^ Beck, James D.; Elter, John R.; Heiss, Gerardo; Couper, David; Mauriello, Sally M.; Offenbacher, Steven (2001). "Relationship of Periodontal Disease to Carotid Artery Intima-Media Wall Thickness : The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study". Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 21 (11): 1816–22. doi:10.1161/hq1101.097803.
Find out more below about what you need to know for when you need to see an emergency dentist, when a dental emergency turns into an emergency room visit, when a dental emergency isn’t urgent, and how to avoid dental emergencies.If you are  experiencing any dental pain, injuries, or accidents and are not sure whether or not to see a dental emergency professional, don’t hesitate to call Comfort Care Dental, we are happy to answer any and all of your dental questions. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist

The information in this 14-module syllabus is intended (1) to meet academic requirements for Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students, and Dental Assistant Students related to clinical pharmacology; (2) to provide a framework for an in-service training program in oral healthcare settings; and (3) to serve as a resource for oral healthcare personnel wishing to review evidence-based information on specific topics related to clinical pharmacology. A PDF is also available for each of the modules that may serve as a convenient chairside resource.
Teeth whitening has become the most marketed and requested procedure in cosmetic dentistry. More than 100 million Americans whiten their teeth one way or another; spending an estimated $15 billion in 2010.[59] The US Food and Drug Administration only approves gels that are under 6% hydrogen peroxide or 16% or less of carbamide peroxide. The Scientific Committee for Consumer Protection of the EU consider gels containing higher concentrations than these to be unsafe.[60]

If you're looking for an easy approach to tooth whitening, you can use stain-removal toothpaste. These products typically contain abrasives that lift away stains by producing friction as you brush. While teeth-whitening toothpaste can be effective at minimizing stains, they take longer to produce results. Keep in mind that teeth-whitening toothpaste can only address surface stains caused by smoking, food and drinks, as they do not contain bleaching agents. Baby Camden at the Dentist!
Many people do things that can compromise their teeth, without realizing it. For instance, chewing on ice, crunching hard candy or eating popcorn kernels can crack teeth without you even knowing. If you use your teeth to tear open packages instead of using scissors, this can cause tiny cracks in your teeth and in the enamel that protects you teeth that you can’t see with the naked eye. NHS Dentist EMS Airflow (TM)Cleaning
Welcome to Dental Care at Crystal Park! We are dedicated to providing you with high quality, individualized care for your oral health needs. We understand that visiting the dentist can be stressful, so we have designed our facility and procedures with your comfort and ease in mind. Regardless of whether you need orthodontic or cosmetic treatment, you can rest assured that everyone at Dental Care at Crystal Park, from our front office staff to our hygienists and dentists, will make sure that your dental treatment is as effective, affordable, and pleasant as possible. Dental Implants Coventry Dentists Show Best Same Day Full Whole Mouth Dental Teeth Implants Verum UK
Even those teeth whitening products made by reputable companies such as Crest, Plus White and others tend to get reviews that aren't exactly glowing. Again, digging into these reviews, we find plenty of low ratings from those who expected miracles -- teeth whiteners can't remove 15 years' worth of stains no matter what they claim, only a professional hygienist can do that. People with realistic expectations tend to be the happiest. Fortunately, this isn't our first rodeo: we were able to cut through the hype and the fakes to recommend the teeth whitening products that you can trust and that will really work.
If left undisturbed, microbial plaque calcifies to form calculus, which is commonly called tartar. Calculus above and below the gum line must be removed completely by the dental hygienist or dentist to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Although the primary cause of both gingivitis and periodontitis is the microbial plaque that adheres to the tooth surfaces, there are many other modifying factors. A very strong risk factor is one's genetic susceptibility. Several conditions and diseases, including Down syndrome, diabetes, and other diseases that affect one's resistance to infection, also increase susceptibility to periodontitis. Cosmetic Dentist Dental Implants WC2 Holborn
Bone grafts. This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability to teeth. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate. Dental implants made easier with Adams Dental in North London
Whitening toothpastes are different to regular toothpastes in a way that they contain a higher content of abrasives and detergents to fight off tougher stains. Most contain low concentrations of carbamide/hydrogen peroxide (bleaching agents) – this lightens the colour of teeth. These whitening toothpastes make teeth one to two shades lighter.[25] Toothpastes (dentifrices) which are advertised as "whitening" rarely contain carbamide peroxide, hydrogen peroxide or any other bleaching agent.[26] Rather, they are abrasive (usually containing alumina, dicalcium phosphate dehydrate, calcium carbonate or silica), intended to remove surface stains from the tooth surface.[26] Sometimes they contain enzymes purported to break down the biofilm on teeth.[26] Unlike bleaches, whitening toothpaste does not alter the intrinsic color of teeth. Excessive or long term use of abrasive toothpastes will cause dental abrasion, thinning the enamel layer[26] and slowly darkening the appearance of the tooth as the dentine layer becomes more noticeable. An alternative method of whitening at home, which competes with the use of a whitening paste, is the use of a patent whitening mouthwash. The mouthwash shows marginally better efforts at whitening compared to the use of paste.[27] Dental Implants Dentist Camden
A dental implant has the potential to last a lifetime. This is a fantastic potential when the implant is positioned well. Unfortunately, if the implant is poorly positioned this can begin a horrible nightmare for many years to come. Because the oral cavity is such a small surgical environment as little as a two millimeter error can be the difference between success and failure. The removal of a poorly placed implant is difficult, bone destroying and expensive. Who performs your dental implant treatment directly affects your chances of success. Studies have proven that “experience” does positively affect the outcome of dental implant treatment. Part 1-Dental Implant Placement with Bone Grafting and Membrane
Vital whitening may not improve the appearance of a tooth that has had root-canal treatment because the stain is coming from the inside of the tooth. If this is the case, your dentist will use a different procedure that whitens the tooth from the inside. He or she will place a whitening agent inside the tooth and put a temporary filling over it. The tooth will be left this way for several days. You may need this done only once, or it can be repeated until the tooth reaches the desired shade.

The goals of gum disease treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth; reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, and the risk of infection; and to stop disease progression. Treatment options depend on the stage of disease, how you may have responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues. A full description of the various treatment options is provided in Gum Disease Treatments. How I Whiten My Teeth At Home
(In the case of broken brackets or appliances, please call our office as soon as possible. This will allow us to determine if we can build in time for repair at your next scheduled appointment (and save your family a trip into the office) or if we need to see you immediately to ease pain or repair sooner and schedule the appropriate amount of time for your care.)
Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria. Although these periodontal bacteria are naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when the conditions are right for them to increase dramatically in numbers. This happens when a layer of bacteria and food debris, known as plaque, builds up and is left undisturbed on the teeth, commonly in hard-to-reach areas such as between the teeth. Covent Garden Dental Spa - Cool Central London Dentist
While Crest Gentle Routine strips are great for sensitive teeth, the lower peroxide level means it also takes longer to see full results — 28 days compared to Glamorous White’s 20 days — which is something to keep in mind if you’re whitening for an upcoming event. Additionally, the experts we consulted, our testers, and findings from beauty sites such as TotalBeauty.com and Men’s Health agreed that the higher the peroxide content, the better the final results.

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The whitening shade guides are used to measure tooth color. These shades determine the effectiveness of the whitening procedure, which may vary from two to seven shades.[16] The effects of bleaching can last for several months, but may vary depending on the lifestyle of the patient. Consuming tooth staining foods or drinks that have a strong colour may compromise effectiveness of the treatment. These include; coffee, fizzy drinks, red-colored sauces etc.

As with most treatment procedures in dentistry today, dental implants not only involve scientific discovery, research and understanding, but also application in clinical practice. The practice of implant dentistry requires expertise in planning, surgery and tooth restoration; it is as much about art and experience as it is about science. This site will help provide you with the knowledge you need to make informed choices in consultation with your dental health professionals. Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Remarkable Five Star Review by Richard D.
The long-term success of periodontal treatment depends both on your own efforts with oral hygiene and those of the practice team who provide your regular care and ongoing assessment. After the first phase of treatment has been completed, your dentist will need to review the condition of your gums at regular intervals to check that the inflammation has been halted. The frequency of your follow-up appointments will depend on the severity of disease and your individual risk of disease progression. Usually, follow-up visits are scheduled for every three to six months. 

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The goal of toothbrushing is to remove plaque on the teeth that will harbor bacteria and cause gum disease and tooth decay. Just about any toothpaste when used with consistent thorough brushing habits will accomplish this goal. There are some ingredients in toothpastes that help remove plaque more effectively and help keep plaque off the teeth after they have been brushed. The abrasive agents in toothpaste such as silicates and calcium carbonates help remove plaque that is a little sticky. Sodium lauryl sulfate is a detergent in toothpaste that causes the foaming effect of toothpastes. Toothpastes vary in the amount of SLS they contain; a high concentration of SLS can cause problems for patients who have dry mouth or low saliva flow. Some toothpastes include plaque-control agents such as pyrophosphates and zinc citrate that prevent plaque from sticking to the teeth after they've been brushed. Using a toothpaste that contains any combination of these ingredients will increase the effectiveness of oral hygiene. Aesthetic Dentistry MSc | King's College London
Let’s start from the beginning: A dental implant is actually a replacement for the root or roots of a tooth. Like tooth roots, dental implants are secured in the jawbone and are not visible once surgically placed. They are used to secure crowns (the parts of teeth seen in the mouth), bridgework or dentures by a variety of means. They are made of titanium, which is lightweight, strong and biocompatible, which means that it is not rejected by the body. Titanium and titanium alloys are the most widely used metals in both dental and other bone implants, such as orthopedic joint replacements. Dental implants have the highest success rate of any implanted surgical device. Cosmetic Dentist London
There are many legitimate, dental health-related reasons to consider dental implants. After losing one or many teeth, you lose confidence in your smile and over time there is the potential loss of bone in the jaw which can lead to a less aesthetic smile. Dental implants prevent this bone loss, allowing you to maintain a youthful smile. Thankfully, dental implants have been around for decades and as dental implant technology has advanced, the costs have become much more affordable. Teeth Whitening Deals in Camden Wyoming, DE 19934
Even though the implant procedure should cause no real drag on your usual routine, it does need plenty of time to heal. Ontario dentist Dr. Hisham Kaloti says in a RealSelf Q&A, “Depending on the quality of the bone and the location and size of your implant surgery area, it may be 7 to 10 days for initial healing and 3 to 6 months for the implant to completely integrate into the bone and be ready for the restorative portion of your treatment.”
If you have periodontitis, regular follow-ups with a dentist are essential to ensure that the disease doesn’t continue. You’ll have to change your dental hygiene habits and cooperate fully with your dentist’s instructions for a positive outcome. The long-term outlook depends on your own efforts with oral hygiene and the ongoing assessment of your dentist.

When it comes to tooth replacement, generally, there are three options: (1) removable dental appliance (complete denture or partial denture), (2) fixed dental bridge (cemented), and (3) dental implant. Dentures are the more affordable option for replacement teeth but are the least desirable because of the inconvenience of a removable appliance in the mouth. Furthermore, dentures can affect one's taste and sensory experience with food. Dental bridgework was the more common restorative option prior to the relatively recent shift to dental implant treatment. The main disadvantage to bridgework is the dependence on existing natural teeth for support. Implants are supported by bone only and do not affect surrounding natural teeth. Deciding on which option to choose depends on many factors. Specifically for dental implants, these factors include Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
There is no big secret to what makes the best teeth whitening treatment. According to the American Dental Association (ADA) and the dentists we interviewed, hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide are the only things that work. We rounded up the teeth whitening products that cap their peroxide at ADA-recommended levels, then had 39 testers weigh in on their results. Finally, we compared the method of delivery: trays, strips, or a paint-it-on gel to find four whiteners that outperformed the rest. Straumann-Dental Implant Surgery-Step by Step- Part 1.
There are many legitimate, dental health-related reasons to consider dental implants. After losing one or many teeth, you lose confidence in your smile and over time there is the potential loss of bone in the jaw which can lead to a less aesthetic smile. Dental implants prevent this bone loss, allowing you to maintain a youthful smile. Thankfully, dental implants have been around for decades and as dental implant technology has advanced, the costs have become much more affordable. Best Dentist Implants London
Dental implants are artificial tooth roots that provide a permanent base for fixed, replacement teeth. Compared to dentures, bridges and crowns, dental implants are a popular and effective long-term solution for people who suffer from missing teeth, failing teeth or chronic dental problems. Because they fit, feel and function like natural teeth, dental implants are quickly becoming the new standard in tooth replacement. 24 Hour Dentist in Kilburn London | 020 3962 2101 | Emergency Dental Care Clinic Services

Your teeth have pores just like your skin or a sponge. Anything you put in your mouth that has color will absorb into those pores. Wine, coffee, dark berries, and smoking are extremely active in staining teeth. Over time, the natural color of your teeth becomes darker due to these stains. These stains will never go away unless you actively remove them. Properly formulated teeth whitening gel works by absorbing into your teeth and gently pushing stains out through the pores. DENTISTS (BBC1)


If you wake up on a Saturday morning to a throbbing, abscessed tooth, Dr. Paschal will come into the office to relieve your discomfort until you can come back for root canal therapy. Should your dental crown come loose, he’ll meet you at the office just to cement it securely back in place to get you by. Please don’t think that your emergency isn’t important to us!

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Now, that technology is available for you to use at home, at a fraction of the cost of a treatment in your dentist’s office. With so many products around, it can be hard to know which is the best one for you, so to help you decide, we have selected what we consider to be the best products around and compared them. We want to help you to achieve beautifully white teeth at home, without the hefty price tag. Pro Dental Clinic London - Patient Testimoial - Missing Teeth - Dental Implants
Ask the Dentist has grown from just myself and my daughters huddled around the kitchen table, editing articles and learning how to create a blog, to having a large team who work tirelessly to keep the website running. This is why the articles you read on Ask the Dentist may contain affiliate links, which allow us to receive a small commission (at no added cost to you.) Your support helps this little family business spread our message around the world. Thank you! Veneers at The London Cosmetic Dentistry
The actual whitening process involves the dentist applying a gel made of 15% to 35% hydrogen peroxide to your front teeth. Hydrogen peroxide can penetrate the porous outer layer of your teeth and break apart stain compounds using a chemical reaction called oxidation. Depending on the whitening system being used, the application of the whitening gel may be followed by applying a high-powered light that speeds up the whitening process.

December 19, 2018 - AuraGlow's website currently claims its whitening pen contains 35% carbamide peroxide again. However, since there's no explanation as to the fluctuating concentration of its active ingredient and we've been unable to confirm either the current amount or reason for the changes with AuraGlow customer service, we stand by our new recommendation of GoSmile's On The Go Teeth Whitening Pen. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 3
Over time, your teeth's natural whiteness can fade or become discolored as the result of diet, personal habits, or simply getting older. However, the teeth whitening procedures we offer here at Dental Care at Crystal Park can restore the brilliance of your smile. The Zoom! teeth whitening method has a proven track record of dramatically improving the whiteness of your smile by up to six shades in a very short amount of time. We are happy to discuss your options for whitening and will work with you to determine the treatment that will make your smile look as good as it feels. Colgate Pocket Pro Electric Toothbrush (powered by Omron)
Some older adults with missing teeth rely on bridgework or dentures to preserve their dental function.  Bridges require grinding down healthy teeth to function as abutments to anchor the side of the bridge without the crown.  Over time, worn-out bridgework can be harmful for preserving dental function and preventing bone loss in the jaw.  Bridges generally fail after 5-10 years as patients have difficulty flossing them.  Therefore, root surfaces below and around bridgework become highly susceptible to decay and are not reparable.  As a result, teeth supporting the old bridge often are lost, requiring insertion of longer bridges that further compromise dentition.  For most patients, implants are a much better treatment alternative because they preserve the bone of the jaw, do not decay, and function just like natural teeth.

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Once the implant has had four to six months to bond with the bone, you’ll receive your new replacement tooth. First, your doctor places an abutment (a small connector that keeps the crown secured to the implant) onto the implant. The new tooth will be matched to the color and shape of your existing teeth and fixed to the abutment. The implant teeth should function just like your other teeth. Eastman Dental Hospital
Significant color change in a short period of time is the major benefit of in-office whitening. This protocol involves the carefully controlled use of a relatively high-concentration peroxide gel, applied to the teeth by the dentist or trained technician after the gums have been protected with a paint-on rubber dam. Generally, the peroxide remains on the teeth for several 15 to 20 minute intervals that add up to an hour (at most). Those with particularly stubborn staining may be advised to return for one or more additional bleaching sessions, or may be asked to continue with a home-use system. Med Emergencies in the Dental Office
The information in this 10-module syllabus is intended (1) to meet elements of initial educational/training requirements for Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students, and Dental Assistant Students related to dental radiography; (2) to provide a framework for an in-service training program in oral healthcare settings to meet annual educational/training requirements as mandated by federal, state, local and professional organizations; and (3) to serve as a resource for oral healthcare personnel wishing to review evidence-based information on specific topics related to dental radiography. A PDF is available for each module that may serve as a convenient resource.
Cone Beam Computer Tomography (CBCT) is the gold standard for imaging in oral health. Using CBCT technology, we are able to provide the ultimate in comfort and function when it comes to dental implants through a process known as CT guided implants. The highly detailed CT scans are used to generate a precision surgical guide, which translates to better positioning, stability and function in the final restoration of your missing tooth. Gold Tooth Implant Secret Problems
If you spend a little time searching the Web, you'll find plenty of ideas about natural methods of tooth whitening. Use lemon juice or apple cider vinegar as a mouthwash? Scrub your teeth with an activated charcoal product? Messina says those techniques come with risks. The acid of lemon juice can erode the enamel on your teeth, and charcoal is an abrasive that can wear it away. "Your teeth will be whiter initially, but as the enamel wears away, you'll see more dentin," Messina says. "That yellowish color will show through."
The Power Swabs® system was first introduced in 2008 with a breakthrough, patented teeth whitening technology developed by celebrated dentist Dr. Martin Giniger. In fact, Dr. Giniger’s Power Swabs home teeth whitening product is proven to whiten teeth as well as white strips, but with far less sensitivity and greater ease of use. To accomplish this, Power Swabs whitening products use a patented combination of clinically-researched ingredients to reach between enamel and break the molecular bonds between positively charged stained molecules and the negatively charged surfaces they are bound to for a platinum white clean. An added bonus to the gentle formula is that it works on cosmetic dentistry as well as natural teeth. Best Dentist Implants London

The treatment goals for gingivitis are to identify and eliminate the factors that are making the person more susceptible to gum disease. Most factors can be eliminated by establishing more consistent and thorough oral hygiene habits and professional dental cleanings. If there are certain risk factors such as smoking or uncontrolled diabetes that are contributing to the gum disease, they need to be addressed or eliminated to have success in reversing gingivitis. After the plaque and tartar are removed by a dentist or hygienist, the patient can usually cure gum disease by brushing and flossing after every meal and using a daily mouth rinse. Under the supervision of a dentist, a patient can use 10% carbamide peroxide in a custom made tray that fits over the teeth with positive effects on plaque control and gingival health. This is especially helpful in patients where conventional oral hygiene practices like brushing and flossing are impaired due to age or special needs.
An estimated two in three Americans have one or more missing teeth, mainly due the rise in  periodontal disease as the population grows older.  Tooth loss and other oral health problems in older Americans recently prompted AARP to declare the “Over 50 Dental Crisis.”  In 2006, Dental Economics reported that more than 30 million Americas are missing all their teeth in one or both jaws. Dr. Bashar - Dental Implant Expert in London
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