There are a few other discolorations that whitening procedures cannot change. If you took tetracycline as a kid, say for an ear infection, you might have antibiotic staining of the teeth. Or if your teeth suffered trauma when you were young and your enamel was still forming, whitening won't work. Dentists refer to these discolorations as intrinsic stains.
To begin using the Dental Care Cost Estimator tool, click the Agree button below. By clicking, you agree that you have read the information below, are accessing this information for purposes of determining treatment cost estimates for dental care services you are considering receiving, and will not use the information in this tool for a commercial or anti-competitive purpose. The costs provided in this tool are estimates only and are not a guarantee of payment or benefits. Your actual cost may be higher or lower than the estimate for various reasons. Dental Implants in London
The two side effects that occur most often with teeth whitening are a temporary increase in tooth sensitivity and mild irritation of the soft tissues of the mouth, particularly the gums. Tooth sensitivity often occurs during early stages of the bleaching treatment. Tissue irritation most commonly results from an ill-fitting mouthpiece tray rather than the tooth-bleaching agent. Both of these conditions usually are temporary and disappear within 1 to 3 days of stopping or completing treatment.
However, later research suggests that the initial stability of the implant in bone is a more important determinant of success of implant integration, rather than a certain period of healing time. As a result, the time allowed to heal is typically based on the density of bone the implant is placed in and the number of implants splinted together, rather than a uniform amount of time. When implants can withstand high torque (35 Ncm) and are splinted to other implants, there are no meaningful differences in long-term implant survival or bone loss between implants loaded immediately, at three months, or at six months.[25] The corollary is that single implants, even in solid bone, require a period of no-load to minimize the risk of initial failure.[26] Most Difficult Interview Questions | Medicine & Dentistry
Your first step in treating periodontitis is a conservative, nonsurgical treatment called scaling and root planing (SRP). A dentist or dental hygienist provides this treatment by scraping and removing the plaque and tartar off of your teeth and root surfaces by scaling, and then smoothing away any roughness on the roots to prevent bacteria from gathering again. According to Nevada-based dentist, Dr. Maria Perrone, SRP may take more than one visit and a local anesthetic can be used to prevent any discomfort. After this process, the gums will heal and reattach themselves to the healthy, clean surfaces of the teeth. Within a few weeks, your dentist will evaluate your healing and decide if further treatment is necessary. Dentists london
Ridge Modification   Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can leave you with inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The defect is then filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge. Ridge modification has been shown to greatly improve appearance and increase your chances for successful implants that can last for years to come. Cosmetic Dentistry - Teeth Bonding & Dental Bonding #1
To cut down on sensitivity during the whitening process, you can try brushing with Sensodyne Pronamel toothpaste (recommended by a few dentists we spoke to). Dr. Lawlor also recommends “putting a little toothpaste in a mouthguard and wearing it for about an hour after whitening — it seals off sensitive canals that teeth whiteners open to remove stains.” However, if you’re in real pain, give your teeth a break! You can always come back to whitening later or consult a dentist to see what other options are available. A happy patient who was let down by NHS dentist
Ultra-violet (UV) light is a frequency of light that works by accelerating the whitening gel to act faster. This process is FDA regulated and only offered under dentist supervision. Although it does whiten very quickly, it is not an option for people with sensitive teeth. Further, the results are temporary and must still be maintained (often with custom-fitted whitening trays or repeat dental visits). The process is incredibly expensive and time consuming. Dental Implants Harley Street
No other strip-style whitener even comes close to Crest Whitestrips when it comes to credible positive feedback -- many major dental care manufacturers don't even make a tooth whitening strip. The only other strips we saw that appear at first glance to be highly rated by users have scores that were primarily the result of reviews made in exchange for a free product; because of the high possibility of bias in such reviews, they were disregarded.
The long-term success of periodontal treatment depends both on your own efforts with oral hygiene and those of the practice team who provide your regular care and ongoing assessment. After the first phase of treatment has been completed, your dentist will need to review the condition of your gums at regular intervals to check that the inflammation has been halted. The frequency of your follow-up appointments will depend on the severity of disease and your individual risk of disease progression. Usually, follow-up visits are scheduled for every three to six months.  Toronto Dentist in Etobicoke
Teeth sensitivity is highly subjective from one person to the next. But if your pearly whites are prone to pain — do you avoid ice cold water? — we suggest Crest 3D White Whitestrips Gentle Routine. The strips have a lower and gentler concentration of hydrogen peroxide (5.25%, according to customer service) and require just five minutes of wear per day as opposed to 30. None of our testers experienced any sensitivity throughout their four-week testing period, but all reported some level of whitening and an appreciation for the lesser time commitment. Cosmetic Dentist London Harley Street Smile Clinic.wmv

Finally, it’s time for the placement of the artificial tooth/teeth. For a single tooth implant, your dentist will customize a new tooth for you, called a dental crown. The crown will be based on size, shape, color and fit, and will be designed to blend in with your other teeth. If you are replacing more than a single tooth, custom-made bridges or dentures will be made to fit your mouth and your implants. (Note: The replacement teeth usually take some time to make. In the meantime, your dentist may give you a temporary crown, bridge or denture to help you eat and speak normally until the permanent replacement is ready.) Dental Implant Patient from London, UK - 15/09/2016

It is possible to have gum disease and have no warning signs. That is one reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are very important. Treatment methods depend upon the type of disease and how far the condition has progressed. Good dental care at home is essential to help keep periodontal disease from becoming more serious or recurring. Remember: You don’t have to lose teeth to gum disease. Brush your teeth twice a day, clean between your teeth daily, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits for a lifetime of healthy smiles. COME TO THE DENTIST WITH ME! LONDON VLOG 🇬🇧

The gingiva surrounding a tooth has a 2–3 mm band of bright pink, very strong attached mucosa, then a darker, larger area of unattached mucosa that folds into the cheeks. When replacing a tooth with an implant, a band of strong, attached gingiva is needed to keep the implant healthy in the long-term. This is especially important with implants because the blood supply is more precarious in the gingiva surrounding an implant, and is theoretically more susceptible to injury because of a longer attachment to the implant than on a tooth (a longer biologic width).[33](pp629–633)
If you need prompt and affordable emergency dental care, search for a local dentist with our “Dentist Near Me” ZIP search tool, and request an appointment today online or by phone at 1-844-400-7645. The dental problems described above require prompt care if you do not want to suffer more serious consequences down the road. The measures you take at home to temporarily relieve pain are only short-term fixes until you're able to receive professional care.

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The goals of gum disease treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth; reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, and the risk of infection; and to stop disease progression. Treatment options depend on the stage of disease, how you may have responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues. A full description of the various treatment options is provided in Gum Disease Treatments. Cosmetic Dentist London.wmv
An unfortunate reality is that not everyone can afford to have dental insurance. Poor dental health has a negative effect on your overall health. An increased risk of heart disease and diabetes are serious health conditions that are linked to poor oral hygiene. If you suspect that you may have gum disease, you should immediately seek the help of a professional. However, sometimes this may not be an option. Continue reading for information on how to treat gum disease at home until you're able to seek the help of a dentist. Most Difficult Interview Questions | Medicine & Dentistry
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If left undisturbed, microbial plaque calcifies to form calculus, which is commonly called tartar. Calculus above and below the gum line must be removed completely by the dental hygienist or dentist to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Although the primary cause of both gingivitis and periodontitis is the microbial plaque that adheres to the tooth surfaces, there are many other modifying factors. A very strong risk factor is one's genetic susceptibility. Several conditions and diseases, including Down syndrome, diabetes, and other diseases that affect one's resistance to infection, also increase susceptibility to periodontitis. Cosmetic Dentist London, London Cosmetic Dentistry, Teeth Whitening
Significant color change in a short period of time is the major benefit of in-office whitening. This protocol involves the carefully controlled use of a relatively high-concentration peroxide gel, applied to the teeth by the dentist or trained technician after the gums have been protected with a paint-on rubber dam. Generally, the peroxide remains on the teeth for several 15 to 20 minute intervals that add up to an hour (at most). Those with particularly stubborn staining may be advised to return for one or more additional bleaching sessions, or may be asked to continue with a home-use system. Med Emergencies in the Dental Office

^ Jepsen, Søren; Caton, Jack G.; Albandar, Jasim M.; Bissada, Nabil F.; Bouchard, Philippe; Cortellini, Pierpaolo; Demirel, Korkud; de Sanctis, Massimo; Ercoli, Carlo (June 2018). "Periodontal manifestations of systemic diseases and developmental and acquired conditions: Consensus report of workgroup 3 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions". Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 45: S219–S229. doi:10.1111/jcpe.12951. ISSN 0303-6979. PMID 29926500.

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The gel has a concentration of 35% carbamide peroxide, and the syringes contain enough gel for 20+ treatments, but you will see results after the first. It can be used once a day for up to 30 minutes each. But it doesn’t just stop at whitening your teeth, it polishes your teeth and even helps remove plaque, improving the dental condition and overall oral health. It is safe for your enamel, caps, crowns and veneers.

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A loose or knocked out permanent (adult) tooth – If your tooth becomes knocked out by accident or injury it is important to try and retrieve the tooth if possible. Once you have the knocked out tooth, place it in milk with a little bit of salt until you are able to see an emergency dentist. Knocked out teeth have a better chance of being saved if they are put back into the socket by your dental professional within the hour. The same goes for broken or chipped teeth. Distance learning dentistry in 90 seconds | King's College London
The Power Swabs® system was first introduced in 2008 with a breakthrough, patented teeth whitening technology developed by celebrated dentist Dr. Martin Giniger. In fact, Dr. Giniger’s Power Swabs home teeth whitening product is proven to whiten teeth as well as white strips, but with far less sensitivity and greater ease of use. To accomplish this, Power Swabs whitening products use a patented combination of clinically-researched ingredients to reach between enamel and break the molecular bonds between positively charged stained molecules and the negatively charged surfaces they are bound to for a platinum white clean. An added bonus to the gentle formula is that it works on cosmetic dentistry as well as natural teeth. Dentist Kings Cross Exceptional Five Star Review by David C.
(In the case of broken brackets or appliances, please call our office as soon as possible. This will allow us to determine if we can build in time for repair at your next scheduled appointment (and save your family a trip into the office) or if we need to see you immediately to ease pain or repair sooner and schedule the appropriate amount of time for your care.)

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Our offices work to bridge the gap between the dental and medical communities. When left untreated, dental emergencies can lead to Hospital ER and Urgent Care Center visits resulting in risk of infection, extended healing times and excessive medical bills. Our goal is to run an efficient, walk-in practice that exclusively treats dental emergencies, so you can get out of pain quickly and back to your daily routine.

EMERGENCY DENTISTRY | Sports injuries, auto collisions and home incidents are all common causes for our patients to come in. They probably wouldn’t call the care they receive common though. Just because we address your dental emergency immediately doesn’t mean we do a rush job. We make sure every patient is treated in a comfortable and confidence-building way. 

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The long-term success of periodontal treatment depends both on your own efforts with oral hygiene and those of the practice team who provide your regular care and ongoing assessment. After the first phase of treatment has been completed, your dentist will need to review the condition of your gums at regular intervals to check that the inflammation has been halted. The frequency of your follow-up appointments will depend on the severity of disease and your individual risk of disease progression. Usually, follow-up visits are scheduled for every three to six months. 

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It may seem almost cliché at this point, but basic dental care like brushing your teeth after every meal and using floss to clean between your teeth still go a long way toward fortifying your dental health. In addition to brushing and flossing, adopt habits like wearing a mouth guard if you play sorts to insulate your teeth from excessive force or trauma. Also, wear a mouth guard if you grind your teeth in your sleep, either as a matter of habit or when you’re experiencing stress. Cosmetic Dentist London, London Cosmetic Dentistry, Teeth Whitening
If you chip or crack a filling and do not experience intense pain, you can probably wait until your regular dental office is open to seek treatment. If you lose a filling completely, you can place some sugar-free gum in the empty space. If this keeps you comfortable enough, you can see your normal dentist to have the filling replaced within a few days. If the pain is unbearable, contact an emergency dentist, who can insert a new filling promptly.
The design of implants has to account for a lifetime of real-world use in a person's mouth. Regulators and the dental implant industry have created a series of tests to determine the long-term mechanical reliability of implants in a person's mouth where the implant is struck repeatedly with increasing forces (similar in magnitude to biting) until it fails.[20] Dentist and Patient Position
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth.[3] In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed.[3] In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out.[3] Bad breath may also occur.[1]
Dental insurance typically does not pay for dental implant placement. Some dental insurances may help pay for the implant crown portion. Unfortunately, in many cases, dental insurance considers dental implants to be an elective procedure even though dental implants have become the standard of care for replacement of missing teeth. Dental implants have become a favored option for tooth replacement because they offer a conservative approach and provide predictable results with success rates close to 98%.

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If you are suffering from any of the symptoms listed above, it is important that you visit and consult with your dentist to determine the severity of infection and the proper course of action to take to combat the issue.Gum Infection TreatmentsAs soon as you notice a gum infection, you should consult with a dentist. Once gum infection is diagnosed, you will have numerous treatment options that will vary based on the severity of the gum infection. Here are some common methods of treatment for gum infection:

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^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Pjetursson, B. E.; Thoma, D.; Jung, R.; Zwahlen, M.; Zembic, A. (2012). "A systematic review of the survival and complication rates of implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) after a mean observation period of at least 5 years". Clinical Oral Implants Research. 23: 22–38. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0501.2012.02546.x. PMID 23062125. Harley Street Smile Clinic, Cosmetic Dentistry in London
There are a number of risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant. Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include diabetes; hormonal changes in girls and women; diabetes; medications that lessen the flow of saliva; certain illnesses, such as AIDS, and their medications; and genetic susceptibility.

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Dr. Halwani loves his ImmediaDent team and his patients. He is passionate about providing exceptional patient care twelve hours a day, seven days a week. He believes ImmediaDent’s hours allow him to take care of his patients in a timely manner, on their schedule. Dr. Halwani has been practicing dentistry for 20 years and has expertise in oral surgery, endodontics and implants. His goal is to perfect all patients’ smiles and make them happy along the way.

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When choosing a method for replacing a missing tooth, there are many options for restoration. Dentures and bridges have long been standards in replacing teeth, but they both require periodic replacement and can cause unnecessary hassle and embarrassment for some. By contrast, dental implants provide many benefits that make them the best choice for most missing tooth restorations.

Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution -- which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent. The tray is worn for a period of time, generally from a couple of hours a day to every day during the night for up to four weeks and even longer (depending on the degree of discoloration and desired level of whitening). How Porcelain Veneers Are Made For London Cosmetic Dentist Video
An estimated two in three Americans have one or more missing teeth, mainly due the rise in  periodontal disease as the population grows older.  Tooth loss and other oral health problems in older Americans recently prompted AARP to declare the “Over 50 Dental Crisis.”  In 2006, Dental Economics reported that more than 30 million Americas are missing all their teeth in one or both jaws.
Amazing experience ! I’ve never been to a more inviting , professional and friendly dentist office in my life. From the hygienist to Dr. Emily and assistant Justine to the front desk and office staff. After a cleaning and two fillings I walked out calm and collected and feeling excellent about my experience. Highly competent about insurance and what is covered and not covered. 100% recommend to… Secrets Dentists Would Prefer You Didn't Know
Primary implant stability refers to the stability of a dental implant immediately after implantation. The stability of the titanium screw implant in the patient's bone tissue post surgery may be non-invasively assessed using resonance frequency analysis. Sufficient initial stability may allow immediate loading with prosthetic reconstruction, though early loading poses a higher risk of implant failure than conventional loading.[43] Harley Street Dental Clinic - London’s General and Cosmetic Dentistry
Many people do things that can compromise their teeth, without realizing it. For instance, chewing on ice, crunching hard candy or eating popcorn kernels can crack teeth without you even knowing. If you use your teeth to tear open packages instead of using scissors, this can cause tiny cracks in your teeth and in the enamel that protects you teeth that you can’t see with the naked eye.

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Bone grafts. This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability to teeth. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate. Introduction to our Dental Clinic in London Bridge - Londent Oral Care
However, later research suggests that the initial stability of the implant in bone is a more important determinant of success of implant integration, rather than a certain period of healing time. As a result, the time allowed to heal is typically based on the density of bone the implant is placed in and the number of implants splinted together, rather than a uniform amount of time. When implants can withstand high torque (35 Ncm) and are splinted to other implants, there are no meaningful differences in long-term implant survival or bone loss between implants loaded immediately, at three months, or at six months.[25] The corollary is that single implants, even in solid bone, require a period of no-load to minimize the risk of initial failure.[26] Most Difficult Interview Questions | Medicine & Dentistry
As gingivitis progresses (chronic gingivitis), various complications may arise. The affected person may develop receding gums or areas where the root of the tooth becomes uncovered by the shrinking, diseased gums. Deep pockets may develop around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and debris. If gingivitis advances to periodontal disease, the person may lose gum tissue or bone around the teeth and the teeth may become loose or fall out. These changes can develop either very slowly or very rapidly and can affect either a few teeth or the entire mouth. If oral hygiene is almost never done or if the person becomes immune-compromised, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis may develop (ANUG, formerly termed trench mouth). This is a painful condition where infected gums swell, ulcerate, and slough off dead tissue. Dental Implants Clinic Nurident- UK patient from London
Dr. Major and his team are not only nice people, but they are extremely professional and do great work. Not every dentist has the same skill and training as Dr. Major. If you need regular general dentistry, Chattanooga Dental Care is a comfortable and convenient place for it. And if you need something more complex, like modern dental implants or sedation dentistry, Dr. Major can handle it all right in his office. I'm very happy with the work I had done. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Have a friend call the dentist immediately while you focus on the lost tooth. Always lift up the lost tooth by the crown, rather than the root, since you do not want to introduce any bacteria or other pathogens to the tooth root. If there is any debris or dirt on the tooth, run it under some clean, cold water, but do not dry it on anything. Push it back into its socket, making sure that it is facing the right way, and bite down slowly to keep it in place until you reach the emergency dentist. If you cannot easily get the tooth back into its socket, store it in a container of milk. Pharmacies also sell a product called Save-a-Tooth that you can place a lost tooth in if you happen to have it on hand. The Coolest Dentist in London

A lost crown is a dental emergency, but as with a lost filling, you should be able to put off treatment until your general dentist is available. In the meantime, you can apply clove oil to the tooth to alleviate any soreness. You can also apply some denture glue to the tooth and slip the crown back over it. Never use super glue to reattach the crown. If you cannot get the crown to stay securely on your tooth, store it in a plastic bag until you are able to get to the dentist. While you don't need to see the dentist the same night you lose the crown, do make an appointment as soon as possible. Putting off treatment may lead to additional damage to the tooth.


The first thing to do is visit your dental team for a thorough check-up of your teeth and gums. They will measure the 'cuff' of gum around each tooth to see if there is any sign that periodontal disease has started.  X-rays may also be needed to see the amount of bone that has been lost. This assessment is very important, so the correct treatment can be prescribed for you. Dentist and Patient Position

If you’ve lost bone in your jaw, you may need a bone graft before getting implants. That would mean more surgery and more healing time, but implants may still be an option. “There are many patients that present with no bone, when in fact there is bone for implant placement,” says Oxnard, California, dentist Dr. Saj Jivraj. “With sophisticated computer diagnostics, there are very few patients that actually require grafting when we are replacing teeth for the whole jaw.”
Significant color change in a short period of time is the major benefit of in-office whitening. This protocol involves the carefully controlled use of a relatively high-concentration peroxide gel, applied to the teeth by the dentist or trained technician after the gums have been protected with a paint-on rubber dam. Generally, the peroxide remains on the teeth for several 15 to 20 minute intervals that add up to an hour (at most). Those with particularly stubborn staining may be advised to return for one or more additional bleaching sessions, or may be asked to continue with a home-use system.

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It is possible to have gingivitis and not notice any signs or symptoms, so regular visits to the dentist are vital in determining a patient's specific risk level. The dentist is the primary-care provider of the mouth and will be able to provide all of the facts and information necessary in diagnosing the disease and taking steps in curing or reversing gum disease. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.
Internal staining of dentine can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized teeth that have undergone endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) but are discolored due to internal staining of the tooth structure by blood and other fluids that leaked in. Unlike external bleaching, which brightens teeth from the outside in, internal bleaching brightens teeth from the inside out. Bleaching the tooth internally involves drilling a hole to the pulp chamber no more than 2mm below the gingival margin, cleaning any infected or discoloured dentine, sealing, and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside of the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel or sodium perborate tetrahydrate into the pulp chamber so they can work directly inside the tooth on the dentine layer.[citation needed] In this variation of whitening the whitening agent is sealed within the tooth over a period of some days and replaced as needed, the so-called "walking bleach" technique.[citation needed]. A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption. Dental Clinic
Emergency dental care should be priced the same as regular everyday care. You may have to pay an appointment fee if you’re booking something that is after hours in the evenings or the weekends. We suggest using a discount dental plan to defray the costs of care. Some plans can save you as much as 40% if used properly. There are a variety of dental plans but we typically recommend plans by Careington.

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This section from a panoramic X-ray film depicts the teeth of the lower left quadrant, exhibiting generalized severe bone loss of 30–80%. The red line depicts the existing bone level, whereas the yellow line depicts where the gingiva was located originally (1–2 mm above the bone), prior to the person developing periodontal disease. The pink arrow, on the right, points to a furcation involvement, or the loss of enough bone to reveal the location at which the individual roots of a molar begin to branch from the single root trunk; this is a sign of advanced periodontal disease. The blue arrow, in the middle, shows up to 80% bone loss on tooth #21, and clinically, this tooth exhibited gross mobility. Finally, the peach oval, to the left, highlights the aggressive nature with which periodontal disease generally affects mandibular incisors. Because their roots are generally situated very close to each other, with minimal interproximal bone, and because of their location in the mouth, where plaque and calculus accumulation is greatest because of the pooling of saliva,[citation needed] mandibular anteriors suffer excessively. The split in the red line depicts varying densities of bone that contribute to a vague region of definitive bone height. 

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“Quality Dentistry with Urgent Care Hours”. For those in need of root canals, tooth extractions, restorative dentistry or any type of emergency dentistry, OnCall Dental is available. We provide same day dentistry at either of our locations in Glendale or Tempe, AZ. Because of the quality of dentistry provided and our hours of operation, we see patients from all over the Phoenix metro area, including from the surrounding communities of Chandler, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Peoria, and Surprise, Arizona.↑ © 2019 On Call DDS | Designed by: DentalCMO A DAY IN THE LIFE OF A DENTAL STUDENT

Whitening toothpastes are different to regular toothpastes in a way that they contain a higher content of abrasives and detergents to fight off tougher stains. Most contain low concentrations of carbamide/hydrogen peroxide (bleaching agents) – this lightens the colour of teeth. These whitening toothpastes make teeth one to two shades lighter.[25] Toothpastes (dentifrices) which are advertised as "whitening" rarely contain carbamide peroxide, hydrogen peroxide or any other bleaching agent.[26] Rather, they are abrasive (usually containing alumina, dicalcium phosphate dehydrate, calcium carbonate or silica), intended to remove surface stains from the tooth surface.[26] Sometimes they contain enzymes purported to break down the biofilm on teeth.[26] Unlike bleaches, whitening toothpaste does not alter the intrinsic color of teeth. Excessive or long term use of abrasive toothpastes will cause dental abrasion, thinning the enamel layer[26] and slowly darkening the appearance of the tooth as the dentine layer becomes more noticeable. An alternative method of whitening at home, which competes with the use of a whitening paste, is the use of a patent whitening mouthwash. The mouthwash shows marginally better efforts at whitening compared to the use of paste.[27] The Coolest Dentist in London
Of course, you can’t forget about some of the more common advantages of dental implants. Unlike dentures, they never slip or move—and you don’t have to use special cleaners and adhesives. Unlike fixed bridgework, dental implants don’t require adjacent healthy teeth to be filed down. And, there’s this fact to consider: studies have reported that the long-term success rate of implants is over 95%.*
There has been interest in white teeth since ancient times.[45] Ancient Romans used urine and goat milk in an attempt to make and keep their teeth whiter.[citation needed] Guy de Chauliac suggested the following to whiten the teeth: "Clean the teeth gently with a mixture of honey and burnt salt to which some vinegar has been added."[45] In 1877 oxalic acid was proposed for whitening, followed by calcium hypochlorite.[45] Peroxide was first used for tooth whitening in 1884.[45] Patient Testimonial 20 - by Life Dental Implants in Victoria London
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