Implant Specialist
The outer layer of a tooth is called the enamel. The color of natural teeth is created by the reflection and scattering of light off the enamel, combined with the color of the dentin under it. Your genes affect the thickness and smoothness of the enamel. Thinner enamel allows more of the color of the dentin to show through. Having smoother or rougher enamel also affects the reflection of light and therefore the color.
A healthy mouth is colonized by more than 700 different species of bacteria, most of which are completely harmless and live in harmony with their host. However, when tooth cleaning is not thorough enough, the bacterial deposits build up next to the gums, forming a plaque, and the conditions become suitable for more dangerous bacteria to flourish. The natural defences of the body are also compromised.
The first step in the dental implant process is the development of an individualized treatment plan. The plan addresses your specific needs and is prepared by a team of professionals who are specially trained and experienced in oral surgery and restorative dentistry. This team approach provides coordinated care based on the implant option that is best for you. Aesthetic Dentistry MSc | King's College London
Bleaching is least effective when the original tooth color is grayish and may require custom bleaching trays. Bleaching is most effective with yellow discolored teeth. If heavy staining or tetracycline damage is present on a patient's teeth, and whitening is ineffective (tetracycline staining may require prolonged bleaching, as it takes longer for the bleach to reach the dentine layer), there are other methods of masking the stain. Bonding, which also masks tooth stains, is when a thin coating of composite material is applied to the front of a person's teeth and then cured with a blue light. A veneer can also mask tooth discoloration.
Dental implants provide several advantages over other teeth replacement options. In addition to looking and functioning like natural teeth, implant-supported full bridges or dentures are designed to be long lasting. Implant-supported full bridges and dentures also are more comfortable and stable than conventional dentures, allowing you to retain a more natural biting and chewing capacity. Harley Street Dental Clinic - Harley Street Dentist - 020 7486 1059
Significant color change in a short period of time is the major benefit of in-office whitening. This protocol involves the carefully controlled use of a relatively high-concentration peroxide gel, applied to the teeth by the dentist or trained technician after the gums have been protected with a paint-on rubber dam. Generally, the peroxide remains on the teeth for several 15 to 20 minute intervals that add up to an hour (at most). Those with particularly stubborn staining may be advised to return for one or more additional bleaching sessions, or may be asked to continue with a home-use system. Med Emergencies in the Dental Office
While this procedure is not usually medically necessary, it will benefit patients with missing teeth and those who don’t qualify for dental implants. Dental implants require a significant amount of jawbone prior to the procedure, to succeed. Ridge augmentation will not only help patients who suffer from a deteriorated jawbone support their restorations or prepare for an implant dentistry procedure, it will also make a replacement tooth look completely natural.

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In this category, the product that gets the best reviews we spotted is the Go Smile Super White Snap Packs (Est. $60 for 14 treatments). Go Smile contains 14 tubes filled with gel that you squeeze onto your teeth. Reviews.com, which makes Go Smile their top pick in teeth whiteners, describes it as very easy to use, saying it's "quick to apply and totally wearable." In their testing, it lightened the testers' teeth three shades in a week's time. You use it twice a day for at least 20 minutes -- overnight for the evening treatment. Teeth Whitening Clinics Camden
I find that many people who want cosmetic dentistry avoid getting it due to a fear of going to the dentist. Conscious Sedation, which I provide, is a way patients can get the smile they want or the dentistry they need while not having to deal with the anxiety or fear. Patients can get treated and may not even remember coming to the office that day. Dental Smile Makeover Services in London: Part 3 - The London Smile Clinic
The ideal source of energy should be high energy to excite the peroxide molecules without overheating the pulp of the tooth.[20] Lights are typically within the blue light spectrum as this has been found to contain the most effective wavelengths for initiating the hydrogen peroxide reaction. A power bleaching treatment typically involves isolation of soft tissue with a resin-based, light-curable barrier, application of a professional dental-grade hydrogen peroxide whitening gel (25-38% hydrogen peroxide), and exposure to the light source for 6–15 minutes. Recent technical advances have minimized heat and ultraviolet emissions, allowing for a shorter patient preparation procedure.

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It’s our promise that you won’t undergo any treatment not directly contributing to your long-term dental health. That means that drilling, because it’s so invasive, is a last resort. And yes — the alternatives do really work! Remineralization is a process that helps teeth actually grow stronger so that an early soft spot doesn’t turn into a cavity. Sealants are another great option to prevent the formation and spread of decay. It’s only in cases where less invasive treatment isn’t successful that your dentist may decide to drill. Cosmetic Dentist London | Cosmetic Dentistry London

Whitening pens bring out the skeptic in us all, but our testers agreed this pen made touch-ups a breeze. The Go Smile pen takes only seconds to paste onto your front teeth, although it’s recommended you refrain from eating or drinking for at least 20 minutes after applying. “All you have to do is twist the cap until the product coats the brush and then paint the product on troublesome spots,” one of our testers said. dentist camden nj
The cornerstone of successful periodontal treatment starts with establishing excellent oral hygiene. This includes twice-daily brushing with daily flossing. Also, the use of an interdental brush is helpful if space between the teeth allows. For smaller spaces, products such as narrow picks with soft rubber bristles provide excellent manual cleaning. Persons with dexterity problems, such as arthritis, may find oral hygiene to be difficult and may require more frequent professional care and/or the use of a powered toothbrush. Persons with periodontitis must realize it is a chronic inflammatory disease and a lifelong regimen of excellent hygiene and professional maintenance care with a dentist/hygienist or periodontist is required to maintain affected teeth. Cosmetic Dentist In London

Find out more below about what you need to know for when you need to see an emergency dentist, when a dental emergency turns into an emergency room visit, when a dental emergency isn’t urgent, and how to avoid dental emergencies.If you are  experiencing any dental pain, injuries, or accidents and are not sure whether or not to see a dental emergency professional, don’t hesitate to call Comfort Care Dental, we are happy to answer any and all of your dental questions. King's Dental Students Mannequin Challenge


Dr. Donna S. Bautista, DDS, completed her undergraduate studies at the University of California, San Diego with a bachelor of arts in biochemistry and cell biology. During her time at UC San Diego, she was involved in basic research including studying processes related to DNA transcription in the field of molecular biology. Upon graduation, she went on to attend dental school at the University of California, San Francisco. In addition to her formal dental training, she provided dental care for underserved communities in the Bay Area through clinics and health fairs. She also worked toward mentoring high school students interested in the field of dentistry. Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)
The number of teeth that need to be replaced and the type of artificial teeth that will be used: Individual cemented crowns, screw retained crowns or fixed bridges, removable (snap on) bridges or complete dentures stabilized by implants. A single implant crown may cost between $1,000 and $3,000. Implant bridges replacing several or many teeth range from $3,500 to $25,000. Removable bridges are often less costly than fixed ones.
You might also notice some discoloration on your teeth. This is called plaque. Plaque is a buildup of bacteria and food debris on your teeth. Although bacteria are always present in your mouth, they only become harmful when conditions allow them to increase dramatically. This might happen if you don’t brush or floss, or get dental cleanings on a regular basis. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
An innovative technology that can assist non-surgical treatments for gum disease, laser dentistry involves treating the gingival pocket with a narrow, intense beam of light energy at a wavelength that is ideally suited for soft tissue procedures. This light energy removes a tiny amount of diseased tissue, decontaminates any gum pockets and aides in reducing the bacteria associated with the disease. London Cosmetic Dentistry - Dental Smile Makeover

Reviews.com has an advertising relationship with some of the offers included on this page. However, the rankings and listings of our reviews, tools and all other content are based on objective analysis. For more information, please check out our full Advertiser Disclosure. Reviews.com strives to keep its information accurate and up to date. The information in our reviews could be different from what you find when visiting a financial institution, service provider or a specific product’s website. All products are presented without warranty. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
4 stars because it has a built in timer (it's actually longer than 10 minutes, but I don't mind going longer and I'm happy it's longer rather than shorter), and produces a safe, bright LED light. I removed a star because the design is a bit flawed. Personally, I got about 2 weeks use out of my light, then went to use it again a few months later and it was dead. New batteries did not bring it back to life. I believe it's possible water may have somehow gotten into the battery compartment even though I cleaned it very carefully. For a product that literally goes inside your mouth and needs to be cleaned after each use, the battery compartment should have been designed with a higher water resistance. Normally I would rate the product lower but I reached out to the company and they sent me a new light right away without any hassle, even though many months had passed from my initial purchase, which I really appreciate. Decent product, great company. For maximum life, be VERY careful when cleaning it. I would NOT rinse it under water to clean but rather wipe it down with a damp paper towel (mild soap if needed).
^ Peruzzo, Daiane C.; Benatti, Bruno B.; Ambrosano, Glaucia M.B.; Nogueira-Filho, Getúlio R.; Sallum, Enilson A.; Casati, Márcio Z.; Nociti Jr., Francisco H. (2007). "A Systematic Review of Stress and Psychological Factors as Possible Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease". Journal of Periodontology. 78 (8): 1491–1504. doi:10.1902/jop.2007.060371. PMID 17668968.
The Power Swabs® system was first introduced in 2008 with a breakthrough, patented teeth whitening technology developed by celebrated dentist Dr. Martin Giniger. In fact, Dr. Giniger’s Power Swabs home teeth whitening product is proven to whiten teeth as well as white strips, but with far less sensitivity and greater ease of use. To accomplish this, Power Swabs whitening products use a patented combination of clinically-researched ingredients to reach between enamel and break the molecular bonds between positively charged stained molecules and the negatively charged surfaces they are bound to for a platinum white clean. An added bonus to the gentle formula is that it works on cosmetic dentistry as well as natural teeth. Cosmetic Dentist London Harley Street Smile Clinic.wmv
Intrinsic stains are those that form on the interior of teeth. Intrinsic stains result from trauma, aging, exposure to minerals (like tetracycline) during tooth formation and/or excessive ingestion of fluoride. In the past, it was thought that intrinsic stains were too resistant to be corrected by bleaching. Today, cosmetic dentistry experts believe that even deep-set intrinsic stains can be removed with supervised take-home teeth whitening that is maintained over a matter of months or even a year. If all else fails, there are alternative cosmetic solutions to treat intrinsic staining, such as dental veneers.
In orthodontics, small diameter dental implants, referred to as Temporary Anchorage Devices (or TADs) can assist tooth movement by creating anchor points from which forces can be generated.[12] For teeth to move, a force must be applied to them in the direction of the desired movement. The force stimulates cells in the periodontal ligament to cause bone remodeling, removing bone in the direction of travel of the tooth and adding it to the space created. In order to generate a force on a tooth, an anchor point (something that will not move) is needed. Since implants do not have a periodontal ligament, and bone remodelling will not be stimulated when tension is applied, they are ideal anchor points in orthodontics. Typically, implants designed for orthodontic movement are small and do not fully osseointegrate, allowing easy removal following treatment.[13] Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
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