best dental implants london
Once you are done, you can rinse the gel off your teeth and clean the light and the dental trays. The suggested treatment plan for the best results is 5 to 15 minutes per day, but it is not clear how many treatments should be completed in total. It also isn’t clear how many treatments this kit can give. Having said that, with results seen as quickly as after the first use, you probably won’t run out too quickly. Harley Street Dental Clinic - Harley Street Dentist - 020 7486 1059
Often, a second step of the procedure is necessary to uncover the implants and attach extensions. These temporary healing caps, along with various connecting devices that allow multiple crowns to attach to the implants, complete the foundation on which your new teeth will be placed. Your gums will be allowed to heal for a couple of weeks following this procedure. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
Our offices work to bridge the gap between the dental and medical communities. When left untreated, dental emergencies can lead to Hospital ER and Urgent Care Center visits resulting in risk of infection, extended healing times and excessive medical bills. Our goal is to run an efficient, walk-in practice that exclusively treats dental emergencies, so you can get out of pain quickly and back to your daily routine. Pickering Dental Surgeries Ltd
Power or light-accelerated bleaching, sometimes colloquially referred to as laser bleaching (a common misconception since lasers are an older technology that was used before current technologies were developed), uses light energy which is intended to accelerate the process of bleaching in a dental office. Different types of energy can be used in this procedure, with the most common being halogen, LED, or plasma arc. Use of light during bleaching increases the risk of tooth sensitivity and may not be any more effective than bleaching without light when high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide are used. Recent research has shown that the use of a light activator does not improve bleaching, has no measurable effect and most likely to increase the temperature of the associated tissues, resulting in damage. Veneers at The London Cosmetic Dentistry
^ Baroudi, Kusai; Hassan, Nadia Aly (2015). "The effect of light-activation sources on tooth bleaching". Nigerian Medical Journal. 55 (5): 363–8. doi:10.4103/0300-1652.140316. PMC 4178330. PMID 25298598. The in-office bleaching treatment of vital teeth did not show improvement with the use of light activator sources for the purpose of accelerating the process of the bleaching gel and achieving better results. flossing dental hygienist Islington.MOV
We weren’t impressed by Crest Gentle Routine’s rectangular strips for bottom teeth. These don’t mold as naturally to your teeth, so you’ll have to take a little extra care when applying them to avoid your gums and get full coverage of your teeth. They’re still fairly easy to apply, but we missed the curved design that other strips like Crest Glamorous White Whitestrips offer.
london teeth cleaning
Experts agree: the best choice for most people for whitening their teeth at home are teeth whitening strips. They are easy to use, with little muss or fuss involved, and cause a minimal amount of pain. Furthermore, experts and users also agree that Crest 3D Whitestrips are the best strips you can use. Reviewers say that they see a noticeable difference in their smile even after a few days -- and a very big difference after the recommended treatment time, which is 14 to 20 days, depending upon formulation.
best implant dentist in london
The formula is safe for your tooth enamel and the tooth guard is a comfortable fit. Wear it for just 10 – 30 minutes per day, for up to 10 days and you will see your staining and discoloration disappear. You don’t need to wait around at the bathroom mirror either; the hands-free tooth guard design means you can treat your teeth while watching television – just wait for the timer to go off when you’re done! Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
Dr. Paul Amato, DDS, FAGD explained if you go above 10% hydrogen peroxide or 35% carbamide peroxide, “then you’re getting into the professional grade.” Whitening products this strong should only be used with dentist supervision — they’ll take care to completely protect your gum tissue with a rubber dam or gel. In any case, you should consult your dentist before using any teeth whitening product to make sure you’re getting what’s best for your teeth and gums.
The aim of the oral hygiene phase of treatment is to reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth and therefore reduce the level of inflammation. Your dental practitioner will first explain the causes of your periodontitis and explain exactly how to keep your teeth and gums clean. You will be given individual advice on how to use the various cleaning aids most effectively; for example, the most appropriate tooth brushing technique and the correct use of dental floss and interdental brushes.
dental center london
Finally, it’s time for the placement of the artificial tooth/teeth. For a single tooth implant, your dentist will customize a new tooth for you, called a dental crown. The crown will be based on size, shape, color and fit, and will be designed to blend in with your other teeth. If you are replacing more than a single tooth, custom-made bridges or dentures will be made to fit your mouth and your implants. (Note: The replacement teeth usually take some time to make. In the meantime, your dentist may give you a temporary crown, bridge or denture to help you eat and speak normally until the permanent replacement is ready.) Why dental implants hurt! - Dentist explains.....
^ Chappuis, Vivianne; Buser, Ramona; Brägger, Urs; Bornstein, Michael M.; Salvi, Giovanni E.; Buser, Daniel (2013-12-01). "Long-term outcomes of dental implants with a titanium plasma-sprayed surface: a 20-year prospective case series study in partially edentulous patients". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 15 (6): 780–790. doi:10.1111/cid.12056. ISSN 1708-8208. PMID 23506385. EGO Dental Clinic Promo Video
Unfortunately, when life decides to throw a dental emergency at you, it doesn’t correlate schedules with you to make sure it happens at a convenient time. OnCall Dental is here to help in situations like this when you need a emergency Tempe dentist. We try to take the inconvenience factor out of things by building our practice to provide emergency dental services for our patients 7 days a week. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
In this category, the product that gets the best reviews we spotted is the Go Smile Super White Snap Packs (Est. $60 for 14 treatments). Go Smile contains 14 tubes filled with gel that you squeeze onto your teeth. Reviews.com, which makes Go Smile their top pick in teeth whiteners, describes it as very easy to use, saying it's "quick to apply and totally wearable." In their testing, it lightened the testers' teeth three shades in a week's time. You use it twice a day for at least 20 minutes -- overnight for the evening treatment. Teeth Whitening Clinics Camden
Whitening toothpastes are different to regular toothpastes in a way that they contain a higher content of abrasives and detergents to fight off tougher stains. Most contain low concentrations of carbamide/hydrogen peroxide (bleaching agents) – this lightens the colour of teeth. These whitening toothpastes make teeth one to two shades lighter. Toothpastes (dentifrices) which are advertised as "whitening" rarely contain carbamide peroxide, hydrogen peroxide or any other bleaching agent. Rather, they are abrasive (usually containing alumina, dicalcium phosphate dehydrate, calcium carbonate or silica), intended to remove surface stains from the tooth surface. Sometimes they contain enzymes purported to break down the biofilm on teeth. Unlike bleaches, whitening toothpaste does not alter the intrinsic color of teeth. Excessive or long term use of abrasive toothpastes will cause dental abrasion, thinning the enamel layer and slowly darkening the appearance of the tooth as the dentine layer becomes more noticeable. An alternative method of whitening at home, which competes with the use of a whitening paste, is the use of a patent whitening mouthwash. The mouthwash shows marginally better efforts at whitening compared to the use of paste. Dental Implant Specialist London - Forest & Ray Dental
Without regular dental checkups, you won't know that you have gum disease until your condition is in its advanced stages. The warning signs that you may experience with this disease include gums that bleed when eating, brushing, and flossing because they are swollen and tender. You may also notice that your gums are receding. When this happens, your teeth look longer. If you notice sores in your mouth or pus in between your gums and teeth, then chances are you may have gum disease. Emergency Dentist in Kilburn London | 020 3962 2101 | 24 Hour Urgent Dental Care Open Sunday
Tooth darkening can be a side effect of certain antihistamines, antipsychotics and high blood pressure medications. Young children who are exposed to antibiotics like tetracycline and doxycycline when their teeth are forming (either in the womb or as a baby) may have discoloration of their adult teeth later in life. Chemotherapy and head and neck radiation can also darken teeth.
We recruited 39 participants across a wide range of ages to try out our top products. The experiment began with each tester matching their teeth shade to a professional teeth shade guide and snapping a “before” pic. After using the teeth whitening product for the recommended length of time, our testers took an “after” photo, evaluated their new shade, and completed a survey describing the experience. Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
Dental implant success is related to operator skill, quality and quantity of the bone available at the site, and the patient's oral hygiene, but the most important factor is primary implant stability. While there is significant variation in the rate that implants fail to integrate (due to individual risk factors), the approximate values are 1 to 6 percent(p68) King's Dental Institute - High performance with humanity
Periodontitis has been linked to increased inflammation in the body, such as indicated by raised levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6. It is associated with an increased risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis and hypertension. It also linked in those over 60 years of age to impairments in delayed memory and calculation abilities. Individuals with impaired fasting glucose and diabetes mellitus have higher degrees of periodontal inflammation, and often have difficulties with balancing their blood glucose level owing to the constant systemic inflammatory state, caused by the periodontal inflammation. Although no causal association was proven, a 2009 study showed correlation between chronic periodontitis and erectile dysfunction. A Day in the Life of a Dental Student from London, England via Snapchat
Toothache pain can be overwhelming, making it impossible to eat, sleep, and carry out your daily obligations. Serious tooth pain is often caused by a dental abscess or infection, or by serious decay that has irritated the nerves in and around your tooth. When tooth pain does not respond to over-the-counter pain relievers, you can consider it a dental emergency. Call an emergency dentist, and follow these tips until they are able to see you:
dental office london
An alternative to the walking bleach procedure is the inside-out bleach where the bleaching cavity is left open and the patient issued with a custom-formed tray to place and retain the agent, typically a carbamide peroxide gel inside the cavity. The patient changes the gel over 24 hours and uses a tray to retain it, they return to the dentist where this is sealed. On review once sufficient shade change has occurred the access cavity can be sealed, typically with a dental composite. Art of tooth brushing for manual toothbrush in Short
It has been suggested that radiotherapy can negatively affect the survival of implants. Nevertheless, a systemic study published in 2016 concluded that dental implants installed in the irradiated area of an oral cavity may have a high survival rate, provided that the patient maintains oral hygiene measures and regular follow ups to prevent complications. London Community Dental Alliance Low-cost Dental Clinic
While the primary function of dental implants is for teeth replacement, there are areas in which implants can assist in other dental procedures. Due to their stability, dental implants can be used to support a removable denture and provide a more secure and comfortable fit. In addition, for orthodontics procedures, dental mini-implants can act as temporary anchorage devices (TAD) to help move teeth to a desired position. These mini-implants are small and temporarily fixed to bone while assisting in anchorage for teeth movement. They are subsequently removed after their function has been served.
puresmile dental care finchley
We provide full service dentistry in Center City, Philadelphia, and you can always get the compassionate care you deserve from our in-house dentists. At CCED we want to provide the most hassle-free urgent care possible, which is why you are not required to have a referral when you come to receive emergency dental care with us in Philadelphia. Don’t neglect your dental pain or discomfort: Doing so could bring about long-term effects which could worsen your health. Dental Implants Harley Street
Dental implants are a popular and effective way to replace missing teeth and are designed to blend in with your other teeth. They are an excellent long-term option for restoring your smile. In fact, the development and use of implants is one of the biggest advances in dentistry in the past 40 years. Dental implants are made up of titanium and other materials that are compatible with the human body. They are posts that are surgically placed in the upper or lower jaw, where they function as a sturdy anchor for replacement teeth.
tooth implant cost london
If you wake up on a Saturday morning to a throbbing, abscessed tooth, Dr. Paschal will come into the office to relieve your discomfort until you can come back for root canal therapy. Should your dental crown come loose, he’ll meet you at the office just to cement it securely back in place to get you by. Please don’t think that your emergency isn’t important to us!
Some common types of mouth injuries include cracked, broken, or knocked out teeth, which can be a result of biting on a piece of food that is too hard, a sports-related injury, a fall, or any other type of accident. Depending on the severity of the injury and where the tooth is located, it is possible that a chipped tooth or minor fracture can wait for a call to the dentist during normal business hours.
In the situation where an implant is to be placed in the maxilla (upper jaw) in the back or posterior region, sometimes the available amount of bone may be limited by the presence of the maxillary sinus (air-filled space found in the bones of the face). "Sinus augmentation" or "sinus lift" is performed to raise the sinus floor and graft more bone into the sinus. This will make more bone available to support a dental implant.
dentist highbury and islington
Some of our areas of expertise are TMJ, sleep apnea, crowns, bridges, veneers, dentures, screenings, braces, and crowns. We are a family dentistry that loves preventive and restorative care. We would be honored to do things as simple as teeth whitening or as advanced as laser dentistry. If it involves your smile, teeth or even tongue, we have a pain free dental solution for you. Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
The sooner you seek treatment, the better your chances are of saving your teeth and health. There are many options available for people without dental insurance; it will just take a little research. For example, dental schools have clinics so that its students can gain practical experience performing various dental procedures. These procedures are done under the supervision of an experienced license dentist at a reduced rate. Also, federally funded health centers offer affordable dental services that are based on your income.
dental clinic islington
Tooth decay and gum disease are caused by plaque, a sticky combination of bacteria and food. Plaque begins to build up on teeth within a few minutes after eating. If teeth are not cleaned well each day, plaque will lead to tooth decay or gum disease. If you do not remove plaque, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar that becomes trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become:
How dental implant surgery is performed depends on the type of implant and the condition of your jawbone. Dental implant surgery may involve several procedures. The major benefit of implants is solid support for your new teeth — a process that requires the bone to heal tightly around the implant. Because this bone healing requires time, the process can take many months.
^ Jump up to: a b Pessanha-Andrade, Miguel; Sordi, Mariane B.; Henriques, Bruno; Silva, Filipe S.; Teughels, Wim; Souza, Júlio C. M. (November 2018). "Custom-made root-analogue zirconia implants: A scoping review on mechanical and biological benefits". Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 106 (8): 2888–2900. doi:10.1002/jbm.b.34147. Dental Implants on the NHS WARNING
Changes in the thickness of the dental hard tissues would result in intrinsic discolouration. There are a few causal factors that may act locally or systematically, affecting only a single tooth or all teeth and cause discolouration as a result. Several diseases that are known to affect the developing dentition especially during enamel and dentine formation can lead to discolouration. Causes of intrinsic staining include: My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
Dental implants provide several advantages over other teeth replacement options. In addition to looking and functioning like natural teeth, implant-supported full bridges or dentures are designed to be long lasting. Implant-supported full bridges and dentures also are more comfortable and stable than conventional dentures, allowing you to retain a more natural biting and chewing capacity.
dentist implants london
Smoking can also make gum disease worse. People who smoke are more likely to produce bacterial plaque, which leads to gum disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so the infected gums don't heal. Smoking causes people to have more plaque and the gum disease to get worse more quickly than in non-smokers. Gum disease is still a major cause of tooth loss in adults. I Tried Professional Teeth Whitening (100% Effective)
If you have periodontitis, regular follow-ups with a dentist are essential to ensure that the disease doesn’t continue. You’ll have to change your dental hygiene habits and cooperate fully with your dentist’s instructions for a positive outcome. The long-term outlook depends on your own efforts with oral hygiene and the ongoing assessment of your dentist.
laser dentistry london
Some older adults with missing teeth rely on bridgework or dentures to preserve their dental function. Bridges require grinding down healthy teeth to function as abutments to anchor the side of the bridge without the crown. Over time, worn-out bridgework can be harmful for preserving dental function and preventing bone loss in the jaw. Bridges generally fail after 5-10 years as patients have difficulty flossing them. Therefore, root surfaces below and around bridgework become highly susceptible to decay and are not reparable. As a result, teeth supporting the old bridge often are lost, requiring insertion of longer bridges that further compromise dentition. For most patients, implants are a much better treatment alternative because they preserve the bone of the jaw, do not decay, and function just like natural teeth. London Cosmetic Dentistry Specialist Treatments
LED light is a form of visible light which can be produced in any color, but blue light is commonly used in dental whitening. This stems from the history of teeth whitening, which originally used ultraviolet (UV) light to speed teeth whitening up. Blue LED light is a safer alternative to UV light because it does not cause mutations in cells. In comparison UV light is a form of ionizing radiation which can, therefore, affect tissue on a cellular level, causing mutations and potentially cancer. As the tissues of the mouth, as well as the nearby eye tissues, are sensitive, it is safer to use LED light for teeth whitening. Dental Implants FREE Consultation Hertfordshire & London
According to the ADA, “It is known that at concentrations of 10% hydrogen peroxide or higher, the chemical is potentially corrosive to mucous membranes or skin, and can cause a burning sensation and tissue damage.” Florida-based dentist Dr. Katia Friedman DDS told us, “[For carbamide peroxide] 30-35% is theoretically equal to about 10% hydrogen peroxide” — these numbers are within safe limits for your mouth.
dental surgeries london
As Idaho’s number one leader in sedation dentistry, we know how important it is to make our guests feel comfortable and relaxed, especially in emergency situations. Not only can we guarantee one of the most “relaxing” trips to the dentist, but we also promise to provide you with the best dental care and customer service available in your area. We have a reputation of creating personal relationships with all of our patients- that means you! It doesn’t matter if you end up at our Idaho Falls, Pocatello, Twin Falls or Rexburg emergency dental locations, we will always make sure that you feel like family when you visit any of our dental offices. Best Cosmetic Dentist London - My Experience
Many implant dentists now use 3D images and implant surgical planning software to construct a vivid map of the patient’s mouth, pinpoint potential problems, and plan the implant procedure in advance. During the initial visit, a 3D image is taken to enable the dentist to assess bone structure and nerve locations, plan the surgery, and mold replacement teeth before the next visit. Communication in Dentistry - Short Film - King's College London
Tissue adaptation: The gingiva is adapted around the entire implant to provide a thick band of healthy tissue around the healing abutment. In contrast, an implant can be "buried", where the top of the implant is sealed with a cover screw and the tissue is closed to completely cover it. A second procedure would then be required to uncover the implant at a later date. NHS Dentist EMS Airflow (TM)Cleaning
Tennessee Family Dental is open evenings (Tuesdays and Thursdays) and Saturdays in order to accommodate our patients’ busy schedules. Extended hours also allow us to see emergency dental patients whose regular dental office is closed. To learn more about our evening and Saturday appointments, call one of our four dental offices in South Nashville, Green Hills, Lebanon, or La Vergne. Invisalign review for Bishopsgate Dental Care in London
Teeth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dentistry treatments offering a quick, non-invasive and affordable way to enhance a smile. Universally valued by men and women alike, whitening (or bleaching) treatments are available to satisfy every budget, time frame and temperament. Whether in the form of professionally administered one-hour whitening sessions at a dental office or cosmetic spa, or home-use bleaching kits purchased at your local drugstore, solutions abound. Dental Veneers Dentist Camden
What makes an implant so strong is that the bone actually grows around it and holds it in place. This process is called osseointegration (OSS-eo-in-tee-GRAY-shun) and takes time. Some people might need to wait until the implant is completely integrated before a permanent replacement tooth can be attached to the implant. This can take several months. Other people can have the implant and a temporary replacement tooth placed all in one visit. The length of the healing process depends on location of the replacement tooth and the type of implant being used.
Measure the pocket depth of the groove between your gums and teeth by placing a dental probe beside your tooth beneath your gumline, usually at several sites throughout your mouth. In a healthy mouth, the pocket depth is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters (mm). Pockets deeper than 4 mm may indicate periodontitis. Pockets deeper than 6 mm cannot be cleaned well. Holborn Dentist London WC1
Messiness aside, the Plus White kit is easy to use. Included are two trays, the whitening gel and a post-whitening rinse. Just brush your teeth with plain water, fill the trays with gel, put them on your teeth for 5 to 20 minutes, then rinse. Users agree with the testers at Reviews.com, saying they noticed whiter teeth pretty quickly, and they became even whiter over the treatment time of 14 days. Best Dentist in London
The importance of quality dental care can't be overstated. That's why you can't afford to shortchange your dental health. If you think brushing after meals is a bother, flossing every day isn't worth the effort and skipping regular dental exams is no big deal, think again. Keeping your teeth, gums and mouth healthy requires dedication, effort and vigilance. You'll find the payoff -- years of good dental health -- is well worth it.
Some older adults with missing teeth rely on bridgework or dentures to preserve their dental function. Bridges require grinding down healthy teeth to function as abutments to anchor the side of the bridge without the crown. Over time, worn-out bridgework can be harmful for preserving dental function and preventing bone loss in the jaw. Bridges generally fail after 5-10 years as patients have difficulty flossing them. Therefore, root surfaces below and around bridgework become highly susceptible to decay and are not reparable. As a result, teeth supporting the old bridge often are lost, requiring insertion of longer bridges that further compromise dentition. For most patients, implants are a much better treatment alternative because they preserve the bone of the jaw, do not decay, and function just like natural teeth.
dentist service london
Smoking can also make gum disease worse. People who smoke are more likely to produce bacterial plaque, which leads to gum disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so the infected gums don't heal. Smoking causes people to have more plaque and the gum disease to get worse more quickly than in non-smokers. Gum disease is still a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Why dental implants hurt! - Dentist explains.....
All soft deposits will be removed from accessible areas of the teeth and the teeth polished and treated with fluoride. Depending on the improvement seen in plaque control and gum health, further instruction and cleaning may be carried out in subsequent visits. The next step would be for your practitioner to remove all bacterial deposits and tartar from the root surfaces and gingival pockets. Kings Cross Dentist London WC1
Bone grafting is necessary when there is a lack of bone. While there are always new implant types, such as short implants, and techniques to allow compromise, a general treatment goal is to have a minimum of 10 mm in bone height, and 6 mm in width. Alternatively, bone defects are graded from A to D (A=10+ mm of bone, B=7–9 mm, C=4–6 mm and D=0–3 mm) where an implant's likelihood of osseointegrating is related to the grade of bone.(p250)
Ridge Modification Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can leave you with inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The defect is then filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge. Ridge modification has been shown to greatly improve appearance and increase your chances for successful implants that can last for years to come.
It happens. You’re out enjoying the kids, playing a high-energy game of touch football. A surprise “tackle” from your little one results in you chipping a tooth. Or you wake up in the morning bothered by a dull ache in the back of your mouth that quickly escalates into a full-blown toothache. Anytime you experience injury to your teeth, mouth or jaw, it’s time to see an emergency dentist.
dentures in london
A recent addition to the field is new light-accelerated bleaching agents containing lower concentrations of hydrogen peroxide with a titanium oxide nanoparticle based catalyst. Reduced concentrations of hydrogen peroxide cause lower incidences of tooth hypersensitivity. The nanoparticles act as photocatalysts, and their size prevents them from diffusing deeply into the tooth. When exposed to light, the catalysts produce a rapid, localized breakdown of hydrogen peroxide into highly reactive radicals. Due to the extremely short lifetimes of the free radicals, they are able to produce bleaching effects similar to much higher concentration bleaching agents within the outer layers of the teeth where the nanoparticle catalysts are located. This provides effective tooth whitening while reducing the required concentration of hydrogen peroxide and other reactive byproducts at the tooth pulp. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
The snap packs aren’t flawless, though. Colorado-based dentist Dr. Nancy Gill, DDS told us that the paint-on approach — like the one used by the snap packs — leaves the whitening solution open to moisture which “dilutes it and makes it not as effective.” In other words, closing your mouth will wash some of the whitener away. That said, Go Smile still produced some of the most impressive results during our testing. Best Dentist in London
The cornerstone of successful periodontal treatment starts with establishing excellent oral hygiene. This includes twice-daily brushing with daily flossing. Also, the use of an interdental brush is helpful if space between the teeth allows. For smaller spaces, products such as narrow picks with soft rubber bristles provide excellent manual cleaning. Persons with dexterity problems, such as arthritis, may find oral hygiene to be difficult and may require more frequent professional care and/or the use of a powered toothbrush. Persons with periodontitis must realize it is a chronic inflammatory disease and a lifelong regimen of excellent hygiene and professional maintenance care with a dentist/hygienist or periodontist is required to maintain affected teeth. Holborn Dentist Monik Vasant - Testimonial From Tom Parker