Over the years, the pellicle layer may begin to penetrate the porous enamel layer. In other words, stains from your morning coffee seep into the enamel and take up permanent residence. No amount of surface-level scrubbing or rinsing can get rid of these stains once they’ve penetrated the enamel layer. Enter: teeth whiteners with bleaching chemicals, or peroxides. These can penetrate the tooth enamel and initiate a chemical reaction that breaks up the staining compounds.

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Even those teeth whitening products made by reputable companies such as Crest, Plus White and others tend to get reviews that aren't exactly glowing. Again, digging into these reviews, we find plenty of low ratings from those who expected miracles -- teeth whiteners can't remove 15 years' worth of stains no matter what they claim, only a professional hygienist can do that. People with realistic expectations tend to be the happiest. Fortunately, this isn't our first rodeo: we were able to cut through the hype and the fakes to recommend the teeth whitening products that you can trust and that will really work. Glow Dental | The Best Dental Care in London
An abutment is selected depending on the application. In many single crown and fixed partial denture scenarios (bridgework), custom abutments are used. An impression of the top of the implant is made with the adjacent teeth and gingiva. A dental lab then simultaneously fabricates an abutment and crown. The abutment is seated on the implant, a screw passes through the abutment to secure it to an internal thread on the implant (lag-screw). There are variations on this, such as when the abutment and implant body are one piece or when a stock (prefabricated) abutment is used. Custom abutments can be made by hand, as a cast metal piece or custom milled from metal or zirconia, all of which have similar success rates.[22](p1233)

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The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 1997-2019, A.D.A.M., Inc. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing by ADAM Health Solutions. How To Clean Dental Implants
Dental implants provide several advantages over other teeth replacement options. In addition to looking and functioning like natural teeth, implant-supported full bridges or dentures are designed to be long lasting. Implant-supported full bridges and dentures also are more comfortable and stable than conventional dentures, allowing you to retain a more natural biting and chewing capacity. Enlighten Teeth Whitening at Wimpole Dental Office Central London

A typical conventional implant consists of a titanium screw (resembling a tooth root) with a roughened or smooth surface. The majority of dental implants are made out of commercially pure titanium, which is available in four grades depending upon the amount of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and iron contained.[53] Cold work hardened CP4 (maximum impurity limits of N .05 percent, C .10 percent, H .015 percent, Fe .50 percent, and O .40 percent) is the most commonly used titanium for implants. Grade 5 titanium, Titanium 6AL-4V, (signifying the titanium alloy containing 6 percent aluminium and 4 percent vanadium alloy) is slightly harder than CP4 and used in the industry mostly for abutment screws and abutments.[54](pp284–285) Most modern dental implants also have a textured surface (through etching, anodic oxidation or various-media blasting) to increase the surface area and osseointegration potential of the implant.[55](p55) Half Of Dentists Don't Accept New NHS Patients


More than 60% of Americans have naturally sensitive teeth. This is most often caused by genetics, thin enamel, or crack/damaged teeth. During the whitening process, it is completely normal for sensitivity to occur. The teeth become temporarily dehydrated which reduces their ability to insulate the nerve from changes in temperature. Sensitivity will disappear 12-36 hours after whitening. Dentists and hygienists recommend a post-whitening fluoride treatment to nourish the teeth and promote rehydration.
It is also possible to have stains inside the tooth. These are called intrinsic stains. For example, intrinsic stains can be caused by exposure to too much fluoride as a child while teeth are developing. Other causes include tetracycline antibiotics. They can stain a child's teeth if taken by a mother during the second half of pregnancy or by a child who is 8 years old or younger. Teeth are still developing during these years. Trauma may also darken a tooth. Welcome to UCL Eastman Dental Institute

The risks and complications related to implant therapy divide into those that occur during surgery (such as excessive bleeding or nerve injury), those that occur in the first six months (such as infection and failure to osseointegrate) and those that occur long-term (such as peri-implantitis and mechanical failures). In the presence of healthy tissues, a well-integrated implant with appropriate biomechanical loads can have 5-year plus survival rates from 93 to 98 percent[1][2][3] and 10 to 15 year lifespans for the prosthetic teeth.[4] Long-term studies show a 16- to 20-year success (implants surviving without complications or revisions) between 52% and 76%, with complications occurring up to 48% of the time.[5][6] Dental Implants North London Reviews Wonderful Five Star Review by Richard D.
When most people see the words "dental care," they think of dentists, dental fillings, orthodontic braces, dental sealants, etc. Those are important, but they're not the whole story. Good dental health really begins with you and a regular oral hygiene routine that includes brushing your teeth with a soft-bristle toothbrush twice a day for 120 seconds. In importance, proper flossing at least once a day is right up there with brushing ... many respected periodontists would argue that it's even more essential.

The severity and speed of progression of periodontitis depends upon the balance of a number of factors: the number and type of bacteria present, how strong the individual’s defence mechanisms are, and the presence or absence of certain risk factors. For example, the more aggressive the bacteria and the weaker the immune response of the patient, the more active will be the disease. Added to that, some risk factors, such as smoking or diabetes, can further weaken the body’s defences and speed up the disease process. In the same way, certain drugs, such as antihypertensive or vasodilating agents and immunotherapy, affect the inflammatory response to plaque and make patients more susceptible to gingivitis. However, it is important to recognize that, without the accumulation of bacterial plaque, periodontitis will not occur.
The formula is safe for your tooth enamel and the tooth guard is a comfortable fit. Wear it for just 10 – 30 minutes per day, for up to 10 days and you will see your staining and discoloration disappear. You don’t need to wait around at the bathroom mirror either; the hands-free tooth guard design means you can treat your teeth while watching television – just wait for the timer to go off when you’re done!
Español: tratar las enfermedades de las encías con remedios caseros, Português: Tratar Doenças Na Gengiva Com Remédios Caseiros, Italiano: Trattare Disturbi alle Gengive con Rimedi Casalinghi, Deutsch: Zahnfleischentzündung mit Hausmitteln behandeln, Русский: лечить заболевания десен домашними средствами, Français: traiter les maladies des gencives avec des remèdes maison, 中文: 自己治疗牙龈疾病, Nederlands: Tandvleesproblemen aanpakken met huismiddeltjes, Čeština: Jak podomácku léčit onemocnění dásní, Bahasa Indonesia: Mengobati Penyakit Gusi dengan Rawatan Rumah, العربية: معالجة أمراض اللثة بعلاجات منزلية, हिन्दी: मसूड़ों की बीमारी का इलाज करें (Home Remedies, Gharelu Nuskhe), ไทย: รักษาโรคเหงือกด้วยตัวคุณเองที่บ้าน, Tiếng Việt: Chữa bệnh nướu bằng nguyên liệu tại nhà, 한국어: 가정 요법으로 잇몸 질환 다스리는 법, 日本語: 歯ぐきの病気を家で治療する, Türkçe: Ev Yapımı Çözümlerle Diş Eti Hastalıkları Nasıl Tedavi Edilir
Find out more below about what you need to know for when you need to see an emergency dentist, when a dental emergency turns into an emergency room visit, when a dental emergency isn’t urgent, and how to avoid dental emergencies.If you are  experiencing any dental pain, injuries, or accidents and are not sure whether or not to see a dental emergency professional, don’t hesitate to call Comfort Care Dental, we are happy to answer any and all of your dental questions. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist

How to Prevent Gum InfectionJust about every area of your body is susceptible to infection, including your mouth. And if you have an infection, it’s important to get treatment promptly. In the case of your mouth, infected gums can not only be very painful, they can also be a sign of a more serious condition such as advanced periodontal disease, otherwise known as periodontitis.Periodontitis affects the area of your mouth just below the gum line, in the v-shaped crevice between your tooth and gums, known as the sulcus. This impacts the attachment of your tooth and causes the nearby tissue to break down. Once the tissue is damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket that can store bacteria and lead to gum infection. Since gums provide fundamental support for our teeth, it’s vital to keep them, and your gum line, in good health.Gum Infection SymptomsAlthough serious gum infections aren’t extremely common, they can lead to major issues if not treated in a timely manner. While most of us want to keep our teeth and gums healthy, your gums can be prone to gum infection if not cared for properly. Identifying warning signs that can lead to infected gums is an important way to help prevent further gum disease and all the side effects that come with it.Signs that you may have infected gums include: Introduction to our Dental Clinic in London Bridge - Londent Oral Care


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The more dangerous bacteria are able to thrive and multiply, producing some harmful by-products which stimulate the body’s defensive inflammatory response in the gums. As the disease progresses, chronic inflammation causes the bone of the jaw to be destroyed and the teeth to be lost. In many people, this is a gradual process that takes place over many years and, if detected and treated, can be halted. However, some young adults have a very active form of the disease which causes early loosening and loss of the teeth.

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If the soft bacterial plaque is not removed by brushing, minerals are deposited within it over time and it becomes a hard deposit on the tooth called tartar. The presence of tartar encourages the growth of the bacterial plaque towards the tooth roots. As the inflammation progresses deeper, the attachment of the gum to the root is disrupted and a gap or periodontal pocket is formed between them. This pocket is an ideal place for harmful bacteria to colonize and in which to multiply, therefore driving the disease process forward. In their new habitat, the bacteria release toxins as products of their metabolism, which further trigger the body’s defence mechanisms. Same Day Dental Implants & Teeth - Anterior Maxillary Bridge
An emergency dentist is a general dentist or dental specialist you don’t need an appointment to see. Emergency dentists provide 24-hour dentistry, and can handle most dental emergencies. That’s what you want because if you happen to have a broken tooth, a lost tooth filling, a missing dental crown, or you need toothache remedies, you don’t want to have to wait 12 or 16 hours before you can get dental treatment. Plus, delaying necessary dental care never results in your dental problems going away; most times, they get worse, and fixing them becomes more intensive and more expensive. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
At Columbia Dental Care, we believe that visiting the dentist does not have to be a painful or unpleasant experience. To that end, we offer the latest in modern dental technology to make our patients’ visits efficient and comfortable. Our office includes the following high-tech tools: an intraoral camera, digital radiographs, rotary endodontics, single-visit dental crowns, laser dentistry, and 3-D cone imaging. 

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Most teeth whitening products on the market use similar active ingredients to whiten. The difference is the device that is used to hold the whitening agent on the tooth. A truly custom-fitted whitening tray ensures that every angle of every tooth (regardless of whether your teeth are straight or not) receives even and consistent coverage. Unlike boil & bit trays, whitening strips, and UV lights, fitted whitening trays eliminate the possibility of inconsistencies and allow you to maintain your beautiful smile.

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If gum disease is more advanced, scaling and root planning can be performed to treat diseased periodontal pockets and gum infection. A dental hygienist uses an ultrasonic scaling device to remove plaque, tartar and food debris above and below the gum line, and hand scales the tooth and root surfaces to make them smooth and disease free. Laser treatments are also sometimes used to remove tartar deposits. If periodontal pockets are more than 5 millimeters deep, that is, if you have moderate to severe periodontitis, gingival flap surgery may be performed by a periodontist to reduce periodontal pockets, as well as bone grafting to restore lost bone.
When left untreated, however, gingivitis can progress into a more serious condition called periodontitis. Toxins from this buildup of bacterial plaque not only affect your gum tissue, but also the bone and ligaments that support your teeth. As the infection causes disease to the bone and supporting tissues, your teeth may eventually become loose and need to be treated surgically or removed. But even advanced cases of periodontal disease don't have to progress to this point. ALL ON 4 DENTAL IMPLANTS 7 MONTH UPDATE
At-home whitening methods include gels, chewing gums, rinses, toothpastes, paint-on films, and whitening strips.[22][23] Most over-the-counter methods utilize either carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide.[23] Although there is some evidence that such products will whiten the teeth compared to placebo, the majority of the published scientific studies were short term and are subject to a high risk of bias as the research was sponsored or conducted by the manufacturers.[23] There is no long term evidence of the effectiveness or potential risks of such products.[23] Any demonstrable difference in the short term efficiency of such products seems to be related to concentration of the active ingredient.[23] Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
Dental implant surgery is usually performed under local anesthetic, and therefore, no pain should be felt during the procedure. After the local anesthetic has worn off, the post-surgery discomfort will vary with each individual case. However, in general, most people will feel discomfort similar to a tooth extraction afterward. A cold ice pack is placed on skin over the area of surgery immediately after treatment to help reduce swelling. This pain typically can be managed with over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). More invasive surgery may require a stronger prescription pain medication and more recovery time. Aside from pain medications, prescriptions for antibiotics and oral rinses may be needed to support healing of the area for the following few weeks.

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The general recommendation is to use over-the-counter whitening products up to two times a year. Using whitening products too often can lead to increased tooth sensitivity or white spots — this is natural and due to certain areas of your teeth that have a lack of calcium (also known as hypocalcification). Excessive whitening can make the spots more prominent.

As gingivitis progresses (chronic gingivitis), various complications may arise. The affected person may develop receding gums or areas where the root of the tooth becomes uncovered by the shrinking, diseased gums. Deep pockets may develop around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and debris. If gingivitis advances to periodontal disease, the person may lose gum tissue or bone around the teeth and the teeth may become loose or fall out. These changes can develop either very slowly or very rapidly and can affect either a few teeth or the entire mouth. If oral hygiene is almost never done or if the person becomes immune-compromised, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis may develop (ANUG, formerly termed trench mouth). This is a painful condition where infected gums swell, ulcerate, and slough off dead tissue. London Teeth Whitening Dental Clinic | Call: 44-2038703231

Oral Hygiene for Seniors Age in and of itself is not a dominant or sole factor in determining oral health. However, certain medical conditions, such as arthritis in the hands and fingers, may make brushing or flossing teeth difficult to impossible to perform. Drugs can also affect oral health and may make a change in your dental treatment necessary.
Go Smile actually gets somewhat better user reviews than most of the tooth whitening systems in this report (although none of the credible products get much more than slightly above average ratings), with users saying it worked as advertised. The biggest complaint we saw was that the gel can be difficult to squeeze out of the tube. Also, because you "snap" the gel cap open, it's not quite as portable as most of the other methods we cover here because of the possibility that the tubes will open accidentally. Dental Implants Coventry Dentists Show Best Same Day Full Whole Mouth Dental Teeth Implants Verum UK

The damage to teeth and gums comes from the immune system as it attempts to destroy the microbes that are disrupting the normal symbiosis between the oral tissues and the oral microbe community. As in other tissues, Langerhans cells in the epithelium take up antigens from the microbes, and present them to the immune system, leading to movement of white blood cells into the affected tissues. This process in turn activates osteoclasts which begin to destroy bone, and it activates matrix metalloproteinases that destroy ligaments.[46] So, in summary, it is bacteria which initiates the disease, but key destructive events are brought about by the exaggerated response from the host's immune system.[40] Dental Clinic
Crest Glamorous White replaces our previous strips pick, Crest Professional Effects, with a better overall design. The Glamorous strip for the bottom teeth has a contoured shape that makes it easier to apply and more comfortable for the required 30 minutes — Professional Effects uses a rectangular bar that doesn’t fit as easily. Teeth whitening strips are technique-sensitive, and our tester appreciated the curved design, which molded more naturally to their teeth. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.
The Power Swabs® system was first introduced in 2008 with a breakthrough, patented teeth whitening technology developed by celebrated dentist Dr. Martin Giniger. In fact, Dr. Giniger’s Power Swabs home teeth whitening product is proven to whiten teeth as well as white strips, but with far less sensitivity and greater ease of use. To accomplish this, Power Swabs whitening products use a patented combination of clinically-researched ingredients to reach between enamel and break the molecular bonds between positively charged stained molecules and the negatively charged surfaces they are bound to for a platinum white clean. An added bonus to the gentle formula is that it works on cosmetic dentistry as well as natural teeth.  London Cosmetic Dentistry - Dental Smile Makeover

When you have a dental emergency, waiting days or even weeks for a dental appointment means that your discomfort continues and your condition possibly worsens. A walk-in dentist is available to treat your dental emergency immediately, making this dental option the best choice for a painful dental emergency. This is especially important if your dental condition includes an infection like an abscess, a tooth that has been knocked out or a painful toothache that occurs without explanation. A dental emergency like a lost filling or a loose crown can usually wait until you are able to make a dental appointment. Dentist In Camden Excellent 5 Star Review by Lesley Mcilroy
At Total Dental Care, we value our patient relationships, making it our priority to deliver gentle compassionate care that you deserve from a dentist in Pekin. We work hard to make you feel at ease by providing exceptional patient care in a relaxed, convenient atmosphere. We strive to develop lifelong relationships with our patients by combining the latest dental technology with a professional and compassionate staff. The result is a beautiful, healthy smile that lasts a lifetime. Dentist In Holborn Amazing 5 Star Review by Susan Williams
Español: tratar las enfermedades de las encías con remedios caseros, Português: Tratar Doenças Na Gengiva Com Remédios Caseiros, Italiano: Trattare Disturbi alle Gengive con Rimedi Casalinghi, Deutsch: Zahnfleischentzündung mit Hausmitteln behandeln, Русский: лечить заболевания десен домашними средствами, Français: traiter les maladies des gencives avec des remèdes maison, 中文: 自己治疗牙龈疾病, Nederlands: Tandvleesproblemen aanpakken met huismiddeltjes, Čeština: Jak podomácku léčit onemocnění dásní, Bahasa Indonesia: Mengobati Penyakit Gusi dengan Rawatan Rumah, العربية: معالجة أمراض اللثة بعلاجات منزلية, हिन्दी: मसूड़ों की बीमारी का इलाज करें (Home Remedies, Gharelu Nuskhe), ไทย: รักษาโรคเหงือกด้วยตัวคุณเองที่บ้าน, Tiếng Việt: Chữa bệnh nướu bằng nguyên liệu tại nhà, 한국어: 가정 요법으로 잇몸 질환 다스리는 법, 日本語: 歯ぐきの病気を家で治療する, Türkçe: Ev Yapımı Çözümlerle Diş Eti Hastalıkları Nasıl Tedavi Edilir Welcome to UCL Eastman Dental Institute
Reduce stress. According to the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), there's a link between stress and your dental health. People under stress have a compromised immune system that makes it harder for them to fight off the bacteria that causes periodontal disease and makes them more prone to gum infection, but also general problems such as diabetes or heart disease. Best Tooth Replacement Solution. Dental Implant Specialist London & Budapest

We are a team of dental marketing experts who have been working with dentists and patients since 2013. The company was founded by Michael Plambeck, an entrepreneur and dental marketing expert from the heartland of the United States. From there, Michael has continued to hire experienced team members who are passionate about helping patients and who are highly qualified in their fields. We place expertise at a premium!
If you spend a little time searching the Web, you'll find plenty of ideas about natural methods of tooth whitening. Use lemon juice or apple cider vinegar as a mouthwash? Scrub your teeth with an activated charcoal product? Messina says those techniques come with risks. The acid of lemon juice can erode the enamel on your teeth, and charcoal is an abrasive that can wear it away. "Your teeth will be whiter initially, but as the enamel wears away, you'll see more dentin," Messina says. "That yellowish color will show through."

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Placement of the implant: The implant screw is placed and can be self-tapping,[22](pp100–102) otherwise the prepared site is tapped with an implant analog. It is then screwed into place with a torque controlled wrench[23] at a precise torque so as not to overload the surrounding bone (overloaded bone can die, a condition called osteonecrosis, which may lead to failure of the implant to fully integrate or bond with the jawbone). Bolton dentist, holborn dentist, london dentist- Dr Monik Vasant on GMTV
The first thing to do is visit your dental team for a thorough check-up of your teeth and gums. They will measure the 'cuff' of gum around each tooth to see if there is any sign that periodontal disease has started.  X-rays may also be needed to see the amount of bone that has been lost. This assessment is very important, so the correct treatment can be prescribed for you. Livermore Dentist - Smiles by Designs Presents Brushing With Braces, How to Brush Teeth
Our offices work to bridge the gap between the dental and medical communities. When left untreated, dental emergencies can lead to Hospital ER and Urgent Care Center visits resulting in risk of infection, extended healing times and excessive medical bills. Our goal is to run an efficient, walk-in practice that exclusively treats dental emergencies, so you can get out of pain quickly and back to your daily routine. London Teeth Whitening Dental Clinic | Call: 44-2038703231
Español: tratar las enfermedades de las encías con remedios caseros, Português: Tratar Doenças Na Gengiva Com Remédios Caseiros, Italiano: Trattare Disturbi alle Gengive con Rimedi Casalinghi, Deutsch: Zahnfleischentzündung mit Hausmitteln behandeln, Русский: лечить заболевания десен домашними средствами, Français: traiter les maladies des gencives avec des remèdes maison, 中文: 自己治疗牙龈疾病, Nederlands: Tandvleesproblemen aanpakken met huismiddeltjes, Čeština: Jak podomácku léčit onemocnění dásní, Bahasa Indonesia: Mengobati Penyakit Gusi dengan Rawatan Rumah, العربية: معالجة أمراض اللثة بعلاجات منزلية, हिन्दी: मसूड़ों की बीमारी का इलाज करें (Home Remedies, Gharelu Nuskhe), ไทย: รักษาโรคเหงือกด้วยตัวคุณเองที่บ้าน, Tiếng Việt: Chữa bệnh nướu bằng nguyên liệu tại nhà, 한국어: 가정 요법으로 잇몸 질환 다스리는 법, 日本語: 歯ぐきの病気を家で治療する, Türkçe: Ev Yapımı Çözümlerle Diş Eti Hastalıkları Nasıl Tedavi Edilir Welcome to UCL Eastman Dental Institute
Titanium’s special property of fusing to bone, called osseointegration (“osseo” – bone; “integration” – fusion or joining with), is the biological basis of dental implant success. That’s because when teeth are lost, the bone that supported those teeth is lost too. Placing dental implants stabilizes bone, preventing its loss. Along with replacing lost teeth, implants help maintain the jawbone’s shape and density. This means they also support the facial skeleton and, indirectly, the soft tissue structures — gum tissues, cheeks and lips. Dental implants help you eat, chew, smile, talk and look completely natural. This functionality imparts social, psychological and physical well-being. Recommended Dentist In Central London South London
Crest Whitestrips couldn't be simpler to use, just peel them from their foil package, remove the backing, and apply to your teeth. Crest recommends you do so before you brush your teeth for optimal effectiveness and adherence, and some users add that they get even better results if they dry their teeth first. Once they're on though, they stay on, and you can even talk or drink water while wearing the strips. Each treatment is 30 minutes, once a day. Crest makes a variety of Whitestrips systems, but the two that are included in testing in most of the professional roundups we spotted are Crest 3D White Professional Effects (Est. $25 and up) and Crest 3D White Glamourous White Whitestrips (Est. $35 for 14 treatments). But you can't go wrong with any Crest Whitestrips formulation that might be on the store shelf (or on sale!) when you're out shopping. Straumann-Dental Implant Surgery-Step by Step- Part 1.
Dentures, removable replacements for missing teeth, come in two types: partial and complete dentures. Dental implants and bridges are suitable alternatives to dentures. Though it usually takes a while to get used to eating and speaking with new dentures, denture adhesives can improve the stability of the denture and provide a sense of security for the denture wearer. Removal of Failed Dental Implant
A dental abscess is an infection that occurs in or around a tooth root. Abscesses can cause serious dental pain, and they can be dangerous as they might spread into the jaw bone, nearby teeth, or even your blood. It's important to seek treatment for a suspected dental abscess as soon as possible to reduce the chance of the infection spreading. If you have a fever or severe pain, call an emergency dentist for immediate care. If you do not have a fever and are able to manage your pain with over-the-counter pain relievers, you can call your general dentist in the morning; they will probably want to see you the same day or the next day. Dr. Peter Kertesz Dental Surgery London

^ Berglundh, Tord; Armitage, Gary; Araujo, Mauricio G.; Avila-Ortiz, Gustavo; Blanco, Juan; Camargo, Paulo M.; Chen, Stephen; Cochran, David; Derks, Jan (June 2018). "Peri-implant diseases and conditions: Consensus report of workgroup 4 of the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions". Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 45: S286–S291. doi:10.1111/jcpe.12957. ISSN 0303-6979. PMID 29926491. 

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(In the case of broken brackets or appliances, please call our office as soon as possible. This will allow us to determine if we can build in time for repair at your next scheduled appointment (and save your family a trip into the office) or if we need to see you immediately to ease pain or repair sooner and schedule the appropriate amount of time for your care.) Best Dentist in London

Many women who become pregnant think that they should avoid the dentist to keep their pregnancy safe, but they shouldn't miss their dental cleanings as long as they feel strong and comfortable enough. During pregnancy, women are at risk of developing pregnancy gingivitis. Because of the increase in hormones that occurs with pregnancy, the gum tissues are more susceptible to attack from bacteria and other pathogens. Pregnant women will often notice an increase in swollen, bleeding gums even if their oral hygiene has remained consistent. It may be necessary to get dental cleanings more often than usual during pregnancy to help combat this increased risk.

For minor discoloration that is confined to one or two teeth, you can try using a teeth-whitening pen. A tooth-whitening pen uses the same types of ingredients present in a teeth-whitening treatment but allows you to precisely apply the bleach to the stain. Like teeth-whitening kits, pens must be used repeatedly over an extended period of time to produce noticeable results.


The goals of gum disease treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth; reduce swelling, the depth of pockets, and the risk of infection; and to stop disease progression. Treatment options depend on the stage of disease, how you may have responded to earlier treatments, and your overall health. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues. A full description of the various treatment options is provided in Gum Disease Treatments.

This gluten-free tooth whitening kit boasts that it can give you instant results in as few as 1 to 2 applications! With this kit you can get a professional tooth whitening experience at home, without tooth sensitivity and at a fraction of the cost of professional dentists. It can dramatically remove years-worth of stains, leaving you with a beautiful, pearly smile again.
Whitening pens bring out the skeptic in us all, but our testers agreed this pen made touch-ups a breeze. The Go Smile pen takes only seconds to paste onto your front teeth, although it’s recommended you refrain from eating or drinking for at least 20 minutes after applying. “All you have to do is twist the cap until the product coats the brush and then paint the product on troublesome spots,” one of our testers said.
Historically, there have been two different types of dental implants: (1) endosteal and (2) subperiosteal. Endosteal refers to an implant that is "in the bone," and subperiosteal refers to an implant that rests on top of the jawbone under the gum tissue. Subperiosteal implants are no longer in use today because of their poor long-term results in comparison to endosteal dental implants.

Whitening mouthwashes are another tooth-whitening product that you can use at home to promote a whiter smile. These products usually feature a small amount of hydrogen peroxide that bleach the dental enamel. Generally, whitening mouthwashes are not effective at addressing widespread staining. Instead, dentists typically recommend them for maintaining a whiter smile after you have used an at-home teeth-whitening treatment or received a clinical-bleaching treatment in the office.

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If the soft bacterial plaque is not removed by brushing, minerals are deposited within it over time and it becomes a hard deposit on the tooth called tartar. The presence of tartar encourages the growth of the bacterial plaque towards the tooth roots. As the inflammation progresses deeper, the attachment of the gum to the root is disrupted and a gap or periodontal pocket is formed between them. This pocket is an ideal place for harmful bacteria to colonize and in which to multiply, therefore driving the disease process forward. In their new habitat, the bacteria release toxins as products of their metabolism, which further trigger the body’s defence mechanisms.

Put simply, whitening toothpastes and mouthwashes cannot remove deep stains as well as whitening treatments. Each of your teeth is made up of multiple layers. First, a layer of enamel offers defense for the crowns of your teeth, the part that exists above the gum line. But over time, the stuff you eat and drink — berries, red wine, coffee — forms another layer, the pellicle layer, on top of your enamel.


Some older adults with missing teeth rely on bridgework or dentures to preserve their dental function.  Bridges require grinding down healthy teeth to function as abutments to anchor the side of the bridge without the crown.  Over time, worn-out bridgework can be harmful for preserving dental function and preventing bone loss in the jaw.  Bridges generally fail after 5-10 years as patients have difficulty flossing them.  Therefore, root surfaces below and around bridgework become highly susceptible to decay and are not reparable.  As a result, teeth supporting the old bridge often are lost, requiring insertion of longer bridges that further compromise dentition.  For most patients, implants are a much better treatment alternative because they preserve the bone of the jaw, do not decay, and function just like natural teeth.

Another purported method of naturally whitening the teeth is through the use of activated charcoal. Technically, activated charcoal doesn't "whiten" your teeth, it simply helps remove stains from the surface your teeth[32]. It is important to highlight some dentist believe activated charcoal should not be used for teeth whitening whilst others believe there is rational for using activated charcoal for teeth whitening as it may help absorb discolourations in your tooth enamel[33]. Testimonial for Dr. William Biggins - Camden, SC, Dentist

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