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Reduce stress. According to the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), there's a link between stress and your dental health. People under stress have a compromised immune system that makes it harder for them to fight off the bacteria that causes periodontal disease and makes them more prone to gum infection, but also general problems such as diabetes or heart disease.
There are a few other discolorations that whitening procedures cannot change. If you took tetracycline as a kid, say for an ear infection, you might have antibiotic staining of the teeth. Or if your teeth suffered trauma when you were young and your enamel was still forming, whitening won't work. Dentists refer to these discolorations as intrinsic stains.
If you're looking for an easy approach to tooth whitening, you can use stain-removal toothpaste. These products typically contain abrasives that lift away stains by producing friction as you brush. While teeth-whitening toothpaste can be effective at minimizing stains, they take longer to produce results. Keep in mind that teeth-whitening toothpaste can only address surface stains caused by smoking, food and drinks, as they do not contain bleaching agents. Kings Dental Clinic - Cosmetic Dentistry -Dental Experts-London-Hammersmith/Olympia
Of course, you can’t forget about some of the more common advantages of dental implants. Unlike dentures, they never slip or move—and you don’t have to use special cleaners and adhesives. Unlike fixed bridgework, dental implants don’t require adjacent healthy teeth to be filed down. And, there’s this fact to consider: studies have reported that the long-term success rate of implants is over 95%.* Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
Our primary service is a toll-free helpline which you can call at 1 (888) 420-6826. This number is available at any hour of the day or night and can be called on any day of the week, including nights and holidays. Our referral specialists are polite, professional, and extremely well-trained. They will work with you to find an emergency dentist who is close to your home, qualified to help with your specific dental problem, and willing to work with your level of income. Our specialists have been working to connect patients with dentists for years now and can even set up the appointment for you if you so desire!
The term “whitening” on the other hand, refers to restoring a tooth’s surface color by removing dirt and debris. So technically speaking, any product that is used to clean the teeth (like a toothpaste) is considered a whitener. Of course, the term whitening sounds better than bleaching, so it is more frequently used — even when describing products that contain bleach. Emergency Dentist Kensington
For an implant to become permanently stable, the body must grow bone to the surface of the implant (osseointegration). Based on this biologic process, it was thought that loading an implant during the osseointegration period would result in movement that would prevent osseointegration, and thus increase implant failure rates. As a result, three to six months of integrating time (depending on various factors) was allowed before placing the teeth on implants (restoring them).[8]
While the primary function of dental implants is for teeth replacement, there are areas in which implants can assist in other dental procedures. Due to their stability, dental implants can be used to support a removable denture and provide a more secure and comfortable fit. In addition, for orthodontics procedures, dental mini-implants can act as temporary anchorage devices (TAD) to help move teeth to a desired position. These mini-implants are small and temporarily fixed to bone while assisting in anchorage for teeth movement. They are subsequently removed after their function has been served.

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Prevention of gingivitis and periodontal disease is very simple in most cases. Gum disease is best prevented through proper plaque control. This involves brushing to remove plaque from the outer surfaces of the teeth and flossing to remove food particles and plaque from in between the teeth. Electronic toothbrushes tend to make it easier to remove plaque from some of the harder to reach areas of the mouth. Using a mouthwash after brushing and flossing can also help by reducing the bacteria that cause gingivitis. Selling Your Dental Practice Presentation to Dentists London May 23 2014 Part 1
According to a European Council regulation, only a qualified dental professional can legally provide tooth whitening products using 0.1 - 6% hydrogen peroxide, and that the patient must be at least 18 years old.[61] Over recent years, there have been rising concerns over unlicensed staff providing poor quality tooth whitening treatment. Significant evidence has been gathered that tooth whitening procedures have been offered by beauty salons and health clinics under unskilled staff without dental qualifications.[62] A group of recognised dental boards and organisations called The Tooth Whitening Information Group (TWIG) was established to promote safe and productive tooth whitening information and guidance for the benefit of the public. Reports can be made by the public to TWIG through their website regarding any individual providing illegal tooth whitening services, or if they personally undergone treatment done by an incompetent staff who is not a dental professional.
This section from a panoramic X-ray film depicts the teeth of the lower left quadrant, exhibiting generalized severe bone loss of 30–80%. The red line depicts the existing bone level, whereas the yellow line depicts where the gingiva was located originally (1–2 mm above the bone), prior to the person developing periodontal disease. The pink arrow, on the right, points to a furcation involvement, or the loss of enough bone to reveal the location at which the individual roots of a molar begin to branch from the single root trunk; this is a sign of advanced periodontal disease. The blue arrow, in the middle, shows up to 80% bone loss on tooth #21, and clinically, this tooth exhibited gross mobility. Finally, the peach oval, to the left, highlights the aggressive nature with which periodontal disease generally affects mandibular incisors. Because their roots are generally situated very close to each other, with minimal interproximal bone, and because of their location in the mouth, where plaque and calculus accumulation is greatest because of the pooling of saliva,[citation needed] mandibular anteriors suffer excessively. The split in the red line depicts varying densities of bone that contribute to a vague region of definitive bone height.
Many people do things that can compromise their teeth, without realizing it. For instance, chewing on ice, crunching hard candy or eating popcorn kernels can crack teeth without you even knowing. If you use your teeth to tear open packages instead of using scissors, this can cause tiny cracks in your teeth and in the enamel that protects you teeth that you can’t see with the naked eye.

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The ingredients in this system are similar to the kind of whitening gels dentist use across the United States and Europe, and so you can expect great results. The kit only comes with six treatments, which is much less than some of the other kits, but because there is no set schedule to follow and this kit is meant to deliver results over time, it seems reasonable to have only six treatments.

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Ask the Dentist has grown from just myself and my daughters huddled around the kitchen table, editing articles and learning how to create a blog, to having a large team who work tirelessly to keep the website running. This is why the articles you read on Ask the Dentist may contain affiliate links, which allow us to receive a small commission (at no added cost to you.) Your support helps this little family business spread our message around the world. Thank you! Veneers at The London Cosmetic Dentistry

Professional whitening kits incorporate mouth trays because they completely cover the teeth, inside and out, for even whitening all over. However, those kits you get from your dentist can cost hundreds of dollars. While the Plus White 5-Minute Speed Whitening System won't give you professional results, for the very reasonable price users say it noticeably whitens their teeth over the two-week treatment period -- and expert testing backs that up. For very stained teeth, you can use it up to 20 minutes per day. Aesthetic Dentistry MSc | King's College London
Power or light-accelerated bleaching, sometimes colloquially referred to as laser bleaching (a common misconception since lasers are an older technology that was used before current technologies were developed), uses light energy which is intended to accelerate the process of bleaching in a dental office. Different types of energy can be used in this procedure, with the most common being halogen, LED, or plasma arc. Use of light during bleaching increases the risk of tooth sensitivity and may not be any more effective than bleaching without light when high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide are used.[17] Recent research has shown that the use of a light activator does not improve bleaching, has no measurable effect and most likely to increase the temperature of the associated tissues, resulting in damage.[18][19] Very upsetting and emotional video.. NHS Dental care, do not trust them
The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 2
If you’ve lost bone in your jaw, you may need a bone graft before getting implants. That would mean more surgery and more healing time, but implants may still be an option. “There are many patients that present with no bone, when in fact there is bone for implant placement,” says Oxnard, California, dentist Dr. Saj Jivraj. “With sophisticated computer diagnostics, there are very few patients that actually require grafting when we are replacing teeth for the whole jaw.”
Make a sea salt solution. Dissolve a small amount of sea salt in a cup of warm water. Swish a sip of the solution in your mouth for 30 seconds and spit it out. Repeat several times. Salt water will reduce swollen gums, gum bleeding and will also decrease the swelling caused by infection. However, if the infection has advanced to an abscess, then you will need antibiotics. Add this mouth rinse to your twice-daily brushing routine. 

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For minor discoloration that is confined to one or two teeth, you can try using a teeth-whitening pen. A tooth-whitening pen uses the same types of ingredients present in a teeth-whitening treatment but allows you to precisely apply the bleach to the stain. Like teeth-whitening kits, pens must be used repeatedly over an extended period of time to produce noticeable results. Dental Assisting at Camden County College
Regardless of the abutment material or technique, an impression of the abutment is then taken and a crown secured to the abutment with dental cement. Another variation on abutment/crown model is when the crown and abutment are one piece and the lag-screw traverses both to secure the one-piece structure to the internal thread on the implant. There does not appear to be any benefit, in terms of success, for cement versus screw-retained prosthetics, although the latter is believed to be easier to maintain (and change when the prosthetic fractures) and the former offers high esthetic performance.[22](p1233) Pickering Dental Care Fife for FREE TOOTH WHITENING in Fife for new private patients
^ Jump up to: a b Papaspyridakos, P.; Mokti, M.; Chen, C. J.; Benic, G. I.; Gallucci, G. O.; Chronopoulos, V (Jan 2013). "Implant and Prosthodontic Survival Rates with Implant Fixed Complete Dental Prostheses in the Edentulous Mandible after at Least 5 Years: A Systematic Review". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 16 (5): 705–717. doi:10.1111/cid.12036. PMID 23311617. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.
How to Prevent Gum InfectionJust about every area of your body is susceptible to infection, including your mouth. And if you have an infection, it’s important to get treatment promptly. In the case of your mouth, infected gums can not only be very painful, they can also be a sign of a more serious condition such as advanced periodontal disease, otherwise known as periodontitis.Periodontitis affects the area of your mouth just below the gum line, in the v-shaped crevice between your tooth and gums, known as the sulcus. This impacts the attachment of your tooth and causes the nearby tissue to break down. Once the tissue is damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket that can store bacteria and lead to gum infection. Since gums provide fundamental support for our teeth, it’s vital to keep them, and your gum line, in good health.Gum Infection SymptomsAlthough serious gum infections aren’t extremely common, they can lead to major issues if not treated in a timely manner. While most of us want to keep our teeth and gums healthy, your gums can be prone to gum infection if not cared for properly. Identifying warning signs that can lead to infected gums is an important way to help prevent further gum disease and all the side effects that come with it.Signs that you may have infected gums include:
Ask the Dentist is supported by readers. If you use one of the links below and buy something, Ask the Dentist makes a little bit of money at no additional cost to you. I rigorously research, test, and use thousands of products every year, but recommend only a small fraction of these. I only promote products that I truly feel will be valuable to you in improving your oral health. Best Cosmetic Dentist In London | Book A Free Consultation
Your dentist or periodontist is able to perform most procedures in his or her office. The time needed to perform the procedure, your degree of discomfort, and time needed to heal will vary from patient to patient depending on the type and extent of the procedure and your overall health. Local anesthesia to numb the treatment area may be given before some treatments. If necessary, a medication may be given to help you relax. Dental Implants in London

When you have a dental emergency, waiting days or even weeks for a dental appointment means that your discomfort continues and your condition possibly worsens. A walk-in dentist is available to treat your dental emergency immediately, making this dental option the best choice for a painful dental emergency. This is especially important if your dental condition includes an infection like an abscess, a tooth that has been knocked out or a painful toothache that occurs without explanation. A dental emergency like a lost filling or a loose crown can usually wait until you are able to make a dental appointment.
Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery). Your periodontist makes tiny incisions in your gum so that a section of gum tissue can be lifted back, exposing the roots for more effective scaling and root planing. Because periodontitis often causes bone loss, the underlying bone may be recontoured before the gum tissue is sutured back in place. After you heal, it's easier to clean these areas and maintain healthy gum tissue.
Thanks for visiting our emergency dentist site! This is the place to find help if you have a tooth ache, cracked or chipped teeth, abscess or any other mouth pain, we’ll help you track down a 24 hour dentist near you, for your dental emergency. We’ve located the best emergency dental clinics that are ready to provide you with the services you need even if you need an emergency dentist with no insurance. Best Affordable Dental Implants at Synergy Dental Clinic in Blackpool UK
We can avoid this with a minor procedure to take the harmful bacteria out of these pockets. We fold back the gum tissue, remove the bacteria hiding underneath, as well as the hardened plaque and tartar that have collected. We then secure the gum tissue back in place. We also smooth any irregular surfaces of the damaged bone to limit the areas where bacteria can live, making it easier for your gums to reattach to healthy bone. What is Cosmetic Dentistry?
Some professionally-applied and over-the-counter products include a hand-held LED light or laser that claims to accelerate the teeth whitening process. In most cases, this is bunk. According to the ADA, “Most studies have reported no additional long-term benefit with light-activated systems.” It won’t harm your teeth to use an LED light, but it’s probably a waste of time and money. Skip it.

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^ Martin-Cabezas, Rodrigo; Seelam, Narendra; Petit, Catherine; Agossa, Kévimy; Gaertner, Sébastien; Tenenbaum, Henri; Davideau, Jean-Luc; Huck, Olivier (October 2016). "Association between periodontitis and arterial hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis". American Heart Journal. 180: 98–112. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2016.07.018. ISSN 1097-6744. PMID 27659888.
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In the early stages of periodontitis, your gums recede, or pull away, from your teeth and small pockets form between gums and teeth. The pockets harbor harmful bacteria. Your immune system tries to fight the infection, and your gum tissue starts to recede. You’ll likely experience bleeding during brushing and flossing as well, and possibly some bone loss. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
Oral Hygiene for Seniors Age in and of itself is not a dominant or sole factor in determining oral health. However, certain medical conditions, such as arthritis in the hands and fingers, may make brushing or flossing teeth difficult to impossible to perform. Drugs can also affect oral health and may make a change in your dental treatment necessary. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
Dentures, removable replacements for missing teeth, come in two types: partial and complete dentures. Dental implants and bridges are suitable alternatives to dentures. Though it usually takes a while to get used to eating and speaking with new dentures, denture adhesives can improve the stability of the denture and provide a sense of security for the denture wearer.

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Primary implant stability refers to the stability of a dental implant immediately after implantation. The stability of the titanium screw implant in the patient's bone tissue post surgery may be non-invasively assessed using resonance frequency analysis. Sufficient initial stability may allow immediate loading with prosthetic reconstruction, though early loading poses a higher risk of implant failure than conventional loading.[43] Dental Implants on the NHS WARNING
Once you are done, you can rinse the gel off your teeth and clean the light and the dental trays. The suggested treatment plan for the best results is 5 to 15 minutes per day, but it is not clear how many treatments should be completed in total. It also isn’t clear how many treatments this kit can give. Having said that, with results seen as quickly as after the first use, you probably won’t run out too quickly. Harley Street Dental Clinic - Harley Street Dentist - 020 7486 1059
As gingivitis progresses (chronic gingivitis), various complications may arise. The affected person may develop receding gums or areas where the root of the tooth becomes uncovered by the shrinking, diseased gums. Deep pockets may develop around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and debris. If gingivitis advances to periodontal disease, the person may lose gum tissue or bone around the teeth and the teeth may become loose or fall out. These changes can develop either very slowly or very rapidly and can affect either a few teeth or the entire mouth. If oral hygiene is almost never done or if the person becomes immune-compromised, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis may develop (ANUG, formerly termed trench mouth). This is a painful condition where infected gums swell, ulcerate, and slough off dead tissue. Dental Clinic (1954)
When you have a dental emergency that occurs due to a fall, a sports injury or even a car accident, you should always call or visit the local hospital emergency room or urgent care center to ensure that you have no life-threatening injuries. If your dental emergency includes a lost filling, an object caught between your teeth, or a loose crown or something non life threatening, you can call our service or your local dentist. Covent Garden Dental Spa - Cool Central London Dentist

There are two major stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. The earlier stage, gingivitis, is a mild form of gum disease caused by plaque build-up around the gum line which causes inflammation of the gums. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth daily, this plaque build-up will trap bacteria and cause gum disease. Your gums will appear red and swollen, and you could experience bleeding when you brush or floss. If properly treated, it may be reversed.

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There is no big secret to what makes the best teeth whitening treatment. According to the American Dental Association (ADA) and the dentists we interviewed, hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide are the only things that work. We rounded up the teeth whitening products that cap their peroxide at ADA-recommended levels, then had 39 testers weigh in on their results. Finally, we compared the method of delivery: trays, strips, or a paint-it-on gel to find four whiteners that outperformed the rest.
December 19, 2018 - AuraGlow's website currently claims its whitening pen contains 35% carbamide peroxide again. However, since there's no explanation as to the fluctuating concentration of its active ingredient and we've been unable to confirm either the current amount or reason for the changes with AuraGlow customer service, we stand by our new recommendation of GoSmile's On The Go Teeth Whitening Pen. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 3
Age: There is a direct correlation between tooth color and age. Over the years, teeth darken as a result of wear and tear and stain accumulation. Teenagers will likely experience immediate, dramatic results from whitening. In the twenties, as the teeth begin to show a yellow cast, whitening may require a little more effort. By the forties, the yellow gives way to brown and more maintenance may be called for. By the fifties, the teeth have absorbed a host of stubborn stains which can prove difficult (but not impossible) to remove.
An increasingly common strategy to preserve bone and reduce treatment times includes the placement of a dental implant into a recent extraction site. On the one hand, it shortens treatment time and can improve aesthetics because the soft tissue envelope is preserved. On the other hand, implants may have a slightly higher rate of initial failure. Conclusions on this topic are difficult to draw, however, because few studies have compared immediate and delayed implants in a scientifically rigorous manner.[24]
Dentists and dental hygienists measure periodontal disease using a device called a periodontal probe. This thin "measuring stick" is gently placed into the space between the gums and the teeth, and slipped below the gumline. If the probe can slip more than 3 mm (0.12 in) below the gumline, the person is said to have a gingival pocket if no migration of the epithelial attachment has occurred or a periodontal pocket if apical migration has occurred. This is somewhat of a misnomer, as any depth is, in essence, a pocket, which in turn is defined by its depth, i.e., a 2-mm pocket or a 6-mm pocket. However, pockets are generally accepted as self-cleansable (at home, by the person, with a toothbrush) if they are 3 mm or less in depth. This is important because if a pocket is deeper than 3 mm around the tooth, at-home care will not be sufficient to cleanse the pocket, and professional care should be sought. When the pocket depths reach 6 to 7 mm (0.24 to 0.28 in) in depth, the hand instruments and cavitrons used by the dental professionals may not reach deeply enough into the pocket to clean out the microbial plaque that causes gingival inflammation. In such a situation, the bone or the gums around that tooth should be surgically altered or it will always have inflammation which will likely result in more bone loss around that tooth. An additional way to stop the inflammation would be for the person to receive subgingival antibiotics (such as minocycline) or undergo some form of gingival surgery to access the depths of the pockets and perhaps even change the pocket depths so they become 3 mm or less in depth and can once again be properly cleaned by the person at home with his or her toothbrush. The Coolest Dentist in London
Once you have applied the whitening gel, either in strips or tray form, you can turn on the blue LED light and hold it against your teeth. Some kits have a light you can bite down on so that you don’t have to hold it in place, while others require you to sit still and hold the light in place as it works to cure the whitening gel. Most teeth whitening kits have LED lights that provide up to 460 nanometers of light, but it will vary from kit to kit. The light doesn’t just help to cure the whitening gel; it actually helps activate the ingredients in it to provide the whitest smile possible.

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Gum disease, worn enamel, cavities, and exposed roots. Individuals with gum disease or teeth with worn enamel are generally discouraged from undergoing a tooth-whitening procedure. Cavities need to be treated before undergoing any whitening procedure. This is because the whitening solutions penetrate into any existing decay and the inner areas of the tooth, which can cause sensitivity. Also, whitening procedures will not work on exposed tooth roots, because roots do not have an enamel layer. Dentist In Central London East London London

Periodontal disease is the most common disease found in dogs and affects more than 80% of dogs aged three years or older. Its prevalence in dogs increases with age, but decreases with increasing body weight; i.e., toy and miniature breeds are more severely affected. Recent research undertaken at the Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition has established that the bacteria associated with gum disease in dogs are not the same as in humans.[73] Systemic disease may develop because the gums are very vascular (have a good blood supply). The blood stream carries these anaerobic micro-organisms, and they are filtered out by the kidneys and liver, where they may colonize and create microabscesses. The microorganisms traveling through the blood may also attach to the heart valves, causing vegetative infective endocarditis (infected heart valves). Additional diseases that may result from periodontitis include chronic bronchitis and pulmonary fibrosis.[74] COME TO THE DENTIST WITH ME! LONDON VLOG 🇬🇧
Reviews.com has an advertising relationship with some of the offers included on this page. However, the rankings and listings of our reviews, tools and all other content are based on objective analysis. For more information, please check out our full Advertiser Disclosure. Reviews.com strives to keep its information accurate and up to date. The information in our reviews could be different from what you find when visiting a financial institution, service provider or a specific product’s website. All products are presented without warranty. Angel Smile Private Dentist Islington N1
For a teeth whitener to be really effective, it needs to contain hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide as an active ingredient. Only whiteners with peroxides can remove both surface stains and deep stains, whereas other products like toothpastes only target surface stains. If we couldn’t confirm these active ingredients, we left those products on the shelf.
Welcome to Emergency Dentist 24/7, where you receive help from an emergency dentist within a time frame of as little as 24 hours. Whether a tooth has come out, you’re experiencing unbearable oral pain, or you feel that you’re suffering from an oral health problem that feels as if it’s an emergency, we are the best resource to turn to for immediate help. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
For minor discoloration that is confined to one or two teeth, you can try using a teeth-whitening pen. A tooth-whitening pen uses the same types of ingredients present in a teeth-whitening treatment but allows you to precisely apply the bleach to the stain. Like teeth-whitening kits, pens must be used repeatedly over an extended period of time to produce noticeable results. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 2
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Pjetursson, B. E.; Thoma, D.; Jung, R.; Zwahlen, M.; Zembic, A. (2012). "A systematic review of the survival and complication rates of implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) after a mean observation period of at least 5 years". Clinical Oral Implants Research. 23: 22–38. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0501.2012.02546.x. PMID 23062125. Aesthetic Dentistry MSc | King's College London
If you chip or break a tooth, whether while eating or while engaging in sport, it's important to see the dentist as soon as possible. The sooner you receive treatment, the more likely it is that your dentist will be able to reattach the broken piece to your damaged tooth. Save any pieces of the chipped tooth that you find, and rinse them gently in warm water. Place them in a cup of milk, and take them to the dentist's office with you. Cosmetic Dentist London | Cosmetic Dentistry London
Most teeth whitening products on the market use similar active ingredients to whiten. The difference is the device that is used to hold the whitening agent on the tooth. A truly custom-fitted whitening tray ensures that every angle of every tooth (regardless of whether your teeth are straight or not) receives even and consistent coverage. Unlike boil & bit trays, whitening strips, and UV lights, fitted whitening trays eliminate the possibility of inconsistencies and allow you to maintain your beautiful smile.

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Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Symptoms and signs of gum disease (gingivitis or periodontal disease) include receding gums, bad breath and pocket formation between the teeth and gums. Treatment depends upon the stage of the gum disease, how you responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health.
Dental implant surgery is usually performed under local anesthetic, and therefore, no pain should be felt during the procedure. After the local anesthetic has worn off, the post-surgery discomfort will vary with each individual case. However, in general, most people will feel discomfort similar to a tooth extraction afterward. A cold ice pack is placed on skin over the area of surgery immediately after treatment to help reduce swelling. This pain typically can be managed with over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). More invasive surgery may require a stronger prescription pain medication and more recovery time. Aside from pain medications, prescriptions for antibiotics and oral rinses may be needed to support healing of the area for the following few weeks. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
If you are suffering from a toothache, the last thing you want to do is wait for treatment. Unlike traditional dentists, Now Care Dental is available evenings, weekends and holidays. The majority of our patients get same-day treatment and fast relief from their oral pain. If you need an emergency dentist in or around Minneapolis, Now Care Dental can help. ~Day in the Life of a First Year Dental Student~
Ridge augmentation is a common procedure performed to help recreate the natural contour of the gums. Often, after a tooth is removed, your jawbone no longer needs to support it and will naturally begin to deteriorate and recede.  The height and width of the socket, which was supported by the tooth, will begin to shrink after the tooth is removed. This can lead to a gum indentation developing where the tooth used to be.
One way to address staining is by using at-home teeth-whitening treatment kits. These products are milder versions of the bleaching kits that are used by dentists to whiten teeth in the office. Teeth-whitening treatments typically use either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide as an active ingredient. When the whitening gel or liquid is applied to the teeth, the key ingredient creates a chemical reaction, helping to break down the stain. Typically, teeth-whitening treatment products must be left in place for a set number of minutes daily for a certain period of time, such as one or two weeks. Cosmetic Dentistry London | Dental Implants | Invisible Braces | Lotus Clinic | Dr Michael Frankl

Finally, it’s time for the placement of the artificial tooth/teeth. For a single tooth implant, your dentist will customize a new tooth for you, called a dental crown. The crown will be based on size, shape, color and fit, and will be designed to blend in with your other teeth. If you are replacing more than a single tooth, custom-made bridges or dentures will be made to fit your mouth and your implants. (Note: The replacement teeth usually take some time to make. In the meantime, your dentist may give you a temporary crown, bridge or denture to help you eat and speak normally until the permanent replacement is ready.)
While there is no dental implant specialty there are specialties that have unique training that directly benefit the dental implant patient. Prosthodontics is an American Dental Association (ADA) recognized specialty that requires three additional years of advanced training in dental implants, crowns, bridges and dentures. Within the American College of Prosthodontists there is a subgroup of 375 private practice members who have earned their Board Certification. Finding a board certified prosthodontist is one important step in giving oneself a good chance for successful dental implant treatment.
It happens. You’re out enjoying the kids, playing a high-energy game of touch football. A surprise “tackle” from your little one results in you chipping a tooth. Or you wake up in the morning bothered by a dull ache in the back of your mouth that quickly escalates into a full-blown toothache. Anytime you experience injury to your teeth, mouth or jaw, it’s time to see an emergency dentist.

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Bruxism (clenching and grinding of the teeth) can lead to micro-cracking of the incisal edges of the teeth. Extrinsic stains may settle more readily into these cracks, and a thin layer of enamel can be left. This thin enamel layer is partially transparent, allowing the dark background of the mouth to shine through, affording a darker appearance of the incisal edge. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
Success or failure of implants depends on the health of the person receiving the treatment, drugs which affect the chances of osseointegration, and the health of the tissues in the mouth. The amount of stress that will be put on the implant and fixture during normal function is also evaluated. Planning the position and number of implants is key to the long-term health of the prosthetic since biomechanical forces created during chewing can be significant. The position of implants is determined by the position and angle of adjacent teeth, by lab simulations or by using computed tomography with CAD/CAM simulations and surgical guides called stents. The prerequisites for long-term success of osseointegrated dental implants are healthy bone and gingiva. Since both can atrophy after tooth extraction, pre-prosthetic procedures such as sinus lifts or gingival grafts are sometimes required to recreate ideal bone and gingiva. Discover Why Helen Will Never Change Her Dentist!
Advanced gum disease is called periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis affects 47.2% of adults over 30 in the United States. It can lead to the loss of tissue and bone that support the teeth and it may become more severe over time. If it does, your teeth will feel loose and start moving around in your mouth. This is the most common form of periodontitis in adults but can occur at any age. It usually gets worse slowly, but there can be periods of rapid progression. Teeth Whitening at Dental Smiles London

Our primary service is a toll-free helpline which you can call at 1 (888) 420-6826. This number is available at any hour of the day or night and can be called on any day of the week, including nights and holidays. Our referral specialists are polite, professional, and extremely well-trained. They will work with you to find an emergency dentist who is close to your home, qualified to help with your specific dental problem, and willing to work with your level of income. Our specialists have been working to connect patients with dentists for years now and can even set up the appointment for you if you so desire!

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Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria. Although these periodontal bacteria are naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when the conditions are right for them to increase dramatically in numbers. This happens when a layer of bacteria and food debris, known as plaque, builds up and is left undisturbed on the teeth, commonly in hard-to-reach areas such as between the teeth. Covent Garden Dental Spa - Cool Central London Dentist
Among the newest whitening products available are whitening rinses. Like most mouthwashes, they freshen breath and help reduce dental plaque and gum disease. But these products also include ingredients, such as hydrogen peroxide in some, which whiten teeth. Manufacturers say it may take 12 weeks to see results. You just swish them around in your mouth for 60 seconds twice a day before brushing your teeth. However, some experts say that rinses may not be as effective as other over-the-counter whitening products. Because a whitening rinse is only in contact with the teeth for such a short time -- just two minutes a day compared to 30 minutes for many strips -- it may have less of an effect.
VA offers comprehensive dental care benefits to certain qualifying Veterans. To better understand if you are eligible for VA dental care, take a look at the Dental Benefits for Veterans document, as well as checking out What VA dental care benefits do I qualify for? If eligible but not yet enrolled in VA health care, you can apply online using the Apply for health care benefits webpage. If not eligible, Veterans enrolled in VA health care can purchase dental insurance at a reduced cost through the VA Dental Insurance Program (VADIP). See also the "Not Eligible?" section below for more information. Holborn Dentist Monik Vasant - Testimonial From Tom Parker

As dental plaque or biofilm accumulates on the teeth near and below the gums that is some dysbiosis of the normal oral microbiome.[46] As of 2017 it was not certain what species were most responsible for causing harm, but gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, spirochetes, and viruses have been suggested; in individual people it is sometimes clear that one or more species is driving disease.[46] Research in 2004 indicated three species gram negative anerobic species: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteroides forsythus and Eikenella corrodens.[40]

Ask the Dentist is supported by readers. If you use one of the links below and buy something, Ask the Dentist makes a little bit of money at no additional cost to you. I rigorously research, test, and use thousands of products every year, but recommend only a small fraction of these. I only promote products that I truly feel will be valuable to you in improving your oral health. Best Cosmetic Dentist In London | Book A Free Consultation
A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis. Toothache symptoms include pain, headache, ear ache, bad taste in the mouth, and gum swelling. Dental X-rays and other tests performed by a dentist are used to diagnose the cause of a toothache. Tootache treatment depends on the underlying cause. Taking proper care of the teeth and gums can help prevent toothache. Part 1-Dental Implant Placement with Bone Grafting and Membrane

It often happens that the presence of periodontitis is not recognized by an individual until they are 40 or 50 years of age, by which time a great deal of damage may have occurred. However, a dentist is able to detect signs of the disease at a much earlier stage during a routine examination and can monitor your periodontal status using a special assessment known as the Periodontal Screening Index.

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Let’s start from the beginning: A dental implant is actually a replacement for the root or roots of a tooth. Like tooth roots, dental implants are secured in the jawbone and are not visible once surgically placed. They are used to secure crowns (the parts of teeth seen in the mouth), bridgework or dentures by a variety of means. They are made of titanium, which is lightweight, strong and biocompatible, which means that it is not rejected by the body. Titanium and titanium alloys are the most widely used metals in both dental and other bone implants, such as orthopedic joint replacements. Dental implants have the highest success rate of any implanted surgical device. How Porcelain Veneers Are Made For London Cosmetic Dentist Video
The Go Smile pen is so discreet you can whiten anywhere — in the office bathroom, on a quick break, or right before a date. With its slim, compact design and lower active ingredient content, this pen really is designed more for touch-ups than as a complete whitening regimen. According to GoSmile customer service, this pen is made with no more than 7% hydrogen peroxide. This means it may not deliver the potentially drastic results of products with more active ingredient and longer application times, but also that it’s safe to use as needed for touch-ups when you’re out and about.
A typical conventional implant consists of a titanium screw (resembling a tooth root) with a roughened or smooth surface. The majority of dental implants are made out of commercially pure titanium, which is available in four grades depending upon the amount of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and iron contained.[53] Cold work hardened CP4 (maximum impurity limits of N .05 percent, C .10 percent, H .015 percent, Fe .50 percent, and O .40 percent) is the most commonly used titanium for implants. Grade 5 titanium, Titanium 6AL-4V, (signifying the titanium alloy containing 6 percent aluminium and 4 percent vanadium alloy) is slightly harder than CP4 and used in the industry mostly for abutment screws and abutments.[54](pp284–285) Most modern dental implants also have a textured surface (through etching, anodic oxidation or various-media blasting) to increase the surface area and osseointegration potential of the implant.[55](p55) Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone. Best Cosmetic Dentist London - My Experience

Strength of bleaching agent. Over-the-counter products and dentist-supervised at-home products usually contain a lower strength bleaching agent, with about a 10% to 22% carbamide peroxide content, which is equivalent to about 3% hydrogen peroxide. In-office, professionally applied tooth whitening products contain hydrogen peroxide in concentrations ranging from 15% to 43%. Best Affordable Dental Implants at Synergy Dental Clinic in Blackpool UK
Spray it on. Try incorporating the use of a spray containing chlorhexidine (CHX), a powerful anti-bacterial with plaque-inhibiting properties, in your dental care routine. One study on elderly patients, a group at risk for periodontal disease, found that a once-daily application of a 0.2% CHX spray reduced plaque accumulation and inflammation caused by gingivitis.[6] Best Affordable Dental Implants at Synergy Dental Clinic in Blackpool UK
There are a few other discolorations that whitening procedures cannot change. If you took tetracycline as a kid, say for an ear infection, you might have antibiotic staining of the teeth. Or if your teeth suffered trauma when you were young and your enamel was still forming, whitening won't work. Dentists refer to these discolorations as intrinsic stains.
The information in this 14-module syllabus is intended (1) to meet academic requirements for Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students, and Dental Assistant Students related to clinical pharmacology; (2) to provide a framework for an in-service training program in oral healthcare settings; and (3) to serve as a resource for oral healthcare personnel wishing to review evidence-based information on specific topics related to clinical pharmacology. A PDF is also available for each of the modules that may serve as a convenient chairside resource.

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While there is no dental implant specialty there are specialties that have unique training that directly benefit the dental implant patient. Prosthodontics is an American Dental Association (ADA) recognized specialty that requires three additional years of advanced training in dental implants, crowns, bridges and dentures. Within the American College of Prosthodontists there is a subgroup of 375 private practice members who have earned their Board Certification. Finding a board certified prosthodontist is one important step in giving oneself a good chance for successful dental implant treatment.

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Gels are becoming popular among home teeth whitening aficionados because their targeted application tends to cause less pain in sensitive people. That's because you "paint" them directly on your teeth, which allows you to avoid the solution coming in contact with your gums. Although they claim to whiten quickly and to lighten up dark stains better than other types of whitening products, experts say that's not so: because they're just painted on, they don't really stay on long enough to be as effective as products that stay in contact with your teeth for a set period of time. My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
More than 60% of Americans have naturally sensitive teeth. This is most often caused by genetics, thin enamel, or crack/damaged teeth. During the whitening process, it is completely normal for sensitivity to occur. The teeth become temporarily dehydrated which reduces their ability to insulate the nerve from changes in temperature. Sensitivity will disappear 12-36 hours after whitening. Dentists and hygienists recommend a post-whitening fluoride treatment to nourish the teeth and promote rehydration.
Consistency is key when it comes to teeth whiteners, so you’ll want to choose a method that best fits your lifestyle. If the 30 minute wear time of the Crest Glamorous Whitestrips is tough to fit into your schedule, choosing the faster Go Smile Snap Packs or the Gentle Routine Strips might be a better option. At the end of the day, going with the whitening product you will use consistently will always yield the best results. Dental Implant Specialist London - Forest & Ray Dental

Spray it on. Try incorporating the use of a spray containing chlorhexidine (CHX), a powerful anti-bacterial with plaque-inhibiting properties, in your dental care routine. One study on elderly patients, a group at risk for periodontal disease, found that a once-daily application of a 0.2% CHX spray reduced plaque accumulation and inflammation caused by gingivitis.[6] Dental Care London, Budapest Clinic
The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional. Best dentist Kings Cross city of london

^ Esposito, Marco; Worthington, Helen V.; Loli, Vassiliki; Coulthard, Paul; Grusovin, Maria Gabriella (2010-07-07). "Interventions for replacing missing teeth: antibiotics at dental implant placement to prevent complications". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (7): CD004152. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004152.pub3. ISSN 1469-493X. PMID 20614437. Best Dentists in London - Leading and Affordable Dentistry Specialist in London
Disclaimer: Emergencydentistsusa.com is a website made for informational value and should notbe used for medical advice or to replace a doctor's or dentist's advice. The details in Emergencydentistsusa.comare not a substitute for professional medical advice. If you suspect you have a health problem you should consult a medical provider. The authors, editors, producers or sponsorsshall have no liability, obligation, or responsibility to any person or entity for any loss, damage oradverse consequences alleged to have happened directly or indirectly as a result of materialon this site. If you believe you have a medically urgent situation you should call 911 now. Kings Dental Clinic - Dental Implants -Dental Experts-London-Hammersmith/Olympia
How to treat a toothache at home Toothache is a painful condition that can result from a broken tooth, an infection, or receding gums. A number of home remedies can help, from chewing cloves to rinsing with salt water. However, these are temporary solutions, and a toothache often needs more attention. We also look at when someone should see a dentist. Read now
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The severity and speed of progression of periodontitis depends upon the balance of a number of factors: the number and type of bacteria present, how strong the individual’s defence mechanisms are, and the presence or absence of certain risk factors. For example, the more aggressive the bacteria and the weaker the immune response of the patient, the more active will be the disease. Added to that, some risk factors, such as smoking or diabetes, can further weaken the body’s defences and speed up the disease process. In the same way, certain drugs, such as antihypertensive or vasodilating agents and immunotherapy, affect the inflammatory response to plaque and make patients more susceptible to gingivitis. However, it is important to recognize that, without the accumulation of bacterial plaque, periodontitis will not occur. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 1
Brushing and flossing are everyday ways to keep your teeth bright, white and healthy. Still, if you might feel like your smile is lacking some sparkle or is more yellow than it used to be, you’re not alone. When the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry asked people what they’d most like to improve about their smile, the most common response was whiter teeth. The American Association of Orthodontists also found that nearly 90% of patients requested tooth whitening.

Aspen Dental is dedicated to providing affordable dental care, no matter what procedure you’re interested in or need. Teeth whitening—classified as a “cosmetic” procedure—doesn’t have to be out of reach. This is why we offer several third-party financing options and accept coverage from several leading insurance providers. Once you select and decide on a treatment plan with your Aspen Dental team, you can trust that costs will not change unexpectedly thanks to the Aspen Dental Peace of Mind Promise®.
Today, implant dentists apply the principles of evidence-based dentistry in their practices.  As implant dentistry grows in popularity, greater numbers of general dentists will add the specialty to their clinical services.  Their success will depend on receiving high-quality training, such as the AAID credentialing program.  Training focused on rigorous science from researchers and clinicians who have published widely enables new implant practitioners to adopt techniques and procedures that have been validated over time. Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
When one considers all of the above factors, cost seems a little less important. Beware those practices that are on either extreme. There is little justification for those practices charging in excess of $2000 for the implant, or $2000 for the crown. Unless bone grafting is necessary, there is no justifying a single implant restoration where cost approaches $5000. Conversely, those practices where the implant is $1000 and the crown is $1000 should also raise concern. At these prices, one can only consider this an attempt to be a high volume office. This is one procedure that requires education, patience and caution. It cannot be done in a rush, on a high volume basis.
The perception of tooth color is the result of a complex interaction of factors such as: lighting conditions, translucency, opacity, light scattering, gloss, the human eye and brain.[1] Teeth are composed of a surface enamel layer, which is whiter and semitransparent, and an underlying dentin layer, which is darker and less transparent. These are calcified, hard tissues comparable to bone. The natural shade of teeth is best considered as such; an off-white, bone-color rather than pure white. Public opinion of what is normal tooth shade tends to be distorted. Portrayals of cosmetically enhanced teeth are common in the media. In one report, the most common tooth shade in the general population ranged from A1 to A3 on the VITA classical A1-D4 shade guide.[2] Harley Street Smile Clinic, Cosmetic Dentistry in London
After several weeks, your dentist or periodontist will make a full assessment of your gums to check the progress of your treatment. A special instrument called a periodontal probe is used to record the depth of any periodontal pockets and check for bleeding from the gums. If periodontal pockets are still present, further treatment options may be suggested, including surgical corrective therapy.
Nearly half the initial change in color provided by an intensive in-office treatment (i.e., 1 hour treatment in a dentist's chair) may be lost in seven days.[42] Rebound is experienced when a large proportion of the tooth whitening has come from tooth dehydration (also a significant factor in causing sensitivity).[43] As the tooth rehydrates, tooth color "rebounds", back toward where it started.[44] Dental Implants Cost - What is the Cost of Dental Implants?
Night guard vital bleaching is another increasingly popular method of dentist prescribed at home teeth whitening. These methods have gained popularity due to the fact that significant results can be achieved overnight without the removal of any tooth tissue making it a conservative method of lightening tooth shade.The process of night guard vital bleaching involves alginate impressions of the patients’ teeth in the first visit, this is then cast into stone and a custom-made vacuum form tray is made. The patient is provided with bleaching solution, which is placed into the tray for use overnight. The number of nights the tray is used would be dependent on the extent of staining and the shade desired by the patient. Due to the recent spike in the use of home teeth whitening products there is a lack of research regarding long term implications such as side effects and duration of results. Research has found that ‘nightguard vital bleaching is a safe, effective, and predictable method to lighten teeth. The whitening effect lasted up to 47 months in 82% of the patients, with no adverse side effects reported at the end of the study’.[24]
To achieve an adequate width and height of bone, various bone grafting techniques have been developed. The most frequently used is called guided bone graft augmentation where a defect is filled with either natural (harvested or autograft) bone or allograft (donor bone or synthetic bone substitute), covered with a semi-permeable membrane and allowed to heal. During the healing phase, natural bone replaces the graft forming a new bony base for the implant.[27]:223 London W1 Dentist
When bleaching is abused and an individual develops an unhealthy obsession with whitening, the term bleachorexia or whitening junky has been used.[26] The condition is characterized by repeated bleaching even though the teeth are already white and will not get any whiter.[45] This condition is somewhat similar to body dismorphic disorder. The individual perceives their teeth never to be white enough, despite repeated bleaching. A person with bleachorexia will typically continually request more bleaching services or products from the dental professional.[45] It has been recommended that a target shade be agreed before starting bleaching treatment to help with this problem.[45] Professional Dentistry London 2018

Aspen Dental is dedicated to providing affordable dental care, no matter what procedure you’re interested in or need. Teeth whitening—classified as a “cosmetic” procedure—doesn’t have to be out of reach. This is why we offer several third-party financing options and accept coverage from several leading insurance providers. Once you select and decide on a treatment plan with your Aspen Dental team, you can trust that costs will not change unexpectedly thanks to the Aspen Dental Peace of Mind Promise®.

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The Power Swabs® system was first introduced in 2008 with a breakthrough, patented teeth whitening technology developed by celebrated dentist Dr. Martin Giniger. In fact, Dr. Giniger’s Power Swabs home teeth whitening product is proven to whiten teeth as well as white strips, but with far less sensitivity and greater ease of use. To accomplish this, Power Swabs whitening products use a patented combination of clinically-researched ingredients to reach between enamel and break the molecular bonds between positively charged stained molecules and the negatively charged surfaces they are bound to for a platinum white clean. An added bonus to the gentle formula is that it works on cosmetic dentistry as well as natural teeth. All on 4 dental implants, A Patient Review of Brighton Implant Clinic
Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution -- which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent. The tray is worn for a period of time, generally from a couple of hours a day to every day during the night for up to four weeks and even longer (depending on the degree of discoloration and desired level of whitening). Implant Islington London
You also can buy whitening products over the counter. They contain a weaker whitening agent than the products you can get from your dentist. Therefore, whitening may take longer. The whitening agent is applied as a gel placed in a mouthpiece or as a strip that sticks to your teeth. Over-the-counter mouthpieces fit less securely than the kind you get from your dentist.

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^ Smith Nobrega, Adhara; Santiago, Joel Ferreira; De Faria Almeida, Daniel Augusto; Dos Santos, Daniela Micheline; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Goiato, Marcelo Coelho (2016). "Irradiated patients and survival rate of dental implants: A systematic review and meta-analysis". The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 116 (6): 858–866. doi:10.1016/j.prosdent.2016.04.025. PMID 27460315. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video

Make a sea salt solution. Dissolve a small amount of sea salt in a cup of warm water. Swish a sip of the solution in your mouth for 30 seconds and spit it out. Repeat several times. Salt water will reduce swollen gums, gum bleeding and will also decrease the swelling caused by infection. However, if the infection has advanced to an abscess, then you will need antibiotics. Add this mouth rinse to your twice-daily brushing routine.

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Diabetes appears to exacerbates the onset, progression, and severity of periodontitis.[43] Although the majority of research has focused on type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes appears to have an identical effect on the risk for periodontitis.[44] The extent of the increased risk of periodontitis is dependent on the level of glycaemic control. Therefore, in well managed diabetes there seems to be a small effect of diabetes on the risk for periodontitis. However, the risk increases exponentially as glycaemic control worsens.[44] Overall, the increased risk of periodontitis in diabetics is estimated to be between 2-3 times higher.[43] So far, the mechanisms underlying the link are not fully understood, but it’s known to involve aspects of inflammation, immune functioning, neutrophil activity, and cytokine biology.[44][45]

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If people have 7-mm or deeper pockets around their teeth, then they would likely risk eventual tooth loss over the years. If this periodontal condition is not identified and people remain unaware of the progressive nature of the disease, then years later, they may be surprised that some teeth will gradually become loose and may need to be extracted, sometimes due to a severe infection or even pain. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
If you happen to be suffering from broken braces or wires from your braces poking into the interior skin of your mouth, you’re going to want to cover those pieces of broken wire as soon as you can. It is suggested to purchase dental wax over the counter at most pharmacies, in fact when the dentist installed the braces they probably gave you a small container of the wax for just such occasions. Take a small ball of the wax and roll it up in your fingers and then place it gently over the top of the wire that is bothering you. Next find yourself an appointment with an orthodontist. My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
If the soft bacterial plaque is not removed by brushing, minerals are deposited within it over time and it becomes a hard deposit on the tooth called tartar. The presence of tartar encourages the growth of the bacterial plaque towards the tooth roots. As the inflammation progresses deeper, the attachment of the gum to the root is disrupted and a gap or periodontal pocket is formed between them. This pocket is an ideal place for harmful bacteria to colonize and in which to multiply, therefore driving the disease process forward. In their new habitat, the bacteria release toxins as products of their metabolism, which further trigger the body’s defence mechanisms. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Dr. Steve Horne began his career at Brigham Young University obtaining his BA in English. He earned his doctorate of dental surgery in 2007 from the University of Southern California where his pursuit for academic excellence landed him on the dean's list. He was recognized for his superior clinical skills and invited to help teach other dental students in courses on restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and tooth anatomy. During dental school, he provided dental care for underserved populations of Los Angeles and Orange County, Mexico, and Costa Rica with the international volunteer organization AYUDA. After graduation from USC, Dr. Horne entered active duty with the U.S. Army and practiced dentistry at Fort Knox, Kentucky, for four years. During this time, in 2010, he was deployed as part of a medical unit to Baghdad, Iraq, to provide dental and triage support to military and civilian workers who were involved in the effort there. During his military service, he received multiple Army Achievement Medals, the Army Commendation Medal, and served as company commander. After leaving the Army in 2011, Dr. Horne joined a private practice in La Jolla, Calif., and became credentialed with Scripps Memorial Hospital La Jolla as a dental consultant. Health and education are of paramount importance to Dr. Horne, and since 2012, he has been writing dental articles for MedicineNet and WebMD to provide accurate information about oral health to the public. He is a member of the American Dental Association (ADA), Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), California Dental Association (CDA), and the San Diego County Dental Society and American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD). He is a preferred provider with Invisalign and spends countless hours each year pursuing continuing education in order to maintain a standard of excellence in dentistry. Dr. Horne has been married for 15 years to his wife, Christy. They have 3-year-old twins, Camille and Trent, and very recently welcomed their third child, Colette Elise, on July 6! The heart and soul of the family is Roscoe, their chocolate Labrador.
Antibiotic therapy can be combined in various ways to help treat gingivitis, periodontal disease, and especially ANUG. Chlorhexidine (Peridex) is an antibiotic mouthwash that can be used under direction of a dentist to help reduce the bacteria that cause gum disease. Pellets or gels like PerioChip that contain the antibiotic chlorhexidine or doxycycline can be placed in deep gum pockets after deep scaling and root planing to kill stubborn bacteria and reduce the size of periodontal pockets. These modes of delivering antibiotic therapy are very effective because the antibiotic is released slowly over the course of about seven days. Additional treatment such as xylocaine and NSAIDs may be needed for pain control in chronic gingivitis and ANUG. How to Find the Best Dentist in Islington
In addition to providing general, cosmetic, surgical and family dental services we also have a full time orthodontic specialist on staff. Dr. John Wiger, our orthodontist, has been listed over and over again in Washingtonian Magazine, Northern Virginia Magazine, Family Magazine and Virginia Living Magazine as one of the area's top orthodontists. To learn more about Dr. Wiger and our orthodontic services visit www.kingstowneorthodontics.com. Holborn Dentist - Find A Dentist In Holborn Today
The severity and speed of progression of periodontitis depends upon the balance of a number of factors: the number and type of bacteria present, how strong the individual’s defence mechanisms are, and the presence or absence of certain risk factors. For example, the more aggressive the bacteria and the weaker the immune response of the patient, the more active will be the disease. Added to that, some risk factors, such as smoking or diabetes, can further weaken the body’s defences and speed up the disease process. In the same way, certain drugs, such as antihypertensive or vasodilating agents and immunotherapy, affect the inflammatory response to plaque and make patients more susceptible to gingivitis. However, it is important to recognize that, without the accumulation of bacterial plaque, periodontitis will not occur.

The outer layer of a tooth is called the enamel. The color of natural teeth is created by the reflection and scattering of light off the enamel, combined with the color of the dentin under it. Your genes affect the thickness and smoothness of the enamel. Thinner enamel allows more of the color of the dentin to show through. Having smoother or rougher enamel also affects the reflection of light and therefore the color.

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^ Jump up to: a b Esposito, M.; Grusovin, M. G.; Polyzos, I. P.; Felice, P.; Worthington, H. V. (2010). "Timing of implant placement after tooth extraction: Immediate, immediate-delayed or delayed implants? A Cochrane systematic review" (PDF). European Journal of Oral Implantology. 3 (3): 189–205. PMID 20847990. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-26. Favero Dental Clinic, Wimpole Street, London 2
Both dental plaque and tartar are filled with harmful bacteria, and if they aren't removed from teeth, they will begin to irritate the gums and cause gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis will often extend from the gums to the bone and lead to periodontitis. When the underlying bone gets infected, it will start to recede away from the teeth and form deep gum pockets. These pockets collect plaque and bacteria as they are very difficult to keep clean, and more bone loss occurs. As periodontal disease progresses into later stages and more bone tissue is lost, the teeth may eventually become loose and fall out. Emergency Dentist Camden
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