Dental implant surgery is usually performed under local anesthetic, and therefore, no pain should be felt during the procedure. After the local anesthetic has worn off, the post-surgery discomfort will vary with each individual case. However, in general, most people will feel discomfort similar to a tooth extraction afterward. A cold ice pack is placed on skin over the area of surgery immediately after treatment to help reduce swelling. This pain typically can be managed with over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). More invasive surgery may require a stronger prescription pain medication and more recovery time. Aside from pain medications, prescriptions for antibiotics and oral rinses may be needed to support healing of the area for the following few weeks. 

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Spray it on. Try incorporating the use of a spray containing chlorhexidine (CHX), a powerful anti-bacterial with plaque-inhibiting properties, in your dental care routine. One study on elderly patients, a group at risk for periodontal disease, found that a once-daily application of a 0.2% CHX spray reduced plaque accumulation and inflammation caused by gingivitis.[6]

Internal staining of dentine can discolor the teeth from inside out. Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized teeth that have undergone endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) but are discolored due to internal staining of the tooth structure by blood and other fluids that leaked in. Unlike external bleaching, which brightens teeth from the outside in, internal bleaching brightens teeth from the inside out. Bleaching the tooth internally involves drilling a hole to the pulp chamber no more than 2mm below the gingival margin, cleaning any infected or discoloured dentine, sealing, and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside of the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel or sodium perborate tetrahydrate into the pulp chamber so they can work directly inside the tooth on the dentine layer.[citation needed] In this variation of whitening the whitening agent is sealed within the tooth over a period of some days and replaced as needed, the so-called "walking bleach" technique.[citation needed]. A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption. Dental Clinic

We can avoid this with a minor procedure to take the harmful bacteria out of these pockets. We fold back the gum tissue, remove the bacteria hiding underneath, as well as the hardened plaque and tartar that have collected. We then secure the gum tissue back in place. We also smooth any irregular surfaces of the damaged bone to limit the areas where bacteria can live, making it easier for your gums to reattach to healthy bone.
This at-home LED whitening kit from Shine offers professional quality results by effectively whitening teeth quickly and easily. The kit comes with two pre-packaged syringes containing the whitening gel so that you can easily fill the whitening trays without the mess and hassle of other tooth whitening systems. This kit also comes with remineralization gel, which is a great feature. As you have seen, we rate the products which help keep teeth healthy and feeling good between treatments very highly.
While strips in general can be a little uncomfortable, and you have to take care when applying them to avoid your gums, many dentists recommend this application method as the extended contact with teeth can yield better results. Dr. Friedman explained that, “Pens and gels are the least effective because the peroxide makes minimal contact with your teeth. Strips get the job done by sticking right to your teeth and directly applying peroxide” over time.

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Dental floss should be used where the teeth are close together, with little or no space between them, while interdental brushes are suitable for larger gaps. Special care should be taken to clean thoroughly around crooked or crowded teeth, or around fillings, crowns and dentures, as plaque accumulates readily in these places and access might be limited. Best dentist Kings Cross city of london
If you suffer an injury to your mouth that results in tissue damage and bleeding, your best bet is to go to the emergency room. The doctors there can stitch up any external cuts and refer you to an emergency dentist for any damage to your teeth or oral tissues. Until you reach the emergency room, you can control bleeding by placing pressure on the wounded area with a cold compress. Rinse your mouth with cool water to control any bleeding from internal cuts and to keep the area clean. Cosmetic Dentistry - London Cosmetic Dentists londonsmile.co.uk Video
^ Jump up to: a b Caton, Jack G.; Armitage, Gary; Berglundh, Tord; Chapple, Iain L.C.; Jepsen, Søren; Kornman, Kenneth S.; Mealey, Brian L.; Papapanou, Panos N.; Sanz, Mariano (June 2018). "A new classification scheme for periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions - Introduction and key changes from the 1999 classification". Journal of Periodontology. 89: S1–S8. doi:10.1002/jper.18-0157. ISSN 0022-3492. PMID 29926946.

You also can buy whitening products over the counter. They contain a weaker whitening agent than the products you can get from your dentist. Therefore, whitening may take longer. The whitening agent is applied as a gel placed in a mouthpiece or as a strip that sticks to your teeth. Over-the-counter mouthpieces fit less securely than the kind you get from your dentist.

For an implant to become permanently stable, the body must grow bone to the surface of the implant (osseointegration). Based on this biologic process, it was thought that loading an implant during the osseointegration period would result in movement that would prevent osseointegration, and thus increase implant failure rates. As a result, three to six months of integrating time (depending on various factors) was allowed before placing the teeth on implants (restoring them).[8] Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)
Ultra-violet (UV) light is a frequency of light that works by accelerating the whitening gel to act faster. This process is FDA regulated and only offered under dentist supervision. Although it does whiten very quickly, it is not an option for people with sensitive teeth. Further, the results are temporary and must still be maintained (often with custom-fitted whitening trays or repeat dental visits). The process is incredibly expensive and time consuming. Dental Implants Harley Street
In recent years gum disease has been linked with general health conditions such as diabetes, strokes, cardiovascular disease, poor pregnancy outcomes and even dementia. More research is needed to understand how these links work but there is more and more evidence that having a healthy mouth and gums can help improve your general health and reduce the costs of medical treatment. My Dental Implant Surgery Experience: PART ONE | My Story + Tips For You! | Mariah Navit
A lost crown is a dental emergency, but as with a lost filling, you should be able to put off treatment until your general dentist is available. In the meantime, you can apply clove oil to the tooth to alleviate any soreness. You can also apply some denture glue to the tooth and slip the crown back over it. Never use super glue to reattach the crown. If you cannot get the crown to stay securely on your tooth, store it in a plastic bag until you are able to get to the dentist. While you don't need to see the dentist the same night you lose the crown, do make an appointment as soon as possible. Putting off treatment may lead to additional damage to the tooth. Cosmetic Dentistry London | Dental Implants | Invisible Braces | Lotus Clinic | Dr Michael Frankl
The design of implants has to account for a lifetime of real-world use in a person's mouth. Regulators and the dental implant industry have created a series of tests to determine the long-term mechanical reliability of implants in a person's mouth where the implant is struck repeatedly with increasing forces (similar in magnitude to biting) until it fails.[20] Cost of Dental Implants HIDDEN DANGERS
^ Wu, Tiejian; Trevisan, Maurizio; Genco, Robert J.; Dorn, Joan P.; Falkner, Karen L.; Sempos, Christopher T. (2000). "Periodontal Disease and Risk of Cerebrovascular Disease: The First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Its Follow-up Study". Archives of International Medicine. 160 (18): 2749–55. doi:10.1001/archinte.160.18.2749. PMID 11025784. Dental Implants Cost - What is the Cost of Dental Implants?

For whitening at home, your dentist can make trays to hold the whitening gel that fit your teeth precisely. Home whitening gel usually needs to be applied daily for two to three weeks. Over-the-counter kits also are widely available for home use. They provide trays to hold the gel, or whitening strips that stick to your teeth. Talk to your dentist if you want to use these home products. Be sure to follow directions to avoid overuse and possible damage to your teeth and mouth. Dental Clinic (1954)
For the most part, at-home teeth whitening kits are safe for people to use as long as you follow the instructions and don’t overuse it. They have been specially designed to be safe to use at home by untrained users. However, it is vital that you ensure your teeth are healthy enough to undergo whitening treatment because the amount of whitening agent that is present in some of the whitening kits could cause damage to your teeth if your enamel is not durable enough.
If you don’t need bone grafting, getting a dental implant should be no more bothersome than getting a filling—maybe less—and you won’t need any time off work to recover. You may have some mild soreness or swelling for the first few days after getting your implant, but this can be treated with over-the-counter pain medications and shouldn’t affect your daily routine. Your dentist may suggest a soft or liquid diet for a few days or so.

The AARP Bulletin warned that dental disease has become a silent epidemic among older Americans.  Older adults with missing teeth often have underlying periodontal disease from which bacteria from chronic gum infection can migrate through the bloodstream to vital organs.  Adults with missing teeth are unable to eat properly and often develop nutritional deficiencies from an inadequate or unhealthy diet. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
In most cases, anyone healthy enough to undergo a routine dental extraction or oral surgery can be considered for a dental implant. Patients should have healthy gums and enough bone to hold the implant. They also must be committed to good oral hygiene and regular dental visits. Heavy smokers, people suffering from uncontrolled chronic disorders -- such as diabetes or heart disease -- or patients who have had radiation therapy to the head/neck area need to be evaluated on an individual basis. If you are considering implants, talk to your dentist to see if they are right for you.
After several weeks, your dentist or periodontist will make a full assessment of your gums to check the progress of your treatment. A special instrument called a periodontal probe is used to record the depth of any periodontal pockets and check for bleeding from the gums. If periodontal pockets are still present, further treatment options may be suggested, including surgical corrective therapy.
Put simply, whitening toothpastes and mouthwashes cannot remove deep stains as well as whitening treatments. Each of your teeth is made up of multiple layers. First, a layer of enamel offers defense for the crowns of your teeth, the part that exists above the gum line. But over time, the stuff you eat and drink — berries, red wine, coffee — forms another layer, the pellicle layer, on top of your enamel.
Advanced Periodontitis - In this more advanced stage of gum disease, the fibers and bone of your teeth are being destroyed, which can cause your teeth to shift or loosen. This can affect your bite and how you eat and communicate. If aggressive periodontal therapy can’t save them, teeth may need to be removed by a dental specialist. Your dentist will provide restorative options if teeth are removed due to periodontal disease. Best Cosmetic Dentist In London | Book A Free Consultation
For individual tooth replacement, an implant abutment is first secured to the implant with an abutment screw. A crown (the dental prosthesis) is then connected to the abutment with dental cement, a small screw, or fused with the abutment as one piece during fabrication.[8](pp211–232) Dental implants, in the same way, can also be used to retain a multiple tooth dental prosthesis either in the form of a fixed bridge or removable dentures.
It has been suggested that radiotherapy can negatively affect the survival of implants.[14] Nevertheless, a systemic study published in 2016 concluded that dental implants installed in the irradiated area of an oral cavity may have a high survival rate, provided that the patient maintains oral hygiene measures and regular follow ups to prevent complications.[15]
4 stars because it has a built in timer (it's actually longer than 10 minutes, but I don't mind going longer and I'm happy it's longer rather than shorter), and produces a safe, bright LED light. I removed a star because the design is a bit flawed. Personally, I got about 2 weeks use out of my light, then went to use it again a few months later and it was dead. New batteries did not bring it back to life. I believe it's possible water may have somehow gotten into the battery compartment even though I cleaned it very carefully. For a product that literally goes inside your mouth and needs to be cleaned after each use, the battery compartment should have been designed with a higher water resistance. Normally I would rate the product lower but I reached out to the company and they sent me a new light right away without any hassle, even though many months had passed from my initial purchase, which I really appreciate. Decent product, great company. For maximum life, be VERY careful when cleaning it. I would NOT rinse it under water to clean but rather wipe it down with a damp paper towel (mild soap if needed).

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The treatments are also very simple. After applying the whitening gel to your dental tray and inserting it into your mouth with a secure fit, apply the LED light and leave for 5 to 20 minutes. If you wish you can gradually work your way up to 45 minutes per treatment but take care as this is a long time to be exposing your teeth to the gel. After the time has passed you can remove the light and you can leave the gel on for another 10 minutes, but this is optional. Best dentist Kings Cross city of london
We recruited 39 participants across a wide range of ages to try out our top products. The experiment began with each tester matching their teeth shade to a professional teeth shade guide and snapping a “before” pic. After using the teeth whitening product for the recommended length of time, our testers took an “after” photo, evaluated their new shade, and completed a survey describing the experience. Cosmetic Dentist HATE this VIDEO! Invisalign, Snap On Smile Dentist too! Why?

Amazing experience ! I’ve never been to a more inviting , professional and friendly dentist office in my life. From the hygienist to Dr. Emily and assistant Justine to the front desk and office staff. After a cleaning and two fillings I walked out calm and collected and feeling excellent about my experience. Highly competent about insurance and what is covered and not covered. 100% recommend to… How do dental implants work - Cost and procedure - London UK
Risks: I’m not a fan of these light systems and won’t use them in my practice. At best, they’re safe, but they won’t come close to achieving the results of custom trays or whitestrips. At worst, accelerating the chemical reaction damages the tooth. This can lead to premature aging and yellowing and may require future dental work if the tooth dies prematurely.

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Brush with baking soda. Baking soda neutralizes the acids in your mouth, thereby reducing the chances of tooth decay and gum disease, so it's more of a preventive measure than an actual treatment for gum disease. Add a small amount of baking soda to a bit of warm water and mix to form a paste. Use this paste to brush your teeth using a soft toothbrush and low pressure. Dental Implants Coventry Dentists Show Best Same Day Full Whole Mouth Dental Teeth Implants Verum UK
Primary implant stability refers to the stability of a dental implant immediately after implantation. The stability of the titanium screw implant in the patient's bone tissue post surgery may be non-invasively assessed using resonance frequency analysis. Sufficient initial stability may allow immediate loading with prosthetic reconstruction, though early loading poses a higher risk of implant failure than conventional loading.[43] About our dental practice - Bishopsgate Dental Care in London

Messiness aside, the Plus White kit is easy to use. Included are two trays, the whitening gel and a post-whitening rinse. Just brush your teeth with plain water, fill the trays with gel, put them on your teeth for 5 to 20 minutes, then rinse. Users agree with the testers at Reviews.com, saying they noticed whiter teeth pretty quickly, and they became even whiter over the treatment time of 14 days. Teeth Whitening Dentist Camden
An alternative to the walking bleach procedure is the inside-out bleach where the bleaching cavity is left open and the patient issued with a custom-formed tray to place and retain the agent, typically a carbamide peroxide gel inside the cavity. The patient changes the gel over 24 hours and uses a tray to retain it, they return to the dentist where this is sealed. On review once sufficient shade change has occurred the access cavity can be sealed, typically with a dental composite.
Gingivitis - This is the earliest stage of gum disease. It is the inflammation of the gums, caused by dental plaque buildup at the gum line. You may notice some redness or swelling of the gums, or some bleeding during brushing and flossing. At this early stage gum disease can be reversed since the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place are not yet affected. Treatments by Our Dentists in London
Not all teeth are capable of being whitened by over-the-counter products; this is especially true for patients with many fillings, crowns, or very dark stains. Color matters too. Patients with yellow teeth (a natural result of aging) generally respond better to teeth whitening products than those with gray teeth (most often caused by smoking and taking certain medications, such as tetracycline). As for veneers, these generally can’t be whitened and have to be replaced. Go Smile does claim its products are safe for artificial tooth surfaces and braces — but the product won’t make these veneers whiter than their original color. Gordon Henderson - NHS Dentists
Lost Fillings and Lost Crowns are very common in the after hours dentist industry. Especially when you’ve had the crown or filling for many years. Dental work is not permanent, although it is very strong and long lasting. If you find yourself in this situation, try to find the missing piece and bring it with you to your date at the emergency dental office.

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Disclaimer: While we work to ensure that product information is correct, on occasion manufacturers may alter their ingredient lists. Actual product packaging and materials may contain more and/or different information than that shown on our Web site. We recommend that you do not solely rely on the information presented and that you always read labels, warnings, and directions before using or consuming a product. For additional information about a product, please contact the manufacturer. Content on this site is for reference purposes and is not intended to substitute for advice given by a physician, pharmacist, or other licensed health-care professional. You should not use this information as self-diagnosis or for treating a health problem or disease. Contact your health-care provider immediately if you suspect that you have a medical problem. Information and statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. Amazon.com assumes no liability for inaccuracies or misstatements about products. Extractions & Immediate Dental Implants for Upper Incisors Bridge.

Tray-based tooth whitening systems, purchased either over-the-counter or from a dentist, involve filling a mouth guard-like tray with a gel whitening solution -- which contains a peroxide-bleaching agent. The tray is worn for a period of time, generally from a couple of hours a day to every day during the night for up to four weeks and even longer (depending on the degree of discoloration and desired level of whitening). How Porcelain Veneers Are Made For London Cosmetic Dentist Video
It’s essential to have a well-fitting whitening tray to avoid getting the gel on your gums and lips. Doing so can cause discomfort and sensitivity. It turns out that the extra tray is useful because it can take a special touch to get the temperature of the trays just right to mold them to your mouth! So take your time with this step to ensure proper whitening results. Dental Implant For Front Tooth (London, UK)
Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep. Symptoms and signs include jaw pain, headache, and abnormalities in your teeth. Treatment may involve practicing stress-management techniques, cutting back on caffeine and alcohol, avoiding gum chewing, training oneself not to grind the teeth, and wearing a mouth guard. Refresh Dental a Dental Clinic in London for Cosmetic Dentistry or for Dentist
At Columbia Dental Care, we believe that visiting the dentist does not have to be a painful or unpleasant experience. To that end, we offer the latest in modern dental technology to make our patients’ visits efficient and comfortable. Our office includes the following high-tech tools: an intraoral camera, digital radiographs, rotary endodontics, single-visit dental crowns, laser dentistry, and 3-D cone imaging.

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Intrinsic stains are those that form on the interior of teeth. Intrinsic stains result from trauma, aging, exposure to minerals (like tetracycline) during tooth formation and/or excessive ingestion of fluoride. In the past, it was thought that intrinsic stains were too resistant to be corrected by bleaching. Today, cosmetic dentistry experts believe that even deep-set intrinsic stains can be removed with supervised take-home teeth whitening that is maintained over a matter of months or even a year. If all else fails, there are alternative cosmetic solutions to treat intrinsic staining, such as dental veneers.
Persons with visible white fillings or crowns. Tooth whitening does not usually change the color of fillings and other restorative materials. It does not affect porcelain, other ceramics, or dental gold. However, it can slightly affect restorations made with composite materials, cements and dental amalgams. Tooth whitening will not restore color of fillings, porcelain, and other ceramics when they become stained by foods, drinks, and smoking, as these products are only effective on natural tooth structure. As such, a shade mismatch may be created as the natural tooth surfaces increase in whiteness and the restorations stay the same shade. Whitener does not work where bonding has been used and neither is it effective on tooth-color filling. Other options to deal with such cases are the porcelain veneers or dental bonding.[34]

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While many teeth whitening kits require you to stick to a regular schedule to get the best results, the MagicBrite can fit around you. You don’t need to use it on consecutive days to achieve the best results, you can instead use it as and when necessary. This also means that if you have sensitive teeth, you can still achieve the best results but at a rate that prevents further discomfort. 

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Move the brush across the teeth using a small circular motion (if using an electric toothbrush, hold it at the same angle against the teeth and gum line and let it do the work). Continue with this motion cleaning one tooth at a time. Keep the tips of the bristles against the gum line. Avoid pressing so hard that the bristles lie flat against the teeth. (Only the tips of the toothbrush clean the teeth.) Let the bristles reach into spaces between teeth.
Your first step in treating periodontitis is a conservative, nonsurgical treatment called scaling and root planing (SRP). A dentist or dental hygienist provides this treatment by scraping and removing the plaque and tartar off of your teeth and root surfaces by scaling, and then smoothing away any roughness on the roots to prevent bacteria from gathering again. According to Nevada-based dentist, Dr. Maria Perrone, SRP may take more than one visit and a local anesthetic can be used to prevent any discomfort. After this process, the gums will heal and reattach themselves to the healthy, clean surfaces of the teeth. Within a few weeks, your dentist will evaluate your healing and decide if further treatment is necessary. Dental Implants Harley Street London - Dr Michael Norton's state-of-the-art surgery
Put simply, whitening toothpastes and mouthwashes cannot remove deep stains as well as whitening treatments. Each of your teeth is made up of multiple layers. First, a layer of enamel offers defense for the crowns of your teeth, the part that exists above the gum line. But over time, the stuff you eat and drink — berries, red wine, coffee — forms another layer, the pellicle layer, on top of your enamel.
This section from a panoramic X-ray film depicts the teeth of the lower left quadrant, exhibiting generalized severe bone loss of 30–80%. The red line depicts the existing bone level, whereas the yellow line depicts where the gingiva was located originally (1–2 mm above the bone), prior to the person developing periodontal disease. The pink arrow, on the right, points to a furcation involvement, or the loss of enough bone to reveal the location at which the individual roots of a molar begin to branch from the single root trunk; this is a sign of advanced periodontal disease. The blue arrow, in the middle, shows up to 80% bone loss on tooth #21, and clinically, this tooth exhibited gross mobility. Finally, the peach oval, to the left, highlights the aggressive nature with which periodontal disease generally affects mandibular incisors. Because their roots are generally situated very close to each other, with minimal interproximal bone, and because of their location in the mouth, where plaque and calculus accumulation is greatest because of the pooling of saliva,[citation needed] mandibular anteriors suffer excessively. The split in the red line depicts varying densities of bone that contribute to a vague region of definitive bone height. 

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Dr. Donna S. Bautista, DDS, completed her undergraduate studies at the University of California, San Diego with a bachelor of arts in biochemistry and cell biology. During her time at UC San Diego, she was involved in basic research including studying processes related to DNA transcription in the field of molecular biology. Upon graduation, she went on to attend dental school at the University of California, San Francisco. In addition to her formal dental training, she provided dental care for underserved communities in the Bay Area through clinics and health fairs. She also worked toward mentoring high school students interested in the field of dentistry. Cosmetic Dentistry prices Uk -TRACEYBELL CLINIC

At Columbia Dental Care, we believe that visiting the dentist does not have to be a painful or unpleasant experience. To that end, we offer the latest in modern dental technology to make our patients’ visits efficient and comfortable. Our office includes the following high-tech tools: an intraoral camera, digital radiographs, rotary endodontics, single-visit dental crowns, laser dentistry, and 3-D cone imaging.


Gum disease progresses with the development of plaque over the teeth. This is a kind of bacterial white sticky substance formed when a bacterium mixes itself with saliva along with starch and other ingredients of one's diet called debris. Oral health care is one of the major concerns around the globe as minor dental problems are giving passage to bigger and incurable forms. As a result, how to treat gum disease with homemade remedies is one major worldwide health issue that can help people follow some simple and effective ways for better oral health. Advice to students applying to study dentistry at Manchester
The cost of purchasing the materials varies wildly in the industry. This directly affects the retail price for the consumer. Good practices balance supply cost with results. A quality-oriented practitioner will use the least expensive system he or she can find that still routinely yields great results. Unfortunately, most of the time, there is little correlation between consumer cost and quality. Offices base their prices on a variety of factors which include: supply cost, laboratory cost, regional averages, treatment difficulty and ego. Is your dentist ripping you off? Hidden camera investigation (CBC Marketplace)

The surgery itself does not hurt, as the implant site is kept numb during the surgery and for several hours after. As the anesthesia wears off, you may have some soreness that lasts for several hours or days following the surgery. Most patients are able to control the pain with over-the-counter medications; we will discuss this at your consultation. Emergency Dentist Holborn 24 Hour | Emergency Dental Services In Holborn

The perception of tooth color is the result of a complex interaction of factors such as: lighting conditions, translucency, opacity, light scattering, gloss, the human eye and brain.[1] Teeth are composed of a surface enamel layer, which is whiter and semitransparent, and an underlying dentin layer, which is darker and less transparent. These are calcified, hard tissues comparable to bone. The natural shade of teeth is best considered as such; an off-white, bone-color rather than pure white. Public opinion of what is normal tooth shade tends to be distorted. Portrayals of cosmetically enhanced teeth are common in the media. In one report, the most common tooth shade in the general population ranged from A1 to A3 on the VITA classical A1-D4 shade guide.[2] Introduction to UK Smile - London Dental Clinic
Reduce stress. According to the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD), there's a link between stress and your dental health. People under stress have a compromised immune system that makes it harder for them to fight off the bacteria that causes periodontal disease and makes them more prone to gum infection, but also general problems such as diabetes or heart disease. Dental Implants London - WATCH WARNING
It has been suggested that radiotherapy can negatively affect the survival of implants.[14] Nevertheless, a systemic study published in 2016 concluded that dental implants installed in the irradiated area of an oral cavity may have a high survival rate, provided that the patient maintains oral hygiene measures and regular follow ups to prevent complications.[15] London Community Dental Alliance Low-cost Dental Clinic
Other dental problems can affect the success of tooth whitening. For example, cavities need to be treated before teeth are whitened. That's because the whitening solution can pass through decayed areas and reach the inner parts of the tooth. If your gums have receded, the exposed roots of your teeth may appear yellow or discolored. Whitening products will not make them whiter.
The International Agency of Research on Cancer (IARC) has concluded that there is insufficient evidence for the carcinogeni-city of hydrogen peroxide. The chemical is now under Group 3: Unclassifiable as to carcinogenicity to humans.[54] The genotoxic potential of hydrogen peroxide has been evaluated recently. Oral health products that contain or release hydrogen peroxide up to 3.6% H2O2 is not likely to increase cancer risk in individuals.[55]
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The long-term complications that result from restoring teeth with implants relate, directly, to the risk factors of the patient and the technology. There are the risks associated with appearance including a high smile line, poor gingival quality and missing papillae, difficulty in matching the form of natural teeth that may have unequal points of contact or uncommon shapes, bone that is missing, atrophied or otherwise shaped in an unsuitable manner, unrealistic expectations of the patient or poor oral hygiene. The risks can be related to biomechanical factors, where the geometry of the implants does not support the teeth in the same way the natural teeth did such as when there are cantilevered extensions, fewer implants than roots or teeth that are longer than the implants that support them (a poor crown-to-root ratio). Similarly, grinding of the teeth, lack of bone or low diameter implants increase the biomechanical risk. Finally there are technological risks, where the implants themselves can fail due to fracture or a loss of retention to the teeth they are intended to support.[47](pp27–51) Dental Veneers Dentist Camden
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