The whitening shade guides are used to measure tooth color. These shades determine the effectiveness of the whitening procedure, which may vary from two to seven shades. The effects of bleaching can last for several months, but may vary depending on the lifestyle of the patient. Consuming tooth staining foods or drinks that have a strong colour may compromise effectiveness of the treatment. These include; coffee, fizzy drinks, red-colored sauces etc. Dental Implant five unit bridge.
^ Chappuis, Vivianne; Buser, Ramona; Brägger, Urs; Bornstein, Michael M.; Salvi, Giovanni E.; Buser, Daniel (2013-12-01). "Long-term outcomes of dental implants with a titanium plasma-sprayed surface: a 20-year prospective case series study in partially edentulous patients". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 15 (6): 780–790. doi:10.1111/cid.12056. ISSN 1708-8208. PMID 23506385. Invisalign review for Bishopsgate Dental Care in London
LED light is a form of visible light which can be produced in any color, but blue light is commonly used in dental whitening. This stems from the history of teeth whitening, which originally used ultraviolet (UV) light to speed teeth whitening up. Blue LED light is a safer alternative to UV light because it does not cause mutations in cells. In comparison UV light is a form of ionizing radiation which can, therefore, affect tissue on a cellular level, causing mutations and potentially cancer. As the tissues of the mouth, as well as the nearby eye tissues, are sensitive, it is safer to use LED light for teeth whitening. My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
The snap packs aren’t flawless, though. Colorado-based dentist Dr. Nancy Gill, DDS told us that the paint-on approach — like the one used by the snap packs — leaves the whitening solution open to moisture which “dilutes it and makes it not as effective.” In other words, closing your mouth will wash some of the whitener away. That said, Go Smile still produced some of the most impressive results during our testing.
cosmetic dentists london
Both dental plaque and tartar are filled with harmful bacteria, and if they aren't removed from teeth, they will begin to irritate the gums and cause gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis will often extend from the gums to the bone and lead to periodontitis. When the underlying bone gets infected, it will start to recede away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. These pockets collect plaque and bacteria as they are very difficult to keep clean, and more bone loss occurs. As periodontal disease progresses into later stages and more bone tissue is lost, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out.
The National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) sometimes seeks volunteers with specific dental, oral, and craniofacial conditions to participate in research studies, also known as clinical trials. Researchers may provide study participants with limited free or low-cost dental treatment for the particular condition they are studying. To find out if there are any NIDCR clinical trials that you might fit into, go to "NIDCR Studies Seeking Patients." For a complete list of all federally funded clinical trials, visit ClinicalTrials.gov. To see if you qualify for any clinical trials being conducted at our Bethesda, Maryland, campus, you can call the Clinical Center's Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office at 1-800-411-1222. Dental implant lower bridges.
Prevention of gingivitis and periodontal disease is very simple in most cases. Gum disease is best prevented through proper plaque control. This involves brushing to remove plaque from the outer surfaces of the teeth and flossing to remove food particles and plaque from in between the teeth. Electronic toothbrushes tend to make it easier to remove plaque from some of the harder to reach areas of the mouth. Using a mouthwash after brushing and flossing can also help by reducing the bacteria that cause gingivitis. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 2
Spray it on. Try incorporating the use of a spray containing chlorhexidine (CHX), a powerful anti-bacterial with plaque-inhibiting properties, in your dental care routine. One study on elderly patients, a group at risk for periodontal disease, found that a once-daily application of a 0.2% CHX spray reduced plaque accumulation and inflammation caused by gingivitis.
Often, a second step of the procedure is necessary to uncover the implants and attach extensions. These temporary healing caps, along with various connecting devices that allow multiple crowns to attach to the implants, complete the foundation on which your new teeth will be placed. Your gums will be allowed to heal for a couple of weeks following this procedure. The London Cosmetic Dentistry
Diabetes appears to exacerbates the onset, progression, and severity of periodontitis. Although the majority of research has focused on type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes appears to have an identical effect on the risk for periodontitis. The extent of the increased risk of periodontitis is dependent on the level of glycaemic control. Therefore, in well managed diabetes there seems to be a small effect of diabetes on the risk for periodontitis. However, the risk increases exponentially as glycaemic control worsens. Overall, the increased risk of periodontitis in diabetics is estimated to be between 2-3 times higher. So far, the mechanisms underlying the link are not fully understood, but it’s known to involve aspects of inflammation, immune functioning, neutrophil activity, and cytokine biology.
cosmetic dental surgery london
Once adequate, strong bone is present, the site is ready for the implant. At the implant placement appointment, the dental implant (titanium post) is placed into the bone with a special drill and tools. A "healing cap" is placed over the implant, the gum is stitched up, and the healing phase begins. During this healing phase, a temporary denture can be made to replace missing teeth for esthetic purposes. Healing time depends greatly on the quality of bone present. Healing time is usually anywhere from two to six months. During this time, the implant becomes integrated with the bone. It's important to avoid placing any force or stress on the dental implant as it heals. Follow-up appointments to check the surgical site are typically done to ensure that no infection exists and healing is taking place. Cosmetic Dentistry London Smile Makeover
Life-like 3D images enable the dentist to assess bone density and locate nerves, blood vessels and sinuses before surgery, thereby eliminating uncertainty about which spots in the jawbone are the right sites for implant placement. The precision of the CT scan and implant surgical planning software give the dentist a vivid map of the patient’s mouth to pinpoint potential problems and plan the entire implant procedure in advance.
Many implant dentists now use 3D images and implant surgical planning software to construct a vivid map of the patient’s mouth, pinpoint potential problems, and plan the implant procedure in advance. During the initial visit, a 3D image is taken to enable the dentist to assess bone structure and nerve locations, plan the surgery, and mold replacement teeth before the next visit. Communication in Dentistry - Short Film - King's College London
Without regular dental checkups, you won't know that you have gum disease until your condition is in its advanced stages. The warning signs that you may experience with this disease include gums that bleed when eating, brushing, and flossing because they are swollen and tender. You may also notice that your gums are receding. When this happens, your teeth look longer. If you notice sores in your mouth or pus in between your gums and teeth, then chances are you may have gum disease.
Loosened or knocked-out tooth: If your tooth becomes loose due to trauma, call your dentist. For a knocked out tooth, gently insert the lost tooth back in its socket if possible, holding the tooth by the crown using a clean washcloth. If the tooth is dirty, first rinse the root, but do not scrub it or remove any attached tissues. If reinsertion is not possible, hold the tooth under the tongue and go to the dentist immediately. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
Gels are becoming popular among home teeth whitening aficionados because their targeted application tends to cause less pain in sensitive people. That's because you "paint" them directly on your teeth, which allows you to avoid the solution coming in contact with your gums. Although they claim to whiten quickly and to lighten up dark stains better than other types of whitening products, experts say that's not so: because they're just painted on, they don't really stay on long enough to be as effective as products that stay in contact with your teeth for a set period of time. Dentist In Holborn Amazing Five Star Review by Kyle A.
For whitening at home, your dentist can make trays to hold the whitening gel that fit your teeth precisely. Home whitening gel usually needs to be applied daily for two to three weeks. Over-the-counter kits also are widely available for home use. They provide trays to hold the gel, or whitening strips that stick to your teeth. Talk to your dentist if you want to use these home products. Be sure to follow directions to avoid overuse and possible damage to your teeth and mouth. King's Dental Students Mannequin Challenge
If the soft bacterial plaque is not removed by brushing, minerals are deposited within it over time and it becomes a hard deposit on the tooth called tartar. The presence of tartar encourages the growth of the bacterial plaque towards the tooth roots. As the inflammation progresses deeper, the attachment of the gum to the root is disrupted and a gap or periodontal pocket is formed between them. This pocket is an ideal place for harmful bacteria to colonize and in which to multiply, therefore driving the disease process forward. In their new habitat, the bacteria release toxins as products of their metabolism, which further trigger the body’s defence mechanisms.
Placement of the implant: The implant screw is placed and can be self-tapping,(pp100–102) otherwise the prepared site is tapped with an implant analog. It is then screwed into place with a torque controlled wrench at a precise torque so as not to overload the surrounding bone (overloaded bone can die, a condition called osteonecrosis, which may lead to failure of the implant to fully integrate or bond with the jawbone).
The gel has a concentration of 35% carbamide peroxide, and the syringes contain enough gel for 20+ treatments, but you will see results after the first. It can be used once a day for up to 30 minutes each. But it doesn’t just stop at whitening your teeth, it polishes your teeth and even helps remove plaque, improving the dental condition and overall oral health. It is safe for your enamel, caps, crowns and veneers. QMUL's new Dental School and Hospital
Unfortunately, when life decides to throw a dental emergency at you, it doesn’t correlate schedules with you to make sure it happens at a convenient time. OnCall Dental is here to help in situations like this when you need a emergency Tempe dentist. We try to take the inconvenience factor out of things by building our practice to provide emergency dental services for our patients 7 days a week. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
An increasingly common strategy to preserve bone and reduce treatment times includes the placement of a dental implant into a recent extraction site. On the one hand, it shortens treatment time and can improve aesthetics because the soft tissue envelope is preserved. On the other hand, implants may have a slightly higher rate of initial failure. Conclusions on this topic are difficult to draw, however, because few studies have compared immediate and delayed implants in a scientifically rigorous manner.
ClearChoice Dental Implant Centers are locally owned and operated by licensed dentists, and are part of a professional affiliation of implant practices operated by oral surgeons, prosthodontists, and restorative dentists across the U.S. A majority of patients (and approximately 90% of Minnesota patients) qualify for same day implants and can have their procedure in one day after initial workup, without additional bone graft surgery, and may leave the office that same day with provisional prostheses and the final prostheses to be placed later. Results may vary in individual cases. Both general dentists and specialists in some states. Dental implants are not a recognized specialty. Dental specialists are specialists in oral maxillofacial surgery and prosthodontics. Limited services available at satellite offices. Dr Avik Dandapat - Lecture on Dental Implants to Dentists - Harley Street-London & Berkshire
Extrinsic stains are those that appear on the surface of the teeth as a result of exposure to dark-colored beverages, foods and tobacco, and routine wear and tear. Superficial extrinsic stains are minor and can be removed with brushing and prophylactic dental cleaning. Stubborn extrinsic stains can be removed with more involved efforts, like teeth whitening. Persistent extrinsic stains can penetrate into the dentin and become ingrained if they are not dealt with early.
london implant dentist
Endodontics Oral and maxillofacial pathology Oral and maxillofacial radiology Oral and maxillofacial surgery Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics Pediatric dentistry Periodontics Prosthodontics Dental public health Cosmetic dentistry Dental implantology Geriatric dentistry Restorative dentistry Forensic odontology Dental traumatology Holistic dentistry
islington green dental practise
Like most other product review sites, ConsumerSearch is supported by a combination of commissions on the sale of the products we recommend and ads that are placed on our site by Google. If you find something you like, you can help support us by clicking through and buying the products we pick. Our editorial process is independent and unbiased; we don’t accept product samples, requests for reviews or product mentions, or direct advertising. London Cosmetic Dentistry
It is also possible to have stains inside the tooth. These are called intrinsic stains. For example, intrinsic stains can be caused by exposure to too much fluoride as a child while teeth are developing. Other causes include tetracycline antibiotics. They can stain a child's teeth if taken by a mother during the second half of pregnancy or by a child who is 8 years old or younger. Teeth are still developing during these years. Trauma may also darken a tooth. Welcome to UCL Eastman Dental Institute
Brush with baking soda. Baking soda neutralizes the acids in your mouth, thereby reducing the chances of tooth decay and gum disease, so it's more of a preventive measure than an actual treatment for gum disease. Add a small amount of baking soda to a bit of warm water and mix to form a paste. Use this paste to brush your teeth using a soft toothbrush and low pressure.
orthodontist central london
Having lost a tooth is a serious matter. Most times this is from a naturally occurring illness within your gums, but sometimes it can be from a traumatic accident. Make sure to clean the tooth off gently with warm water, do not brush it or you may damage the tissue. If you cannot replace the tooth into the socket, keep it in milk while you are travelling to the after hours dentist, because you definitely need to see an emergency dental care professional at this point.
tooth extraction london
Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone.
User reviews for the Luster Pro Light system are pretty "meh," with just average ratings overall -- although we only found a few dozen reviews. Most say it does a good job, some say they didn't see any difference. Although experts say these lights are more hype than anything, a lot of the reviewers felt the light really helped to "lighten" their teeth up.
orthodontist central london
tooth implant cost london
What does this mean to you? It means if your tooth is hurting or damaged, then call us and get in immediately. We provide some of the highest quality dental care available in Tempe, whenever you need it. Seriously. Not only are we open when you need us, our doctors are some of the best around and will treat you like you’re the most important patient in the valley. This philosophy is who we are. Our mission is literally “To Treat You as the Most Important Person in Our Practice”. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Teeth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dentistry treatments offering a quick, non-invasive and affordable way to enhance a smile. Universally valued by men and women alike, whitening (or bleaching) treatments are available to satisfy every budget, time frame and temperament. Whether in the form of professionally administered one-hour whitening sessions at a dental office or cosmetic spa, or home-use bleaching kits purchased at your local drugstore, solutions abound. Dental Veneers Dentist Camden
Doxycycline may be given alongside the primary therapy of scaling (see § initial therapy). Doxycycline has been shown to improve indicators of disease progression (namely probing depth and attachment level). Its mechanism of action involves inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (such as collagenase), which degrade the teeth's supporting tissues (periodontium) under inflammatory conditions. To avoid killing beneficial oral microbes, only small doses of doxycycline (20 mg) are used.
private dental clinic london
Many people do things that can compromise their teeth, without realizing it. For instance, chewing on ice, crunching hard candy or eating popcorn kernels can crack teeth without you even knowing. If you use your teeth to tear open packages instead of using scissors, this can cause tiny cracks in your teeth and in the enamel that protects you teeth that you can’t see with the naked eye.
dentist islington london
Finally, it’s time for the placement of the artificial tooth/teeth. For a single tooth implant, your dentist will customize a new tooth for you, called a dental crown. The crown will be based on size, shape, color and fit, and will be designed to blend in with your other teeth. If you are replacing more than a single tooth, custom-made bridges or dentures will be made to fit your mouth and your implants. (Note: The replacement teeth usually take some time to make. In the meantime, your dentist may give you a temporary crown, bridge or denture to help you eat and speak normally until the permanent replacement is ready.) Why dental implants hurt! - Dentist explains.....
Dentists charge $500+ for custom fitted trays. You pay this hefty fee because they are doctors and their chair time is valuable. Operating a lab, doing the hand work, and scheduling multiple appointments costs the dentist time and money. Smile brilliant is a professional dental lab without the dentist. We deliver 3x-5x faster and save customers more than 70% off the traditional cost of dentist whitening. Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Great Five Star Review by P-Hansen
Diabetes appears to exacerbates the onset, progression, and severity of periodontitis. Although the majority of research has focused on type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes appears to have an identical effect on the risk for periodontitis. The extent of the increased risk of periodontitis is dependent on the level of glycaemic control. Therefore, in well managed diabetes there seems to be a small effect of diabetes on the risk for periodontitis. However, the risk increases exponentially as glycaemic control worsens. Overall, the increased risk of periodontitis in diabetics is estimated to be between 2-3 times higher. So far, the mechanisms underlying the link are not fully understood, but it’s known to involve aspects of inflammation, immune functioning, neutrophil activity, and cytokine biology. Kings Cross Dental Clinic - Dentists in London
Regardless of the abutment material or technique, an impression of the abutment is then taken and a crown secured to the abutment with dental cement. Another variation on abutment/crown model is when the crown and abutment are one piece and the lag-screw traverses both to secure the one-piece structure to the internal thread on the implant. There does not appear to be any benefit, in terms of success, for cement versus screw-retained prosthetics, although the latter is believed to be easier to maintain (and change when the prosthetic fractures) and the former offers high esthetic performance.(p1233)
^ Jump up to: a b Esposito, M.; Grusovin, M. G.; Polyzos, I. P.; Felice, P.; Worthington, H. V. (2010). "Timing of implant placement after tooth extraction: Immediate, immediate-delayed or delayed implants? A Cochrane systematic review" (PDF). European Journal of Oral Implantology. 3 (3): 189–205. PMID 20847990. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-26.
One way to address staining is by using at-home teeth-whitening treatment kits. These products are milder versions of the bleaching kits that are used by dentists to whiten teeth in the office. Teeth-whitening treatments typically use either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide as an active ingredient. When the whitening gel or liquid is applied to the teeth, the key ingredient creates a chemical reaction, helping to break down the stain. Typically, teeth-whitening treatment products must be left in place for a set number of minutes daily for a certain period of time, such as one or two weeks. Dental Implants in London
According to a European Council regulation, only a qualified dental professional can legally provide tooth whitening products using 0.1 - 6% hydrogen peroxide, and that the patient must be at least 18 years old. Over recent years, there have been rising concerns over unlicensed staff providing poor quality tooth whitening treatment. Significant evidence has been gathered that tooth whitening procedures have been offered by beauty salons and health clinics under unskilled staff without dental qualifications. A group of recognised dental boards and organisations called The Tooth Whitening Information Group (TWIG) was established to promote safe and productive tooth whitening information and guidance for the benefit of the public. Reports can be made by the public to TWIG through their website regarding any individual providing illegal tooth whitening services, or if they personally undergone treatment done by an incompetent staff who is not a dental professional. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.
Anyone who has had treatment for advanced periodontal disease knows that meticulous homecare is the key to keeping periodontal disease from rearing its ugly head – again. Because personal oral care is a big part of any periodontal treatment plan, your dentist or dental hygienist will spend lots of time with you making sure you understand and implement proper brushing and flossing techniques at home. He or she may also recommend products like Colgate® PerioGard®, a prescription-strength antimicrobial mouthwash to help reduce bacteria in hard-to-reach areas of your mouth.
Other, more invasive procedures, also exist for larger bone defects including mobilization of the inferior alveolar nerve to allow placement of a fixture, onlay bone grafting using the iliac crest or another large source of bone and microvascular bone graft where the blood supply to the bone is transplanted with the source bone and reconnected to the local blood supply.(pp5–6) The final decision about which bone grafting technique that is best is based on an assessment of the degree of vertical and horizontal bone loss that exists, each of which is classified into mild (2–3 mm loss), moderate (4–6 mm loss) or severe (greater than 6 mm loss).(p17) Orthodontic extrusion or orthodontic implant site development can be used in selected cases for vertical/horizontal alveolar augmentation. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
Bone grafting. This procedure is performed when periodontitis has destroyed the bone surrounding your tooth root. The graft may be composed of small fragments of your own bone, or the bone may be synthetic or donated. The bone graft helps prevent tooth loss by holding your tooth in place. It also serves as a platform for the regrowth of natural bone. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
Your dentist can provide you with a custom-made tray for at-home whitening. In this case, the dentist will give you instructions on how to place the bleaching solution in the tray and for what length of time. This may be a preferred option if you feel more comfortable whitening in your own home at a slower pace, but still with the guidance of a dentist. Out-of-office bleaching can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks. Feel Great When You Leave The Dentist at Dental Smiles London
Mouth, jaw and neck pain are key indicators you be experiencing a dental emergency. Pain is the universal signal that something is wrong. So, if you’re experiencing pain, find the nearest 24-hour dentist near you. Here is a list of issues that you should consider dental emergencies and some things you can do to minimize pain until you get to the dentist.
A dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that allows your dentist to mount replacement teeth or a bridge into that area. An implant doesn't come loose like a denture can. Dental implants also benefit general oral health because they do not have to be anchored to other teeth, like bridges. Harley Street Dental Clinic - Harley Street Dentist - 020 7486 1059
The planning process for dental implants may involve a variety of specialists, including a doctor who specializes in conditions of the mouth, jaw and face (oral and maxillofacial surgeon), a dentist specializing in treating structures that support the teeth, such as gums and bones (periodontist), a dentist who designs and fits artificial teeth (prosthodontist), or occasionally an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist. London W1 Dentist
Both dental plaque and tartar are filled with harmful bacteria, and if they aren't removed from teeth, they will begin to irritate the gums and cause gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis will often extend from the gums to the bone and lead to periodontitis. When the underlying bone gets infected, it will start to recede away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. These pockets collect plaque and bacteria as they are very difficult to keep clean, and more bone loss occurs. As periodontal disease progresses into later stages and more bone tissue is lost, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out. Emergency Dentist Camden
Whitening mouthwashes are another tooth-whitening product that you can use at home to promote a whiter smile. These products usually feature a small amount of hydrogen peroxide that bleach the dental enamel. Generally, whitening mouthwashes are not effective at addressing widespread staining. Instead, dentists typically recommend them for maintaining a whiter smile after you have used an at-home teeth-whitening treatment or received a clinical-bleaching treatment in the office. Dental Conditions : What Is the Cost of Dental Implants?
The term “whitening” on the other hand, refers to restoring a tooth’s surface color by removing dirt and debris. So technically speaking, any product that is used to clean the teeth (like a toothpaste) is considered a whitener. Of course, the term whitening sounds better than bleaching, so it is more frequently used — even when describing products that contain bleach.
The severity and speed of progression of periodontitis depends upon the balance of a number of factors: the number and type of bacteria present, how strong the individual’s defence mechanisms are, and the presence or absence of certain risk factors. For example, the more aggressive the bacteria and the weaker the immune response of the patient, the more active will be the disease. Added to that, some risk factors, such as smoking or diabetes, can further weaken the body’s defences and speed up the disease process. In the same way, certain drugs, such as antihypertensive or vasodilating agents and immunotherapy, affect the inflammatory response to plaque and make patients more susceptible to gingivitis. However, it is important to recognize that, without the accumulation of bacterial plaque, periodontitis will not occur. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 1
^ Berglundh, Tord; Armitage, Gary; Araujo, Mauricio G.; Avila-Ortiz, Gustavo; Blanco, Juan; Camargo, Paulo M.; Chen, Stephen; Cochran, David; Derks, Jan (June 2018). "Peri-implant diseases and conditions: Consensus report of workgroup 4 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions". Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 45: S286–S291. doi:10.1111/jcpe.12957. ISSN 0303-6979. PMID 29926491. 24 Hour Emergency Dentist Kings Cross
A dental implant has the potential to last a lifetime. This is a fantastic potential when the implant is positioned well. Unfortunately, if the implant is poorly positioned this can begin a horrible nightmare for many years to come. Because the oral cavity is such a small surgical environment as little as a two millimeter error can be the difference between success and failure. The removal of a poorly placed implant is difficult, bone destroying and expensive. Who performs your dental implant treatment directly affects your chances of success. Studies have proven that “experience” does positively affect the outcome of dental implant treatment. Part 1-Dental Implant Placement with Bone Grafting and Membrane
September 28, 2018 - Our original top pick for touch-ups, AuraGlow, has recently changed the formula for its teeth whitening pen. The company has increased the active ingredient content from 35% to 44% carbamide peroxide, taking it well above the American Dental Association’s safety recommendation of 35%. We’re currently researching and testing several alternative touch up options and will update our findings soon. In the meantime, you're better off going with either of the Crest strip options, or the GoSmile snap packs.
Can you prevent your teeth from becoming stained in the first place? Good practices mean avoiding staining substances. The most egregious are red wine, coffee and tobacco residue. Other foods on the staining list are tea, tomato sauce and balsamic vinegar. If the thought of avoiding any of those makes you want to cry, Messina advises rinsing with water after eating. Brushing your teeth is even better. Patient John had Ramus Frame Implants at Dental Implant Group in London