Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone.

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If you spend a little time searching the Web, you'll find plenty of ideas about natural methods of tooth whitening. Use lemon juice or apple cider vinegar as a mouthwash? Scrub your teeth with an activated charcoal product? Messina says those techniques come with risks. The acid of lemon juice can erode the enamel on your teeth, and charcoal is an abrasive that can wear it away. "Your teeth will be whiter initially, but as the enamel wears away, you'll see more dentin," Messina says. "That yellowish color will show through." Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
If you spend a little time searching the Web, you'll find plenty of ideas about natural methods of tooth whitening. Use lemon juice or apple cider vinegar as a mouthwash? Scrub your teeth with an activated charcoal product? Messina says those techniques come with risks. The acid of lemon juice can erode the enamel on your teeth, and charcoal is an abrasive that can wear it away. "Your teeth will be whiter initially, but as the enamel wears away, you'll see more dentin," Messina says. "That yellowish color will show through." Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Great 5 Star Review by Nene U.
Tooth darkening can be a side effect of certain antihistamines, antipsychotics and high blood pressure medications. Young children who are exposed to antibiotics like tetracycline and doxycycline when their teeth are forming (either in the womb or as a baby) may have discoloration of their adult teeth later in life. Chemotherapy and head and neck radiation can also darken teeth.
The aim of the oral hygiene phase of treatment is to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth and therefore reduce the level of inflammation. Your dental practitioner will first explain the causes of your periodontitis and explain exactly how to keep your teeth and gums clean. You will be given individual advice on how to use the various cleaning aids most effectively; for example, the most appropriate tooth brushing technique and the correct use of dental floss and interdental brushes. Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Remarkable Five Star Review by Richard D.

No, which is why it’s important to talk to your dentist before deciding to whiten your teeth, as whiteners may not correct all types of discoloration. For example, yellow teeth will probably bleach well, brown teeth may not respond as well and teeth with gray tones may not bleach at all. Whitening will not work on caps, veneers, crowns or fillings. It also won’t be effective if your tooth discoloration is caused by medications or a tooth injury.

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Most people develop some staining and discoloration on their teeth over time, but knowing that the problem is common doesn't make it any less embarrassing. Many people feel self-conscious about having a less-than-white smile. If you're one of them, you can take steps to address staining and boost your self-confidence with teeth-whitening products. Walgreens carries a diverse assortment of products for whitening your teeth at home as part of your oral care routine. Your dentist can help you decide which type is right for you, and then you can purchase the best tooth-whitening product for your needs online or in one of our stores.

The cost estimates provided may be different from your actual costs for several reasons, including but not limited to, your unique dental circumstances and the decisions made by you and your dental professionals as to what services you will receive, deviations between the anticipated scope of services and the services actually provided, and the characteristics of your particular plan.


Bone grafts. This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability to teeth. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate. Introduction to our Dental Clinic in London Bridge - Londent Oral Care
Spray it on. Try incorporating the use of a spray containing chlorhexidine (CHX), a powerful anti-bacterial with plaque-inhibiting properties, in your dental care routine. One study on elderly patients, a group at risk for periodontal disease, found that a once-daily application of a 0.2% CHX spray reduced plaque accumulation and inflammation caused by gingivitis.[6] Why dental implants hurt! - Dentist explains.....

The aim of the oral hygiene phase of treatment is to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth and therefore reduce the level of inflammation. Your dental practitioner will first explain the causes of your periodontitis and explain exactly how to keep your teeth and gums clean. You will be given individual advice on how to use the various cleaning aids most effectively; for example, the most appropriate tooth brushing technique and the correct use of dental floss and interdental brushes. Smile Makeovers with London Cosmetic Dentist Dr. David Frey


Often, a second step of the procedure is necessary to uncover the implants and attach extensions. These temporary healing caps, along with various connecting devices that allow multiple crowns to attach to the implants, complete the foundation on which your new teeth will be placed. Your gums will be allowed to heal for a couple of weeks following this procedure. Removal of Failed Dental Implant
The price varies. The price rate is divided by 3 between the most expensive country and the cheapest country. The price of a complete dental implant with prosthesis is 600 € in Hungary and 450 € on average in Romania.[citation needed] In Belgium, France, UK or Germany the price of a dental implant with prosthesis is on average 1 400 €. This corresponds to the implant, the abutment and the crown. The prices go from 900€ to 3 500 €[57] according to the dentist and the technologies. It is frequent to see patients with 25 000 € quotes for a complete restoration of teeth.
Toothache pain can be overwhelming, making it impossible to eat, sleep, and carry out your daily obligations. Serious tooth pain is often caused by a dental abscess or infection, or by serious decay that has irritated the nerves in and around your tooth. When tooth pain does not respond to over-the-counter pain relievers, you can consider it a dental emergency. Call an emergency dentist, and follow these tips until they are able to see you: Dental Implants to replace lower central incisors
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Consistency is key when it comes to teeth whiteners, so you’ll want to choose a method that best fits your lifestyle. If the 30 minute wear time of the Crest Glamorous Whitestrips is tough to fit into your schedule, choosing the faster Go Smile Snap Packs or the Gentle Routine Strips might be a better option. At the end of the day, going with the whitening product you will use consistently will always yield the best results.
The Power Swabs® system was first introduced in 2008 with a breakthrough, patented teeth whitening technology developed by celebrated dentist Dr. Martin Giniger. In fact, Dr. Giniger’s Power Swabs home teeth whitening product is proven to whiten teeth as well as white strips, but with far less sensitivity and greater ease of use. To accomplish this, Power Swabs whitening products use a patented combination of clinically-researched ingredients to reach between enamel and break the molecular bonds between positively charged stained molecules and the negatively charged surfaces they are bound to for a platinum white clean. An added bonus to the gentle formula is that it works on cosmetic dentistry as well as natural teeth. London Cosmetic Dentistry - Dental Smile Makeover
If you chip or crack a filling and do not experience intense pain, you can probably wait until your regular dental office is open to seek treatment. If you lose a filling completely, you can place some sugar-free gum in the empty space. If this keeps you comfortable enough, you can see your normal dentist to have the filling replaced within a few days. If the pain is unbearable, contact an emergency dentist, who can insert a new filling promptly.
Dental implants are artificial tooth roots that provide a permanent base for fixed, replacement teeth. Compared to dentures, bridges and crowns, dental implants are a popular and effective long-term solution for people who suffer from missing teeth, failing teeth or chronic dental problems. Because they fit, feel and function like natural teeth, dental implants are quickly becoming the new standard in tooth replacement.
Suffering from an Abscess can be extremely painful. These types of infections can get you at the root of the tooth and touch the nerve which causes a lot of pain and may require a local root canal dentist. It’s important to find an emergency dental clinic right away at this juncture because an abscess can progress into something worse over time without seeing an after hour dentist. You can end up losing tissue in your mouth because of the infection if you let it go. Really the only thing you can do besides head to an emergency dental clinic is rinse the area of your mouth with a light saltwater solution to help keep it clean.

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In cases where gingivitis has led to periodontal disease and there are deep pockets that are difficult to clean, the patient may require deep scaling and root planing to clean teeth that are surrounded by deep pockets. They may need surgical treatment to gain access to all the tooth surfaces for a thorough cleaning. This surgical procedure is called flap surgery and can be combined with a pocket-reduction surgery to make the areas around the teeth easier for the patient to clean with brushing and flossing. This procedure consists of numbing the gums and then lifting them back to clean the teeth and sometimes reshape the bone. The gums are then repositioned around the teeth so there aren't the deep pockets that existed before treatment. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution -- which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent. The tray is worn for a period of time, generally from a couple of hours a day to every day during the night for up to four weeks and even longer (depending on the degree of discoloration and desired level of whitening). Implant Islington London
Alternatively, stock abutments are used to retain dentures using a male-adapter attached to the implant and a female adapter in the denture. Two common types of adapters are the ball-and-socket style retainer and the button-style adapter. These types of stock abutments allow movement of the denture, but enough retention to improve the quality of life for denture wearers, compared to conventional dentures.[38] Regardless of the type of adapter, the female portion of the adapter that is housed in the denture will require periodic replacement, however the number and adapter type does not seem to affect patient satisfaction with the prosthetic for various removable alternatives.[39] Aesthetic Dentistry MSc | King's College London
The gel has a concentration of 35% carbamide peroxide, and the syringes contain enough gel for 20+ treatments, but you will see results after the first. It can be used once a day for up to 30 minutes each. But it doesn’t just stop at whitening your teeth, it polishes your teeth and even helps remove plaque, improving the dental condition and overall oral health. It is safe for your enamel, caps, crowns and veneers. Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery

The final prosthetic can be either fixed, where a person cannot remove the denture or teeth from their mouth, or removable, where they can remove the prosthetic. In each case an abutment is attached to the implant fixture. Where the prosthetic is fixed, the crown, bridge or denture is fixed to the abutment either with lag screws or with dental cement. Where the prosthetic is removable, a corresponding adapter is placed in the prosthetic so that the two pieces can be secured together. Top 10 Scary Dentist Stories
The long-term success of periodontal treatment depends both on your own efforts with oral hygiene and those of the practice team who provide your regular care and ongoing assessment. After the first phase of treatment has been completed, your dentist will need to review the condition of your gums at regular intervals to check that the inflammation has been halted. The frequency of your follow-up appointments will depend on the severity of disease and your individual risk of disease progression. Usually, follow-up visits are scheduled for every three to six months.  Toronto Dentist in Etobicoke
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Emergency dental services include any treatment, medication, or procedure that lessens a patient’s pain or repairs a structurally compromised tooth. Some of these procedures include replacing broken tooth crowns, treating infections with antibiotics, or filling a cavity with natural-looking materials. Ever wondered, “Is there affordable emergency dental care near me?” Contact our practice to learn about the following services: Cosmetic Dentistry, Teeth Whitening or Dental Implants Holborn (BellYardDental.co.uk)
Whitening pens bring out the skeptic in us all, but our testers agreed this pen made touch-ups a breeze. The Go Smile pen takes only seconds to paste onto your front teeth, although it’s recommended you refrain from eating or drinking for at least 20 minutes after applying. “All you have to do is twist the cap until the product coats the brush and then paint the product on troublesome spots,” one of our testers said.
In addition to the dental and nutritional problems associated with missing teeth, there are social and personal self-esteem concerns as well.  Missing teeth have a negative influence on personal  self confidence and social activities.  Many family and social functions revolve around meals, and these situations can be difficult if not embarrassing for anyone who can’t chew properly.  Also, spaces between missing teeth degenerate and can lead to significant bone loss that cause atrophy in the jawbone. Cosmetic Dentist London | Cosmetic Dentistry London
A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor. The basis for modern dental implants is a biologic process called osseointegration, in which materials such as titanium form an intimate bond to bone. The implant fixture is first placed so that it is likely to osseointegrate, then a dental prosthetic is added. A variable amount of healing time is required for osseointegration before either the dental prosthetic (a tooth, bridge or denture) is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed which will hold a dental prosthetic. Dental Implants Clinic Nurident- UK patient from London
^ Baroudi, Kusai; Hassan, Nadia Aly (2015). "The effect of light-activation sources on tooth bleaching". Nigerian Medical Journal. 55 (5): 363–8. doi:10.4103/0300-1652.140316. PMC 4178330. PMID 25298598. The in-office bleaching treatment of vital teeth did not show improvement with the use of light activator sources for the purpose of accelerating the process of the bleaching gel and achieving better results.
The National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) sometimes seeks volunteers with specific dental, oral, and craniofacial conditions to participate in research studies, also known as clinical trials. Researchers may provide study participants with limited free or low-cost dental treatment for the particular condition they are studying. To find out if there are any NIDCR clinical trials that you might fit into, go to "NIDCR Studies Seeking Patients." For a complete list of all federally funded clinical trials, visit ClinicalTrials.gov. To see if you qualify for any clinical trials being conducted at our Bethesda, Maryland, campus, you can call the Clinical Center's Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office at 1-800-411-1222.

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Bad breath, or halitosis, is most frequently associated with a condition of the mouth like gum disease. As the bacteria that are normally present in the mouth break down plaque and tartar, they release chemicals that have a strong odor. Bad breath can also come from plaque that builds up on the tongue. As the plaque and tartar are removed from the teeth and tongue with regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings, the halitosis can be eliminated. This is the easiest way to reverse bad breath, but it can take a while for the mouth odor to completely disappear. A person needs to be consistent and persistent with oral hygiene to reverse the condition.
Chipped and broken teeth are the second most common complaint of emergency dental care clients. These are very common incidences that can be fixed quickly through an after hours dentist appointment with the an urgent dental care clinic. While you’re en route to your meeting, make sure you bring the broken piece of tooth with you. Using a cold compress can help alleviate some of the pain and keep the swelling down, that’s what the after hours dentist would suggest. Eastman Dental Hospital
Dental implant success is related to operator skill, quality and quantity of the bone available at the site, and the patient's oral hygiene, but the most important factor is primary implant stability.[46] While there is significant variation in the rate that implants fail to integrate (due to individual risk factors), the approximate values are 1 to 6 percent[18](p68)[25]
There are various sorts of injuries you can have to the interior of your mouth, tongue or gums. These types of injuries can result in blood loss and can be dangerous if not cared for properly. It is suggested to rinse the mouth with warm salty water in order to clean the affected area, then use an ice pack to numb the pain and slow the bleeding. Typically you will want to see a doctor or dentist at this point. 

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Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep. Symptoms and signs include jaw pain, headache, and abnormalities in your teeth. Treatment may involve practicing stress-management techniques, cutting back on caffeine and alcohol, avoiding gum chewing, training oneself not to grind the teeth, and wearing a mouth guard. Dover DE Dentist, Wisdom Tooth Extraction Camden Wyoming, Oral Surgeon Dover DE

Dentists and dental hygienists measure periodontal disease using a device called a periodontal probe. This thin "measuring stick" is gently placed into the space between the gums and the teeth, and slipped below the gumline. If the probe can slip more than 3 mm (0.12 in) below the gumline, the person is said to have a gingival pocket if no migration of the epithelial attachment has occurred or a periodontal pocket if apical migration has occurred. This is somewhat of a misnomer, as any depth is, in essence, a pocket, which in turn is defined by its depth, i.e., a 2-mm pocket or a 6-mm pocket. However, pockets are generally accepted as self-cleansable (at home, by the person, with a toothbrush) if they are 3 mm or less in depth. This is important because if a pocket is deeper than 3 mm around the tooth, at-home care will not be sufficient to cleanse the pocket, and professional care should be sought. When the pocket depths reach 6 to 7 mm (0.24 to 0.28 in) in depth, the hand instruments and cavitrons used by the dental professionals may not reach deeply enough into the pocket to clean out the microbial plaque that causes gingival inflammation. In such a situation, the bone or the gums around that tooth should be surgically altered or it will always have inflammation which will likely result in more bone loss around that tooth. An additional way to stop the inflammation would be for the person to receive subgingival antibiotics (such as minocycline) or undergo some form of gingival surgery to access the depths of the pockets and perhaps even change the pocket depths so they become 3 mm or less in depth and can once again be properly cleaned by the person at home with his or her toothbrush.
Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria. Although these periodontal bacteria are naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when the conditions are right for them to increase dramatically in numbers. This happens when a layer of bacteria and food debris, known as plaque, builds up and is left undisturbed on the teeth, commonly in hard-to-reach areas such as between the teeth.

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From these theoretical risks, derive the real world complications. Long-term failures are due to either loss of bone around the tooth and/or gingiva due to peri-implantitis or a mechanical failure of the implant. Because there is no dental enamel on an implant, it does not fail due to cavities like natural teeth. While large-scale, long-term studies are scarce, several systematic reviews estimate the long-term (five to ten years) survival of dental implants at 93–98 percent depending on their clinical use.[1][2][3] During initial development of implant retained teeth, all crowns were attached to the teeth with screws, but more recent advancements have allowed placement of crowns on the abutments with dental cement (akin to placing a crown on a tooth). This has created the potential for cement, that escapes from under the crown during cementation to get caught in the gingiva and create a peri-implantitis (see picture below). While the complication can occur, there does not appear to be any additional peri-implantitis in cement-retained crowns compared to screw-retained crowns overall.[48] In compound implants (two stage implants), between the actual implant and the superstructure (abutment) are gaps and cavities into which bacteria can penetrate from the oral cavity. Later these bacteria will return into the adjacent tissue and can cause periimplantitis. As prophylaxis these implant interior spaces should be sealed.[49]
Most people, including many with sensitive teeth, say they can use regular strength Crest Whitestrips without any significant problems. Others, however, and especially those with very sensitive teeth, say these strips caused pain or tingling, sometimes severe enough that they had to stop using them. If you encounter problems, Crest does offer a gentler product, Crest 3D White Whitestrips Gentle Routine (Est. $35) that gets good reviews for causing less pain. They are used once a day, 5 minutes a day, for 14 days. They don't get as much praise for noticeable whitening that the other Crest Whitestrips do, but they're a better choice if the standard formulations cause you pain. Dental Implant Specialist Budapest and London - Dental tourism Review.
To cut down on sensitivity during the whitening process, you can try brushing with Sensodyne Pronamel toothpaste (recommended by a few dentists we spoke to). Dr. Lawlor also recommends “putting a little toothpaste in a mouthguard and wearing it for about an hour after whitening — it seals off sensitive canals that teeth whiteners open to remove stains.” However, if you’re in real pain, give your teeth a break! You can always come back to whitening later or consult a dentist to see what other options are available. Dental Implants Clinic Nurident- UK patient from London
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