Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology. Undergraduate dentistry education at King's College London
When a removable denture is worn, retainers to hold the denture in place can be either custom made or "off-the-shelf" (stock) abutments. When custom retainers are used, four or more implant fixtures are placed and an impression of the implants is taken and a dental lab creates a custom metal bar with attachments to hold the denture in place. Significant retention can be created with multiple attachments and the use of semi-precision attachments (such as a small diameter pin that pushes through the denture and into the bar) which allows for little or no movement in the denture, but it remains removable.[9](pp33–34) However, the same four implants angled in such a way to distribute occlusal forces may be able to safely hold a fixed denture in place with comparable costs and number of procedures giving the denture wearer a fixed solution.[37] 

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There are great advantages to choosing a dental implant for tooth replacement over the other options. Dental implants are conservative in that missing teeth can be replaced without affecting or altering the adjacent teeth. Furthermore, because dental implants integrate into the bone structure, they are very stable and can have the look and feel of one's own natural teeth.
The best way to preserve your whitening results is to avoid stain causing products such as coffee, red wine, and dark colas. If skipping your morning coffee is too difficult, just remember to avoid brushing your teeth or using whiteners right after — it can do more harm than good. Acidic food and drinks soften your teeth, and Dr. Sanda Moldovan, DDS recommended, swishing with water “to lessen stains and prevent demineralization of teeth which causes sensitivity.” Kings Dental Clinic Patient's Testimonial-2-Dental Experts in London (Hammersmith-Olympia)
When you have a dental emergency that occurs due to a fall, a sports injury or even a car accident, you should always call or visit the local hospital emergency room or urgent care center to ensure that you have no life-threatening injuries. If your dental emergency includes a lost filling, an object caught between your teeth, or a loose crown or something non life threatening, you can call our service or your local dentist.

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The long-term success of implants is determined, in part, by the forces they have to support. As implants have no periodontal ligament, there is no sensation of pressure when biting so the forces created are higher. To offset this, the location of implants must distribute forces evenly across the prosthetics they support.[18](pp15–39) Concentrated forces can result in fracture of the bridgework, implant components, or loss of bone adjacent the implant.[19] The ultimate location of implants is based on both biologic (bone type, vital structures, health) and mechanical factors. Implants placed in thicker, stronger bone like that found in the front part of the bottom jaw have lower failure rates than implants placed in lower density bone, such as the back part of the upper jaw. People who grind their teeth also increase the force on implants and increase the likelihood of failures.[8](p201–208) Dental Implant five unit bridge.
By combining a calm atmosphere with the latest technology, we have created a place where patients receive the level of dental care they need and deserve. The moment you walk in our front door, our team will make you feel comfortable, secure and well cared for. We understand that many people feel anxious about visiting the dentist, but you can be assured that your comfort is our top priority.
Other, more invasive procedures, also exist for larger bone defects including mobilization of the inferior alveolar nerve to allow placement of a fixture, onlay bone grafting using the iliac crest or another large source of bone and microvascular bone graft where the blood supply to the bone is transplanted with the source bone and reconnected to the local blood supply.[18](pp5–6) The final decision about which bone grafting technique that is best is based on an assessment of the degree of vertical and horizontal bone loss that exists, each of which is classified into mild (2–3 mm loss), moderate (4–6 mm loss) or severe (greater than 6 mm loss).[31](p17) Orthodontic extrusion or orthodontic implant site development can be used in selected cases for vertical/horizontal alveolar augmentation.[32] DENTISTS (BBC1)
Endodontics Oral and maxillofacial pathology Oral and maxillofacial radiology Oral and maxillofacial surgery Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics Pediatric dentistry Periodontics Prosthodontics Dental public health Cosmetic dentistry Dental implantology Geriatric dentistry Restorative dentistry Forensic odontology Dental traumatology Holistic dentistry

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How to treat a toothache at home Toothache is a painful condition that can result from a broken tooth, an infection, or receding gums. A number of home remedies can help, from chewing cloves to rinsing with salt water. However, these are temporary solutions, and a toothache often needs more attention. We also look at when someone should see a dentist. Read now
A root analogue implant is usually fabricated from zirconium dioxide (zirconia),[34] although titanium can be used. Zirconium dioxide is doped with small amounts of yttria, which results in a material with improved thermal, mechanical, and electrical properties, and enhanced fracture toughness. In addition, zirconia is more esthetic in form and color, with no discoloration visible through gums.[35] Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
As gingivitis progresses (chronic gingivitis), various complications may arise. The affected person may develop receding gums or areas where the root of the tooth becomes uncovered by the shrinking, diseased gums. Deep pockets may develop around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and debris. If gingivitis advances to periodontal disease, the person may lose gum tissue or bone around the teeth and the teeth may become loose or fall out. These changes can develop either very slowly or very rapidly and can affect either a few teeth or the entire mouth. If oral hygiene is almost never done or if the person becomes immune-compromised, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis may develop (ANUG, formerly termed trench mouth). This is a painful condition where infected gums swell, ulcerate, and slough off dead tissue.
To find out if you’re eligible for NHS orthodontic treatment you’ll need to first visit your general dentist for an initial assessment. If they determine a possible need for treatment, they will then refer you to us for a free NHS consultation. During this free consultation, your teeth will be assessed using a set of measurements called the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
Of course, you can’t forget about some of the more common advantages of dental implants. Unlike dentures, they never slip or move—and you don’t have to use special cleaners and adhesives. Unlike fixed bridgework, dental implants don’t require adjacent healthy teeth to be filed down. And, there’s this fact to consider: studies have reported that the long-term success rate of implants is over 95%.* Best Cosmetic Dentist London - My Experience

Soft tissue grafts. When you lose gum tissue, your gumline recedes. You may need to have some of the damaged soft tissue reinforced. This is usually done by removing a small amount of tissue from the roof of your mouth (palate) or another donor source and attaching it to the affected site. This can help reduce further gum recession, cover exposed roots and give your teeth a more pleasing appearance.
Once your gum disease is under control, it is very important for you to get dental care on a consistent basis. The periodic cleanings recommended after these treatments are called periodontal maintenance care. These cleanings are more extensive than the standard cleaning and will help you keep your gums healthy.  Your periodontal maintenance involves cleanings that are deeper than a normal cleaning in the dental office. With periodic maintenance, the amount of plaque bacteria is lowered. Then, the inflammation can get better, pockets can shrink and your gums can become healthier.

It’s our promise that you won’t undergo any treatment not directly contributing to your long-term dental health. That means that drilling, because it’s so invasive, is a last resort. And yes — the alternatives do really work! Remineralization is a process that helps teeth actually grow stronger so that an early soft spot doesn’t turn into a cavity. Sealants are another great option to prevent the formation and spread of decay. It’s only in cases where less invasive treatment isn’t successful that your dentist may decide to drill. Cosmetic Dentist London | Cosmetic Dentistry London
If you spend a little time searching the Web, you'll find plenty of ideas about natural methods of tooth whitening. Use lemon juice or apple cider vinegar as a mouthwash? Scrub your teeth with an activated charcoal product? Messina says those techniques come with risks. The acid of lemon juice can erode the enamel on your teeth, and charcoal is an abrasive that can wear it away. "Your teeth will be whiter initially, but as the enamel wears away, you'll see more dentin," Messina says. "That yellowish color will show through." Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
Nearly half the initial change in color provided by an intensive in-office treatment (i.e., 1 hour treatment in a dentist's chair) may be lost in seven days.[42] Rebound is experienced when a large proportion of the tooth whitening has come from tooth dehydration (also a significant factor in causing sensitivity).[43] As the tooth rehydrates, tooth color "rebounds", back toward where it started.[44] Central London Implant Dentistry Harley Street Dental Studio
^ Jump up to: a b Papaspyridakos, P.; Mokti, M.; Chen, C. J.; Benic, G. I.; Gallucci, G. O.; Chronopoulos, V (Jan 2013). "Implant and Prosthodontic Survival Rates with Implant Fixed Complete Dental Prostheses in the Edentulous Mandible after at Least 5 Years: A Systematic Review". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 16 (5): 705–717. doi:10.1111/cid.12036. PMID 23311617. Dental Implants Harley Street
In orthodontics, small diameter dental implants, referred to as Temporary Anchorage Devices (or TADs) can assist tooth movement by creating anchor points from which forces can be generated.[12] For teeth to move, a force must be applied to them in the direction of the desired movement. The force stimulates cells in the periodontal ligament to cause bone remodeling, removing bone in the direction of travel of the tooth and adding it to the space created. In order to generate a force on a tooth, an anchor point (something that will not move) is needed. Since implants do not have a periodontal ligament, and bone remodelling will not be stimulated when tension is applied, they are ideal anchor points in orthodontics. Typically, implants designed for orthodontic movement are small and do not fully osseointegrate, allowing easy removal following treatment.[13] Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
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