Have a friend call the dentist immediately while you focus on the lost tooth. Always lift up the lost tooth by the crown, rather than the root, since you do not want to introduce any bacteria or other pathogens to the tooth root. If there is any debris or dirt on the tooth, run it under some clean, cold water, but do not dry it on anything. Push it back into its socket, making sure that it is facing the right way, and bite down slowly to keep it in place until you reach the emergency dentist. If you cannot easily get the tooth back into its socket, store it in a container of milk. Pharmacies also sell a product called Save-a-Tooth that you can place a lost tooth in if you happen to have it on hand. 

teeth bleaching london


Tissue adaptation: The gingiva is adapted around the entire implant to provide a thick band of healthy tissue around the healing abutment. In contrast, an implant can be "buried", where the top of the implant is sealed with a cover screw and the tissue is closed to completely cover it. A second procedure would then be required to uncover the implant at a later date. Dental Implants in London
EMERGENCY DENTISTRY | Sports injuries, auto collisions and home incidents are all common causes for our patients to come in. They probably wouldn’t call the care they receive common though. Just because we address your dental emergency immediately doesn’t mean we do a rush job. We make sure every patient is treated in a comfortable and confidence-building way.

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology. King's Dental Students Mannequin Challenge

Our favorite LED teeth whitening product is the AuraGlow Teeth Whitening Kit. It is incredibly easy to use and is designed to create no mess. Its sensitive approach to teeth whitening gives you fantastic results that look professional, without causing any pain or sensitivity. You can see results after your first treatment, so we doubt you will be disappointed with this kit.
The National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) sometimes seeks volunteers with specific dental, oral, and craniofacial conditions to participate in research studies, also known as clinical trials. Researchers may provide study participants with limited free or low-cost dental treatment for the particular condition they are studying. To find out if there are any NIDCR clinical trials that you might fit into, go to "NIDCR Studies Seeking Patients." For a complete list of all federally funded clinical trials, visit ClinicalTrials.gov. To see if you qualify for any clinical trials being conducted at our Bethesda, Maryland, campus, you can call the Clinical Center's Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office at 1-800-411-1222. Porcelain Crowns In Under 2 Hours at Dental Smiles London
There are a few other discolorations that whitening procedures cannot change. If you took tetracycline as a kid, say for an ear infection, you might have antibiotic staining of the teeth. Or if your teeth suffered trauma when you were young and your enamel was still forming, whitening won't work. Dentists refer to these discolorations as intrinsic stains.
The two trays that are included in this set are a custom fit design. They are easy to mold by submerging them in hot water for a few seconds until they become supple and then biting into them, taking care not to scald your mouth from the hot water. You then just need to suck them into your teeth to remove any air and water trapped. If you don’t get it right first time, you can just submerge them in hot water again and have another go until you get a comfortable, snug fit. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING

If you chip or break a tooth, whether while eating or while engaging in sport, it's important to see the dentist as soon as possible. The sooner you receive treatment, the more likely it is that your dentist will be able to reattach the broken piece to your damaged tooth. Save any pieces of the chipped tooth that you find, and rinse them gently in warm water. Place them in a cup of milk, and take them to the dentist's office with you. manual brushing by Islington dental hygienist.MOV

The mouthpiece attaches to the light, which contains 5 intense LED bulbs which speed up your teeth whitening process. It leaves your hands free to get on with other tasks or kick back and relax while you treat your teeth. You don’t even need to keep an eye on the clock as the light has a built-in timer which alerts you at 10-minute intervals. It also comes with a storage case so you can keep it clean, or even whiten on the go!

Dentures, removable replacements for missing teeth, come in two types: partial and complete dentures. Dental implants and bridges are suitable alternatives to dentures. Though it usually takes a while to get used to eating and speaking with new dentures, denture adhesives can improve the stability of the denture and provide a sense of security for the denture wearer. Dental Implants Clinic Nurident- UK patient from London
How to Prevent Gum InfectionJust about every area of your body is susceptible to infection, including your mouth. And if you have an infection, it’s important to get treatment promptly. In the case of your mouth, infected gums can not only be very painful, they can also be a sign of a more serious condition such as advanced periodontal disease, otherwise known as periodontitis.Periodontitis affects the area of your mouth just below the gum line, in the v-shaped crevice between your tooth and gums, known as the sulcus. This impacts the attachment of your tooth and causes the nearby tissue to break down. Once the tissue is damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket that can store bacteria and lead to gum infection. Since gums provide fundamental support for our teeth, it’s vital to keep them, and your gum line, in good health.Gum Infection SymptomsAlthough serious gum infections aren’t extremely common, they can lead to major issues if not treated in a timely manner. While most of us want to keep our teeth and gums healthy, your gums can be prone to gum infection if not cared for properly. Identifying warning signs that can lead to infected gums is an important way to help prevent further gum disease and all the side effects that come with it.Signs that you may have infected gums include:

richard warren dentist camden


Dental implants are surgically placed in your jawbone, where they serve as the roots of missing teeth. Because the titanium in the implants fuses with your jawbone, the implants won't slip, make noise or cause bone damage the way fixed bridgework or dentures might. And the materials can't decay like your own teeth that support regular bridgework can.

best dentist in london


Gum disease progresses with the development of plaque over the teeth. This is a kind of bacterial white sticky substance formed when a bacterium mixes itself with saliva along with starch and other ingredients of one's diet called debris. Oral health care is one of the major concerns around the globe as minor dental problems are giving passage to bigger and incurable forms. As a result, how to treat gum disease with homemade remedies is one major worldwide health issue that can help people follow some simple and effective ways for better oral health. Advice to students applying to study dentistry at Manchester
Bone grafting. This procedure is performed when periodontitis has destroyed the bone surrounding your tooth root. The graft may be composed of small fragments of your own bone, or the bone may be synthetic or donated. The bone graft helps prevent tooth loss by holding your tooth in place. It also serves as a platform for the regrowth of natural bone. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
Bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth, cause gum disease. If plaque is not removed it can harden and turn into tartar (calculus). Additionally, dental plaque will continue to form on the tartar. Brushing or flossing cannot remove tartar; a dental professional will need to conduct a dental cleaning to remove it.

london dental care


Go Smile actually gets somewhat better user reviews than most of the tooth whitening systems in this report (although none of the credible products get much more than slightly above average ratings), with users saying it worked as advertised. The biggest complaint we saw was that the gel can be difficult to squeeze out of the tube. Also, because you "snap" the gel cap open, it's not quite as portable as most of the other methods we cover here because of the possibility that the tubes will open accidentally. 

best teeth whitening london


Whitening strips work by the placement of a layer of peroxide gel on the labial surfaces of teeth through the use of plastic strips that are shaped to fit there. Many different types of whitening strips are available on the market, after being introduced in the late 1980s.[28] Each variety of whitening strips has its own set of instructions to suit the product, for example, different strips can be used at different frequencies to reach the same whitening end point. My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit

Ultimately, to get rid of dental pain, you must first get rid of the source of the infection. Treating the pain with medication is a temporary band-aid, but does not resolve the problem. For severe infections or trauma, our Anchorage emergency dentist can prescribe prescription strength pain medications and antibiotics to keep you comfortable until you can get to our office for treatment. Dental Implants Coventry Dentists Show Best Same Day Full Whole Mouth Dental Teeth Implants Verum UK
The primary cause of gingivitis is poor or ineffective oral hygiene,[27] which leads to the accumulation of a mycotic[28][29][30][31] and bacterial matrix at the gum line, called dental plaque. Other contributors are poor nutrition and underlying medical issues such as diabetes.[32] Diabetics must be meticulous with their homecare to control periodontal disease.[33] New finger prick tests have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the US, and are being used in dental offices to identify and screen people for possible contributory causes of gum disease, such as diabetes. Cosmetic Dentistry UK cosmetic dentists Kissdental
Dental insurance typically does not pay for dental implant placement. Some dental insurances may help pay for the implant crown portion. Unfortunately, in many cases, dental insurance considers dental implants to be an elective procedure even though dental implants have become the standard of care for replacement of missing teeth. Dental implants have become a favored option for tooth replacement because they offer a conservative approach and provide predictable results with success rates close to 98%. Holborn Dentist London WC1

The AARP Bulletin warned that dental disease has become a silent epidemic among older Americans.  Older adults with missing teeth often have underlying periodontal disease from which bacteria from chronic gum infection can migrate through the bloodstream to vital organs.  Adults with missing teeth are unable to eat properly and often develop nutritional deficiencies from an inadequate or unhealthy diet. Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Great Five Star Review by P-Hansen


It is possible to have gum disease and have no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important. Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed. Good dental care at home is essential to help keep periodontal disease from becoming more serious or recurring. Remember: You don’t have to lose teeth to gum disease. Brush your teeth twice a day, clean between your teeth daily, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits for a lifetime of healthy smiles.

implants in london


Ask the Dentist has grown from just myself and my daughters huddled around the kitchen table, editing articles and learning how to create a blog, to having a large team who work tirelessly to keep the website running. This is why the articles you read on Ask the Dentist may contain affiliate links, which allow us to receive a small commission (at no added cost to you.) Your support helps this little family business spread our message around the world. Thank you! Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING

If gum disease is more advanced, scaling and root planning can be performed to treat diseased periodontal pockets and gum infection. A dental hygienist uses an ultrasonic scaling device to remove plaque, tartar and food debris above and below the gum line, and hand scales the tooth and root surfaces to make them smooth and disease free. Laser treatments are also sometimes used to remove tartar deposits. If periodontal pockets are more than 5 millimeters deep, that is, if you have moderate to severe periodontitis, gingival flap surgery may be performed by a periodontist to reduce periodontal pockets, as well as bone grafting to restore lost bone. 

braces london


Accidents, dental injuries, and tooth damage can happen at any time, day or night, and they often demand immediate attention. In cases such as these, an emergency dentist who offers after-hours services can provide the care you need. You should also know how to take care of your dental discomfort at home until the dentist is able to see you. Doing so is likely to improve the outcome from your emergency dental treatment and also decrease the chances of complications down the road.
The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional. Same Day Dental Implant Procedure with Oral Surgeon Dr. John Wallace
How to Prevent Gum InfectionJust about every area of your body is susceptible to infection, including your mouth. And if you have an infection, it’s important to get treatment promptly. In the case of your mouth, infected gums can not only be very painful, they can also be a sign of a more serious condition such as advanced periodontal disease, otherwise known as periodontitis.Periodontitis affects the area of your mouth just below the gum line, in the v-shaped crevice between your tooth and gums, known as the sulcus. This impacts the attachment of your tooth and causes the nearby tissue to break down. Once the tissue is damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket that can store bacteria and lead to gum infection. Since gums provide fundamental support for our teeth, it’s vital to keep them, and your gum line, in good health.Gum Infection SymptomsAlthough serious gum infections aren’t extremely common, they can lead to major issues if not treated in a timely manner. While most of us want to keep our teeth and gums healthy, your gums can be prone to gum infection if not cared for properly. Identifying warning signs that can lead to infected gums is an important way to help prevent further gum disease and all the side effects that come with it.Signs that you may have infected gums include:
The first thing to do is visit your dental team for a thorough check-up of your teeth and gums. They will measure the 'cuff' of gum around each tooth to see if there is any sign that periodontal disease has started.  X-rays may also be needed to see the amount of bone that has been lost. This assessment is very important, so the correct treatment can be prescribed for you. Doctors Medicate a Public Piano (Warning: EXTREME)

Your dentist can provide you with a custom-made tray for at-home whitening. In this case, the dentist will give you instructions on how to place the bleaching solution in the tray and for what length of time. This may be a preferred option if you feel more comfortable whitening in your own home at a slower pace, but still with the guidance of a dentist. Out-of-office bleaching can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.

teeth whitening north london


The kit includes everything you need to bring back your sparkling smile. You get 5 large syringes of whitening gel, 2 custom-fit dental trays and 2 vitamin E swabs. You even get a shade guide so that you can compare your teeth at the start and watch them gradually lighten after each treatment. This means that you can see a completely objective view of the improvement the treatments have made to your teeth and you can see when you have reached your goal so that you don’t overdo it too.

teeth whitening south london


Our favorite LED teeth whitening product is the AuraGlow Teeth Whitening Kit. It is incredibly easy to use and is designed to create no mess. Its sensitive approach to teeth whitening gives you fantastic results that look professional, without causing any pain or sensitivity. You can see results after your first treatment, so we doubt you will be disappointed with this kit. Dental Implants London My Dental Implants At Lotus Clinic
At Columbia Dental Care, we believe that visiting the dentist does not have to be a painful or unpleasant experience. To that end, we offer the latest in modern dental technology to make our patients’ visits efficient and comfortable. Our office includes the following high-tech tools: an intraoral camera, digital radiographs, rotary endodontics, single-visit dental crowns, laser dentistry, and 3-D cone imaging. Kings Cross Dentist London WC1
Welcome to Emergency Dentist 24/7, where you receive help from an emergency dentist within a time frame of as little as 24 hours. Whether a tooth has come out, you’re experiencing unbearable oral pain, or you feel that you’re suffering from an oral health problem that feels as if it’s an emergency, we are the best resource to turn to for immediate help.

Teeth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dentistry treatments offering a quick, non-invasive and affordable way to enhance a smile.  Universally valued by men and women alike, whitening (or bleaching) treatments are available to satisfy every budget, time frame and temperament. Whether in the form of professionally administered one-hour whitening sessions at a dental office or cosmetic spa, or home-use bleaching kits purchased at your local drugstore, solutions abound.

See your dentist if you suspect you have gum disease because the sooner you treat it the better. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. If you have gingivitis, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing. Is NHS dentistry in crisis? the TRUTH about NHS dentistry


Because implants fuse to your jawbone, they provide stable support for artificial teeth. Dentures and bridges mounted to implants won't slip or shift in your mouth — an especially important benefit when eating and speaking. This secure fit helps the dentures and bridges — as well as individual crowns placed over implants — feel more natural than conventional bridges or dentures. A Day in the Life of a Dental Student from London, England via Snapchat
At Columbia Dental Care, we believe that visiting the dentist does not have to be a painful or unpleasant experience. To that end, we offer the latest in modern dental technology to make our patients’ visits efficient and comfortable. Our office includes the following high-tech tools: an intraoral camera, digital radiographs, rotary endodontics, single-visit dental crowns, laser dentistry, and 3-D cone imaging. Barry Smith Dental on Argyle. Camden
Teeth whitening has become the most marketed and requested procedure in cosmetic dentistry. More than 100 million Americans whiten their teeth one way or another; spending an estimated $15 billion in 2010.[59] The US Food and Drug Administration only approves gels that are under 6% hydrogen peroxide or 16% or less of carbamide peroxide. The Scientific Committee for Consumer Protection of the EU consider gels containing higher concentrations than these to be unsafe.[60]
We recruited 39 participants across a wide range of ages to try out our top products. The experiment began with each tester matching their teeth shade to a professional teeth shade guide and snapping a “before” pic. After using the teeth whitening product for the recommended length of time, our testers took an “after” photo, evaluated their new shade, and completed a survey describing the experience. Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
Have a friend call the dentist immediately while you focus on the lost tooth. Always lift up the lost tooth by the crown, rather than the root, since you do not want to introduce any bacteria or other pathogens to the tooth root. If there is any debris or dirt on the tooth, run it under some clean, cold water, but do not dry it on anything. Push it back into its socket, making sure that it is facing the right way, and bite down slowly to keep it in place until you reach the emergency dentist. If you cannot easily get the tooth back into its socket, store it in a container of milk. Pharmacies also sell a product called Save-a-Tooth that you can place a lost tooth in if you happen to have it on hand. 

teeth bleaching london


A lost crown is a dental emergency, but as with a lost filling, you should be able to put off treatment until your general dentist is available. In the meantime, you can apply clove oil to the tooth to alleviate any soreness. You can also apply some denture glue to the tooth and slip the crown back over it. Never use super glue to reattach the crown. If you cannot get the crown to stay securely on your tooth, store it in a plastic bag until you are able to get to the dentist. While you don't need to see the dentist the same night you lose the crown, do make an appointment as soon as possible. Putting off treatment may lead to additional damage to the tooth.

london tooth whitening


Some common types of mouth injuries include cracked, broken, or knocked out teeth, which can be a result of biting on a piece of food that is too hard, a sports-related injury, a fall, or any other type of accident. Depending on the severity of the injury and where the tooth is located, it is possible that a chipped tooth or minor fracture can wait for a call to the dentist during normal business hours. How It's Made Titanium Dental Implants
Make a sea salt solution. Dissolve a small amount of sea salt in a cup of warm water. Swish a sip of the solution in your mouth for 30 seconds and spit it out. Repeat several times. Salt water will reduce swollen gums, gum bleeding and will also decrease the swelling caused by infection. However, if the infection has advanced to an abscess, then you will need antibiotics. Add this mouth rinse to your twice-daily brushing routine. Teeth Whitening Camden
There are many legitimate, dental health-related reasons to consider dental implants. After losing one or many teeth, you lose confidence in your smile and over time there is the potential loss of bone in the jaw which can lead to a less aesthetic smile. Dental implants prevent this bone loss, allowing you to maintain a youthful smile. Thankfully, dental implants have been around for decades and as dental implant technology has advanced, the costs have become much more affordable. Cosmetic Dentistry London -- Cosmetic Dentists Hampstead, Golders Green, London

Whitening mouthwashes are another tooth-whitening product that you can use at home to promote a whiter smile. These products usually feature a small amount of hydrogen peroxide that bleach the dental enamel. Generally, whitening mouthwashes are not effective at addressing widespread staining. Instead, dentists typically recommend them for maintaining a whiter smile after you have used an at-home teeth-whitening treatment or received a clinical-bleaching treatment in the office. Dental Conditions : What Is the Cost of Dental Implants?

As we noted in the introduction to this report, teeth whiteners are a popular category for questionable products and suspicious reviews, so we were careful to weed those out. The professional roundups we found that involved testing were at Reviews.com and Allure. Business Insider and GQ consulted with a dental professional to make their recommendations. User reviews from Total Beauty, Amazon, Walmart and Walgreens rounded out the picture. Cosmetic Dentist London - Aqua Dental Spa
There are plenty of websites devoted to teeth whitening that claim to know the exact breakdown, but, since there's no way to verify their information, we did not accept those as reliable. However, experts generally agree that home teeth whitening products have up to 10 percent hydrogen peroxide, while professionally applied tooth whitening treatments can contain from 25 to 40 percent. As a result, we would suggest being skeptical if you read anything not directly attributable to the manufacturer that claims that an over-the-counter whitening product contains more than 10 percent whitening agent. Angel Smile Private Dentist Islington N1

Some of our areas of expertise are TMJ, sleep apnea, crowns, bridges, veneers, dentures, screenings, braces, and crowns. We are a family dentistry that loves preventive and restorative care. We would be honored to do things as simple as teeth whitening or as advanced as laser dentistry. If it involves your smile, teeth or even tongue, we have a pain free dental solution for you.
It often happens that the presence of periodontitis is not recognized by an individual until they are 40 or 50 years of age, by which time a great deal of damage may have occurred. However, a dentist is able to detect signs of the disease at a much earlier stage during a routine examination and can monitor your periodontal status using a special assessment known as the Periodontal Screening Index.
As we noted in the introduction to this report, teeth whiteners are a popular category for questionable products and suspicious reviews, so we were careful to weed those out. The professional roundups we found that involved testing were at Reviews.com and Allure. Business Insider and GQ consulted with a dental professional to make their recommendations. User reviews from Total Beauty, Amazon, Walmart and Walgreens rounded out the picture.

london teeth cleaning


A typical conventional implant consists of a titanium screw (resembling a tooth root) with a roughened or smooth surface. The majority of dental implants are made out of commercially pure titanium, which is available in four grades depending upon the amount of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and iron contained.[53] Cold work hardened CP4 (maximum impurity limits of N .05 percent, C .10 percent, H .015 percent, Fe .50 percent, and O .40 percent) is the most commonly used titanium for implants. Grade 5 titanium, Titanium 6AL-4V, (signifying the titanium alloy containing 6 percent aluminium and 4 percent vanadium alloy) is slightly harder than CP4 and used in the industry mostly for abutment screws and abutments.[54](pp284–285) Most modern dental implants also have a textured surface (through etching, anodic oxidation or various-media blasting) to increase the surface area and osseointegration potential of the implant.[55](p55)

best teeth whitening london


After scaling and root planing, if the gum tissue is not fitting snugly around the tooth and you can't keep the deep pocket area clean, you may be a candidate for periodontal pocket reduction or flap surgery. By folding back the gum tissue, your dentist or periodontist can remove infectious bacteria and smooth areas of damaged bone, allowing the gum tissue to reattach to healthy bone. Dental Implant Patient from London, UK - (Dental Implant Without A Surgery) - 28/11/2016
^ Esposito, Marco; Worthington, Helen V.; Loli, Vassiliki; Coulthard, Paul; Grusovin, Maria Gabriella (2010-07-07). "Interventions for replacing missing teeth: antibiotics at dental implant placement to prevent complications". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (7): CD004152. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004152.pub3. ISSN 1469-493X. PMID 20614437.

Darkly stained teeth. Yellowish teeth respond well to bleaching, brownish-colored teeth respond less well and grayish-hue or purple-stained teeth may not respond to bleaching at all. Blue-gray staining caused by the antibiotic tetracycline is more difficult to lighten and may require up to six months of home treatments or several in-office appointments to successfully lighten. Dental Implant Patient from London, UK - 15/09/2016


When a removable denture is worn, retainers to hold the denture in place can be either custom made or "off-the-shelf" (stock) abutments. When custom retainers are used, four or more implant fixtures are placed and an impression of the implants is taken and a dental lab creates a custom metal bar with attachments to hold the denture in place. Significant retention can be created with multiple attachments and the use of semi-precision attachments (such as a small diameter pin that pushes through the denture and into the bar) which allows for little or no movement in the denture, but it remains removable.[9](pp33–34) However, the same four implants angled in such a way to distribute occlusal forces may be able to safely hold a fixed denture in place with comparable costs and number of procedures giving the denture wearer a fixed solution.[37] Bolton dentist, holborn dentist, london dentist- Dr Monik Vasant on GMTV
Bleaching is least effective when the original tooth color is grayish and may require custom bleaching trays. Bleaching is most effective with yellow discolored teeth. If heavy staining or tetracycline damage is present on a patient's teeth, and whitening is ineffective (tetracycline staining may require prolonged bleaching, as it takes longer for the bleach to reach the dentine layer), there are other methods of masking the stain. Bonding, which also masks tooth stains, is when a thin coating of composite material is applied to the front of a person's teeth and then cured with a blue light. A veneer can also mask tooth discoloration.

Dr. Martin Giniger has 30 years of experience working as a dentist, and he has over 23 years of experience developing teeth whitening kits with the world’s largest oral care companies such as Proctor & Gamble, Church & Dwight, and Colgate-Palmolive. Teeth whitening reviews show that Dr. Giniger is a leading authority in the formulation of professional teeth whitening and over-the-counter dental products. Renowned for developing breakthrough whitening toothpaste, whitening swabs, whitening strips, as well as other oral care products for consumer and professional application, Dr. Giniger is the recipient of the prestigious NIH Physician-Scientist Award and the Academy of Oral Medicine’s Lester Burkett Memorial Award, and is recognized as one of the world's foremost experts on teeth whitening and dental health. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
Sensitivity: Bleaching can cause a temporary increase in sensitivity to temperature, pressure and touch. This is likeliest to occur during in-office whitening, where higher-concentration bleach is used. Some individuals experience spontaneous shooting pains (“zingers”) down the middle of their front teeth. Individuals at greatest risk for whitening sensitivity are those with gum recession, significant cracks in their teeth or leakage resulting from faulty restorations. It has also been reported that redheads, including those with no other risk factors, are at particular risk for tooth sensitivity and zingers. Whitening sensitivity lasts no longer than a day or two, but in some cases may persist up to a month. Some dentists recommend a toothpaste containing potassium nitrate for sensitive teeth. Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)

Most dental implant procedures involve less discomfort than a tooth extraction. When we see patients for follow up visits, most of them tell us how surprised they were with how little discomfort they had! (TRUE!) Our office is equipped with doctors and a staff trained to safely provide conventional methods of anesthesia as well as a variety of intravenous sedation anesthesia options. Operative procedures will seem both pleasant and brief when effective local and IV anesthesia is chosen. I Got Zoom Teeth Whitening For The First Time | Macro Beauty | Refinery29
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth.[3] In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed.[3] In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out.[3] Bad breath may also occur.[1]
The number of teeth that need to be replaced and the type of artificial teeth that will be used: Individual cemented crowns, screw retained crowns or fixed bridges, removable (snap on) bridges or complete dentures stabilized by implants. A single implant crown may cost between $1,000 and $3,000. Implant bridges replacing several or many teeth range from $3,500 to $25,000. Removable bridges are often less costly than fixed ones.
More than 60% of Americans have naturally sensitive teeth. This is most often caused by genetics, thin enamel, or crack/damaged teeth. During the whitening process, it is completely normal for sensitivity to occur. The teeth become temporarily dehydrated which reduces their ability to insulate the nerve from changes in temperature. Sensitivity will disappear 12-36 hours after whitening. Dentists and hygienists recommend a post-whitening fluoride treatment to nourish the teeth and promote rehydration.

User reviews for the Luster Pro Light system are pretty "meh," with just average ratings overall -- although we only found a few dozen reviews. Most say it does a good job, some say they didn't see any difference. Although experts say these lights are more hype than anything, a lot of the reviewers felt the light really helped to "lighten" their teeth up.

invisible braces london


Advanced, highly precise computer-guided dental implant surgery has made implant procedures faster, highly predicable and long-lasting with a success rate of 97 percent.  3D imaging is changing the practice of dentistry. With state-of-the art digital imaging, dentists can analyze the anatomy of the patient’s jaw without surgery, which saves time and money and shortens implant recovery time. It’s like having the patient’s jaw on the computer screen and helps make implants the most predictable procedure in dentistry today. 
One way to address staining is by using at-home teeth-whitening treatment kits. These products are milder versions of the bleaching kits that are used by dentists to whiten teeth in the office. Teeth-whitening treatments typically use either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide as an active ingredient. When the whitening gel or liquid is applied to the teeth, the key ingredient creates a chemical reaction, helping to break down the stain. Typically, teeth-whitening treatment products must be left in place for a set number of minutes daily for a certain period of time, such as one or two weeks. Cosmetic Dentistry London | Dental Implants | Invisible Braces | Lotus Clinic | Dr Michael Frankl
Many implant dentists now use 3D images and implant surgical planning software to construct a vivid map of the patient’s mouth, pinpoint potential problems, and plan the implant procedure in advance.  During the initial visit, a 3D image is taken to enable the dentist to assess bone structure and nerve locations, plan the surgery, and mold replacement teeth before the next visit. 

No, which is why it’s important to talk to your dentist before deciding to whiten your teeth, as whiteners may not correct all types of discoloration. For example, yellow teeth will probably bleach well, brown teeth may not respond as well and teeth with gray tones may not bleach at all. Whitening will not work on caps, veneers, crowns or fillings. It also won’t be effective if your tooth discoloration is caused by medications or a tooth injury.

lumineers london


It is also possible to have stains inside the tooth. These are called intrinsic stains. For example, intrinsic stains can be caused by exposure to too much fluoride as a child while teeth are developing. Other causes include tetracycline antibiotics. They can stain a child's teeth if taken by a mother during the second half of pregnancy or by a child who is 8 years old or younger. Teeth are still developing during these years. Trauma may also darken a tooth.
As with any toothache, you can keep abscess pain under control with cold compresses, salt water rinses, and sticking to soft foods. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics for you to take before you come into the office; this often helps alleviate pain as it helps your body fight off the infection. Abscesses are often treated with a root canal procedure. If the tooth is badly infected, an extraction is an affordable treatment option.
Midwestern kindness runs deep, but throughout the city's neighborhoods, it turns out some residents are more polite than others (or simply complain less). Digital Third Coast, a Chicago-based digital marketing firm, recently analyzed 2018 data of complaints to 311 from the 30 most densely populated neighborhoods. They looked at noise, garbage and dog poop complaints to determine where residents were less than pleased with their surroundings. How did your 'hood fair? Click through to see which 10 city locales yielded the most complaints per capita.  (Darcel Rockett)

dentist kings cross


Hydrogen peroxide is an irritant and cytotoxic. At concentrations of 10% or higher, hydrogen peroxide is potentially corrosive to mucous membranes or skin and can cause a burning sensation and tissue damage.[41] Chemical burns from gel bleaching (if a high-concentration oxidising agent contacts unprotected tissues, which may bleach or discolor mucous membranes). Tissue irritation most commonly results from an ill-fitting mouthpiece tray rather than the tooth-bleaching agent.
The number of teeth that need to be replaced and the type of artificial teeth that will be used: Individual cemented crowns, screw retained crowns or fixed bridges, removable (snap on) bridges or complete dentures stabilized by implants. A single implant crown may cost between $1,000 and $3,000. Implant bridges replacing several or many teeth range from $3,500 to $25,000. Removable bridges are often less costly than fixed ones.

london cosmetic dentists


Baking soda — There is some research supporting baking soda’s ability to whiten teeth when present in toothpaste. However, Dr. Philip Fisher of North Carolina recommends avoiding these types of toothpastes altogether: “I frown upon some of the more abrasive whitening toothpastes, like those with baking soda. Try not to use those, because they are harmful to the enamel [and] cause way too much sensitivity.”
By combining a calm atmosphere with the latest technology, we have created a place where patients receive the level of dental care they need and deserve. The moment you walk in our front door, our team will make you feel comfortable, secure and well cared for. We understand that many people feel anxious about visiting the dentist, but you can be assured that your comfort is our top priority.

pediatric dentist london


If you chip or break a tooth, whether while eating or while engaging in sport, it's important to see the dentist as soon as possible. The sooner you receive treatment, the more likely it is that your dentist will be able to reattach the broken piece to your damaged tooth. Save any pieces of the chipped tooth that you find, and rinse them gently in warm water. Place them in a cup of milk, and take them to the dentist's office with you.

dental implant cost london


The Power Swabs® system was first introduced in 2008 with a breakthrough, patented teeth whitening technology developed by celebrated dentist Dr. Martin Giniger. In fact, Dr. Giniger’s Power Swabs home teeth whitening product is proven to whiten teeth as well as white strips, but with far less sensitivity and greater ease of use. To accomplish this, Power Swabs whitening products use a patented combination of clinically-researched ingredients to reach between enamel and break the molecular bonds between positively charged stained molecules and the negatively charged surfaces they are bound to for a platinum white clean. An added bonus to the gentle formula is that it works on cosmetic dentistry as well as natural teeth.  London Cosmetic Dentistry - Dental Smile Makeover

Typically, dental hygienists (or dentists) use special instruments to clean (debride) teeth below the gumline and disrupt any plaque growing below the gumline. This is a standard treatment to prevent any further progress of established periodontitis. Studies show that after such a professional cleaning (periodontal debridement), microbial plaque tends to grow back to precleaning levels after about three to four months. Nonetheless, the continued stabilization of a person's periodontal state depends largely, if not primarily, on the person's oral hygiene at home, as well as on the go. Without daily oral hygiene, periodontal disease will not be overcome, especially if the person has a history of extensive periodontal disease.[citation needed]
A toothache is the #1 highest occurring dental emergency that requires patients to seek out emergency dental care nearby. Common medical suggestions for dealing with a toothache are to rinse the mouth using warm water, then try using dental floss to remove any obstructions that may be causing the pain. It is never recommended to use aspirin directly on a toothache. Finally, if it’s after normal business hours, get a hold of an after hours business using our services. Cosmetic dentistry North London - Best dentist in North London

^ Jump up to: a b Caton, Jack G.; Armitage, Gary; Berglundh, Tord; Chapple, Iain L.C.; Jepsen, Søren; Kornman, Kenneth S.; Mealey, Brian L.; Papapanou, Panos N.; Sanz, Mariano (June 2018). "A new classification scheme for periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions - Introduction and key changes from the 1999 classification". Journal of Periodontology. 89: S1–S8. doi:10.1002/jper.18-0157. ISSN 0022-3492. PMID 29926946.


According to a European Council regulation, only a qualified dental professional can legally provide tooth whitening products using 0.1 - 6% hydrogen peroxide, and that the patient must be at least 18 years old.[61] Over recent years, there have been rising concerns over unlicensed staff providing poor quality tooth whitening treatment. Significant evidence has been gathered that tooth whitening procedures have been offered by beauty salons and health clinics under unskilled staff without dental qualifications.[62] A group of recognised dental boards and organisations called The Tooth Whitening Information Group (TWIG) was established to promote safe and productive tooth whitening information and guidance for the benefit of the public. Reports can be made by the public to TWIG through their website regarding any individual providing illegal tooth whitening services, or if they personally undergone treatment done by an incompetent staff who is not a dental professional. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.

In the situation where an implant is to be placed in the maxilla (upper jaw) in the back or posterior region, sometimes the available amount of bone may be limited by the presence of the maxillary sinus (air-filled space found in the bones of the face). "Sinus augmentation" or "sinus lift" is performed to raise the sinus floor and graft more bone into the sinus. This will make more bone available to support a dental implant.

dentist highbury and islington


Can you prevent your teeth from becoming stained in the first place? Good practices mean avoiding staining substances. The most egregious are red wine, coffee and tobacco residue. Other foods on the staining list are tea, tomato sauce and balsamic vinegar. If the thought of avoiding any of those makes you want to cry, Messina advises rinsing with water after eating. Brushing your teeth is even better. London Dental Clinic for Smiles -- Sensu
This section from a panoramic X-ray film depicts the teeth of the lower left quadrant, exhibiting generalized severe bone loss of 30–80%. The red line depicts the existing bone level, whereas the yellow line depicts where the gingiva was located originally (1–2 mm above the bone), prior to the person developing periodontal disease. The pink arrow, on the right, points to a furcation involvement, or the loss of enough bone to reveal the location at which the individual roots of a molar begin to branch from the single root trunk; this is a sign of advanced periodontal disease. The blue arrow, in the middle, shows up to 80% bone loss on tooth #21, and clinically, this tooth exhibited gross mobility. Finally, the peach oval, to the left, highlights the aggressive nature with which periodontal disease generally affects mandibular incisors. Because their roots are generally situated very close to each other, with minimal interproximal bone, and because of their location in the mouth, where plaque and calculus accumulation is greatest because of the pooling of saliva,[citation needed] mandibular anteriors suffer excessively. The split in the red line depicts varying densities of bone that contribute to a vague region of definitive bone height. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Even though the implant procedure should cause no real drag on your usual routine, it does need plenty of time to heal. Ontario dentist Dr. Hisham Kaloti says in a RealSelf Q&A, “Depending on the quality of the bone and the location and size of your implant surgery area, it may be 7 to 10 days for initial healing and 3 to 6 months for the implant to completely integrate into the bone and be ready for the restorative portion of your treatment.”
A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor. The basis for modern dental implants is a biologic process called osseointegration, in which materials such as titanium form an intimate bond to bone. The implant fixture is first placed so that it is likely to osseointegrate, then a dental prosthetic is added. A variable amount of healing time is required for osseointegration before either the dental prosthetic (a tooth, bridge or denture) is attached to the implant or an abutment is placed which will hold a dental prosthetic. 24 Hour Dentist in Kilburn London | 020 3962 2101 | Emergency Dental Care Clinic Services
There are many legitimate, dental health-related reasons to consider dental implants. After losing one or many teeth, you lose confidence in your smile and over time there is the potential loss of bone in the jaw which can lead to a less aesthetic smile. Dental implants prevent this bone loss, allowing you to maintain a youthful smile. Thankfully, dental implants have been around for decades and as dental implant technology has advanced, the costs have become much more affordable. Balham Dental Implant Specialist
The general recommendation is to use over-the-counter whitening products up to two times a year. Using whitening products too often can lead to increased tooth sensitivity or white spots — this is natural and due to certain areas of your teeth that have a lack of calcium (also known as hypocalcification). Excessive whitening can make the spots more prominent. 24 Hour Emergency Dentist Kings Cross

Once you are done, you can rinse the gel off your teeth and clean the light and the dental trays. The suggested treatment plan for the best results is 5 to 15 minutes per day, but it is not clear how many treatments should be completed in total. It also isn’t clear how many treatments this kit can give. Having said that, with results seen as quickly as after the first use, you probably won’t run out too quickly. Dentist Islington twin Sterilisation rooms and best dental care professional.MOV


Many people do things that can compromise their teeth, without realizing it. For instance, chewing on ice, crunching hard candy or eating popcorn kernels can crack teeth without you even knowing. If you use your teeth to tear open packages instead of using scissors, this can cause tiny cracks in your teeth and in the enamel that protects you teeth that you can’t see with the naked eye.
To be safe, Seattle dentist Dr. Lance Timmerman says in a RealSelf Q&A, “Plan on around $3,000 to $5,000 per tooth” for the combined implant, abutment (the connecting piece), and visible tooth. It might be more if you need bone grafting or possibly less per tooth if you need several teeth and they can be made as part of a single implanted support structure. The visible tooth-looking part could be a crown, bridge, or overdenture—another factor that could affect the cost. MVI_1912_brushing.MOV
Having lost a tooth is a serious matter. Most times this is from a naturally occurring illness within your gums, but sometimes it can be from a traumatic accident. Make sure to clean the tooth off gently with warm water, do not brush it or you may damage the tissue. If you cannot replace the tooth into the socket, keep it in milk while you are travelling to the after hours dentist, because you definitely need to see an emergency dental care professional at this point.
For patients who have lost all their teeth due to decay or gum disease of the upper and/or lower arch, an option is available to provide a very stable and comfortable prosthesis using a minimal number of implants. One such is example is the "All-On-4" technique that was named by implant manufacturer Nobel Biocare. This technique gets its name from the idea that four implants can be used to replace all teeth in a single arch (upper or lower). The implants are strategically placed in areas of good strong bone, and a thin denture prosthesis is screwed into place. The All-On-4 technique provides teeth replacement that is stable (not removable) and feels like natural teeth compared to the older method of traditional (removable) complete dentures. Without a doubt, implant dentistry has allowed for more treatment options to replace single and multiple missing teeth with long-term stability and contributes to improved oral health. Dental Treatment London
In our reception area, you’ll find water and coffee so you can relax before your appointment. We use aromatherapy throughout the office to not only take the edge off of any dental anxiety but to also reduce the typical dental office odor, which many people find increases their stress levels. If you are undergoing a lengthier treatment, we are able to offer blankets and warm towels in all of our treatment areas for your comfort. There is a television in each room as well.

In cases where gingivitis has led to periodontal disease and there are deep pockets that are difficult to clean, the patient may require deep scaling and root planing to clean teeth that are surrounded by deep pockets. They may need surgical treatment to gain access to all the tooth surfaces for a thorough cleaning. This surgical procedure is called flap surgery and can be combined with a pocket-reduction surgery to make the areas around the teeth easier for the patient to clean with brushing and flossing. This procedure consists of numbing the gums and then lifting them back to clean the teeth and sometimes reshape the bone. The gums are then repositioned around the teeth so there aren't the deep pockets that existed before treatment. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone. Cosmetic Dentist London | Cosmetic Dentistry London
A root analog dental implant (RAI) – also known as a truly anatomic dental implant, or a custom implant – is a medical device to replace one or more roots of a single tooth immediately after extraction.[34] In contrast to common implants (screw, plate, or cylinder types), these implants are custom-made to match the extraction socket of the person, thus eliminating any additional surgery on hard or soft tissue. As the RAI matches the tooth socket (dental alveolus) it can only be placed in conjunction with the tooth extraction: if the tooth has been already lost and the soft and hard tissue have already healed a RAI can no longer be placed.
The prosthetic phase begins once the implant is well integrated (or has a reasonable assurance that it will integrate) and an abutment is in place to bring it through the mucosa. Even in the event of early loading (less than 3 months), many practitioners will place temporary teeth until osseointegration is confirmed. The prosthetic phase of restoring an implant requires an equal amount of technical expertise as the surgical because of the biomechanical considerations, especially when multiple teeth are to be restored. The dentist will work to restore the vertical dimension of occlusion, the esthetics of the smile, and the structural integrity of the teeth to evenly distribute the forces of the implants.[8](pp241–251) London Dental Clinic for Smiles -- Sensu
Dr. Donna S. Bautista, DDS, completed her undergraduate studies at the University of California, San Diego with a bachelor of arts in biochemistry and cell biology. During her time at UC San Diego, she was involved in basic research including studying processes related to DNA transcription in the field of molecular biology. Upon graduation, she went on to attend dental school at the University of California, San Francisco. In addition to her formal dental training, she provided dental care for underserved communities in the Bay Area through clinics and health fairs. She also worked toward mentoring high school students interested in the field of dentistry. Cosmetic Dentistry prices Uk -TRACEYBELL CLINIC

Over time, your teeth's natural whiteness can fade or become discolored as the result of diet, personal habits, or simply getting older. However, the teeth whitening procedures we offer here at Dental Care at Crystal Park can restore the brilliance of your smile. The Zoom! teeth whitening method has a proven track record of dramatically improving the whiteness of your smile by up to six shades in a very short amount of time. We are happy to discuss your options for whitening and will work with you to determine the treatment that will make your smile look as good as it feels.
^ Wu, Tiejian; Trevisan, Maurizio; Genco, Robert J.; Dorn, Joan P.; Falkner, Karen L.; Sempos, Christopher T. (2000). "Periodontal Disease and Risk of Cerebrovascular Disease: The First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Its Follow-up Study". Archives of International Medicine. 160 (18): 2749–55. doi:10.1001/archinte.160.18.2749. PMID 11025784. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
With any surgery, there are always some risks and potential complications to the patient or to the success of a dental implant. Careful planning is important to ensure that a patient is healthy enough to undergo oral surgery and heal properly. Just like any oral surgery procedure, bleeding disorders, infections, allergies, existing medical conditions, and medications need careful review prior to proceeding with treatment. Fortunately, the success rate is quite high and failures usually occur in the unlikely event of infection, fracture of the dental implant, overloading of the dental implant, damage to the surrounding area (nerves, blood vessels, teeth), poor positioning of the dental implant, or poor bone quantity or quality. Again, careful planning with a qualified surgeon can help avoid these problems. In many cases, another attempt can be made to replace a failed dental implant after the requisite time for healing has taken place.
In this category, the product that gets the best reviews we spotted is the Go Smile Super White Snap Packs (Est. $60 for 14 treatments). Go Smile contains 14 tubes filled with gel that you squeeze onto your teeth. Reviews.com, which makes Go Smile their top pick in teeth whiteners, describes it as very easy to use, saying it's "quick to apply and totally wearable." In their testing, it lightened the testers' teeth three shades in a week's time. You use it twice a day for at least 20 minutes -- overnight for the evening treatment.

nhs dentist kings cross


The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional. Best dentist Kings Cross city of london
The kit includes everything you need to bring back your sparkling smile. You get 5 large syringes of whitening gel, 2 custom-fit dental trays and 2 vitamin E swabs. You even get a shade guide so that you can compare your teeth at the start and watch them gradually lighten after each treatment. This means that you can see a completely objective view of the improvement the treatments have made to your teeth and you can see when you have reached your goal so that you don’t overdo it too.
To control pain, anesthesia options during surgery include local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia. Talk to your dental specialist about which option is best for you. Your dental care team will instruct you about eating and drinking before surgery, depending on what type of anesthesia you have. If you're having sedation or general anesthesia, plan to have someone take you home after surgery and expect to rest for the remainder of the day. Tooth Implants Camden Cost
How to Prevent Gum InfectionJust about every area of your body is susceptible to infection, including your mouth. And if you have an infection, it’s important to get treatment promptly. In the case of your mouth, infected gums can not only be very painful, they can also be a sign of a more serious condition such as advanced periodontal disease, otherwise known as periodontitis.Periodontitis affects the area of your mouth just below the gum line, in the v-shaped crevice between your tooth and gums, known as the sulcus. This impacts the attachment of your tooth and causes the nearby tissue to break down. Once the tissue is damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket that can store bacteria and lead to gum infection. Since gums provide fundamental support for our teeth, it’s vital to keep them, and your gum line, in good health.Gum Infection SymptomsAlthough serious gum infections aren’t extremely common, they can lead to major issues if not treated in a timely manner. While most of us want to keep our teeth and gums healthy, your gums can be prone to gum infection if not cared for properly. Identifying warning signs that can lead to infected gums is an important way to help prevent further gum disease and all the side effects that come with it.Signs that you may have infected gums include: Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
Once adequate, strong bone is present, the site is ready for the implant. At the implant placement appointment, the dental implant (titanium post) is placed into the bone with a special drill and tools. A "healing cap" is placed over the implant, the gum is stitched up, and the healing phase begins. During this healing phase, a temporary denture can be made to replace missing teeth for esthetic purposes. Healing time depends greatly on the quality of bone present. Healing time is usually anywhere from two to six months. During this time, the implant becomes integrated with the bone. It's important to avoid placing any force or stress on the dental implant as it heals. Follow-up appointments to check the surgical site are typically done to ensure that no infection exists and healing is taking place. Cosmetic Dentistry London Smile Makeover
Dental insurance typically does not pay for dental implant placement. Some dental insurances may help pay for the implant crown portion. Unfortunately, in many cases, dental insurance considers dental implants to be an elective procedure even though dental implants have become the standard of care for replacement of missing teeth. Dental implants have become a favored option for tooth replacement because they offer a conservative approach and provide predictable results with success rates close to 98%. My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
The number of teeth that need to be replaced and the type of artificial teeth that will be used: Individual cemented crowns, screw retained crowns or fixed bridges, removable (snap on) bridges or complete dentures stabilized by implants. A single implant crown may cost between $1,000 and $3,000. Implant bridges replacing several or many teeth range from $3,500 to $25,000. Removable bridges are often less costly than fixed ones. Gracious Smiles offers dental care to Camden school children
×