Over the years, the pellicle layer may begin to penetrate the porous enamel layer. In other words, stains from your morning coffee seep into the enamel and take up permanent residence. No amount of surface-level scrubbing or rinsing can get rid of these stains once they’ve penetrated the enamel layer. Enter: teeth whiteners with bleaching chemicals, or peroxides. These can penetrate the tooth enamel and initiate a chemical reaction that breaks up the staining compounds. Travers Dental Clinic Kings Cross Remarkable Five Star Review by Richard D.
The ideal source of energy should be high energy to excite the peroxide molecules without overheating the pulp of the tooth.[20] Lights are typically within the blue light spectrum as this has been found to contain the most effective wavelengths for initiating the hydrogen peroxide reaction. A power bleaching treatment typically involves isolation of soft tissue with a resin-based, light-curable barrier, application of a professional dental-grade hydrogen peroxide whitening gel (25-38% hydrogen peroxide), and exposure to the light source for 6–15 minutes. Recent technical advances have minimized heat and ultraviolet emissions, allowing for a shorter patient preparation procedure. Dental Crown Specialist in Islington London

Once the implant has had four to six months to bond with the bone, you’ll receive your new replacement tooth. First, your doctor places an abutment (a small connector that keeps the crown secured to the implant) onto the implant. The new tooth will be matched to the color and shape of your existing teeth and fixed to the abutment. The implant teeth should function just like your other teeth. Dental Implants Cost - What is the Cost of Dental Implants?


An innovative technology that can assist non-surgical treatments for gum disease, laser dentistry involves treating the gingival pocket with a narrow, intense beam of light energy at a wavelength that is ideally suited for soft tissue procedures. This light energy removes a tiny amount of diseased tissue, decontaminates any gum pockets and aides in reducing the bacteria associated with the disease.

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Dr. Paul Amato, DDS, FAGD explained if you go above 10% hydrogen peroxide or 35% carbamide peroxide, “then you’re getting into the professional grade.” Whitening products this strong should only be used with dentist supervision — they’ll take care to completely protect your gum tissue with a rubber dam or gel. In any case, you should consult your dentist before using any teeth whitening product to make sure you’re getting what’s best for your teeth and gums.
From these theoretical risks, derive the real world complications. Long-term failures are due to either loss of bone around the tooth and/or gingiva due to peri-implantitis or a mechanical failure of the implant. Because there is no dental enamel on an implant, it does not fail due to cavities like natural teeth. While large-scale, long-term studies are scarce, several systematic reviews estimate the long-term (five to ten years) survival of dental implants at 93–98 percent depending on their clinical use.[1][2][3] During initial development of implant retained teeth, all crowns were attached to the teeth with screws, but more recent advancements have allowed placement of crowns on the abutments with dental cement (akin to placing a crown on a tooth). This has created the potential for cement, that escapes from under the crown during cementation to get caught in the gingiva and create a peri-implantitis (see picture below). While the complication can occur, there does not appear to be any additional peri-implantitis in cement-retained crowns compared to screw-retained crowns overall.[48] In compound implants (two stage implants), between the actual implant and the superstructure (abutment) are gaps and cavities into which bacteria can penetrate from the oral cavity. Later these bacteria will return into the adjacent tissue and can cause periimplantitis. As prophylaxis these implant interior spaces should be sealed.[49]

^ Wu, Tiejian; Trevisan, Maurizio; Genco, Robert J.; Dorn, Joan P.; Falkner, Karen L.; Sempos, Christopher T. (2000). "Periodontal Disease and Risk of Cerebrovascular Disease: The First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Its Follow-up Study". Archives of International Medicine. 160 (18): 2749–55. doi:10.1001/archinte.160.18.2749. PMID 11025784. Dental Implants Cost - What is the Cost of Dental Implants?
An implant is tested between 8 and 24 weeks to determine if it is integrated. There is significant variation in the criteria used to determine implant success, the most commonly cited criteria at the implant level are the absence of pain, mobility, infection, gingival bleeding, radiographic lucency or peri-implant bone loss greater than 1.5 mm.[45] Same Day Dentistry At Dental Smiles London
^ Jump up to: a b Papaspyridakos, P.; Mokti, M.; Chen, C. J.; Benic, G. I.; Gallucci, G. O.; Chronopoulos, V (Jan 2013). "Implant and Prosthodontic Survival Rates with Implant Fixed Complete Dental Prostheses in the Edentulous Mandible after at Least 5 Years: A Systematic Review". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 16 (5): 705–717. doi:10.1111/cid.12036. PMID 23311617. Dental Implant Patient from London, UK - 15/09/2016

As gingivitis progresses (chronic gingivitis), various complications may arise. The affected person may develop receding gums or areas where the root of the tooth becomes uncovered by the shrinking, diseased gums. Deep pockets may develop around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and debris. If gingivitis advances to periodontal disease, the person may lose gum tissue or bone around the teeth and the teeth may become loose or fall out. These changes can develop either very slowly or very rapidly and can affect either a few teeth or the entire mouth. If oral hygiene is almost never done or if the person becomes immune-compromised, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis may develop (ANUG, formerly termed trench mouth). This is a painful condition where infected gums swell, ulcerate, and slough off dead tissue. Dentists - Queens Cross Dental Practice


Crest Glamorous White replaces our previous strips pick, Crest Professional Effects, with a better overall design. The Glamorous strip for the bottom teeth has a contoured shape that makes it easier to apply and more comfortable for the required 30 minutes — Professional Effects uses a rectangular bar that doesn’t fit as easily. Teeth whitening strips are technique-sensitive, and our tester appreciated the curved design, which molded more naturally to their teeth. Is it safe to perform teeth whitening on corroded teeth?


Supervised vs. unsupervised process. First, your dentist can perform an oral exam and consider your complete medical history, which can be helpful in determining if bleaching is an appropriate course of treatment based on the type and extent of stains, and the number and location of restorations. Your dentist can then better match the type of stain with the best treatment, if appropriate, to lighten those stains.
In this category, the product that gets the best reviews we spotted is the Go Smile Super White Snap Packs (Est. $60 for 14 treatments). Go Smile contains 14 tubes filled with gel that you squeeze onto your teeth. Reviews.com, which makes Go Smile their top pick in teeth whiteners, describes it as very easy to use, saying it's "quick to apply and totally wearable." In their testing, it lightened the testers' teeth three shades in a week's time. You use it twice a day for at least 20 minutes -- overnight for the evening treatment.
The snap packs aren’t flawless, though. Colorado-based dentist Dr. Nancy Gill, DDS told us that the paint-on approach — like the one used by the snap packs — leaves the whitening solution open to moisture which “dilutes it and makes it not as effective.” In other words, closing your mouth will wash some of the whitener away. That said, Go Smile still produced some of the most impressive results during our testing.

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Primary implant stability refers to the stability of a dental implant immediately after implantation. The stability of the titanium screw implant in the patient's bone tissue post surgery may be non-invasively assessed using resonance frequency analysis. Sufficient initial stability may allow immediate loading with prosthetic reconstruction, though early loading poses a higher risk of implant failure than conventional loading.[43] Dental Implants on the NHS WARNING

To control pain, anesthesia options during surgery include local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia. Talk to your dental specialist about which option is best for you. Your dental care team will instruct you about eating and drinking before surgery, depending on what type of anesthesia you have. If you're having sedation or general anesthesia, plan to have someone take you home after surgery and expect to rest for the remainder of the day. London Community Dental Alliance Low-cost Dental Clinic

Messiness aside, the Plus White kit is easy to use. Included are two trays, the whitening gel and a post-whitening rinse. Just brush your teeth with plain water, fill the trays with gel, put them on your teeth for 5 to 20 minutes, then rinse. Users agree with the testers at Reviews.com, saying they noticed whiter teeth pretty quickly, and they became even whiter over the treatment time of 14 days.

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Nearly half the initial change in color provided by an intensive in-office treatment (i.e., 1 hour treatment in a dentist's chair) may be lost in seven days.[42] Rebound is experienced when a large proportion of the tooth whitening has come from tooth dehydration (also a significant factor in causing sensitivity).[43] As the tooth rehydrates, tooth color "rebounds", back toward where it started.[44] Hungary Dental Implant Clinic in London
When you have a dental emergency that occurs due to a fall, a sports injury or even a car accident, you should always call or visit the local hospital emergency room or urgent care center to ensure that you have no life-threatening injuries. If your dental emergency includes a lost filling, an object caught between your teeth, or a loose crown or something non life threatening, you can call our service or your local dentist.
^ Jump up to: a b Papaspyridakos, P.; Mokti, M.; Chen, C. J.; Benic, G. I.; Gallucci, G. O.; Chronopoulos, V (Jan 2013). "Implant and Prosthodontic Survival Rates with Implant Fixed Complete Dental Prostheses in the Edentulous Mandible after at Least 5 Years: A Systematic Review". Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. 16 (5): 705–717. doi:10.1111/cid.12036. PMID 23311617. Dental Implants Harley Street
Whitening toothpastes are different to regular toothpastes in a way that they contain a higher content of abrasives and detergents to fight off tougher stains. Most contain low concentrations of carbamide/hydrogen peroxide (bleaching agents) – this lightens the colour of teeth. These whitening toothpastes make teeth one to two shades lighter.[25] Toothpastes (dentifrices) which are advertised as "whitening" rarely contain carbamide peroxide, hydrogen peroxide or any other bleaching agent.[26] Rather, they are abrasive (usually containing alumina, dicalcium phosphate dehydrate, calcium carbonate or silica), intended to remove surface stains from the tooth surface.[26] Sometimes they contain enzymes purported to break down the biofilm on teeth.[26] Unlike bleaches, whitening toothpaste does not alter the intrinsic color of teeth. Excessive or long term use of abrasive toothpastes will cause dental abrasion, thinning the enamel layer[26] and slowly darkening the appearance of the tooth as the dentine layer becomes more noticeable. An alternative method of whitening at home, which competes with the use of a whitening paste, is the use of a patent whitening mouthwash. The mouthwash shows marginally better efforts at whitening compared to the use of paste.[27]
Teeth whitening is one of the most popular cosmetic dentistry treatments offering a quick, non-invasive and affordable way to enhance a smile.  Universally valued by men and women alike, whitening (or bleaching) treatments are available to satisfy every budget, time frame and temperament. Whether in the form of professionally administered one-hour whitening sessions at a dental office or cosmetic spa, or home-use bleaching kits purchased at your local drugstore, solutions abound. Most Difficult Interview Questions | Medicine & Dentistry
A recent addition to the field is new light-accelerated bleaching agents containing lower concentrations of hydrogen peroxide with a titanium oxide nanoparticle based catalyst. Reduced concentrations of hydrogen peroxide cause lower incidences of tooth hypersensitivity.[21] The nanoparticles act as photocatalysts, and their size prevents them from diffusing deeply into the tooth. When exposed to light, the catalysts produce a rapid, localized breakdown of hydrogen peroxide into highly reactive radicals. Due to the extremely short lifetimes of the free radicals, they are able to produce bleaching effects similar to much higher concentration bleaching agents within the outer layers of the teeth where the nanoparticle catalysts are located. This provides effective tooth whitening while reducing the required concentration of hydrogen peroxide and other reactive byproducts at the tooth pulp. Cosmetic Dental Surgery - London Smile Dental Practice W1
The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional.
Of course, you can’t forget about some of the more common advantages of dental implants. Unlike dentures, they never slip or move—and you don’t have to use special cleaners and adhesives. Unlike fixed bridgework, dental implants don’t require adjacent healthy teeth to be filed down. And, there’s this fact to consider: studies have reported that the long-term success rate of implants is over 95%.* Best Cosmetic Dentist London - My Experience
The perception of tooth color is the result of a complex interaction of factors such as: lighting conditions, translucency, opacity, light scattering, gloss, the human eye and brain.[1] Teeth are composed of a surface enamel layer, which is whiter and semitransparent, and an underlying dentin layer, which is darker and less transparent. These are calcified, hard tissues comparable to bone. The natural shade of teeth is best considered as such; an off-white, bone-color rather than pure white. Public opinion of what is normal tooth shade tends to be distorted. Portrayals of cosmetically enhanced teeth are common in the media. In one report, the most common tooth shade in the general population ranged from A1 to A3 on the VITA classical A1-D4 shade guide.[2]

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Tooth whitening toothpastes. Because they're mildly abrasive, every toothpaste helps remove stains from teeth. Whitening toothpastes, however, also contain chemicals or polishing agents that help scrub stains from teeth without the aid of a bleaching agent. Tooth-whitening toothpastes are relatively inexpensive and brighten teeth by about one shade. Some whitening toothpastes contain peroxides, but they aren't left on the teeth long enough to have a whitening benefit. Manual tooth brushing instructions from Crest Oral-B
The importance of quality dental care can't be overstated. That's why you can't afford to shortchange your dental health. If you think brushing after meals is a bother, flossing every day isn't worth the effort and skipping regular dental exams is no big deal, think again. Keeping your teeth, gums and mouth healthy requires dedication, effort and vigilance. You'll find the payoff -- years of good dental health -- is well worth it. Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
Implant treatments range from the immediate replacement of an extracted tooth to over six months when jaw surgery and bone grafting is needed. The average treatment is three to six months. Most of the time required to complete implant treatment is taken up just waiting for the bone to fuse completely with the implant. This usually takes a few months and goes on below the gum line without any feeling or awareness. In more complex cases treatment may be longer.

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Chlorhexidine (marketed as the prescription-only brands Peridex, PerioChip, PerioGard, and by numerous other over-the-counter trade names) is an antimicrobial used to control plaque and gingivitis in the mouth or in periodontal pockets. The medication is available as a mouth rinse or as a gelatin-filled chip that is placed in pockets after root planing and releases the medication slowly over about 7 days. Other antibiotics, including doxycycline, tetracycline, and minocycline may also be used to treat gum disease, as determined by your dentist.

Consistency is key when it comes to teeth whiteners, so you’ll want to choose a method that best fits your lifestyle. If the 30 minute wear time of the Crest Glamorous Whitestrips is tough to fit into your schedule, choosing the faster Go Smile Snap Packs or the Gentle Routine Strips might be a better option. At the end of the day, going with the whitening product you will use consistently will always yield the best results. Dental Implant Specialist London - Forest & Ray Dental
To cut down on sensitivity during the whitening process, you can try brushing with Sensodyne Pronamel toothpaste (recommended by a few dentists we spoke to). Dr. Lawlor also recommends “putting a little toothpaste in a mouthguard and wearing it for about an hour after whitening — it seals off sensitive canals that teeth whiteners open to remove stains.” However, if you’re in real pain, give your teeth a break! You can always come back to whitening later or consult a dentist to see what other options are available. Dental Implants Clinic Nurident- UK patient from London
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