If left undisturbed, microbial plaque calcifies to form calculus, which is commonly called tartar. Calculus above and below the gum line must be removed completely by the dental hygienist or dentist to treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Although the primary cause of both gingivitis and periodontitis is the microbial plaque that adheres to the tooth surfaces, there are many other modifying factors. A very strong risk factor is one's genetic susceptibility. Several conditions and diseases, including Down syndrome, diabetes, and other diseases that affect one's resistance to infection, also increase susceptibility to periodontitis.
Once your gum disease is under control, it is very important for you to get dental care on a consistent basis. The periodic cleanings recommended after these treatments are called periodontal maintenance care. These cleanings are more extensive than the standard cleaning and will help you keep your gums healthy.  Your periodontal maintenance involves cleanings that are deeper than a normal cleaning in the dental office. With periodic maintenance, the amount of plaque bacteria is lowered. Then, the inflammation can get better, pockets can shrink and your gums can become healthier.

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No other strip-style whitener even comes close to Crest Whitestrips when it comes to credible positive feedback -- many major dental care manufacturers don't even make a tooth whitening strip. The only other strips we saw that appear at first glance to be highly rated by users have scores that were primarily the result of reviews made in exchange for a free product; because of the high possibility of bias in such reviews, they were disregarded. A DAY IN THE LIFE OF A DENTAL STUDENT | Barts and the London


To begin using the Dental Care Cost Estimator tool, click the Agree button below. By clicking, you agree that you have read the information below, are accessing this information for purposes of determining treatment cost estimates for dental care services you are considering receiving, and will not use the information in this tool for a commercial or anti-competitive purpose. The costs provided in this tool are estimates only and are not a guarantee of payment or benefits. Your actual cost may be higher or lower than the estimate for various reasons. Dental Implants on the NHS WARNING
The Dental Care Cost Estimator sometimes groups together, into "treatment categories," services that are often delivered together to address a particular dental problem. The description of different treatment categories, and the inclusion of particular services in a treatment category, is not advice that any particular treatment category is the right treatment for you or that you should not obtain any particular treatment. All of those matters are things that you should decide, in consultation with your dental care professionals. This cost estimator is intended for use in the 50 states, Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories. If you live outside the U.S., you may see information on this cost estimator about products or services that are not available or authorized in your country.

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The goal of toothbrushing is to remove plaque on the teeth that will harbor bacteria and cause gum disease and tooth decay. Just about any toothpaste when used with consistent thorough brushing habits will accomplish this goal. There are some ingredients in toothpastes that help remove plaque more effectively and help keep plaque off the teeth after they have been brushed. The abrasive agents in toothpaste such as silicates and calcium carbonates help remove plaque that is a little sticky. Sodium lauryl sulfate is a detergent in toothpaste that causes the foaming effect of toothpastes. Toothpastes vary in the amount of SLS they contain; a high concentration of SLS can cause problems for patients who have dry mouth or low saliva flow. Some toothpastes include plaque-control agents such as pyrophosphates and zinc citrate that prevent plaque from sticking to the teeth after they've been brushed. Using a toothpaste that contains any combination of these ingredients will increase the effectiveness of oral hygiene.
Guided tissue regeneration. Performed when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed, this procedure stimulates bone and gum tissue growth. Done in combination with flap surgery, a small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow to better support the teeth. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING

The sooner you seek treatment, the better your chances are of saving your teeth and health. There are many options available for people without dental insurance; it will just take a little research. For example, dental schools have clinics so that its students can gain practical experience performing various dental procedures. These procedures are done under the supervision of an experienced license dentist at a reduced rate. Also, federally funded health centers offer affordable dental services that are based on your income.

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The National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) sometimes seeks volunteers with specific dental, oral, and craniofacial conditions to participate in research studies, also known as clinical trials. Researchers may provide study participants with limited free or low-cost dental treatment for the particular condition they are studying. To find out if there are any NIDCR clinical trials that you might fit into, go to "NIDCR Studies Seeking Patients." For a complete list of all federally funded clinical trials, visit ClinicalTrials.gov. To see if you qualify for any clinical trials being conducted at our Bethesda, Maryland, campus, you can call the Clinical Center's Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office at 1-800-411-1222. London Cosmetic Dentistry - Dental Smile Makeover
The Dental Care Cost Estimator provides an estimate and does not guarantee the exact fees for dental procedures, what services your dental benefits plan will cover or your out-of-pocket costs. Estimates should not be construed as financial or medical advice. For more detailed information on your actual dental care costs, please consult your dentist or your Delta Dental.

Removal of microbial plaque and calculus is necessary to establish periodontal health. The first step in the treatment of periodontitis involves nonsurgical cleaning below the gumline with a procedure called Root Surface Instrumentation or RSI, this causes a mechanical disturbance to the bacterial biofilm below the gumline.[40] This procedure involves the use of specialized curettes to mechanically remove plaque and calculus from below the gumline, and may require multiple visits and local anesthesia to adequately complete. In addition to initial Root Surface Instrumentation, it may also be necessary to adjust the occlusion (bite) to prevent excessive force on teeth that have reduced bone support. Also, it may be necessary to complete any other dental needs, such as replacement of rough, plaque-retentive restorations, closure of open contacts between teeth, and any other requirements diagnosed at the initial evaluation. It is important to note that RSI is different to Scaling and Root planing: RSI only removes the calculus, whilst scaling and root planing removes the calculus as well as underlying softened dentine, which leaves behind a smooth and glassy surface, which is not a requiste for periodontal healing. Therefore RSI is now advocated over root planing.[40]

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I find that many people who want cosmetic dentistry avoid getting it due to a fear of going to the dentist. Conscious Sedation, which I provide, is a way patients can get the smile they want or the dentistry they need while not having to deal with the anxiety or fear. Patients can get treated and may not even remember coming to the office that day. Dental Smile Makeover Services in London: Part 3 - The London Smile Clinic
There are plenty of websites devoted to teeth whitening that claim to know the exact breakdown, but, since there's no way to verify their information, we did not accept those as reliable. However, experts generally agree that home teeth whitening products have up to 10 percent hydrogen peroxide, while professionally applied tooth whitening treatments can contain from 25 to 40 percent. As a result, we would suggest being skeptical if you read anything not directly attributable to the manufacturer that claims that an over-the-counter whitening product contains more than 10 percent whitening agent.
The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches inside the mouth, bleeding, loose teeth, pain upon swallowing, a lump in the neck, earache, and a sore on your lip or in your mouth that won't heal are all symptoms of oral cancer. Treatment for oral cancer depends upon the staging of the disease and usually involves surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
Alternatively, stock abutments are used to retain dentures using a male-adapter attached to the implant and a female adapter in the denture. Two common types of adapters are the ball-and-socket style retainer and the button-style adapter. These types of stock abutments allow movement of the denture, but enough retention to improve the quality of life for denture wearers, compared to conventional dentures.[38] Regardless of the type of adapter, the female portion of the adapter that is housed in the denture will require periodic replacement, however the number and adapter type does not seem to affect patient satisfaction with the prosthetic for various removable alternatives.[39] Smile Makeovers with London Cosmetic Dentist Dr. David Frey
Without regular dental checkups, you won't know that you have gum disease until your condition is in its advanced stages. The warning signs that you may experience with this disease include gums that bleed when eating, brushing, and flossing because they are swollen and tender. You may also notice that your gums are receding. When this happens, your teeth look longer. If you notice sores in your mouth or pus in between your gums and teeth, then chances are you may have gum disease.

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If you spend a little time searching the Web, you'll find plenty of ideas about natural methods of tooth whitening. Use lemon juice or apple cider vinegar as a mouthwash? Scrub your teeth with an activated charcoal product? Messina says those techniques come with risks. The acid of lemon juice can erode the enamel on your teeth, and charcoal is an abrasive that can wear it away. "Your teeth will be whiter initially, but as the enamel wears away, you'll see more dentin," Messina says. "That yellowish color will show through."

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The National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) sometimes seeks volunteers with specific dental, oral, and craniofacial conditions to participate in research studies, also known as clinical trials. Researchers may provide study participants with limited free or low-cost dental treatment for the particular condition they are studying. To find out if there are any NIDCR clinical trials that you might fit into, go to "NIDCR Studies Seeking Patients." For a complete list of all federally funded clinical trials, visit ClinicalTrials.gov. To see if you qualify for any clinical trials being conducted at our Bethesda, Maryland, campus, you can call the Clinical Center's Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office at 1-800-411-1222. London Cosmetic Dentistry - Dental Smile Makeover
The two trays that are included in this set are a custom fit design. They are easy to mold by submerging them in hot water for a few seconds until they become supple and then biting into them, taking care not to scald your mouth from the hot water. You then just need to suck them into your teeth to remove any air and water trapped. If you don’t get it right first time, you can just submerge them in hot water again and have another go until you get a comfortable, snug fit. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
Success or failure of implants depends on the health of the person receiving the treatment, drugs which affect the chances of osseointegration, and the health of the tissues in the mouth. The amount of stress that will be put on the implant and fixture during normal function is also evaluated. Planning the position and number of implants is key to the long-term health of the prosthetic since biomechanical forces created during chewing can be significant. The position of implants is determined by the position and angle of adjacent teeth, by lab simulations or by using computed tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents. The prerequisites for long-term success of osseointegrated dental implants are healthy bone and gingiva. Since both can atrophy after tooth extraction, pre-prosthetic procedures such as sinus lifts or gingival grafts are sometimes required to recreate ideal bone and gingiva.
No, sadly. When you are first born, you grow baby teeth. Then as you grow older and older, your adult teeth grow in and your baby teeth fall out. After all of your adult teeth are grown in, if one of them falls out, they will not grow back. However, dentists have all sorts of options like dentures, bridges, implants, etc. to help when people lose teeth.
In 1952, a Swedish orthopedic surgeon, P.I. Branemark discovered that titanium naturally fuses with bone in his experiments transplanting the tibia and fibula in rabbits. Though originally interested in applications for knee and hip surgery, which commonly use titanium artificial joints today, Branemark switched his focus to the mouth for easier clinical observation and because widespread tooth loss in the general population offered numerous subjects for study.  Dental Implants Clinic Nurident- UK patient from London

Tissue adaptation: The gingiva is adapted around the entire implant to provide a thick band of healthy tissue around the healing abutment. In contrast, an implant can be "buried", where the top of the implant is sealed with a cover screw and the tissue is closed to completely cover it. A second procedure would then be required to uncover the implant at a later date. Dentist In Holborn London Outstanding 5 Star Review by Federico S.


The formula is safe for your tooth enamel and the tooth guard is a comfortable fit. Wear it for just 10 – 30 minutes per day, for up to 10 days and you will see your staining and discoloration disappear. You don’t need to wait around at the bathroom mirror either; the hands-free tooth guard design means you can treat your teeth while watching television – just wait for the timer to go off when you’re done!
When left untreated, however, gingivitis can progress into a more serious condition called periodontitis. Toxins from this buildup of bacterial plaque not only affect your gum tissue, but also the bone and ligaments that support your teeth. As the infection causes disease to the bone and supporting tissues, your teeth may eventually become loose and need to be treated surgically or removed. But even advanced cases of periodontal disease don't have to progress to this point.

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User reviews for the Luster Pro Light system are pretty "meh," with just average ratings overall -- although we only found a few dozen reviews. Most say it does a good job, some say they didn't see any difference. Although experts say these lights are more hype than anything, a lot of the reviewers felt the light really helped to "lighten" their teeth up. Best Dentist in London
Dental insurance typically does not pay for dental implant placement. Some dental insurances may help pay for the implant crown portion. Unfortunately, in many cases, dental insurance considers dental implants to be an elective procedure even though dental implants have become the standard of care for replacement of missing teeth. Dental implants have become a favored option for tooth replacement because they offer a conservative approach and provide predictable results with success rates close to 98%.

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For minor discoloration that is confined to one or two teeth, you can try using a teeth-whitening pen. A tooth-whitening pen uses the same types of ingredients present in a teeth-whitening treatment but allows you to precisely apply the bleach to the stain. Like teeth-whitening kits, pens must be used repeatedly over an extended period of time to produce noticeable results.

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No, sadly. When you are first born, you grow baby teeth. Then as you grow older and older, your adult teeth grow in and your baby teeth fall out. After all of your adult teeth are grown in, if one of them falls out, they will not grow back. However, dentists have all sorts of options like dentures, bridges, implants, etc. to help when people lose teeth.
Both dental plaque and tartar are filled with harmful bacteria, and if they aren't removed from teeth, they will begin to irritate the gums and cause gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis will often extend from the gums to the bone and lead to periodontitis. When the underlying bone gets infected, it will start to recede away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. These pockets collect plaque and bacteria as they are very difficult to keep clean, and more bone loss occurs. As periodontal disease progresses into later stages and more bone tissue is lost, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out. King's Dental Institute - High performance with humanity
Professional dental cleaning. During a typical checkup your dentist or dental hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar (plaque that builds up and hardens on the tooth surface and can only be removed with professional cleaning) from above and below the gum line of all teeth. If you have some signs of gum disease, your dentist may recommend professional dental cleaning more than twice-a-year. Dental cleanings are not a treatment for active gum disease. They are, though, an important preventive measure that can help you stave off its development. Dental Implants, Mini Implants, Dental Implants London UK, Missing Teeth - Execudent
Our team's mission is to meet and exceed your expectations. We do this by making quality, excellence, and comfort our top priorities. More importantly, we take great pleasure in providing individualized care for each and every patient we treat. The whole team here at Chattanooga Dental Care combines this personal touch with a commitment to excellence.
A dental abscess is an infection that occurs in or around a tooth root. Abscesses can cause serious dental pain, and they can be dangerous as they might spread into the jaw bone, nearby teeth, or even your blood. It's important to seek treatment for a suspected dental abscess as soon as possible to reduce the chance of the infection spreading. If you have a fever or severe pain, call an emergency dentist for immediate care. If you do not have a fever and are able to manage your pain with over-the-counter pain relievers, you can call your general dentist in the morning; they will probably want to see you the same day or the next day. Dr. Peter Kertesz Dental Surgery London
During a professional cleaning, your dentist will remove plaque buildup and tartar from your teeth and their roots, and then polish your teeth and treat them with fluoride. Any periodontal pockets that have formed could require deep cleaning to enable healing. A deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing will help scrape off tartar and also remove any rough spots on the tooth root where bacteria tend to gather.

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Most systems involve multiple applications of the gel throughout the whitening session. The dentist will rinse off the gel and reapply a fresh coat as many times as necessary within the space of about 40 minutes. Once complete, the whitening procedure can achieve four to six shades of whitening after only one session. Some patients experience tooth or gum sensitivity after whitening, but this usually goes away within a day or two. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
In addition to providing general, cosmetic, surgical and family dental services we also have a full time orthodontic specialist on staff. Dr. John Wiger, our orthodontist, has been listed over and over again in Washingtonian Magazine, Northern Virginia Magazine, Family Magazine and Virginia Living Magazine as one of the area's top orthodontists. To learn more about Dr. Wiger and our orthodontic services visit www.kingstowneorthodontics.com. Best Cosmetic Dentist London - My Experience

^ SCCNFP (1999). Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products intended for Consumers. Hydrogen peroxide and hydrogen peroxide releasing substances in oral health products. SCCNFP/0058/98. Summary on http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/sccp/out83_en.html and http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/sccp/out89_en.html(read 2002.31.10) Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Other, more invasive procedures, also exist for larger bone defects including mobilization of the inferior alveolar nerve to allow placement of a fixture, onlay bone grafting using the iliac crest or another large source of bone and microvascular bone graft where the blood supply to the bone is transplanted with the source bone and reconnected to the local blood supply.[18](pp5–6) The final decision about which bone grafting technique that is best is based on an assessment of the degree of vertical and horizontal bone loss that exists, each of which is classified into mild (2–3 mm loss), moderate (4–6 mm loss) or severe (greater than 6 mm loss).[31](p17) Orthodontic extrusion or orthodontic implant site development can be used in selected cases for vertical/horizontal alveolar augmentation.[32] DENTISTS (BBC1)
It happens. You’re out enjoying the kids, playing a high-energy game of touch football. A surprise “tackle” from your little one results in you chipping a tooth. Or you wake up in the morning bothered by a dull ache in the back of your mouth that quickly escalates into a full-blown toothache. Anytime you experience injury to your teeth, mouth or jaw, it’s time to see an emergency dentist.

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What makes dental implants feel completely comfortable and secure? ClearChoice doctors use a medical-grade titanium implant fixture that, over time, actually fuses to the living bone cells of the jaw. This union forms a strong and durable anchor for your new teeth, meaning there’s no slippage or other movement (which can sometimes happen with dentures). There are also no problems eating with dental implants, no need to repair them regularly and no more worrying about smiling freely and openly. EGO Dental Clinic Promo Video
The over-the-counter products are weaker. That means less active whitening but also less risk to the gums, should the whitening agent come in contact. "All of the products are safe if used as directed," Messina says. Still, they can increase sensitivity of teeth and they can irritate gum tissue. "Anything that doesn't feel right, you should see your dentist."
Dr. Donna S. Bautista, DDS, completed her undergraduate studies at the University of California, San Diego with a bachelor of arts in biochemistry and cell biology. During her time at UC San Diego, she was involved in basic research including studying processes related to DNA transcription in the field of molecular biology. Upon graduation, she went on to attend dental school at the University of California, San Francisco. In addition to her formal dental training, she provided dental care for underserved communities in the Bay Area through clinics and health fairs. She also worked toward mentoring high school students interested in the field of dentistry. Scripps Dental
It is possible to have gingivitis and not notice any signs or symptoms, so regular visits to the dentist are vital in determining a patient's specific risk level. The dentist is the primary-care provider of the mouth and will be able to provide all of the facts and information necessary in diagnosing the disease and taking steps in curing or reversing gum disease.
Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution -- which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent. The tray is worn for a period of time, generally from a couple of hours a day to every day during the night for up to four weeks and even longer (depending on the degree of discoloration and desired level of whitening). Dental Clinic
After several weeks, your dentist or periodontist will make a full assessment of your gums to check the progress of your treatment. A special instrument called a periodontal probe is used to record the depth of any periodontal pockets and check for bleeding from the gums. If periodontal pockets are still present, further treatment options may be suggested, including surgical corrective therapy.
It happens. You’re out enjoying the kids, playing a high-energy game of touch football. A surprise “tackle” from your little one results in you chipping a tooth. Or you wake up in the morning bothered by a dull ache in the back of your mouth that quickly escalates into a full-blown toothache. Anytime you experience injury to your teeth, mouth or jaw, it’s time to see an emergency dentist.

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Wisdom Tooth Pain: Anchorage Midtown Dental Center offers in-house wisdom tooth removal. Impacted 3rd molars can cause severe discomfort, infection and even pain. If they are not erupting properly, it may be necessary to remove the teeth before other problems start. Our team of family dentists, Dr. Guy Burk and Dr. Blair Tudor remove most wisdom teeth right here in our office. As licensed sedation dentists, we are able to keep you comfortable the entire time. Because of our unique surgical protocol, our oral surgery patients require little to no pain medication, usually have no noticeable swelling, and heal faster, even for complicated extractions and bone grafting. Post op visits are free and we are open 7 days a week to fit appointments around your school or work schedule. Dental Implant Costs London
Today, implant dentists apply the principles of evidence-based dentistry in their practices.  As implant dentistry grows in popularity, greater numbers of general dentists will add the specialty to their clinical services.  Their success will depend on receiving high-quality training, such as the AAID credentialing program.  Training focused on rigorous science from researchers and clinicians who have published widely enables new implant practitioners to adopt techniques and procedures that have been validated over time. My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
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