The information in this 14-module syllabus is intended (1) to meet academic requirements for Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students, and Dental Assistant Students related to clinical pharmacology; (2) to provide a framework for an in-service training program in oral healthcare settings; and (3) to serve as a resource for oral healthcare personnel wishing to review evidence-based information on specific topics related to clinical pharmacology. A PDF is also available for each of the modules that may serve as a convenient chairside resource.

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For patients who have lost all their teeth due to decay or gum disease of the upper and/or lower arch, an option is available to provide a very stable and comfortable prosthesis using a minimal number of implants. One such is example is the "All-On-4" technique that was named by implant manufacturer Nobel Biocare. This technique gets its name from the idea that four implants can be used to replace all teeth in a single arch (upper or lower). The implants are strategically placed in areas of good strong bone, and a thin denture prosthesis is screwed into place. The All-On-4 technique provides teeth replacement that is stable (not removable) and feels like natural teeth compared to the older method of traditional (removable) complete dentures. Without a doubt, implant dentistry has allowed for more treatment options to replace single and multiple missing teeth with long-term stability and contributes to improved oral health. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
Significant color change in a short period of time is the major benefit of in-office whitening. This protocol involves the carefully controlled use of a relatively high-concentration peroxide gel, applied to the teeth by the dentist or trained technician after the gums have been protected with a paint-on rubber dam. Generally, the peroxide remains on the teeth for several 15 to 20 minute intervals that add up to an hour (at most). Those with particularly stubborn staining may be advised to return for one or more additional bleaching sessions, or may be asked to continue with a home-use system. Welcome to UCL Eastman Dental Institute
^ Leonard, R. H.; Bentley, C.; Eagle, J. C.; Garland, G. E.; Knight, M. C.; Phillips, C. (2001). "Nightguard vital bleaching: a long-term study on efficacy, shade retention. side effects, and patients' perceptions". Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry: Official Publication of the American Academy of Esthetic Dentistry ... [et Al.] 13 (6): 357–369. ISSN 1496-4155. PMID 11778855.
The Go Smile pen is so discreet you can whiten anywhere — in the office bathroom, on a quick break, or right before a date. With its slim, compact design and lower active ingredient content, this pen really is designed more for touch-ups than as a complete whitening regimen. According to GoSmile customer service, this pen is made with no more than 7% hydrogen peroxide. This means it may not deliver the potentially drastic results of products with more active ingredient and longer application times, but also that it’s safe to use as needed for touch-ups when you’re out and about.
If you suffer an injury to your mouth that results in tissue damage and bleeding, your best bet is to go to the emergency room. The doctors there can stitch up any external cuts and refer you to an emergency dentist for any damage to your teeth or oral tissues. Until you reach the emergency room, you can control bleeding by placing pressure on the wounded area with a cold compress. Rinse your mouth with cool water to control any bleeding from internal cuts and to keep the area clean. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
Smoking can also make gum disease worse. People who smoke are more likely to produce bacterial plaque, which leads to gum disease. The gums are affected because smoking causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream, so the infected gums don't heal. Smoking causes people to have more plaque and the gum disease to get worse more quickly than in non-smokers. Gum disease is still a major cause of tooth loss in adults.

Females generally have slightly whiter teeth than males, partly because females' teeth are smaller, and therefore there is less bulk of dentin, partially visible through the enamel layer. For the same reason, larger teeth such as the molars and the canine (cuspid) teeth tend to be darker. Baby teeth (deciduous teeth) are generally whiter than the adult teeth that follow, again due to differences in the ratio of enamel to dentin. As a person ages the adult teeth often become darker due to changes in the mineral structure of the tooth, as the enamel becomes less porous[citation needed] and phosphate-deficient. The enamel layer may also be gradually thinned or even perforated by the various forms of tooth wear. A Day in the Life of a Dental Student from London, England via Snapchat

Messiness aside, the Plus White kit is easy to use. Included are two trays, the whitening gel and a post-whitening rinse. Just brush your teeth with plain water, fill the trays with gel, put them on your teeth for 5 to 20 minutes, then rinse. Users agree with the testers at Reviews.com, saying they noticed whiter teeth pretty quickly, and they became even whiter over the treatment time of 14 days. UK Dental Clinic, Root Canal Treatment & Tooth Cap
Your dentist may use a tiny ruler called a probe to measure any pockets on your gums. This test is usually painless. If plaque, tartar, or both are found on your teeth, your dentist will remove these substances as part of a professional cleaning. They may also take dental X-rays or refer you to a periodontist, an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease, for further testing and treatment.

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Our testers agreed it was tough to tell how much they were using and how much was left in the pen, since the plastic casing isn’t clear. Because the gel itself is clear and relatively flavorless, it might be difficult to tell if you’re using enough product to cover your teeth or if you’re spreading it evenly. But careful, even application should prevent this from being too much of an issue. Best Cosmetic Dentist London - My Experience
Risks: I’m not a fan of these light systems and won’t use them in my practice. At best, they’re safe, but they won’t come close to achieving the results of custom trays or whitestrips. At worst, accelerating the chemical reaction damages the tooth. This can lead to premature aging and yellowing and may require future dental work if the tooth dies prematurely.

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The information in this 10-module syllabus is intended (1) to meet elements of initial educational/training requirements for Dental Students, Dental Hygiene Students, and Dental Assistant Students related to dental radiography; (2) to provide a framework for an in-service training program in oral healthcare settings to meet annual educational/training requirements as mandated by federal, state, local and professional organizations; and (3) to serve as a resource for oral healthcare personnel wishing to review evidence-based information on specific topics related to dental radiography. A PDF is available for each module that may serve as a convenient resource. Teeth Whitener For Tanning Bed Camden, Arkansas
Periodontitis - At this stage, the supporting bone and fibers that hold the teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. The gums begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which encourages penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line. Professional periodontal therapy and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
Our team's mission is to meet and exceed your expectations. We do this by making quality, excellence, and comfort our top priorities. More importantly, we take great pleasure in providing individualized care for each and every patient we treat. The whole team here at Chattanooga Dental Care combines this personal touch with a commitment to excellence. Harley Street Smile Clinic, Cosmetic Dentistry in London
Emergency dental services include any treatment, medication, or procedure that lessens a patient’s pain or repairs a structurally compromised tooth. Some of these procedures include replacing broken tooth crowns, treating infections with antibiotics, or filling a cavity with natural-looking materials. Ever wondered, “Is there affordable emergency dental care near me?” Contact our practice to learn about the following services:

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The gel has a concentration of 35% carbamide peroxide, and the syringes contain enough gel for 20+ treatments, but you will see results after the first. It can be used once a day for up to 30 minutes each. But it doesn’t just stop at whitening your teeth, it polishes your teeth and even helps remove plaque, improving the dental condition and overall oral health. It is safe for your enamel, caps, crowns and veneers. QMUL's new Dental School and Hospital
If a wire in your braces breaks off or starts poking you in the cheek, this is similarly an emergency that can wait until the next day. To stop the wire from poking you, try using a pencil eraser to bend it back against your teeth. Do not cut the wire; it may accidentally get stuck in your tongue, or you may swallow it. Cover the end of the wire with some orthodontic wax to prevent it from rubbing on your cheek. Try to stick to soft foods until you have your braces repaired so that you don't cause more extensive damage.
Endodontics Oral and maxillofacial pathology Oral and maxillofacial radiology Oral and maxillofacial surgery Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics Pediatric dentistry Periodontics Prosthodontics Dental public health Cosmetic dentistry Dental implantology Geriatric dentistry Restorative dentistry Forensic odontology Dental traumatology Holistic dentistry

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Regardless of the abutment material or technique, an impression of the abutment is then taken and a crown secured to the abutment with dental cement. Another variation on abutment/crown model is when the crown and abutment are one piece and the lag-screw traverses both to secure the one-piece structure to the internal thread on the implant. There does not appear to be any benefit, in terms of success, for cement versus screw-retained prosthetics, although the latter is believed to be easier to maintain (and change when the prosthetic fractures) and the former offers high esthetic performance.[22](p1233) Pickering Dental Care Fife for FREE TOOTH WHITENING in Fife for new private patients
There is no big secret to what makes the best teeth whitening treatment. According to the American Dental Association (ADA) and the dentists we interviewed, hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide are the only things that work. We rounded up the teeth whitening products that cap their peroxide at ADA-recommended levels, then had 39 testers weigh in on their results. Finally, we compared the method of delivery: trays, strips, or a paint-it-on gel to find four whiteners that outperformed the rest. Dentist Kings Cross Outstanding Five Star Review by Pauline D.
When one considers all of the above factors, cost seems a little less important. Beware those practices that are on either extreme. There is little justification for those practices charging in excess of $2000 for the implant, or $2000 for the crown. Unless bone grafting is necessary, there is no justifying a single implant restoration where cost approaches $5000. Conversely, those practices where the implant is $1000 and the crown is $1000 should also raise concern. At these prices, one can only consider this an attempt to be a high volume office. This is one procedure that requires education, patience and caution. It cannot be done in a rush, on a high volume basis. Before & After Smile Makeover Transformations Innovative Dental
The severity and speed of progression of periodontitis depends upon the balance of a number of factors: the number and type of bacteria present, how strong the individual’s defence mechanisms are, and the presence or absence of certain risk factors. For example, the more aggressive the bacteria and the weaker the immune response of the patient, the more active will be the disease. Added to that, some risk factors, such as smoking or diabetes, can further weaken the body’s defences and speed up the disease process. In the same way, certain drugs, such as antihypertensive or vasodilating agents and immunotherapy, affect the inflammatory response to plaque and make patients more susceptible to gingivitis. However, it is important to recognize that, without the accumulation of bacterial plaque, periodontitis will not occur. Central London Dentist

Night guard vital bleaching is another increasingly popular method of dentist prescribed at home teeth whitening. These methods have gained popularity due to the fact that significant results can be achieved overnight without the removal of any tooth tissue making it a conservative method of lightening tooth shade.The process of night guard vital bleaching involves alginate impressions of the patients’ teeth in the first visit, this is then cast into stone and a custom-made vacuum form tray is made. The patient is provided with bleaching solution, which is placed into the tray for use overnight. The number of nights the tray is used would be dependent on the extent of staining and the shade desired by the patient. Due to the recent spike in the use of home teeth whitening products there is a lack of research regarding long term implications such as side effects and duration of results. Research has found that ‘nightguard vital bleaching is a safe, effective, and predictable method to lighten teeth. The whitening effect lasted up to 47 months in 82% of the patients, with no adverse side effects reported at the end of the study’.[24] Children's Dentist Camden
The gingiva surrounding a tooth has a 2–3 mm band of bright pink, very strong attached mucosa, then a darker, larger area of unattached mucosa that folds into the cheeks. When replacing a tooth with an implant, a band of strong, attached gingiva is needed to keep the implant healthy in the long-term. This is especially important with implants because the blood supply is more precarious in the gingiva surrounding an implant, and is theoretically more susceptible to injury because of a longer attachment to the implant than on a tooth (a longer biologic width).[33](pp629–633) Cheap Dentures London UK | Cerec Dentistry | Dental Implants Costs | Invisible Braces Central London
4 stars because it has a built in timer (it's actually longer than 10 minutes, but I don't mind going longer and I'm happy it's longer rather than shorter), and produces a safe, bright LED light. I removed a star because the design is a bit flawed. Personally, I got about 2 weeks use out of my light, then went to use it again a few months later and it was dead. New batteries did not bring it back to life. I believe it's possible water may have somehow gotten into the battery compartment even though I cleaned it very carefully. For a product that literally goes inside your mouth and needs to be cleaned after each use, the battery compartment should have been designed with a higher water resistance. Normally I would rate the product lower but I reached out to the company and they sent me a new light right away without any hassle, even though many months had passed from my initial purchase, which I really appreciate. Decent product, great company. For maximum life, be VERY careful when cleaning it. I would NOT rinse it under water to clean but rather wipe it down with a damp paper towel (mild soap if needed).

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While many teeth whitening kits require you to stick to a regular schedule to get the best results, the MagicBrite can fit around you. You don’t need to use it on consecutive days to achieve the best results, you can instead use it as and when necessary. This also means that if you have sensitive teeth, you can still achieve the best results but at a rate that prevents further discomfort.

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The actual whitening process involves the dentist applying a gel made of 15% to 35% hydrogen peroxide to your front teeth. Hydrogen peroxide can penetrate the porous outer layer of your teeth and break apart stain compounds using a chemical reaction called oxidation. Depending on the whitening system being used, the application of the whitening gel may be followed by applying a high-powered light that speeds up the whitening process.

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Ridge Modification   Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can leave you with inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The defect is then filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge. Ridge modification has been shown to greatly improve appearance and increase your chances for successful implants that can last for years to come. Cosmetic Dentistry - Teeth Bonding & Dental Bonding #1
No, which is why it’s important to talk to your dentist before deciding to whiten your teeth, as whiteners may not correct all types of discoloration. For example, yellow teeth will probably bleach well, brown teeth may not respond as well and teeth with gray tones may not bleach at all. Whitening will not work on caps, veneers, crowns or fillings. It also won’t be effective if your tooth discoloration is caused by medications or a tooth injury.

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Bruxism (clenching and grinding of the teeth) can lead to micro-cracking of the incisal edges of the teeth. Extrinsic stains may settle more readily into these cracks, and a thin layer of enamel can be left. This thin enamel layer is partially transparent, allowing the dark background of the mouth to shine through, affording a darker appearance of the incisal edge.
When it comes to tooth replacement, generally, there are three options: (1) removable dental appliance (complete denture or partial denture), (2) fixed dental bridge (cemented), and (3) dental implant. Dentures are the more affordable option for replacement teeth but are the least desirable because of the inconvenience of a removable appliance in the mouth. Furthermore, dentures can affect one's taste and sensory experience with food. Dental bridgework was the more common restorative option prior to the relatively recent shift to dental implant treatment. The main disadvantage to bridgework is the dependence on existing natural teeth for support. Implants are supported by bone only and do not affect surrounding natural teeth. Deciding on which option to choose depends on many factors. Specifically for dental implants, these factors include Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)

You won’t find a ton of urgent care dentists who have availability like this, but they are out there. Our night dentist directory includes plenty of walk in dentist offices and will help you to find the nearest one to your location. The specialists employed to help you find dentists are trained to locate the nearest walk in dentist to your neighborhood, don’t worry you’ll be taken care of. Camden Dental Office Tour
According to a European Council regulation, only a qualified dental professional can legally provide tooth whitening products using 0.1 - 6% hydrogen peroxide, and that the patient must be at least 18 years old.[61] Over recent years, there have been rising concerns over unlicensed staff providing poor quality tooth whitening treatment. Significant evidence has been gathered that tooth whitening procedures have been offered by beauty salons and health clinics under unskilled staff without dental qualifications.[62] A group of recognised dental boards and organisations called The Tooth Whitening Information Group (TWIG) was established to promote safe and productive tooth whitening information and guidance for the benefit of the public. Reports can be made by the public to TWIG through their website regarding any individual providing illegal tooth whitening services, or if they personally undergone treatment done by an incompetent staff who is not a dental professional.

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Dr. Halwani loves his ImmediaDent team and his patients. He is passionate about providing exceptional patient care twelve hours a day, seven days a week. He believes ImmediaDent’s hours allow him to take care of his patients in a timely manner, on their schedule. Dr. Halwani has been practicing dentistry for 20 years and has expertise in oral surgery, endodontics and implants. His goal is to perfect all patients’ smiles and make them happy along the way.

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The primary cause of gingivitis is poor or ineffective oral hygiene,[27] which leads to the accumulation of a mycotic[28][29][30][31] and bacterial matrix at the gum line, called dental plaque. Other contributors are poor nutrition and underlying medical issues such as diabetes.[32] Diabetics must be meticulous with their homecare to control periodontal disease.[33] New finger prick tests have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the US, and are being used in dental offices to identify and screen people for possible contributory causes of gum disease, such as diabetes. Cosmetic Dentistry UK cosmetic dentists Kissdental
We have a minimum of four to five hygienists and three to five dentists, including the orthodontist, working every day. This makes it possible to schedule multiple family members for cleanings and check-ups simultaneously. If you have a large family and schedule in advance, it is possible to have all of your family members in and out, in the same hour, rather than spending half your day waiting for everyone to be seen at a smaller office. For brighter smiles, choose teeth whitening at Ace Dental

Once you are done, you can rinse the gel off your teeth and clean the light and the dental trays. The suggested treatment plan for the best results is 5 to 15 minutes per day, but it is not clear how many treatments should be completed in total. It also isn’t clear how many treatments this kit can give. Having said that, with results seen as quickly as after the first use, you probably won’t run out too quickly. Dentist Islington twin Sterilisation rooms and best dental care professional.MOV
Eat more vitamin C-rich foods. It's not just lemons that can help with gum disease, but also other foods full of vitamin C such as oranges, grapes, guava, kiwi mango, papaya, bell peppers, and strawberry. Vitamin C is an antioxidant, and antioxidants are found to promote connective tissue growth and bone regeneration, which can be affected by various gum problems.
If you happen to be suffering from broken braces or wires from your braces poking into the interior skin of your mouth, you’re going to want to cover those pieces of broken wire as soon as you can. It is suggested to purchase dental wax over the counter at most pharmacies, in fact when the dentist installed the braces they probably gave you a small container of the wax for just such occasions. Take a small ball of the wax and roll it up in your fingers and then place it gently over the top of the wire that is bothering you. Next find yourself an appointment with an orthodontist. ALL ON 4 DENTAL IMPLANTS 7 MONTH UPDATE

Even those teeth whitening products made by reputable companies such as Crest, Plus White and others tend to get reviews that aren't exactly glowing. Again, digging into these reviews, we find plenty of low ratings from those who expected miracles -- teeth whiteners can't remove 15 years' worth of stains no matter what they claim, only a professional hygienist can do that. People with realistic expectations tend to be the happiest. Fortunately, this isn't our first rodeo: we were able to cut through the hype and the fakes to recommend the teeth whitening products that you can trust and that will really work.


Tennessee Family Dental is open evenings (Tuesdays and Thursdays) and Saturdays in order to accommodate our patients’ busy schedules. Extended hours also allow us to see emergency dental patients whose regular dental office is closed. To learn more about our evening and Saturday appointments, call one of our four dental offices in South Nashville, Green Hills, Lebanon, or La Vergne.
When you have a dental emergency that occurs due to a fall, a sports injury or even a car accident, you should always call or visit the local hospital emergency room or urgent care center to ensure that you have no life-threatening injuries. If your dental emergency includes a lost filling, an object caught between your teeth, or a loose crown or something non life threatening, you can call our service or your local dentist. Covent Garden Dental Spa - Cool Central London Dentist
Professional dental cleaning. During a typical checkup your dentist or dental hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar (plaque that builds up and hardens on the tooth surface and can only be removed with professional cleaning) from above and below the gum line of all teeth. If you have some signs of gum disease, your dentist may recommend professional dental cleaning more than twice-a-year. Dental cleanings are not a treatment for active gum disease. They are, though, an important preventive measure that can help you stave off its development. About our dental practice - Bishopsgate Dental Care in London
Tetracycline and minocycline. Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic,[10] and its derivative minocycline is common in the treatment of acne.[11] The drug is able to chelate calcium ions and is incorporated into teeth, cartilage and bone.[10] Ingestion during the years of tooth development causes yellow-green discoloration of dentine visible through the enamel which is fluorescent under ultraviolet light. Later, the tetracycline is oxidized and the staining becomes more brown and no longer fluoresces under UV light.[5][12]

Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery. During this procedure the gums are lifted back and the tarter is removed. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease-causing bacteria can hide. The gums are then placed so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This method reduces the size of the space between the gum and tooth, thereby decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow and decreasing the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal disease.

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A child should start having his or her teeth brushed with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste beginning at 12 months of age. As soon as the gaps between the teeth start to close, it is important to start flossing. At the beginning, the parents should establish a routine to brush the teeth so the child can get used to it. As soon as the child is able, the brushing and flossing should be passed over to him or her and monitored by the parent to ensure good thorough technique and consistency. A child should get regular dental visits starting at about 2 years of age. Abiding by these guidelines will effectively prevent and treat gum disease in most children.
The first stage of oral surgery often involves a tooth or teeth extraction. Oftentimes, the site of a dental implant still has an existing damaged tooth present. In order to prepare for placement of a dental implant, the tooth will need to be extracted. More often than not, an "alveolar bone graft" (cadaver or synthetic bone) is placed to achieve a solid base of bone for the implant. This site will be allowed to heal for two to six months. For a site that has no tooth and bone loss is present, it will require a different bone graft that is placed on top of existing jawbone ("onlay bone graft"). This procedure is more involved and usually requires about six or more months of healing. In some instances, when enough bone is present, the damaged tooth can be extracted followed by the implant placement procedure at the same appointment. This procedure is called "immediate implant" placement.

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For minor discoloration that is confined to one or two teeth, you can try using a teeth-whitening pen. A tooth-whitening pen uses the same types of ingredients present in a teeth-whitening treatment but allows you to precisely apply the bleach to the stain. Like teeth-whitening kits, pens must be used repeatedly over an extended period of time to produce noticeable results. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
If nonsurgical therapy is found to have been unsuccessful in managing signs of disease activity, periodontal surgery may be needed to stop progressive bone loss and regenerate lost bone where possible. Many surgical approaches are used in the treatment of advanced periodontitis, including open flap debridement and osseous surgery, as well as guided tissue regeneration and bone grafting. The goal of periodontal surgery is access for definitive calculus removal and surgical management of bony irregularities which have resulted from the disease process to reduce pockets as much as possible. Long-term studies have shown, in moderate to advanced periodontitis, surgically treated cases often have less further breakdown over time and, when coupled with a regular post-treatment maintenance regimen, are successful in nearly halting tooth loss in nearly 85% of diagnosed people.[57][58] Patient Testimonial 16 - by Life Dental Implants in Victoria London

Most people develop some staining and discoloration on their teeth over time, but knowing that the problem is common doesn't make it any less embarrassing. Many people feel self-conscious about having a less-than-white smile. If you're one of them, you can take steps to address staining and boost your self-confidence with teeth-whitening products. Walgreens carries a diverse assortment of products for whitening your teeth at home as part of your oral care routine. Your dentist can help you decide which type is right for you, and then you can purchase the best tooth-whitening product for your needs online or in one of our stores.
Titanium’s special property of fusing to bone, called osseointegration (“osseo” – bone; “integration” – fusion or joining with), is the biological basis of dental implant success. That’s because when teeth are lost, the bone that supported those teeth is lost too. Placing dental implants stabilizes bone, preventing its loss. Along with replacing lost teeth, implants help maintain the jawbone’s shape and density. This means they also support the facial skeleton and, indirectly, the soft tissue structures — gum tissues, cheeks and lips. Dental implants help you eat, chew, smile, talk and look completely natural. This functionality imparts social, psychological and physical well-being.
Tooth decay and gum disease are caused by plaque, a sticky combination of bacteria and food. Plaque begins to build up on teeth within a few minutes after eating. If teeth are not cleaned well each day, plaque will lead to tooth decay or gum disease. If you do not remove plaque, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar that becomes trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become:
If you're looking for an easy approach to tooth whitening, you can use stain-removal toothpaste. These products typically contain abrasives that lift away stains by producing friction as you brush. While teeth-whitening toothpaste can be effective at minimizing stains, they take longer to produce results. Keep in mind that teeth-whitening toothpaste can only address surface stains caused by smoking, food and drinks, as they do not contain bleaching agents. Baby Camden at the Dentist!
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