The goals of gum disease treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth; reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, and the risk of infection; and to stop disease progression. Treatment options depend on the stage of disease, how you may have responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues. A full description of the various treatment options is provided in Gum Disease Treatments. Dental Clinic


^ Baroudi, Kusai; Hassan, Nadia Aly (2015). "The effect of light-activation sources on tooth bleaching". Nigerian Medical Journal. 55 (5): 363–8. doi:10.4103/0300-1652.140316. PMC 4178330. PMID 25298598. The in-office bleaching treatment of vital teeth did not show improvement with the use of light activator sources for the purpose of accelerating the process of the bleaching gel and achieving better results.

Advanced Periodontitis - In this more advanced stage of gum disease, the fibers and bone of your teeth are being destroyed, which can cause your teeth to shift or loosen. This can affect your bite and how you eat and communicate. If aggressive periodontal therapy can’t save them, teeth may need to be removed by a dental specialist. Your dentist will provide restorative options if teeth are removed due to periodontal disease.

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For patients who have lost all their teeth due to decay or gum disease of the upper and/or lower arch, an option is available to provide a very stable and comfortable prosthesis using a minimal number of implants. One such is example is the "All-On-4" technique that was named by implant manufacturer Nobel Biocare. This technique gets its name from the idea that four implants can be used to replace all teeth in a single arch (upper or lower). The implants are strategically placed in areas of good strong bone, and a thin denture prosthesis is screwed into place. The All-On-4 technique provides teeth replacement that is stable (not removable) and feels like natural teeth compared to the older method of traditional (removable) complete dentures. Without a doubt, implant dentistry has allowed for more treatment options to replace single and multiple missing teeth with long-term stability and contributes to improved oral health.

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One way to address staining is by using at-home teeth-whitening treatment kits. These products are milder versions of the bleaching kits that are used by dentists to whiten teeth in the office. Teeth-whitening treatments typically use either hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide as an active ingredient. When the whitening gel or liquid is applied to the teeth, the key ingredient creates a chemical reaction, helping to break down the stain. Typically, teeth-whitening treatment products must be left in place for a set number of minutes daily for a certain period of time, such as one or two weeks. Dental Implants in London
You can get an emergency dentist appointment by contacting any of the dental offices listed on the Emergency Dentists USA website. You can also get an emergency dentist appointment by speaking with a friendly operator on the 24-hour dental emergency hotline provided by EmergencyDentistsUSA.com. Some dental clinics also offer emergency dental appointments on a walk-in basis. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING

The whitening shade guides are used to measure tooth color. These shades determine the effectiveness of the whitening procedure, which may vary from two to seven shades.[16] The effects of bleaching can last for several months, but may vary depending on the lifestyle of the patient. Consuming tooth staining foods or drinks that have a strong colour may compromise effectiveness of the treatment. These include; coffee, fizzy drinks, red-colored sauces etc. Nervous dental patient review for Bishopsgate Dental Care in London


If you wake up on a Saturday morning to a throbbing, abscessed tooth, Dr. Paschal will come into the office to relieve your discomfort until you can come back for root canal therapy. Should your dental crown come loose, he’ll meet you at the office just to cement it securely back in place to get you by. Please don’t think that your emergency isn’t important to us!

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To control pain, anesthesia options during surgery include local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia. Talk to your dental specialist about which option is best for you. Your dental care team will instruct you about eating and drinking before surgery, depending on what type of anesthesia you have. If you're having sedation or general anesthesia, plan to have someone take you home after surgery and expect to rest for the remainder of the day. Brighter Dental Care-Serving Mercer, Somerset, Hunterdon and Camden Counties
(In the case of broken brackets or appliances, please call our office as soon as possible. This will allow us to determine if we can build in time for repair at your next scheduled appointment (and save your family a trip into the office) or if we need to see you immediately to ease pain or repair sooner and schedule the appropriate amount of time for your care.)

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Dr. Major and the whole team at Chattanooga Dental Care are proud to offer our patients the finest cosmetic, sedation, and general dentistry available in Hamilton County. As your dentist in Chattanooga, we offer a full range of the latest and most advanced dental procedures. Services like: same day emergency dental, to implants, veneers, and pain free dentistry. We use modern dental treatments like Invisalign and employ the latest equipment and technology. We take great pride in the quality of care we provide. Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Great Five Star Review by P-Hansen

No, which is why it’s important to talk to your dentist before deciding to whiten your teeth, as whiteners may not correct all types of discoloration. For example, yellow teeth will probably bleach well, brown teeth may not respond as well and teeth with gray tones may not bleach at all. Whitening will not work on caps, veneers, crowns or fillings. It also won’t be effective if your tooth discoloration is caused by medications or a tooth injury.
The cost of purchasing the materials varies wildly in the industry. This directly affects the retail price for the consumer. Good practices balance supply cost with results. A quality-oriented practitioner will use the least expensive system he or she can find that still routinely yields great results. Unfortunately, most of the time, there is little correlation between consumer cost and quality. Offices base their prices on a variety of factors which include: supply cost, laboratory cost, regional averages, treatment difficulty and ego. QMUL's new Dental School and Hospital
Other, more invasive procedures, also exist for larger bone defects including mobilization of the inferior alveolar nerve to allow placement of a fixture, onlay bone grafting using the iliac crest or another large source of bone and microvascular bone graft where the blood supply to the bone is transplanted with the source bone and reconnected to the local blood supply.[18](pp5–6) The final decision about which bone grafting technique that is best is based on an assessment of the degree of vertical and horizontal bone loss that exists, each of which is classified into mild (2–3 mm loss), moderate (4–6 mm loss) or severe (greater than 6 mm loss).[31](p17) Orthodontic extrusion or orthodontic implant site development can be used in selected cases for vertical/horizontal alveolar augmentation.[32] DENTISTS (BBC1)

Measure the pocket depth of the groove between your gums and teeth by placing a dental probe beside your tooth beneath your gumline, usually at several sites throughout your mouth. In a healthy mouth, the pocket depth is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters (mm). Pockets deeper than 4 mm may indicate periodontitis. Pockets deeper than 6 mm cannot be cleaned well. Shoreview Dentist - Top Dentist in Shoreview Explains - 5 Reasons To Teeth Whiten
The number of teeth that need to be replaced and the type of artificial teeth that will be used: Individual cemented crowns, screw retained crowns or fixed bridges, removable (snap on) bridges or complete dentures stabilized by implants. A single implant crown may cost between $1,000 and $3,000. Implant bridges replacing several or many teeth range from $3,500 to $25,000. Removable bridges are often less costly than fixed ones.

While this procedure is not usually medically necessary, it will benefit patients with missing teeth and those who don’t qualify for dental implants. Dental implants require a significant amount of jawbone prior to the procedure, to succeed. Ridge augmentation will not only help patients who suffer from a deteriorated jawbone support their restorations or prepare for an implant dentistry procedure, it will also make a replacement tooth look completely natural.

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If you suffer an injury to your mouth that results in tissue damage and bleeding, your best bet is to go to the emergency room. The doctors there can stitch up any external cuts and refer you to an emergency dentist for any damage to your teeth or oral tissues. Until you reach the emergency room, you can control bleeding by placing pressure on the wounded area with a cold compress. Rinse your mouth with cool water to control any bleeding from internal cuts and to keep the area clean. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING

Bone grafting. This procedure is performed when periodontitis has destroyed the bone surrounding your tooth root. The graft may be composed of small fragments of your own bone, or the bone may be synthetic or donated. The bone graft helps prevent tooth loss by holding your tooth in place. It also serves as a platform for the regrowth of natural bone. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
When one considers all of the above factors, cost seems a little less important. Beware those practices that are on either extreme. There is little justification for those practices charging in excess of $2000 for the implant, or $2000 for the crown. Unless bone grafting is necessary, there is no justifying a single implant restoration where cost approaches $5000. Conversely, those practices where the implant is $1000 and the crown is $1000 should also raise concern. At these prices, one can only consider this an attempt to be a high volume office. This is one procedure that requires education, patience and caution. It cannot be done in a rush, on a high volume basis.

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For an implant to become permanently stable, the body must grow bone to the surface of the implant (osseointegration). Based on this biologic process, it was thought that loading an implant during the osseointegration period would result in movement that would prevent osseointegration, and thus increase implant failure rates. As a result, three to six months of integrating time (depending on various factors) was allowed before placing the teeth on implants (restoring them).[8]
Bruxism (clenching and grinding of the teeth) can lead to micro-cracking of the incisal edges of the teeth. Extrinsic stains may settle more readily into these cracks, and a thin layer of enamel can be left. This thin enamel layer is partially transparent, allowing the dark background of the mouth to shine through, affording a darker appearance of the incisal edge. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1

Keep in mind that it’s not just the implants that have risks. Putting off implants when you need them has risks too. That’s because when you lose teeth, the bone that used to surround the root starts to break down as well—about a 25% decrease in the first year after you lose the tooth. Getting implants helps stimulate and stabilize the bone that supports your teeth. Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)


The treatment goals for gingivitis are to identify and eliminate the factors that are making the person more susceptible to gum disease. Most factors can be eliminated by establishing more consistent and thorough oral hygiene habits and professional dental cleanings. If there are certain risk factors such as smoking or uncontrolled diabetes that are contributing to the gum disease, they need to be addressed or eliminated to have success in reversing gingivitis. After the plaque and tartar are removed by a dentist or hygienist, the patient can usually cure gum disease by brushing and flossing after every meal and using a daily mouth rinse. Under the supervision of a dentist, a patient can use 10% carbamide peroxide in a custom made tray that fits over the teeth with positive effects on plaque control and gingival health. This is especially helpful in patients where conventional oral hygiene practices like brushing and flossing are impaired due to age or special needs. UK Dental Clinic, Root Canal Treatment & Tooth Cap
Antibiotics. Topical or oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infection. Topical antibiotics can include antibiotic mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between your teeth and gums or into pockets after deep cleaning. However, oral antibiotics may be necessary to completely eliminate infection-causing bacteria.
Many dentists are of the opinion that professionally dispensed take-home whitening kits can produce the best results over the long haul. Take-home kits incorporate an easy-to-use lower-concentration peroxide gel that remains on the teeth for an hour or longer (sometimes overnight). The lower the peroxide percentage, the longer it may safely remain on the teeth. The gel is applied to the teeth using custom-made bleaching trays that resemble mouth guards.
You can get an emergency dentist appointment by contacting any of the dental offices listed on the Emergency Dentists USA website. You can also get an emergency dentist appointment by speaking with a friendly operator on the 24-hour dental emergency hotline provided by EmergencyDentistsUSA.com. Some dental clinics also offer emergency dental appointments on a walk-in basis. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
The first stage of oral surgery often involves a tooth or teeth extraction. Oftentimes, the site of a dental implant still has an existing damaged tooth present. In order to prepare for placement of a dental implant, the tooth will need to be extracted. More often than not, an "alveolar bone graft" (cadaver or synthetic bone) is placed to achieve a solid base of bone for the implant. This site will be allowed to heal for two to six months. For a site that has no tooth and bone loss is present, it will require a different bone graft that is placed on top of existing jawbone ("onlay bone graft"). This procedure is more involved and usually requires about six or more months of healing. In some instances, when enough bone is present, the damaged tooth can be extracted followed by the implant placement procedure at the same appointment. This procedure is called "immediate implant" placement. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
For whitening at home, your dentist can make trays to hold the whitening gel that fit your teeth precisely. Home whitening gel usually needs to be applied daily for two to three weeks. Over-the-counter kits also are widely available for home use. They provide trays to hold the gel, or whitening strips that stick to your teeth. Talk to your dentist if you want to use these home products. Be sure to follow directions to avoid overuse and possible damage to your teeth and mouth. Dental Clinic (1954)
^ Jump up to: a b Pessanha-Andrade, Miguel; Sordi, Mariane B.; Henriques, Bruno; Silva, Filipe S.; Teughels, Wim; Souza, Júlio C. M. (November 2018). "Custom-made root-analogue zirconia implants: A scoping review on mechanical and biological benefits". Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 106 (8): 2888–2900. doi:10.1002/jbm.b.34147. Dental Implants on the NHS WARNING
If you are suffering from a toothache, the last thing you want to do is wait for treatment. Unlike traditional dentists, Now Care Dental is available evenings, weekends and holidays. The majority of our patients get same-day treatment and fast relief from their oral pain. If you need an emergency dentist in or around Minneapolis, Now Care Dental can help. Dental implant lower bridges.
Finally, it’s time for the placement of the artificial tooth/teeth. For a single tooth implant, your dentist will customize a new tooth for you, called a dental crown. The crown will be based on size, shape, color and fit, and will be designed to blend in with your other teeth. If you are replacing more than a single tooth, custom-made bridges or dentures will be made to fit your mouth and your implants. (Note: The replacement teeth usually take some time to make. In the meantime, your dentist may give you a temporary crown, bridge or denture to help you eat and speak normally until the permanent replacement is ready.)

Some professionally-applied and over-the-counter products include a hand-held LED light or laser that claims to accelerate the teeth whitening process. In most cases, this is bunk. According to the ADA, “Most studies have reported no additional long-term benefit with light-activated systems.” It won’t harm your teeth to use an LED light, but it’s probably a waste of time and money. Skip it.


The design of implants has to account for a lifetime of real-world use in a person's mouth. Regulators and the dental implant industry have created a series of tests to determine the long-term mechanical reliability of implants in a person's mouth where the implant is struck repeatedly with increasing forces (similar in magnitude to biting) until it fails.[20] Museum Dental Suites in Holborn - Emergency Dentist London
At-home whitening methods include gels, chewing gums, rinses, toothpastes, paint-on films, and whitening strips.[22][23] Most over-the-counter methods utilize either carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide.[23] Although there is some evidence that such products will whiten the teeth compared to placebo, the majority of the published scientific studies were short term and are subject to a high risk of bias as the research was sponsored or conducted by the manufacturers.[23] There is no long term evidence of the effectiveness or potential risks of such products.[23] Any demonstrable difference in the short term efficiency of such products seems to be related to concentration of the active ingredient.[23]

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^ SCCNFP (1999). Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products intended for Consumers. Hydrogen peroxide and hydrogen peroxide releasing substances in oral health products. SCCNFP/0058/98. Summary on http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/sccp/out83_en.html and http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/sccp/out89_en.html(read 2002.31.10) Cosmetic Dentistry London

The damage to teeth and gums comes from the immune system as it attempts to destroy the microbes that are disrupting the normal symbiosis between the oral tissues and the oral microbe community. As in other tissues, Langerhans cells in the epithelium take up antigens from the microbes, and present them to the immune system, leading to movement of white blood cells into the affected tissues. This process in turn activates osteoclasts which begin to destroy bone, and it activates matrix metalloproteinases that destroy ligaments.[46] So, in summary, it is bacteria which initiates the disease, but key destructive events are brought about by the exaggerated response from the host's immune system.[40]
Around 15% of the population is susceptible. Our knowledge is improving  all the time of why this is, although 3 major factors are thought to be responsible: family history, stress and smoking. Stopping smoking is an important part of reducing the risk of developing the disease. Certain general diseases such as diabetes may also make an individual more susceptible.
An emergency dentist is a general dentist or dental specialist you don’t need an appointment to see. Emergency dentists provide 24-hour dentistry, and can handle most dental emergencies. That’s what you want because if you happen to have a broken tooth, a lost tooth filling, a missing dental crown, or you need toothache remedies, you don’t want to have to wait 12 or 16 hours before you can get dental treatment. Plus, delaying necessary dental care never results in your dental problems going away; most times, they get worse, and fixing them becomes more intensive and more expensive. Best Dentist Implants London
An estimated two in three Americans have one or more missing teeth, mainly due the rise in  periodontal disease as the population grows older.  Tooth loss and other oral health problems in older Americans recently prompted AARP to declare the “Over 50 Dental Crisis.”  In 2006, Dental Economics reported that more than 30 million Americas are missing all their teeth in one or both jaws. Dr. Bashar - Dental Implant Expert in London
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