Implant treatments range from the immediate replacement of an extracted tooth to over six months when jaw surgery and bone grafting is needed. The average treatment is three to six months. Most of the time required to complete implant treatment is taken up just waiting for the bone to fuse completely with the implant. This usually takes a few months and goes on below the gum line without any feeling or awareness. In more complex cases treatment may be longer.

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Consistency is key when it comes to teeth whiteners, so you’ll want to choose a method that best fits your lifestyle. If the 30 minute wear time of the Crest Glamorous Whitestrips is tough to fit into your schedule, choosing the faster Go Smile Snap Packs or the Gentle Routine Strips might be a better option. At the end of the day, going with the whitening product you will use consistently will always yield the best results. Dental Implant Specialist London - Forest & Ray Dental
When one considers all of the above factors, cost seems a little less important. Beware those practices that are on either extreme. There is little justification for those practices charging in excess of $2000 for the implant, or $2000 for the crown. Unless bone grafting is necessary, there is no justifying a single implant restoration where cost approaches $5000. Conversely, those practices where the implant is $1000 and the crown is $1000 should also raise concern. At these prices, one can only consider this an attempt to be a high volume office. This is one procedure that requires education, patience and caution. It cannot be done in a rush, on a high volume basis.

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Alternatively, stock abutments are used to retain dentures using a male-adapter attached to the implant and a female adapter in the denture. Two common types of adapters are the ball-and-socket style retainer and the button-style adapter. These types of stock abutments allow movement of the denture, but enough retention to improve the quality of life for denture wearers, compared to conventional dentures.[38] Regardless of the type of adapter, the female portion of the adapter that is housed in the denture will require periodic replacement, however the number and adapter type does not seem to affect patient satisfaction with the prosthetic for various removable alternatives.[39] Smile Makeovers with London Cosmetic Dentist Dr. David Frey
Are you suffering from a throbbing toothache or unpleasant sense of pressure? Dental pain should never be ignored – in fact, persistent discomfort can indicate a dental emergency. Fortunately, most oral health problems can be improved or reversed by skilled emergency dentists in Virginia Beach. Our dentists offer a wide range of emergency dental care options during our convenient operating hours. When you say, “I need affordable emergency dental care near me,” look no further than our practice. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
^ Beck, James D.; Elter, John R.; Heiss, Gerardo; Couper, David; Mauriello, Sally M.; Offenbacher, Steven (2001). "Relationship of Periodontal Disease to Carotid Artery Intima-Media Wall Thickness : The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study". Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 21 (11): 1816–22. doi:10.1161/hq1101.097803. Best Cosmetic Dentist London - My Experience
Dental implant success is related to operator skill, quality and quantity of the bone available at the site, and the patient's oral hygiene, but the most important factor is primary implant stability.[46] While there is significant variation in the rate that implants fail to integrate (due to individual risk factors), the approximate values are 1 to 6 percent[18](p68)[25]

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If you chip or break a tooth, whether while eating or while engaging in sport, it's important to see the dentist as soon as possible. The sooner you receive treatment, the more likely it is that your dentist will be able to reattach the broken piece to your damaged tooth. Save any pieces of the chipped tooth that you find, and rinse them gently in warm water. Place them in a cup of milk, and take them to the dentist's office with you. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video

^ Jump up to: a b Papaspyridakos, P.; Mokti, M.; Chen, C. J.; Benic, G. I.; Gallucci, G. O.; Chronopoulos, V (Jan 2013). "Implant and Prosthodontic Survival Rates with Implant Fixed Complete Dental Prostheses in the Edentulous Mandible after at Least 5 Years: A Systematic Review". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 16 (5): 705–717. doi:10.1111/cid.12036. PMID 23311617. Freshdental transformations dentist London, dentist Holborn and dentist Bolton case gallery
Whitening toothpastes are different to regular toothpastes in a way that they contain a higher content of abrasives and detergents to fight off tougher stains. Most contain low concentrations of carbamide/hydrogen peroxide (bleaching agents) – this lightens the colour of teeth. These whitening toothpastes make teeth one to two shades lighter.[25] Toothpastes (dentifrices) which are advertised as "whitening" rarely contain carbamide peroxide, hydrogen peroxide or any other bleaching agent.[26] Rather, they are abrasive (usually containing alumina, dicalcium phosphate dehydrate, calcium carbonate or silica), intended to remove surface stains from the tooth surface.[26] Sometimes they contain enzymes purported to break down the biofilm on teeth.[26] Unlike bleaches, whitening toothpaste does not alter the intrinsic color of teeth. Excessive or long term use of abrasive toothpastes will cause dental abrasion, thinning the enamel layer[26] and slowly darkening the appearance of the tooth as the dentine layer becomes more noticeable. An alternative method of whitening at home, which competes with the use of a whitening paste, is the use of a patent whitening mouthwash. The mouthwash shows marginally better efforts at whitening compared to the use of paste.[27] Choosing the Best London Implant Cosmetic Dentist

Internal staining of dentine can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized teeth that have undergone endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) but are discolored due to internal staining of the tooth structure by blood and other fluids that leaked in. Unlike external bleaching, which brightens teeth from the outside in, internal bleaching brightens teeth from the inside out. Bleaching the tooth internally involves drilling a hole to the pulp chamber no more than 2mm below the gingival margin, cleaning any infected or discoloured dentine, sealing, and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside of the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel or sodium perborate tetrahydrate into the pulp chamber so they can work directly inside the tooth on the dentine layer.[citation needed] In this variation of whitening the whitening agent is sealed within the tooth over a period of some days and replaced as needed, the so-called "walking bleach" technique.[citation needed]. A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption.
One of our core values at Tennessee Family Dental is that we are committed to doing everything we can to get our patients out of dental pain. We specialize in same-day dental appointments and have a team of dentists ready to treat your dental emergency regardless of your situation. If we cannot see you at your location of preference, one of our other locations will work you in the schedule for a walk-in dental appointment. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist

It has been suggested that radiotherapy can negatively affect the survival of implants.[14] Nevertheless, a systemic study published in 2016 concluded that dental implants installed in the irradiated area of an oral cavity may have a high survival rate, provided that the patient maintains oral hygiene measures and regular follow ups to prevent complications.[15] Best Cosmetic Dentist In London | Book A Free Consultation
Once the implant has bonded to the jawbone, a small connector post -- called an abutment -- is attached to the post to securely hold the new tooth. To make the new tooth or teeth, your dentist makes impressions of your teeth, and creates a model of your bite (which captures all of your teeth, their type, and arrangement). The new tooth or teeth is based on this model. A replacement tooth, called a crown, is then attached to the abutment. Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Great Five Star Review by P-Hansen

Finally, it’s time for the placement of the artificial tooth/teeth. For a single tooth implant, your dentist will customize a new tooth for you, called a dental crown. The crown will be based on size, shape, color and fit, and will be designed to blend in with your other teeth. If you are replacing more than a single tooth, custom-made bridges or dentures will be made to fit your mouth and your implants. (Note: The replacement teeth usually take some time to make. In the meantime, your dentist may give you a temporary crown, bridge or denture to help you eat and speak normally until the permanent replacement is ready.) Dental Implants Harley Street
Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery. During this procedure the gums are lifted back and the tarter is removed. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. The gums are then placed so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This method reduces the size of the space between the gum and tooth, thereby decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow and decreasing the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal disease.
The term “whitening” on the other hand, refers to restoring a tooth’s surface color by removing dirt and debris. So technically speaking, any product that is used to clean the teeth (like a toothpaste) is considered a whitener. Of course, the term whitening sounds better than bleaching, so it is more frequently used — even when describing products that contain bleach. Teeth Whitening Dentist Camden
At Columbia Dental Care, we believe that visiting the dentist does not have to be a painful or unpleasant experience. To that end, we offer the latest in modern dental technology to make our patients’ visits efficient and comfortable. Our office includes the following high-tech tools: an intraoral camera, digital radiographs, rotary endodontics, single-visit dental crowns, laser dentistry, and 3-D cone imaging. Dental Implants Camden

If you prefer whitening on-the-go, Plus White 5 Minute Speed Whitening Gel (Est. $15) is another popular gel that gets better reviews than most. Users like that they can use this daily or while traveling without anyone knowing that they're whitening. Quite a few users say they leave the gel on longer than the minimum of 5 minutes for greater effectiveness; up to 30 minutes is fine, according to the manufacturer.

Nearly half the initial change in color provided by an intensive in-office treatment (i.e., 1 hour treatment in a dentist's chair) may be lost in seven days.[42] Rebound is experienced when a large proportion of the tooth whitening has come from tooth dehydration (also a significant factor in causing sensitivity).[43] As the tooth rehydrates, tooth color "rebounds", back toward where it started.[44] Harley Street Dental Clinic - London’s General and Cosmetic Dentistry
An alternative to the walking bleach procedure is the inside-out bleach where the bleaching cavity is left open and the patient issued with a custom-formed tray to place and retain the agent, typically a carbamide peroxide gel inside the cavity. The patient changes the gel over 24 hours and uses a tray to retain it, they return to the dentist where this is sealed. On review once sufficient shade change has occurred the access cavity can be sealed, typically with a dental composite. Best Implant Dentist Oral Surgeon, Stroud Gloucestershire Cotswolds, Confident Dental Implants
Once your gum disease is under control, it is very important for you to get dental care on a consistent basis. The periodic cleanings recommended after these treatments are called periodontal maintenance care. These cleanings are more extensive than the standard cleaning and will help you keep your gums healthy.  Your periodontal maintenance involves cleanings that are deeper than a normal cleaning in the dental office. With periodic maintenance, the amount of plaque bacteria is lowered. Then, the inflammation can get better, pockets can shrink and your gums can become healthier.

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We recruited 39 participants across a wide range of ages to try out our top products. The experiment began with each tester matching their teeth shade to a professional teeth shade guide and snapping a “before” pic. After using the teeth whitening product for the recommended length of time, our testers took an “after” photo, evaluated their new shade, and completed a survey describing the experience.


Dr. Steve Horne began his career at Brigham Young University obtaining his BA in English. He earned his doctorate of dental surgery in 2007 from the University of Southern California where his pursuit for academic excellence landed him on the dean's list. He was recognized for his superior clinical skills and invited to help teach other dental students in courses on restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and tooth anatomy. During dental school, he provided dental care for underserved populations of Los Angeles and Orange County, Mexico, and Costa Rica with the international volunteer organization AYUDA. After graduation from USC, Dr. Horne entered active duty with the U.S. Army and practiced dentistry at Fort Knox, Kentucky, for four years. During this time, in 2010, he was deployed as part of a medical unit to Baghdad, Iraq, to provide dental and triage support to military and civilian workers who were involved in the effort there. During his military service, he received multiple Army Achievement Medals, the Army Commendation Medal, and served as company commander. After leaving the Army in 2011, Dr. Horne joined a private practice in La Jolla, Calif., and became credentialed with Scripps Memorial Hospital La Jolla as a dental consultant. Health and education are of paramount importance to Dr. Horne, and since 2012, he has been writing dental articles for MedicineNet and WebMD to provide accurate information about oral health to the public. He is a member of the American Dental Association (ADA), Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), California Dental Association (CDA), and the San Diego County Dental Society and American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD). He is a preferred provider with Invisalign and spends countless hours each year pursuing continuing education in order to maintain a standard of excellence in dentistry. Dr. Horne has been married for 15 years to his wife, Christy. They have 3-year-old twins, Camille and Trent, and very recently welcomed their third child, Colette Elise, on July 6! The heart and soul of the family is Roscoe, their chocolate Labrador. Best Dentist Implants London

No, sadly. When you are first born, you grow baby teeth. Then as you grow older and older, your adult teeth grow in and your baby teeth fall out. After all of your adult teeth are grown in, if one of them falls out, they will not grow back. However, dentists have all sorts of options like dentures, bridges, implants, etc. to help when people lose teeth. NHS Dentist London
Once successful periodontal treatment has been completed, with or without surgery, an ongoing regimen of "periodontal maintenance" is required. This involves regular checkups and detailed cleanings every three months to prevent repopulation of periodontitis-causing microorganisms, and to closely monitor affected teeth so early treatment can be rendered if the disease recurs. Usually, periodontal disease exists due to poor plaque control, therefore if the brushing techniques are not modified, a periodontal recurrence is probable. Islington Orthodontist
Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone.
Most dental implant procedures involve less discomfort than a tooth extraction. When we see patients for follow up visits, most of them tell us how surprised they were with how little discomfort they had! (TRUE!) Our office is equipped with doctors and a staff trained to safely provide conventional methods of anesthesia as well as a variety of intravenous sedation anesthesia options. Operative procedures will seem both pleasant and brief when effective local and IV anesthesia is chosen. Dental Implants Coventry Dentists Show Best Same Day Full Whole Mouth Dental Teeth Implants Verum UK
We’ve also found that, though their website would suggest they operate on a 24-hour basis, some dentistry offices actually don’t offer 24-hour service. Unfortunately, this is incredibly frustrating for patients who need immediate help to deal with, especially if they’ve already made the trip down to the office to find a locked door and no help in sight.
Once adequate, strong bone is present, the site is ready for the implant. At the implant placement appointment, the dental implant (titanium post) is placed into the bone with a special drill and tools. A "healing cap" is placed over the implant, the gum is stitched up, and the healing phase begins. During this healing phase, a temporary denture can be made to replace missing teeth for esthetic purposes. Healing time depends greatly on the quality of bone present. Healing time is usually anywhere from two to six months. During this time, the implant becomes integrated with the bone. It's important to avoid placing any force or stress on the dental implant as it heals. Follow-up appointments to check the surgical site are typically done to ensure that no infection exists and healing is taking place.
More than 60% of Americans have naturally sensitive teeth. This is most often caused by genetics, thin enamel, or crack/damaged teeth. During the whitening process, it is completely normal for sensitivity to occur. The teeth become temporarily dehydrated which reduces their ability to insulate the nerve from changes in temperature. Sensitivity will disappear 12-36 hours after whitening. Dentists and hygienists recommend a post-whitening fluoride treatment to nourish the teeth and promote rehydration.
User reviews for the Luster Pro Light system are pretty "meh," with just average ratings overall -- although we only found a few dozen reviews. Most say it does a good job, some say they didn't see any difference. Although experts say these lights are more hype than anything, a lot of the reviewers felt the light really helped to "lighten" their teeth up.

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If you wake up on a Saturday morning to a throbbing, abscessed tooth, Dr. Paschal will come into the office to relieve your discomfort until you can come back for root canal therapy. Should your dental crown come loose, he’ll meet you at the office just to cement it securely back in place to get you by. Please don’t think that your emergency isn’t important to us!

Welcome to Hayfield Dental Care, a long established dental and orthodontic practice in the Kingstowne area of Alexandria, Virginia. Since opening in 1987, our doctors have treated over 33,000 different patients. In fact, if you live in Kingstowne, we have probably treated many of your neighbors. Ask them what they think of us. Most of our patients are referred by existing patients and we consider that the highest compliment. We offer comprehensive dentistry for the entire family, including general treatment, teeth whitening, dentures, and tooth-colored fillings.

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When it comes to buying LED teeth whitening kits, there are a few things you should be aware of to make the best choice for your needs. Of course, not all tooth whitening kits are created equal, and that goes for the blue LED lights that come with these kits as well. Investing in a tooth whitening system is affordable and practical, and it can give you real results if you know what to look for in a good tooth whitening system. Remember, these are all at-home tooth whitening kits; professional kits that you would buy from your dentist’s office are different.

We are an Emergency Dental Service that has been relieving toothaches all over the 50 United States for many years. Our extensive network of independently owned dental offices have agreed to see patients on short notice, usually within 24 hours of a telephone call. Most offices are open 6 days a week many offices will see an emergency patient after normal business hours, weekends and holidays. Payment is expected at the time of treatment, no deferred billing arrangements are available. We do not accept State Insurance. Cost of Dental Implants HIDDEN DANGERS
Whitening is unlikely to cause serious side effects, although some people's teeth may become more sensitive for a short while. You may get mild gum irritation as well. Women should not have their teeth whitened while pregnant. The effect of the whitening materials on the development of the fetus is not known. Since the procedure is cosmetic, it should be postponed until after delivery.
Some whitening products you get through dentists' offices as well as professionally applied (in-office) bleaching products have the American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of Acceptance, which tells you that the product meets ADA guidelines for safety and effectiveness. Currently, only dentist-dispensed home-use products containing 10% carbamide peroxide and office-applied products containing 35% hydrogen peroxide have this seal.
Once your gum disease is under control, it is very important for you to get dental care on a consistent basis. The periodic cleanings recommended after these treatments are called periodontal maintenance care. These cleanings are more extensive than the standard cleaning and will help you keep your gums healthy.  Your periodontal maintenance involves cleanings that are deeper than a normal cleaning in the dental office. With periodic maintenance, the amount of plaque bacteria is lowered. Then, the inflammation can get better, pockets can shrink and your gums can become healthier.

The gel has a concentration of 35% carbamide peroxide, and the syringes contain enough gel for 20+ treatments, but you will see results after the first. It can be used once a day for up to 30 minutes each. But it doesn’t just stop at whitening your teeth, it polishes your teeth and even helps remove plaque, improving the dental condition and overall oral health. It is safe for your enamel, caps, crowns and veneers.
You will generally be able to tell if you have an oral infection because of the pain. It starts out small but will completely take over your mouth if left untreated. You will also notice the swelling and the redness of your gums, as well. Most oral infections can be treated safely if caught early and some will lead to needing to have a tooth extraction or root canal.

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We’re dedicated to making dental care affordable. From cleanings to more extensive work, we aim to give you the best care for the lowest cost. This means we accept a variety of third-party financing options for your convenience. After consulting with our dental team and deciding on your dental treatment plan for your dental implants, you’ll have the Aspen Dental Peace of Mind Promise® to ensure that the cost of your dental implants won’t be a surprise, ever.
ClearChoice Dental Implant Centers are locally owned and operated by licensed dentists, and are part of a professional affiliation of implant practices operated by oral surgeons, prosthodontists, and restorative dentists across the U.S. A majority of patients (and approximately 90% of Minnesota patients) qualify for same day implants and can have their procedure in one day after initial workup, without additional bone graft surgery, and may leave the office that same day with provisional prostheses and the final prostheses to be placed later. Results may vary in individual cases. Both general dentists and specialists in some states. Dental implants are not a recognized specialty. Dental specialists are specialists in oral maxillofacial surgery and prosthodontics. Limited services available at satellite offices. Kings Cross Dental Clinic - Dentists in London

More important than any treatment you receive in our offices, your personal, daily efforts to improve your teeth, gums, and diet contribute to life-long oral health. This includes brushing, flossing, prioritizing good nutrition, quitting smoking, minimizing soda consumption, controlling your risk for diabetes and heart disease, and generally loving your mouth.

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Bone grafts. This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of bone, which restores stability to teeth. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate. Introduction to our Dental Clinic in London Bridge - Londent Oral Care
We are an Emergency Dental Service that has been relieving toothaches all over the 50 United States for many years. Our extensive network of independently owned dental offices have agreed to see patients on short notice, usually within 24 hours of a telephone call. Most offices are open 6 days a week many offices will see an emergency patient after normal business hours, weekends and holidays. Payment is expected at the time of treatment, no deferred billing arrangements are available. We do not accept State Insurance.

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There has been interest in white teeth since ancient times.[45] Ancient Romans used urine and goat milk in an attempt to make and keep their teeth whiter.[citation needed] Guy de Chauliac suggested the following to whiten the teeth: "Clean the teeth gently with a mixture of honey and burnt salt to which some vinegar has been added."[45] In 1877 oxalic acid was proposed for whitening, followed by calcium hypochlorite.[45] Peroxide was first used for tooth whitening in 1884.[45] The Coolest Dentist in London
To find out if you’re eligible for NHS orthodontic treatment you’ll need to first visit your general dentist for an initial assessment. If they determine a possible need for treatment, they will then refer you to us for a free NHS consultation. During this free consultation, your teeth will be assessed using a set of measurements called the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). Dental Implant Specialist London - Forest & Ray Dental
Supervised vs. unsupervised process. First, your dentist can perform an oral exam and consider your complete medical history, which can be helpful in determining if bleaching is an appropriate course of treatment based on the type and extent of stains, and the number and location of restorations. Your dentist can then better match the type of stain with the best treatment, if appropriate, to lighten those stains.
Nearly half the initial change in color provided by an intensive in-office treatment (i.e., 1 hour treatment in a dentist's chair) may be lost in seven days.[42] Rebound is experienced when a large proportion of the tooth whitening has come from tooth dehydration (also a significant factor in causing sensitivity).[43] As the tooth rehydrates, tooth color "rebounds", back toward where it started.[44]
Dental implants have undoubtedly been one of the most important advancements in oral health over the past years. Dental implants are anchored in the jaw and thus provide unmatched stability when compared to temporary bridges or dentures. Dental Implants allow patients to chew and bite just like they do with their natural teeth – without restriction. Maryland Oral Surgery Associates is proud to offer dental implants at all our locations: Annapolis, Bethesda, College Park, Crofton / Gambrills, Frederick, Laurel, Rockville and Silver Spring. Contact the office closest to you to schedule your consultation!
Age: There is a direct correlation between tooth color and age. Over the years, teeth darken as a result of wear and tear and stain accumulation. Teenagers will likely experience immediate, dramatic results from whitening. In the twenties, as the teeth begin to show a yellow cast, whitening may require a little more effort. By the forties, the yellow gives way to brown and more maintenance may be called for. By the fifties, the teeth have absorbed a host of stubborn stains which can prove difficult (but not impossible) to remove. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London

A removable implant supported denture (also an implant supported overdenture[9](p31)) is a type of dental prosthesis which is not permanently fixed in place. The dental prosthesis can be disconnected from the implant abutments with finger pressure by the wearer. To enable this, the abutment is shaped as a small connector (a button, ball, bar or magnet) which can be connected to analogous adapters in the underside of the dental prosthesis. Facial prosthetics, used to correct facial deformities (e.g. from cancer treatment or injuries) can use connections to implants placed in the facial bones.[10] Depending on the situation the implant may be used to retain either a fixed or removable prosthetic that replaces part of the face.[11]


This course will assist clinicians with their evidence-based-decision-making and dialogue with patients when discussing matters of causality. From a public health and epidemiological perspective, this course will provide participants with the tools to evaluate cause and effect relationships and to better understand the principles of determining causality.
Dr. Steve Horne began his career at Brigham Young University obtaining his BA in English. He earned his doctorate of dental surgery in 2007 from the University of Southern California where his pursuit for academic excellence landed him on the dean's list. He was recognized for his superior clinical skills and invited to help teach other dental students in courses on restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and tooth anatomy. During dental school, he provided dental care for underserved populations of Los Angeles and Orange County, Mexico, and Costa Rica with the international volunteer organization AYUDA. After graduation from USC, Dr. Horne entered active duty with the U.S. Army and practiced dentistry at Fort Knox, Kentucky, for four years. During this time, in 2010, he was deployed as part of a medical unit to Baghdad, Iraq, to provide dental and triage support to military and civilian workers who were involved in the effort there. During his military service, he received multiple Army Achievement Medals, the Army Commendation Medal, and served as company commander. After leaving the Army in 2011, Dr. Horne joined a private practice in La Jolla, Calif., and became credentialed with Scripps Memorial Hospital La Jolla as a dental consultant. Health and education are of paramount importance to Dr. Horne, and since 2012, he has been writing dental articles for MedicineNet and WebMD to provide accurate information about oral health to the public. He is a member of the American Dental Association (ADA), Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), California Dental Association (CDA), and the San Diego County Dental Society and American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD). He is a preferred provider with Invisalign and spends countless hours each year pursuing continuing education in order to maintain a standard of excellence in dentistry. Dr. Horne has been married for 15 years to his wife, Christy. They have 3-year-old twins, Camille and Trent, and very recently welcomed their third child, Colette Elise, on July 6! The heart and soul of the family is Roscoe, their chocolate Labrador. Best Dentist in London
For minor discoloration that is confined to one or two teeth, you can try using a teeth-whitening pen. A tooth-whitening pen uses the same types of ingredients present in a teeth-whitening treatment but allows you to precisely apply the bleach to the stain. Like teeth-whitening kits, pens must be used repeatedly over an extended period of time to produce noticeable results. Dental Assisting at Camden County College

The planning process for dental implants may involve a variety of specialists, including a doctor who specializes in conditions of the mouth, jaw and face (oral and maxillofacial surgeon), a dentist specializing in treating structures that support the teeth, such as gums and bones (periodontist), a dentist who designs and fits artificial teeth (prosthodontist), or occasionally an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist. London W1 Dentist
The Dental Care Cost Estimator sometimes groups together, into "treatment categories," services that are often delivered together to address a particular dental problem. The description of different treatment categories, and the inclusion of particular services in a treatment category, is not advice that any particular treatment category is the right treatment for you or that you should not obtain any particular treatment. All of those matters are things that you should decide, in consultation with your dental care professionals. This cost estimator is intended for use in the 50 states, Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories. If you live outside the U.S., you may see information on this cost estimator about products or services that are not available or authorized in your country. Kings Cross Dental Clinic - Dentists in London
Put simply, whitening toothpastes and mouthwashes cannot remove deep stains as well as whitening treatments. Each of your teeth is made up of multiple layers. First, a layer of enamel offers defense for the crowns of your teeth, the part that exists above the gum line. But over time, the stuff you eat and drink — berries, red wine, coffee — forms another layer, the pellicle layer, on top of your enamel.
The long-term success of implants is determined, in part, by the forces they have to support. As implants have no periodontal ligament, there is no sensation of pressure when biting so the forces created are higher. To offset this, the location of implants must distribute forces evenly across the prosthetics they support.[18](pp15–39) Concentrated forces can result in fracture of the bridgework, implant components, or loss of bone adjacent the implant.[19] The ultimate location of implants is based on both biologic (bone type, vital structures, health) and mechanical factors. Implants placed in thicker, stronger bone like that found in the front part of the bottom jaw have lower failure rates than implants placed in lower density bone, such as the back part of the upper jaw. People who grind their teeth also increase the force on implants and increase the likelihood of failures.[8](p201–208) Dentist and patient position
Glamorous Whitestrips have 9.5% hydrogen peroxide content (according to customer service), which our experts recommend. But the product also has an ADA Seal of Acceptance that verifies it’s safe to use and measures up to its marketing claims. While we know from past experience that gaining a seal doesn’t mean a product is the only one that meets ADA standards — companies have to apply and the ADA isn’t always transparent about the application process — the seal is a valuable sign of quality that removes doubt in a world of sketchy whitening claims. Best Tooth Replacement Solution. Dental Implant Specialist London & Budapest
Removal of microbial plaque and calculus is necessary to establish periodontal health. The first step in the treatment of periodontitis involves nonsurgical cleaning below the gumline with a procedure called Root Surface Instrumentation or RSI, this causes a mechanical disturbance to the bacterial biofilm below the gumline.[40] This procedure involves the use of specialized curettes to mechanically remove plaque and calculus from below the gumline, and may require multiple visits and local anesthesia to adequately complete. In addition to initial Root Surface Instrumentation, it may also be necessary to adjust the occlusion (bite) to prevent excessive force on teeth that have reduced bone support. Also, it may be necessary to complete any other dental needs, such as replacement of rough, plaque-retentive restorations, closure of open contacts between teeth, and any other requirements diagnosed at the initial evaluation. It is important to note that RSI is different to Scaling and Root planing: RSI only removes the calculus, whilst scaling and root planing removes the calculus as well as underlying softened dentine, which leaves behind a smooth and glassy surface, which is not a requiste for periodontal healing. Therefore RSI is now advocated over root planing.[40] Tooth Implants Camden
^ Beck, James D.; Elter, John R.; Heiss, Gerardo; Couper, David; Mauriello, Sally M.; Offenbacher, Steven (2001). "Relationship of Periodontal Disease to Carotid Artery Intima-Media Wall Thickness : The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study". Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. 21 (11): 1816–22. doi:10.1161/hq1101.097803. Holborn Dentist London WC1
A dental abscess is an infection that occurs in or around a tooth root. Abscesses can cause serious dental pain, and they can be dangerous as they might spread into the jaw bone, nearby teeth, or even your blood. It's important to seek treatment for a suspected dental abscess as soon as possible to reduce the chance of the infection spreading. If you have a fever or severe pain, call an emergency dentist for immediate care. If you do not have a fever and are able to manage your pain with over-the-counter pain relievers, you can call your general dentist in the morning; they will probably want to see you the same day or the next day.
Another purported method of naturally whitening the teeth is through the use of activated charcoal. Technically, activated charcoal doesn't "whiten" your teeth, it simply helps remove stains from the surface your teeth[32]. It is important to highlight some dentist believe activated charcoal should not be used for teeth whitening whilst others believe there is rational for using activated charcoal for teeth whitening as it may help absorb discolourations in your tooth enamel[33].

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To achieve an adequate width and height of bone, various bone grafting techniques have been developed. The most frequently used is called guided bone graft augmentation where a defect is filled with either natural (harvested or autograft) bone or allograft (donor bone or synthetic bone substitute), covered with a semi-permeable membrane and allowed to heal. During the healing phase, natural bone replaces the graft forming a new bony base for the implant.[27]:223
If you’ve lost bone in your jaw, you may need a bone graft before getting implants. That would mean more surgery and more healing time, but implants may still be an option. “There are many patients that present with no bone, when in fact there is bone for implant placement,” says Oxnard, California, dentist Dr. Saj Jivraj. “With sophisticated computer diagnostics, there are very few patients that actually require grafting when we are replacing teeth for the whole jaw.”
Internal staining of dentine can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized teeth that have undergone endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) but are discolored due to internal staining of the tooth structure by blood and other fluids that leaked in. Unlike external bleaching, which brightens teeth from the outside in, internal bleaching brightens teeth from the inside out. Bleaching the tooth internally involves drilling a hole to the pulp chamber no more than 2mm below the gingival margin, cleaning any infected or discoloured dentine, sealing, and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside of the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel or sodium perborate tetrahydrate into the pulp chamber so they can work directly inside the tooth on the dentine layer.[citation needed] In this variation of whitening the whitening agent is sealed within the tooth over a period of some days and replaced as needed, the so-called "walking bleach" technique.[citation needed]. A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption. Dental Clinic
The light is specifically developed to work with this kit. You are advised by the manufacturers to discard it once it has been operated for the full number of Whitestrips in the packet. It is not clear whether it will stop working or whether it will just work less efficiently. Having said that, you may not need to continue treatments past the suggested 10 anyway if you have already achieved your results.
Bone grafting. This procedure is performed when periodontitis has destroyed the bone surrounding your tooth root. The graft may be composed of small fragments of your own bone, or the bone may be synthetic or donated. The bone graft helps prevent tooth loss by holding your tooth in place. It also serves as a platform for the regrowth of natural bone. Kings Cross Dentist London WC1
Most of us start out with sparkling white teeth, thanks to their porcelain-like enamel surface. Composed of microscopic crystalline rods, tooth enamel is designed to protect the teeth from the effects of chewing, gnashing, trauma and acid attacks caused by sugar. But over the years enamel is worn down, becoming more transparent and permitting the yellow color of dentin — the tooth’s core material — to show through.
Sensitivity: Bleaching can cause a temporary increase in sensitivity to temperature, pressure and touch. This is likeliest to occur during in-office whitening, where higher-concentration bleach is used. Some individuals experience spontaneous shooting pains (“zingers”) down the middle of their front teeth. Individuals at greatest risk for whitening sensitivity are those with gum recession, significant cracks in their teeth or leakage resulting from faulty restorations. It has also been reported that redheads, including those with no other risk factors, are at particular risk for tooth sensitivity and zingers. Whitening sensitivity lasts no longer than a day or two, but in some cases may persist up to a month. Some dentists recommend a toothpaste containing potassium nitrate for sensitive teeth.
Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution -- which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent. The tray is worn for a period of time, generally from a couple of hours a day to every day during the night for up to four weeks and even longer (depending on the degree of discoloration and desired level of whitening). Dental Clinic
Power or light-accelerated bleaching, sometimes colloquially referred to as laser bleaching (a common misconception since lasers are an older technology that was used before current technologies were developed), uses light energy which is intended to accelerate the process of bleaching in a dental office. Different types of energy can be used in this procedure, with the most common being halogen, LED, or plasma arc. Use of light during bleaching increases the risk of tooth sensitivity and may not be any more effective than bleaching without light when high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide are used.[17] Recent research has shown that the use of a light activator does not improve bleaching, has no measurable effect and most likely to increase the temperature of the associated tissues, resulting in damage.[18][19]
Smoking can also make gum disease worse. People who smoke are more likely to produce bacterial plaque, which leads to gum disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so the infected gums don't heal. Smoking causes people to have more plaque and the gum disease to get worse more quickly than in non-smokers. Gum disease is still a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Kings Cross Dental Clinic - Dentists in London

Spray it on. Try incorporating the use of a spray containing chlorhexidine (CHX), a powerful anti-bacterial with plaque-inhibiting properties, in your dental care routine. One study on elderly patients, a group at risk for periodontal disease, found that a once-daily application of a 0.2% CHX spray reduced plaque accumulation and inflammation caused by gingivitis.[6]

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A dental abscess is an infection that occurs in or around a tooth root. Abscesses can cause serious dental pain, and they can be dangerous as they might spread into the jaw bone, nearby teeth, or even your blood. It's important to seek treatment for a suspected dental abscess as soon as possible to reduce the chance of the infection spreading. If you have a fever or severe pain, call an emergency dentist for immediate care. If you do not have a fever and are able to manage your pain with over-the-counter pain relievers, you can call your general dentist in the morning; they will probably want to see you the same day or the next day.
Gum disease is a sneaky, progressive disease, and here's why: The first stage, called gingivitis, occurs when bacterial plaque is not thoroughly removed from your teeth. Red, swollen and bleeding gums are the telltale signs of this infection, but the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) assures that this condition is easily reversible with daily brushing and flossing – and a professional cleaning at the dentist's office. Dental Implant Specialist Budapest and London - Dental tourism Review.
Depending on which system you choose to whiten your teeth at home, you may find yourself doing several treatments over several days, or doing just two treatments with a few months interval. Generally, treatments that are fast, such as a system that requires only two treatments with an interval, won’t provide long-lasting results the way a more gradual treatment system would. The longer you apply the light and whitening gel, the better the results will be. However, don’t overuse any system that you buy. It is important to always follow all the instructions that come with the kit you choose to invest in so that you don’t cause unwanted damage to your teeth. Dentist Kings Cross
However, later research suggests that the initial stability of the implant in bone is a more important determinant of success of implant integration, rather than a certain period of healing time. As a result, the time allowed to heal is typically based on the density of bone the implant is placed in and the number of implants splinted together, rather than a uniform amount of time. When implants can withstand high torque (35 Ncm) and are splinted to other implants, there are no meaningful differences in long-term implant survival or bone loss between implants loaded immediately, at three months, or at six months.[25] The corollary is that single implants, even in solid bone, require a period of no-load to minimize the risk of initial failure.[26]
There are great advantages to choosing a dental implant for tooth replacement over the other options. Dental implants are conservative in that missing teeth can be replaced without affecting or altering the adjacent teeth. Furthermore, because dental implants integrate into the bone structure, they are very stable and can have the look and feel of one's own natural teeth.

A typical conventional implant consists of a titanium screw (resembling a tooth root) with a roughened or smooth surface. The majority of dental implants are made out of commercially pure titanium, which is available in four grades depending upon the amount of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and iron contained.[53] Cold work hardened CP4 (maximum impurity limits of N .05 percent, C .10 percent, H .015 percent, Fe .50 percent, and O .40 percent) is the most commonly used titanium for implants. Grade 5 titanium, Titanium 6AL-4V, (signifying the titanium alloy containing 6 percent aluminium and 4 percent vanadium alloy) is slightly harder than CP4 and used in the industry mostly for abutment screws and abutments.[54](pp284–285) Most modern dental implants also have a textured surface (through etching, anodic oxidation or various-media blasting) to increase the surface area and osseointegration potential of the implant.[55](p55) How much do dentures and implants cost?
To better serve you, we stay up to date with advanced dental technologies and appliances like: Invisalign® (clear braces), intraoral cameras, the ZOOM Teeth Whitening system, and digital X-rays. Another piece of equipment we utilize is the Wand®, a computerized anesthetic delivery system that is more comfortable and less frightening for you and your family than an old-fashioned shot. We also have flat screen televisions in each treatment room so you can enjoy watching a movie during your dental procedure. Saturday and evening hours available and we offer a variety of payment options, including an interest-free plan through Ballwin Dental CareCredit. Call us today if you would like to schedule an appointment.

The word "periodontitis" (Greek: περιοδοντίτις) comes from the Greek peri, "around", odous (GEN odontos), "tooth", and the suffix -itis, in medical terminology "inflammation".[69] The word pyorrhea (alternative spelling: pyorrhoea) comes from the Greek pyorrhoia (πυόρροια), "discharge of matter", itself from pyon, "discharge from a sore", rhoē, "flow", and the suffix -ia.[70] In English this term can describe, as in Greek, any discharge of pus; i.e. it is not restricted to these diseases of the teeth.[71]

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Many people do things that can compromise their teeth, without realizing it. For instance, chewing on ice, crunching hard candy or eating popcorn kernels can crack teeth without you even knowing. If you use your teeth to tear open packages instead of using scissors, this can cause tiny cracks in your teeth and in the enamel that protects you teeth that you can’t see with the naked eye.
To achieve an adequate width and height of bone, various bone grafting techniques have been developed. The most frequently used is called guided bone graft augmentation where a defect is filled with either natural (harvested or autograft) bone or allograft (donor bone or synthetic bone substitute), covered with a semi-permeable membrane and allowed to heal. During the healing phase, natural bone replaces the graft forming a new bony base for the implant.[27]:223

You also can buy whitening products over the counter. They contain a weaker whitening agent than the products you can get from your dentist. Therefore, whitening may take longer. The whitening agent is applied as a gel placed in a mouthpiece or as a strip that sticks to your teeth. Over-the-counter mouthpieces fit less securely than the kind you get from your dentist.

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What's in that teeth whitening product? We wanted to include the percentage of whitening ingredient in each of the teeth whitening products that we recommend, but it's not easy to ascertain that number because the manufacturers do not include those specifics on their websites. In each case, we reached out to the manufacturer to verify ingredient percentages, with mixed results. Some makers were glad to share percentages, others politely declined, saying that was considered proprietary information.
No, which is why it’s important to talk to your dentist before deciding to whiten your teeth, as whiteners may not correct all types of discoloration. For example, yellow teeth will probably bleach well, brown teeth may not respond as well and teeth with gray tones may not bleach at all. Whitening will not work on caps, veneers, crowns or fillings. It also won’t be effective if your tooth discoloration is caused by medications or a tooth injury. Dental Implants offered by Chase Lodge Dental in Mill Hill North London
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