^ Wu, Tiejian; Trevisan, Maurizio; Genco, Robert J.; Dorn, Joan P.; Falkner, Karen L.; Sempos, Christopher T. (2000). "Periodontal Disease and Risk of Cerebrovascular Disease: The First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Its Follow-up Study". Archives of International Medicine. 160 (18): 2749–55. doi:10.1001/archinte.160.18.2749. PMID 11025784. Dental Implants Cost - What is the Cost of Dental Implants?
As dental plaque or biofilm accumulates on the teeth near and below the gums that is some dysbiosis of the normal oral microbiome.[46] As of 2017 it was not certain what species were most responsible for causing harm, but gram-negative anaerobic bacteria, spirochetes, and viruses have been suggested; in individual people it is sometimes clear that one or more species is driving disease.[46] Research in 2004 indicated three species gram negative anerobic species: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteroides forsythus and Eikenella corrodens.[40] Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry
Experts agree: the best choice for most people for whitening their teeth at home are teeth whitening strips. They are easy to use, with little muss or fuss involved, and cause a minimal amount of pain. Furthermore, experts and users also agree that Crest 3D Whitestrips are the best strips you can use. Reviewers say that they see a noticeable difference in their smile even after a few days -- and a very big difference after the recommended treatment time, which is 14 to 20 days, depending upon formulation.

Age: There is a direct correlation between tooth color and age. Over the years, teeth darken as a result of wear and tear and stain accumulation. Teenagers will likely experience immediate, dramatic results from whitening. In the twenties, as the teeth begin to show a yellow cast, whitening may require a little more effort. By the forties, the yellow gives way to brown and more maintenance may be called for. By the fifties, the teeth have absorbed a host of stubborn stains which can prove difficult (but not impossible) to remove. Balham Dental Implant Specialist


If you chip or crack a filling and do not experience intense pain, you can probably wait until your regular dental office is open to seek treatment. If you lose a filling completely, you can place some sugar-free gum in the empty space. If this keeps you comfortable enough, you can see your normal dentist to have the filling replaced within a few days. If the pain is unbearable, contact an emergency dentist, who can insert a new filling promptly. Dental Implants Cost - What is the Cost of Dental Implants?
Internal staining of dentine can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized teeth that have undergone endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) but are discolored due to internal staining of the tooth structure by blood and other fluids that leaked in. Unlike external bleaching, which brightens teeth from the outside in, internal bleaching brightens teeth from the inside out. Bleaching the tooth internally involves drilling a hole to the pulp chamber no more than 2mm below the gingival margin, cleaning any infected or discoloured dentine, sealing, and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside of the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel or sodium perborate tetrahydrate into the pulp chamber so they can work directly inside the tooth on the dentine layer.[citation needed] In this variation of whitening the whitening agent is sealed within the tooth over a period of some days and replaced as needed, the so-called "walking bleach" technique.[citation needed]. A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption.

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A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis. Toothache symptoms include pain, headache, ear ache, bad taste in the mouth, and gum swelling. Dental X-rays and other tests performed by a dentist are used to diagnose the cause of a toothache. Tootache treatment depends on the underlying cause. Taking proper care of the teeth and gums can help prevent toothache.
Most of us start out with sparkling white teeth, thanks to their porcelain-like enamel surface. Composed of microscopic crystalline rods, tooth enamel is designed to protect the teeth from the effects of chewing, gnashing, trauma and acid attacks caused by sugar. But over the years enamel is worn down, becoming more transparent and permitting the yellow color of dentin — the tooth’s core material — to show through. King's Dental Institute - High performance with humanity
We saw few comments regarding painful or sensitive teeth with the Plus White 5 Minute Speed Whitening Gel. In fact, many say that this is the only whitening product they have ever been able to use without pain. Quite a few also say it's easier to use than strips or tray systems, although some say they use it with whitening trays they've obtained elsewhere. Best Affordable Dental Implants at Synergy Dental Clinic in Blackpool UK
Welcome to Dental Care at Crystal Park! We are dedicated to providing you with high quality, individualized care for your oral health needs. We understand that visiting the dentist can be stressful, so we have designed our facility and procedures with your comfort and ease in mind. Regardless of whether you need orthodontic or cosmetic treatment, you can rest assured that everyone at Dental Care at Crystal Park, from our front office staff to our hygienists and dentists, will make sure that your dental treatment is as effective, affordable, and pleasant as possible.
Let’s start from the beginning: A dental implant is actually a replacement for the root or roots of a tooth. Like tooth roots, dental implants are secured in the jawbone and are not visible once surgically placed. They are used to secure crowns (the parts of teeth seen in the mouth), bridgework or dentures by a variety of means. They are made of titanium, which is lightweight, strong and biocompatible, which means that it is not rejected by the body. Titanium and titanium alloys are the most widely used metals in both dental and other bone implants, such as orthopedic joint replacements. Dental implants have the highest success rate of any implanted surgical device.
The surgery itself does not hurt, as the implant site is kept numb during the surgery and for several hours after. As the anesthesia wears off, you may have some soreness that lasts for several hours or days following the surgery. Most patients are able to control the pain with over-the-counter medications; we will discuss this at your consultation.
Having lost a tooth is a serious matter. Most times this is from a naturally occurring illness within your gums, but sometimes it can be from a traumatic accident. Make sure to clean the tooth off gently with warm water, do not brush it or you may damage the tissue. If you cannot replace the tooth into the socket, keep it in milk while you are travelling to the after hours dentist, because you definitely need to see an emergency dental care professional at this point.
Brushing and flossing help keep your teeth healthy and your smile bright. Critical as good oral hygiene is to your dental health; the steps you take at home are significantly more effective when they are part of a comprehensive dental care plan that includes regular dental exams and cleanings. Visiting the dentist every six months is essential to protecting yourself from tooth decay and periodontal disease. Without professional help, these common dental problems can lead to a host of serious health issues, including heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. Dental implants at Bishopsgate Dental Care in London
A root analogue implant is usually fabricated from zirconium dioxide (zirconia),[34] although titanium can be used. Zirconium dioxide is doped with small amounts of yttria, which results in a material with improved thermal, mechanical, and electrical properties, and enhanced fracture toughness. In addition, zirconia is more esthetic in form and color, with no discoloration visible through gums.[35] Emergency Dentists Holborn (BellYardDental.co.uk)
An emergency dentist is a general dentist or dental specialist you don’t need an appointment to see. Emergency dentists provide 24-hour dentistry, and can handle most dental emergencies. That’s what you want because if you happen to have a broken tooth, a lost tooth filling, a missing dental crown, or you need toothache remedies, you don’t want to have to wait 12 or 16 hours before you can get dental treatment. Plus, delaying necessary dental care never results in your dental problems going away; most times, they get worse, and fixing them becomes more intensive and more expensive. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.
Some older adults with missing teeth rely on bridgework or dentures to preserve their dental function.  Bridges require grinding down healthy teeth to function as abutments to anchor the side of the bridge without the crown.  Over time, worn-out bridgework can be harmful for preserving dental function and preventing bone loss in the jaw.  Bridges generally fail after 5-10 years as patients have difficulty flossing them.  Therefore, root surfaces below and around bridgework become highly susceptible to decay and are not reparable.  As a result, teeth supporting the old bridge often are lost, requiring insertion of longer bridges that further compromise dentition.  For most patients, implants are a much better treatment alternative because they preserve the bone of the jaw, do not decay, and function just like natural teeth.

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Going in to see Dr. K and my awesome hygienist is such a positive experience. I don’t feel like I’m in any type of sterile healthcare facility when I’m there. Instead, I actually feel like I’m around family. And I’ve only been twice. Both Dr. K and my hygienist are so kind and positive and attentive. They explain everything so nicely to me, and without a shadow of a doubt, I can tell the…

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EMERGENCY DENTISTRY | Sports injuries, auto collisions and home incidents are all common causes for our patients to come in. They probably wouldn’t call the care they receive common though. Just because we address your dental emergency immediately doesn’t mean we do a rush job. We make sure every patient is treated in a comfortable and confidence-building way. Part 2-Dental Implant Placement with Bone Grafting and Membrane
When left untreated, however, gingivitis can progress into a more serious condition called periodontitis. Toxins from this buildup of bacterial plaque not only affect your gum tissue, but also the bone and ligaments that support your teeth. As the infection causes disease to the bone and supporting tissues, your teeth may eventually become loose and need to be treated surgically or removed. But even advanced cases of periodontal disease don't have to progress to this point.

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Periodontitis is caused by certain bacteria (known as periodontal bacteria) and by the local inflammation triggered by those bacteria. Although these periodontal bacteria are naturally present in the mouth, they are only harmful when the conditions are right for them to increase dramatically in numbers. This happens when a layer of bacteria and food debris, known as plaque, builds up and is left undisturbed on the teeth, commonly in hard-to-reach areas such as between the teeth.
Ballwin Dental Care is a family owned dental practice serving West County for over 40 years. Dr. Kimberly Simonds, Dr. Dan Gennaoui and Dr. John McCarthy will provide you and your entire family with the latest in preventive, restorative, and cosmetic dentistry in Ballwin, serving the Manchester, Valley Park, Ellisville, Wildwood, and Chesterfield communities as well. Our modern office is dedicated to meeting you and your family’s dental needs with the latest technology and the greatest care.

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The aim of the oral hygiene phase of treatment is to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth and therefore reduce the level of inflammation. Your dental practitioner will first explain the causes of your periodontitis and explain exactly how to keep your teeth and gums clean. You will be given individual advice on how to use the various cleaning aids most effectively; for example, the most appropriate tooth brushing technique and the correct use of dental floss and interdental brushes. 

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If you chip or break a tooth, whether while eating or while engaging in sport, it's important to see the dentist as soon as possible. The sooner you receive treatment, the more likely it is that your dentist will be able to reattach the broken piece to your damaged tooth. Save any pieces of the chipped tooth that you find, and rinse them gently in warm water. Place them in a cup of milk, and take them to the dentist's office with you. KCL Dental Society - Staff Perspective, Kings College London
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Persons with visible white fillings or crowns. Tooth whitening does not usually change the color of fillings and other restorative materials. It does not affect porcelain, other ceramics, or dental gold. However, it can slightly affect restorations made with composite materials, cements and dental amalgams. Tooth whitening will not restore color of fillings, porcelain, and other ceramics when they become stained by foods, drinks, and smoking, as these products are only effective on natural tooth structure. As such, a shade mismatch may be created as the natural tooth surfaces increase in whiteness and the restorations stay the same shade. Whitener does not work where bonding has been used and neither is it effective on tooth-color filling. Other options to deal with such cases are the porcelain veneers or dental bonding.[34]

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We can avoid this with a minor procedure to take the harmful bacteria out of these pockets. We fold back the gum tissue, remove the bacteria hiding underneath, as well as the hardened plaque and tartar that have collected. We then secure the gum tissue back in place. We also smooth any irregular surfaces of the damaged bone to limit the areas where bacteria can live, making it easier for your gums to reattach to healthy bone.

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CCED is fashioned with the latest dental tools and technologies so that we can restore your tooth the same day you come to see us, and the restorations you receive will look natural and last a lifetime. We offer treatments for a number of conditions, including Center City, Philadelphia broken tooth extractions at affordable prices. Some examples of the kinds of treatments that we are able to provide here at CCED, are: Dr Avik Dandapat - Lecture on Dental Implants to Dentists - Harley Street-London & Berkshire
The more dangerous bacteria are able to thrive and multiply, producing some harmful by-products which stimulate the body’s defensive inflammatory response in the gums. As the disease progresses, chronic inflammation causes the bone of the jaw to be destroyed and the teeth to be lost. In many people, this is a gradual process that takes place over many years and, if detected and treated, can be halted. However, some young adults have a very active form of the disease which causes early loosening and loss of the teeth. We Tried Professional Teeth Whitening • The Test Friends
Sometimes, a surgical procedure is carried out to clean away plaque bacteria and deposits that are under the gum within periodontal pockets and on the root surfaces at the furcations (where the roots diverge). These areas are inaccessible to brushes and floss and inflammation will persist in these sites as long as bacteria are allowed to colonize them. Under local anaesthesia, the gum is lifted away and the root surfaces are cleaned under direct vision to ensure that all bacteria are removed. Sometimes, it is possible to treat bone loss at the same time using a special regenerative treatment. At the end of the procedure, the gums are sutured back into place around the teeth.

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Night guard vital bleaching is another increasingly popular method of dentist prescribed at home teeth whitening. These methods have gained popularity due to the fact that significant results can be achieved overnight without the removal of any tooth tissue making it a conservative method of lightening tooth shade.The process of night guard vital bleaching involves alginate impressions of the patients’ teeth in the first visit, this is then cast into stone and a custom-made vacuum form tray is made. The patient is provided with bleaching solution, which is placed into the tray for use overnight. The number of nights the tray is used would be dependent on the extent of staining and the shade desired by the patient. Due to the recent spike in the use of home teeth whitening products there is a lack of research regarding long term implications such as side effects and duration of results. Research has found that ‘nightguard vital bleaching is a safe, effective, and predictable method to lighten teeth. The whitening effect lasted up to 47 months in 82% of the patients, with no adverse side effects reported at the end of the study’.[24]
Fixed. In this type, an artificial tooth is permanently screwed or cemented onto an individual implant abutment. You can't remove the tooth for cleaning or during sleep. Most of the time, each crown is attached to its own dental implant. However, because implants are exceptionally strong, several teeth can be replaced by one implant if they're bridged together. PROFESSIONAL DENTISTRY LONDON 2017

Advanced, highly precise computer-guided dental implant surgery has made implant procedures faster, highly predicable and long-lasting with a success rate of 97 percent.  3D imaging is changing the practice of dentistry. With state-of-the art digital imaging, dentists can analyze the anatomy of the patient’s jaw without surgery, which saves time and money and shortens implant recovery time. It’s like having the patient’s jaw on the computer screen and helps make implants the most predictable procedure in dentistry today.  Dental Implant Patient from London, UK - 15/09/2016


Professional whitening kits incorporate mouth trays because they completely cover the teeth, inside and out, for even whitening all over. However, those kits you get from your dentist can cost hundreds of dollars. While the Plus White 5-Minute Speed Whitening System won't give you professional results, for the very reasonable price users say it noticeably whitens their teeth over the two-week treatment period -- and expert testing backs that up. For very stained teeth, you can use it up to 20 minutes per day. Dental Implant five unit bridge.
You may see different options online or in your local grocery store, such as toothpastes or strips that whiten by bleaching your teeth. The concentration of the bleaching agent in these products is lower than what your dentist would use in the office. If you are thinking about using an over-the-counter bleaching kit, discuss options with your dentist and look for one with the ADA Seal of Acceptance. That means it has been tested to be safe and effective for teeth whitening. Get a list of all ADA-Accepted at-home bleaching products.
More important than any treatment you receive in our offices, your personal, daily efforts to improve your teeth, gums, and diet contribute to life-long oral health. This includes brushing, flossing, prioritizing good nutrition, quitting smoking, minimizing soda consumption, controlling your risk for diabetes and heart disease, and generally loving your mouth.
In addition to the dental and nutritional problems associated with missing teeth, there are social and personal self-esteem concerns as well.  Missing teeth have a negative influence on personal  self confidence and social activities.  Many family and social functions revolve around meals, and these situations can be difficult if not embarrassing for anyone who can’t chew properly.  Also, spaces between missing teeth degenerate and can lead to significant bone loss that cause atrophy in the jawbone. Teeth Whitening Dental Clinic Calgary AB
Nearly half the initial change in color provided by an intensive in-office treatment (i.e., 1 hour treatment in a dentist's chair) may be lost in seven days.[42] Rebound is experienced when a large proportion of the tooth whitening has come from tooth dehydration (also a significant factor in causing sensitivity).[43] As the tooth rehydrates, tooth color "rebounds", back toward where it started.[44] King's Dental Institute - High performance with humanity
In addition to the dental and nutritional problems associated with missing teeth, there are social and personal self-esteem concerns as well.  Missing teeth have a negative influence on personal  self confidence and social activities.  Many family and social functions revolve around meals, and these situations can be difficult if not embarrassing for anyone who can’t chew properly.  Also, spaces between missing teeth degenerate and can lead to significant bone loss that cause atrophy in the jawbone. Cosmetic Dentist London | Cosmetic Dentistry London
The low pH of bleach opens up dentinal tubules and may result in dentine hypersensitivity, bringing about hypersensitive teeth.[35] It manifests as increased sensitivity to stimuli such as hot, cold or sweet. 67 – 78% of the patients experience teeth sensitivity after in office bleaching with hydrogen peroxide in combination with heat.[36][37] Sensitivity of teeth can persist up to 4 days after teeth bleaching cessation.[38][39] However, it varies from person to person. A longer duration of hypersensitivity has been reported 39 days post-bleaching.[39] QMUL's new Dental School and Hospital
Wisdom Tooth Pain: Anchorage Midtown Dental Center offers in-house wisdom tooth removal. Impacted 3rd molars can cause severe discomfort, infection and even pain. If they are not erupting properly, it may be necessary to remove the teeth before other problems start. Our team of family dentists, Dr. Guy Burk and Dr. Blair Tudor remove most wisdom teeth right here in our office. As licensed sedation dentists, we are able to keep you comfortable the entire time. Because of our unique surgical protocol, our oral surgery patients require little to no pain medication, usually have no noticeable swelling, and heal faster, even for complicated extractions and bone grafting. Post op visits are free and we are open 7 days a week to fit appointments around your school or work schedule. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING

Bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth, cause gum disease. If plaque is not removed it can harden and turn into tartar (calculus). Additionally, dental plaque will continue to form on the tartar. Brushing or flossing cannot remove tartar; a dental professional will need to conduct a dental cleaning to remove it. “A broken system”: the contract and the crisis facing NHS dentistry
Find out more below about what you need to know for when you need to see an emergency dentist, when a dental emergency turns into an emergency room visit, when a dental emergency isn’t urgent, and how to avoid dental emergencies.If you are  experiencing any dental pain, injuries, or accidents and are not sure whether or not to see a dental emergency professional, don’t hesitate to call Comfort Care Dental, we are happy to answer any and all of your dental questions. King's Dental Students Mannequin Challenge
The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional. Same Day Dental Implant Procedure with Oral Surgeon Dr. John Wallace
The five minute wear time earned high marks from our testers. “I put them on every night before I started my bedtime routine,” one tester explained. “By the time I was finished washing my face and applying moisturizer, I could remove the strips and go to bed. Easy!” Consistency in use is essential for any teeth whitening method, and we liked that Crest Gentle Routine strips were easy to fit into our routines. Dr Avik Dandapat - Lecture on Dental Implants to Dentists - Harley Street-London & Berkshire
From these theoretical risks, derive the real world complications. Long-term failures are due to either loss of bone around the tooth and/or gingiva due to peri-implantitis or a mechanical failure of the implant. Because there is no dental enamel on an implant, it does not fail due to cavities like natural teeth. While large-scale, long-term studies are scarce, several systematic reviews estimate the long-term (five to ten years) survival of dental implants at 93–98 percent depending on their clinical use.[1][2][3] During initial development of implant retained teeth, all crowns were attached to the teeth with screws, but more recent advancements have allowed placement of crowns on the abutments with dental cement (akin to placing a crown on a tooth). This has created the potential for cement, that escapes from under the crown during cementation to get caught in the gingiva and create a peri-implantitis (see picture below). While the complication can occur, there does not appear to be any additional peri-implantitis in cement-retained crowns compared to screw-retained crowns overall.[48] In compound implants (two stage implants), between the actual implant and the superstructure (abutment) are gaps and cavities into which bacteria can penetrate from the oral cavity. Later these bacteria will return into the adjacent tissue and can cause periimplantitis. As prophylaxis these implant interior spaces should be sealed.[49]

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The first thing to do is visit your dental team for a thorough check-up of your teeth and gums. They will measure the 'cuff' of gum around each tooth to see if there is any sign that periodontal disease has started.  X-rays may also be needed to see the amount of bone that has been lost. This assessment is very important, so the correct treatment can be prescribed for you. Dental Implants in London

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