Dr. Martin Giniger has 30 years of experience working as a dentist, and he has over 23 years of experience developing teeth whitening kits with the world’s largest oral care companies such as Proctor & Gamble, Church & Dwight, and Colgate-Palmolive. Teeth whitening reviews show that Dr. Giniger is a leading authority in the formulation of professional teeth whitening and over-the-counter dental products. Renowned for developing breakthrough whitening toothpaste, whitening swabs, whitening strips, as well as other oral care products for consumer and professional application, Dr. Giniger is the recipient of the prestigious NIH Physician-Scientist Award and the Academy of Oral Medicine’s Lester Burkett Memorial Award, and is recognized as one of the world's foremost experts on teeth whitening and dental health.

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Dentists and dental hygienists measure periodontal disease using a device called a periodontal probe. This thin "measuring stick" is gently placed into the space between the gums and the teeth, and slipped below the gumline. If the probe can slip more than 3 mm (0.12 in) below the gumline, the person is said to have a gingival pocket if no migration of the epithelial attachment has occurred or a periodontal pocket if apical migration has occurred. This is somewhat of a misnomer, as any depth is, in essence, a pocket, which in turn is defined by its depth, i.e., a 2-mm pocket or a 6-mm pocket. However, pockets are generally accepted as self-cleansable (at home, by the person, with a toothbrush) if they are 3 mm or less in depth. This is important because if a pocket is deeper than 3 mm around the tooth, at-home care will not be sufficient to cleanse the pocket, and professional care should be sought. When the pocket depths reach 6 to 7 mm (0.24 to 0.28 in) in depth, the hand instruments and cavitrons used by the dental professionals may not reach deeply enough into the pocket to clean out the microbial plaque that causes gingival inflammation. In such a situation, the bone or the gums around that tooth should be surgically altered or it will always have inflammation which will likely result in more bone loss around that tooth. An additional way to stop the inflammation would be for the person to receive subgingival antibiotics (such as minocycline) or undergo some form of gingival surgery to access the depths of the pockets and perhaps even change the pocket depths so they become 3 mm or less in depth and can once again be properly cleaned by the person at home with his or her toothbrush.

The sooner you seek treatment, the better your chances are of saving your teeth and health. There are many options available for people without dental insurance; it will just take a little research. For example, dental schools have clinics so that its students can gain practical experience performing various dental procedures. These procedures are done under the supervision of an experienced license dentist at a reduced rate. Also, federally funded health centers offer affordable dental services that are based on your income. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
The perception of tooth color is the result of a complex interaction of factors such as: lighting conditions, translucency, opacity, light scattering, gloss, the human eye and brain.[1] Teeth are composed of a surface enamel layer, which is whiter and semitransparent, and an underlying dentin layer, which is darker and less transparent. These are calcified, hard tissues comparable to bone. The natural shade of teeth is best considered as such; an off-white, bone-color rather than pure white. Public opinion of what is normal tooth shade tends to be distorted. Portrayals of cosmetically enhanced teeth are common in the media. In one report, the most common tooth shade in the general population ranged from A1 to A3 on the VITA classical A1-D4 shade guide.[2]

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Next, the bone around the implant heals in a process called osseointegration. What makes an implant so strong is that the bone actually grows around it and holds it in place. Osseointegration means “combines with the bone” and takes time. Some patients might need to wait until the implant is completely integrated, up to several months, before replacement teeth can be attached to the implant. Other patients can have the implants and replacement teeth placed all in one visit. Cosmetic Dentistry London | Dental Implants | Invisible Braces | Lotus Clinic | Dr Michael Frankl
No, which is why it’s important to talk to your dentist before deciding to whiten your teeth, as whiteners may not correct all types of discoloration. For example, yellow teeth will probably bleach well, brown teeth may not respond as well and teeth with gray tones may not bleach at all. Whitening will not work on caps, veneers, crowns or fillings. It also won’t be effective if your tooth discoloration is caused by medications or a tooth injury.

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Left untreated, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis, often without any obvious signs to alert you.  However, some changes that you might experience over time include: increased bleeding from the gums, which may be provoked by brushing or eating, or even be spontaneous; bad breath; changes in the positioning of the teeth in the jaws; lengthening of the teeth (gum recession); and possibly pain. Bleeding from the gums may be less noticeable in smokers, because of the effect of nicotine on blood vessels, and so the disease process may be masked.

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Sometimes the problem won't be as clear-cut as a knocked out or broken tooth; you may find yourself dealing with severe tooth pain, from an abscess tooth, for example. If you think you need emergency dental care, call your dentist's office first. The office may be able to get you in for an appointment quickly, as dentists often leave slots in their schedules open for such emergency cases.

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Many dentists are of the opinion that professionally dispensed take-home whitening kits can produce the best results over the long haul. Take-home kits incorporate an easy-to-use lower-concentration peroxide gel that remains on the teeth for an hour or longer (sometimes overnight). The lower the peroxide percentage, the longer it may safely remain on the teeth. The gel is applied to the teeth using custom-made bleaching trays that resemble mouth guards.
This course will assist clinicians with their evidence-based-decision-making and dialogue with patients when discussing matters of causality. From a public health and epidemiological perspective, this course will provide participants with the tools to evaluate cause and effect relationships and to better understand the principles of determining causality.

Crest Whitestrips couldn't be simpler to use, just peel them from their foil package, remove the backing, and apply to your teeth. Crest recommends you do so before you brush your teeth for optimal effectiveness and adherence, and some users add that they get even better results if they dry their teeth first. Once they're on though, they stay on, and you can even talk or drink water while wearing the strips. Each treatment is 30 minutes, once a day. Crest makes a variety of Whitestrips systems, but the two that are included in testing in most of the professional roundups we spotted are Crest 3D White Professional Effects (Est. $25 and up) and Crest 3D White Glamourous White Whitestrips (Est. $35 for 14 treatments). But you can't go wrong with any Crest Whitestrips formulation that might be on the store shelf (or on sale!) when you're out shopping. Straumann-Dental Implant Surgery-Step by Step- Part 1.
In some cases, the abutment is attached to the dental implant metal post when the post is implanted. That means you won't need an extra surgical step. Because the abutment juts past the gumline, however, it's visible when you open your mouth — and it will be that way until your dentist completes the tooth prosthesis. Some people don't like that appearance and prefer to have the abutment placed in a separate procedure. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
For patients who have lost all their teeth due to decay or gum disease of the upper and/or lower arch, an option is available to provide a very stable and comfortable prosthesis using a minimal number of implants. One such is example is the "All-On-4" technique that was named by implant manufacturer Nobel Biocare. This technique gets its name from the idea that four implants can be used to replace all teeth in a single arch (upper or lower). The implants are strategically placed in areas of good strong bone, and a thin denture prosthesis is screwed into place. The All-On-4 technique provides teeth replacement that is stable (not removable) and feels like natural teeth compared to the older method of traditional (removable) complete dentures. Without a doubt, implant dentistry has allowed for more treatment options to replace single and multiple missing teeth with long-term stability and contributes to improved oral health.
Extrinsic stains are those that appear on the surface of the teeth as a result of exposure to dark-colored beverages, foods and tobacco, and routine wear and tear. Superficial extrinsic stains are minor and can be removed with brushing and prophylactic dental cleaning. Stubborn extrinsic stains can be removed with more involved efforts, like teeth whitening. Persistent extrinsic stains can penetrate into the dentin and become ingrained if they are not dealt with early. Dental Clinic
Eat more vitamin C-rich foods. It's not just lemons that can help with gum disease, but also other foods full of vitamin C such as oranges, grapes, guava, kiwi mango, papaya, bell peppers, and strawberry. Vitamin C is an antioxidant, and antioxidants are found to promote connective tissue growth and bone regeneration, which can be affected by various gum problems.
We recommend that you visit us at least twice a year for a regular check-up and professional teeth cleaning. A professional cleaning will remove plaque and tartar that brushing and flossing at home just can't handle. Professionally eliminating this build-up of plaque and tartar helps to prevent bad breath, tooth decay, and periodontal disease. The best dental care we can provide for you is preventative care. Regular check-ups and professional teeth cleaning prevent small problems from becoming more complex and difficult to treat. London Cosmetic Dentistry - Dental Smile Makeover
Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone.
It has been suggested that radiotherapy can negatively affect the survival of implants.[14] Nevertheless, a systemic study published in 2016 concluded that dental implants installed in the irradiated area of an oral cavity may have a high survival rate, provided that the patient maintains oral hygiene measures and regular follow ups to prevent complications.[15]
Bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth, cause gum disease. If plaque is not removed it can harden and turn into tartar (calculus). Additionally, dental plaque will continue to form on the tartar. Brushing or flossing cannot remove tartar; a dental professional will need to conduct a dental cleaning to remove it. 

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I've used Crest Whitestrips in the past and always saw results but this paired with the Auraglow whitestrips has produced the fastest, most noticeable results. I'm confused by the review that says this LED light does nothing because I've tried the strips with and without the light and WITH the light is much whiter.... The product works as it says it should. Dental Implants Coventry Dentists Show Best Same Day Full Whole Mouth Dental Teeth Implants Verum UK

The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results. A Day in the Life of a Dental Student from London, England via Snapchat
Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, and is best done by a trained surgeon. Your oral and maxillofacial surgeon (OMS) has the specialized education and training in the complexities of the bone, skin, muscles and nerves involved, to ensure you get the best possible results. A 2014 study suggests greater implant success rates when performed by a dental specialist.​
Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone. Dental Implant Centre
Dental implants are surgically placed in your jawbone, where they serve as the roots of missing teeth. Because the titanium in the implants fuses with your jawbone, the implants won't slip, make noise or cause bone damage the way fixed bridgework or dentures might. And the materials can't decay like your own teeth that support regular bridgework can.
A natural tooth consists of a root and a crown. If you compare natural teeth to implant-supported replacement teeth, you’ll see they have the same basic parts. Both have a crown (the visible part used to chew food). Both have a root that holds the tooth securely under the gum and is anchored into the jaw. The difference is that the implant is made of titanium – the same time-tested material used by surgeons for artificial joints. When you lose a tooth, you lose both the root and the crown. To replace the tooth, the surgeon first replaces the root with a small dental implant. 24 Hour Emergency Dentist Kings Cross

The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results. Amalgam Replacement Case Study - London Holistic Dental Centre
Generally, dental implants are not covered by dental insurance. However, more companies are covering dental implants today than they did ten years ago. In many cases, your insurance can help pay for the teeth that are placed on the dental implants, if not the implants themselves. You can call your dental insurance provider and ask if dental implants are a covered procedure.
Find out more below about what you need to know for when you need to see an emergency dentist, when a dental emergency turns into an emergency room visit, when a dental emergency isn’t urgent, and how to avoid dental emergencies.If you are  experiencing any dental pain, injuries, or accidents and are not sure whether or not to see a dental emergency professional, don’t hesitate to call Comfort Care Dental, we are happy to answer any and all of your dental questions. Best Tooth Replacement Solution. Dental Implant Specialist London & Budapest

Serving the Anderson, Edgewood, Muncie, New Castle, Chesterfield, Daleville, Alliance and River Forest communities – there are no judgments here. From dental cleanings and fillings to same day root canals and crowns, we take care of everything in-house. Our team of dentists and hygienists is here to help you with your oral health and our goal is to help you maintain it with regular dental checkups. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
Intrinsic stains are those that form on the interior of teeth. Intrinsic stains result from trauma, aging, exposure to minerals (like tetracycline) during tooth formation and/or excessive ingestion of fluoride. In the past, it was thought that intrinsic stains were too resistant to be corrected by bleaching. Today, cosmetic dentistry experts believe that even deep-set intrinsic stains can be removed with supervised take-home teeth whitening that is maintained over a matter of months or even a year. If all else fails, there are alternative cosmetic solutions to treat intrinsic staining, such as dental veneers. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
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