The damage to teeth and gums comes from the immune system as it attempts to destroy the microbes that are disrupting the normal symbiosis between the oral tissues and the oral microbe community. As in other tissues, Langerhans cells in the epithelium take up antigens from the microbes, and present them to the immune system, leading to movement of white blood cells into the affected tissues. This process in turn activates osteoclasts which begin to destroy bone, and it activates matrix metalloproteinases that destroy ligaments.[46] So, in summary, it is bacteria which initiates the disease, but key destructive events are brought about by the exaggerated response from the host's immune system.[40]

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It’s essential to have a well-fitting whitening tray to avoid getting the gel on your gums and lips. Doing so can cause discomfort and sensitivity. It turns out that the extra tray is useful because it can take a special touch to get the temperature of the trays just right to mold them to your mouth! So take your time with this step to ensure proper whitening results. Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)
CCED is fashioned with the latest dental tools and technologies so that we can restore your tooth the same day you come to see us, and the restorations you receive will look natural and last a lifetime. We offer treatments for a number of conditions, including Center City, Philadelphia broken tooth extractions at affordable prices. Some examples of the kinds of treatments that we are able to provide here at CCED, are:

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The planning process for dental implants may involve a variety of specialists, including a doctor who specializes in conditions of the mouth, jaw and face (oral and maxillofacial surgeon), a dentist specializing in treating structures that support the teeth, such as gums and bones (periodontist), a dentist who designs and fits artificial teeth (prosthodontist), or occasionally an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist.


Bone grafts. This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability to teeth. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate.
The severity and speed of progression of periodontitis depends upon the balance of a number of factors: the number and type of bacteria present, how strong the individual’s defence mechanisms are, and the presence or absence of certain risk factors. For example, the more aggressive the bacteria and the weaker the immune response of the patient, the more active will be the disease. Added to that, some risk factors, such as smoking or diabetes, can further weaken the body’s defences and speed up the disease process. In the same way, certain drugs, such as antihypertensive or vasodilating agents and immunotherapy, affect the inflammatory response to plaque and make patients more susceptible to gingivitis. However, it is important to recognize that, without the accumulation of bacterial plaque, periodontitis will not occur.

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No other strip-style whitener even comes close to Crest Whitestrips when it comes to credible positive feedback -- many major dental care manufacturers don't even make a tooth whitening strip. The only other strips we saw that appear at first glance to be highly rated by users have scores that were primarily the result of reviews made in exchange for a free product; because of the high possibility of bias in such reviews, they were disregarded. Best Cosmetic Dentist In London | Book A Free Consultation
The damage to teeth and gums comes from the immune system as it attempts to destroy the microbes that are disrupting the normal symbiosis between the oral tissues and the oral microbe community. As in other tissues, Langerhans cells in the epithelium take up antigens from the microbes, and present them to the immune system, leading to movement of white blood cells into the affected tissues. This process in turn activates osteoclasts which begin to destroy bone, and it activates matrix metalloproteinases that destroy ligaments.[46] So, in summary, it is bacteria which initiates the disease, but key destructive events are brought about by the exaggerated response from the host's immune system.[40] Dental Clinic

Teeth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dentistry treatments offering a quick, non-invasive and affordable way to enhance a smile.  Universally valued by men and women alike, whitening (or bleaching) treatments are available to satisfy every budget, time frame and temperament. Whether in the form of professionally administered one-hour whitening sessions at a dental office or cosmetic spa, or home-use bleaching kits purchased at your local drugstore, solutions abound. Dental Veneers Dentist Camden
The information and content (collectively, "Content") on this website is for your general educational information only. The Content cannot, and is not intended to, replace the relationship that you have with your health care professionals. The Content on this website is not medical advice. You should always talk to your health care professionals for information concerning diagnosis and treatment, including information regarding which drugs or treatment may be appropriate for you. None of the information on this website represents or warrants that any particular drug or treatment is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Health information changes quickly. Therefore, it is always best to confirm information with your health care professionals.

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Gingivitis - This is the earliest stage of gum disease. It is the inflammation of the gums, caused by dental plaque buildup at the gum line. You may notice some redness or swelling of the gums, or some bleeding during brushing and flossing. At this early stage gum disease can be reversed since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected. Treatments by Our Dentists in London
Spray it on. Try incorporating the use of a spray containing chlorhexidine (CHX), a powerful anti-bacterial with plaque-inhibiting properties, in your dental care routine. One study on elderly patients, a group at risk for periodontal disease, found that a once-daily application of a 0.2% CHX spray reduced plaque accumulation and inflammation caused by gingivitis.[6] Why dental implants hurt! - Dentist explains.....
Put simply, whitening toothpastes and mouthwashes cannot remove deep stains as well as whitening treatments. Each of your teeth is made up of multiple layers. First, a layer of enamel offers defense for the crowns of your teeth, the part that exists above the gum line. But over time, the stuff you eat and drink — berries, red wine, coffee — forms another layer, the pellicle layer, on top of your enamel.
Alternatively, stock abutments are used to retain dentures using a male-adapter attached to the implant and a female adapter in the denture. Two common types of adapters are the ball-and-socket style retainer and the button-style adapter. These types of stock abutments allow movement of the denture, but enough retention to improve the quality of life for denture wearers, compared to conventional dentures.[38] Regardless of the type of adapter, the female portion of the adapter that is housed in the denture will require periodic replacement, however the number and adapter type does not seem to affect patient satisfaction with the prosthetic for various removable alternatives.[39] Cheap Dental Implants - how to save money in London
^ Jump up to: a b Papaspyridakos, P.; Mokti, M.; Chen, C. J.; Benic, G. I.; Gallucci, G. O.; Chronopoulos, V (Jan 2013). "Implant and Prosthodontic Survival Rates with Implant Fixed Complete Dental Prostheses in the Edentulous Mandible after at Least 5 Years: A Systematic Review". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 16 (5): 705–717. doi:10.1111/cid.12036. PMID 23311617. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.
The most fabulous caring dental staff I've ever come across! I share my love and positive experience with anyone who says they need a dentist. Dr. Major and his staff undid years of being terrified of going to the dentist and I am thankful for them every day! I became a patient over ten years ago because of a wonderful lady named Kimberly who took the time to talk to me on the phone and promised they would take care of me and not to worry. They have never, ever let me down! Do yourself a favor - make Dr. Majors your dentist!

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The severity and speed of progression of periodontitis depends upon the balance of a number of factors: the number and type of bacteria present, how strong the individual’s defence mechanisms are, and the presence or absence of certain risk factors. For example, the more aggressive the bacteria and the weaker the immune response of the patient, the more active will be the disease. Added to that, some risk factors, such as smoking or diabetes, can further weaken the body’s defences and speed up the disease process. In the same way, certain drugs, such as antihypertensive or vasodilating agents and immunotherapy, affect the inflammatory response to plaque and make patients more susceptible to gingivitis. However, it is important to recognize that, without the accumulation of bacterial plaque, periodontitis will not occur.
Internal staining of dentine can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized teeth that have undergone endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) but are discolored due to internal staining of the tooth structure by blood and other fluids that leaked in. Unlike external bleaching, which brightens teeth from the outside in, internal bleaching brightens teeth from the inside out. Bleaching the tooth internally involves drilling a hole to the pulp chamber no more than 2mm below the gingival margin, cleaning any infected or discoloured dentine, sealing, and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside of the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel or sodium perborate tetrahydrate into the pulp chamber so they can work directly inside the tooth on the dentine layer.[citation needed] In this variation of whitening the whitening agent is sealed within the tooth over a period of some days and replaced as needed, the so-called "walking bleach" technique.[citation needed]. A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption.

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Although whitening your teeth at home won't give you the instantaneous, blinding white choppers that a professional treatment will, it does a pretty good job at a fraction of the cost. Still, before you whiten your teeth, do check with your dentist to be sure he or she has no concerns. We also recommend that you use a whitening toothpaste, which are covered in a separate report, to maintain that dazzling smile.

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There are many legitimate, dental health-related reasons to consider dental implants. After losing one or many teeth, you lose confidence in your smile and over time there is the potential loss of bone in the jaw which can lead to a less aesthetic smile. Dental implants prevent this bone loss, allowing you to maintain a youthful smile. Thankfully, dental implants have been around for decades and as dental implant technology has advanced, the costs have become much more affordable. Teeth Whitening Deals in Camden Wyoming, DE 19934
Treating gum disease with homemade remedies is possible, and can help to cure various gum problems, such as gingivitis, periodontal disease, and several other problems that need to be taken seriously. If left untreated, gum disease can cause serious dental and system-wide health problems. There are things you can try on your own to treat gum disease, but if symptoms escalate and you experience persistent bleeding gums or loose teeth, visit your dentist immediately. Molar Easy-graft™ Scarsdale Dental, London
In testing, Go Smile Super White Snap Packs lightened participants' teeth three shades in a week's time. Go Smile has a unique applications system -- the gel comes in tubes that you snap open and rub on your teeth twice per day, morning and night. That allows you to specifically target the gel to your teeth, which may help minimize sensitivity to this whitening treatment. Experts and users like that it doesn't have an unpleasant taste or cause excessive salivation during treatment. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
Regular teeth cleaning by a dentist removes plaque that may develop, even with careful brushing and flossing. This is very important for getting at areas that are hard to reach on your own. Professional cleaning includes scaling and polishing. This procedure uses instruments to loosen and remove deposits from the teeth. Routine exams may include dental x-rays. Your dentist can catch problems early, so they do not become more serious and expensive to fix.
Dr. Paul Amato, DDS, FAGD explained if you go above 10% hydrogen peroxide or 35% carbamide peroxide, “then you’re getting into the professional grade.” Whitening products this strong should only be used with dentist supervision — they’ll take care to completely protect your gum tissue with a rubber dam or gel. In any case, you should consult your dentist before using any teeth whitening product to make sure you’re getting what’s best for your teeth and gums.

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The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional. Introduction to Museum Dental Suites in Holborn London
It’s essential to have a well-fitting whitening tray to avoid getting the gel on your gums and lips. Doing so can cause discomfort and sensitivity. It turns out that the extra tray is useful because it can take a special touch to get the temperature of the trays just right to mold them to your mouth! So take your time with this step to ensure proper whitening results. Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)

Periodontal disease is the most common disease found in dogs and affects more than 80% of dogs aged three years or older. Its prevalence in dogs increases with age, but decreases with increasing body weight; i.e., toy and miniature breeds are more severely affected. Recent research undertaken at the Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition has established that the bacteria associated with gum disease in dogs are not the same as in humans.[73] Systemic disease may develop because the gums are very vascular (have a good blood supply). The blood stream carries these anaerobic micro-organisms, and they are filtered out by the kidneys and liver, where they may colonize and create microabscesses. The microorganisms traveling through the blood may also attach to the heart valves, causing vegetative infective endocarditis (infected heart valves). Additional diseases that may result from periodontitis include chronic bronchitis and pulmonary fibrosis.[74] COME TO THE DENTIST WITH ME! LONDON VLOG 🇬🇧
Hydrogen peroxide is an irritant and cytotoxic. At concentrations of 10% or higher, hydrogen peroxide is potentially corrosive to mucous membranes or skin and can cause a burning sensation and tissue damage.[41] Chemical burns from gel bleaching (if a high-concentration oxidising agent contacts unprotected tissues, which may bleach or discolor mucous membranes). Tissue irritation most commonly results from an ill-fitting mouthpiece tray rather than the tooth-bleaching agent. Using Veneers To Restore A Smile At Dental Smiles London
Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease (gingivitis or periodontal disease) include receding gums, bad breath and pocket formation between the teeth and gums. Treatment depends upon the stage of the gum disease, how you responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
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^ Beck, James D.; Elter, John R.; Heiss, Gerardo; Couper, David; Mauriello, Sally M.; Offenbacher, Steven (2001). "Relationship of Periodontal Disease to Carotid Artery Intima-Media Wall Thickness : The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study". Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 21 (11): 1816–22. doi:10.1161/hq1101.097803.
Your dentist or periodontist is able to perform most procedures in his or her office. The time needed to perform the procedure, your degree of discomfort, and time needed to heal will vary from patient to patient depending on the type and extent of the procedure and your overall health. Local anesthesia to numb the treatment area may be given before some treatments. If necessary, a medication may be given to help you relax. 

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Have a friend call the dentist immediately while you focus on the lost tooth. Always lift up the lost tooth by the crown, rather than the root, since you do not want to introduce any bacteria or other pathogens to the tooth root. If there is any debris or dirt on the tooth, run it under some clean, cold water, but do not dry it on anything. Push it back into its socket, making sure that it is facing the right way, and bite down slowly to keep it in place until you reach the emergency dentist. If you cannot easily get the tooth back into its socket, store it in a container of milk. Pharmacies also sell a product called Save-a-Tooth that you can place a lost tooth in if you happen to have it on hand. Introduction to The Smart Clinics Dentistry, London
As dental plaque or biofilm accumulates on the teeth near and below the gums that is some dysbiosis of the normal oral microbiome.[46] As of 2017 it was not certain what species were most responsible for causing harm, but gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, spirochetes, and viruses have been suggested; in individual people it is sometimes clear that one or more species is driving disease.[46] Research in 2004 indicated three species gram negative anerobic species: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteroides forsythus and Eikenella corrodens.[40] Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry

Regardless of your stains, the natural color (and genetic makeup) of an individual's teeth are set at birth. The only thing a whitening product can do is remove all the stains that have accumulated over time. Unfortunately, most dentists will not tell you this nor will they give you any kind of refund if it doesn't work. Smile Brilliant's 45 day money back guarantee gives everyone the opportunity to try professional whitening. You'll never know just how white your teeth can be until you try. We want to provide the world with that opportunity.

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Welcome to Dental Care at Crystal Park! We are dedicated to providing you with high quality, individualized care for your oral health needs. We understand that visiting the dentist can be stressful, so we have designed our facility and procedures with your comfort and ease in mind. Regardless of whether you need orthodontic or cosmetic treatment, you can rest assured that everyone at Dental Care at Crystal Park, from our front office staff to our hygienists and dentists, will make sure that your dental treatment is as effective, affordable, and pleasant as possible.

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Implant treatments range from the immediate replacement of an extracted tooth to over six months when jaw surgery and bone grafting is needed. The average treatment is three to six months. Most of the time required to complete implant treatment is taken up just waiting for the bone to fuse completely with the implant. This usually takes a few months and goes on below the gum line without any feeling or awareness. In more complex cases treatment may be longer.
In orthodontics, small diameter dental implants, referred to as Temporary Anchorage Devices (or TADs) can assist tooth movement by creating anchor points from which forces can be generated.[12] For teeth to move, a force must be applied to them in the direction of the desired movement. The force stimulates cells in the periodontal ligament to cause bone remodeling, removing bone in the direction of travel of the tooth and adding it to the space created. In order to generate a force on a tooth, an anchor point (something that will not move) is needed. Since implants do not have a periodontal ligament, and bone remodelling will not be stimulated when tension is applied, they are ideal anchor points in orthodontics. Typically, implants designed for orthodontic movement are small and do not fully osseointegrate, allowing easy removal following treatment.[13]

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When an adequate band of attached tissue is absent, it can be recreated with a soft tissue graft. There are four methods that can be used to transplant soft tissue. A roll of tissue adjacent to an implant (referred to as a palatal roll) can be moved towards the lip (buccal), gingiva from the palate can be transplanted, deeper connective tissue from the palate can be transplanted or, when a larger piece of tissue is needed, a finger of tissue based on a blood vessel in the palate (called a vascularized interpositional periosteal-connective tissue (VIP-CT) flap) can be repositioned to the area.[29](pp113–188) Angel Islington, Upper Street, 23/10/2011
How to Prevent Gum InfectionJust about every area of your body is susceptible to infection, including your mouth. And if you have an infection, it’s important to get treatment promptly. In the case of your mouth, infected gums can not only be very painful, they can also be a sign of a more serious condition such as advanced periodontal disease, otherwise known as periodontitis.Periodontitis affects the area of your mouth just below the gum line, in the v-shaped crevice between your tooth and gums, known as the sulcus. This impacts the attachment of your tooth and causes the nearby tissue to break down. Once the tissue is damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket that can store bacteria and lead to gum infection. Since gums provide fundamental support for our teeth, it’s vital to keep them, and your gum line, in good health.Gum Infection SymptomsAlthough serious gum infections aren’t extremely common, they can lead to major issues if not treated in a timely manner. While most of us want to keep our teeth and gums healthy, your gums can be prone to gum infection if not cared for properly. Identifying warning signs that can lead to infected gums is an important way to help prevent further gum disease and all the side effects that come with it.Signs that you may have infected gums include: Dental Implant London UK - Lotus Clinic The Dental Implant London UK Centre
Once adequate, strong bone is present, the site is ready for the implant. At the implant placement appointment, the dental implant (titanium post) is placed into the bone with a special drill and tools. A "healing cap" is placed over the implant, the gum is stitched up, and the healing phase begins. During this healing phase, a temporary denture can be made to replace missing teeth for esthetic purposes. Healing time depends greatly on the quality of bone present. Healing time is usually anywhere from two to six months. During this time, the implant becomes integrated with the bone. It's important to avoid placing any force or stress on the dental implant as it heals. Follow-up appointments to check the surgical site are typically done to ensure that no infection exists and healing is taking place.

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Tooth whitening toothpastes. Because they're mildly abrasive, every toothpaste helps remove stains from teeth. Whitening toothpastes, however, also contain chemicals or polishing agents that help scrub stains from teeth without the aid of a bleaching agent. Tooth-whitening toothpastes are relatively inexpensive and brighten teeth by about one shade. Some whitening toothpastes contain peroxides, but they aren't left on the teeth long enough to have a whitening benefit.


All soft deposits will be removed from accessible areas of the teeth and the teeth polished and treated with fluoride. Depending on the improvement seen in plaque control and gum health, further instruction and cleaning may be carried out in subsequent visits. The next step would be for your practitioner to remove all bacterial deposits and tartar from the root surfaces and gingival pockets. Kings Cross Dentist London WC1
All toothpastes help remove surface stains, because they contain mild abrasives. Some whitening toothpastes contain gentle polishing or chemical agents that provide additional stain removal effectiveness. Whitening toothpastes can help remove surface stains only and do not contain bleach; over-the-counter and professional whitening products contain carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide that helps lighten the color deep in the tooth. Whitening toothpastes can lighten the tooth's color by about one shade. In contrast, prescription strength whitening conducted in your dentist's office can make your teeth three to eight shades lighter. Dental Implants Clinic Nurident- UK patient from London

Primary implant stability refers to the stability of a dental implant immediately after implantation. The stability of the titanium screw implant in the patient's bone tissue post surgery may be non-invasively assessed using resonance frequency analysis. Sufficient initial stability may allow immediate loading with prosthetic reconstruction, though early loading poses a higher risk of implant failure than conventional loading.[43] Harley Street Dental Clinic - London’s General and Cosmetic Dentistry
The ideal source of energy should be high energy to excite the peroxide molecules without overheating the pulp of the tooth.[20] Lights are typically within the blue light spectrum as this has been found to contain the most effective wavelengths for initiating the hydrogen peroxide reaction. A power bleaching treatment typically involves isolation of soft tissue with a resin-based, light-curable barrier, application of a professional dental-grade hydrogen peroxide whitening gel (25-38% hydrogen peroxide), and exposure to the light source for 6–15 minutes. Recent technical advances have minimized heat and ultraviolet emissions, allowing for a shorter patient preparation procedure.

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Serving the Anderson, Edgewood, Muncie, New Castle, Chesterfield, Daleville, Alliance and River Forest communities – there are no judgments here. From dental cleanings and fillings to same day root canals and crowns, we take care of everything in-house. Our team of dentists and hygienists is here to help you with your oral health and our goal is to help you maintain it with regular dental checkups. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
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